Family values, sometimes referred to as familial values, are traditional or cultural values (that is, values passed on from generation to generation within families) that pertain to the family's structure, function, roles, beliefs, attitudes, and ideals. In the social sciences, sociologists may use the term "traditional family" in order to refer specifically to the child-rearing environment that sociologists formerly called the norm. This "traditional family" involves a middle-class family with a breadwinner father and a homemaker mother, raising their biological children. Any deviation from this family model is considered a "nontraditional family". Nontraditional families, nevertheless, make up the majority of American households, as of now.
According to Merriam-Webster, "family values" are "values especially of a traditional or conservative kind which are held to promote the sound functioning of the family and to strengthen the fabric of society".
Familialism or familism is the ideology that puts priority to family and family values. This can manifest as prioritizing the needs of the family higher than that of individuals, with influence on individuals as well as on society and politics. Politically, familialism may advocate a welfare system wherein it is presumed that families will take responsibility for the care of its members rather than leaving that responsibility to the government.
|This article is missing information about other cultures. (November 2016)|
Interpretations of Islamic teachings and Arab culture are common for the majority of Saudis; Islam is a driving cultural force that means a submission to the will of God; a Muslim is a follower or one who obeys the will of God. An indisputable fact in the academic literature suggests that the family is regarded as the main foundation of Muslim society and culture; the family structure and nature of the relationship between family members are influenced by the Islamic religion. Marriage in Saudi culture means the union of two families, not just two individuals. In Muslim society, marriage involves a social contract that occurs with the consent of parents or guardians. Furthermore, marriage is considered the only legitimate outlet for sexual desires, and sex outside marriage is considered a crime that is punished under Islamic law. This view of marriage is similar to the Western Christian view of marriage, created in 12th century France, which promised salvation, sex without sin, and so much more.
The Saudi family includes extended families, as the extended family provides the individual with a sense of identity. The father is often the breadwinner and protector of the family, whereas the mother is often the homemaker and the primary caretaker of the children. Parents are regarded with high respect, and children are highly encouraged to respect and obey their parents. Oftentimes, families provide elderly care. Until recently, because families and friends are expected to provide elderly care, the concept of the "nursing home" was considered culturally unacceptable. In Saudi hospitals, daughters may accompany their fragile mothers while sons may accompany their fragile fathers due to the separation of the sexes in hospital wards.
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