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Getting a loan from FSA
Getting a loan from FSA
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: How Farms Work
Jack Nettles, Farm Service Agency
Jack Nettles, Farm Service Agency
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Clemson University - PSA
USDA Farm Service Agency
USDA Farm Service Agency's Donna Purdy Offers Help to Area Farmers
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: WIBX
Understanding Young, Beginning Farmer Programs from USDA FSA
Understanding Young, Beginning Farmer Programs from USDA FSA
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: FCS Financial
Farm Service Agency (FSA) Farm Loan Programs
Farm Service Agency (FSA) Farm Loan Programs
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: National AgrAbility
Farm Service Agency Microloans
Farm Service Agency Microloans
Published: 2013/03/22
Channel: cornellsmallfarms
RU Ready to Farm FSA Loans
RU Ready to Farm FSA Loans
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: RutgersNJAES
USDA
USDA's Farm Service Agency: Your Farm to School Partner
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: USDA Food and Nutrition Service
Juan Garcia - From Farm to the Farm Service Agency
Juan Garcia - From Farm to the Farm Service Agency
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: MySPNN
Farm Service Agency - November 2015
Farm Service Agency - November 2015
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Jambalaya Morning Show on KALB News Channel 5
Farm Service Agency
Farm Service Agency
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Good Day Cenla on CBS 2 Alexandria
FSA Microloans
FSA Microloans
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: arkansasfarmbureau
USDA FSA Loan Programs
USDA FSA Loan Programs
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: MidAtlantic Women in Agriculture
Farm Service Agency
Farm Service Agency
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: Good Day Cenla on CBS 2 Alexandria
Gary Ward: USDA Farm Services Agency
Gary Ward: USDA Farm Services Agency
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: UCCESonomaCounty
USDA Farm Service Administrator comes to North Dakota
USDA Farm Service Administrator comes to North Dakota
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Forum News Service Video
Farm Service Agency
Farm Service Agency
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Farm Service Agency Welcomes County Committee Members
Farm Service Agency Welcomes County Committee Members
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Trevor Gartner
Collins Girls
Collins Girls
Published: 2009/06/11
Channel: IDFarmBureau
Using USDA FSA Loans: A Farmer
Using USDA FSA Loans: A Farmer's Perspective
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: MidAtlantic Women in Agriculture
RU Ready to Farm FSA Programs
RU Ready to Farm FSA Programs
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: RutgersNJAES
USDA Farm Service Agency PSA
USDA Farm Service Agency PSA
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: 49 County News.Net
Early Beginnings - FSA Youth Loan
Early Beginnings - FSA Youth Loan
Published: 2010/08/11
Channel: texasfarmbureau
Farm Service Agency
Farm Service Agency
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: George Gatley
Adair County Farm Service Agency offers storage facility loans
Adair County Farm Service Agency offers storage facility loans
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: KTVOtv
Remarks by Diane L. Ley, State Executive Director, USDA Farm Service Agency
Remarks by Diane L. Ley, State Executive Director, USDA Farm Service Agency
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Ben Kiluwe
joe hess farm service agency
joe hess farm service agency
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: Ralph McKechnie
FSA Farm Ownership Loans
FSA Farm Ownership Loans
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: mosesorganic
SBA, USDA, FSA, & Conventional Financing
SBA, USDA, FSA, & Conventional Financing
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Charlie Loomis
Farm Service Agency Microloans Increase
Farm Service Agency Microloans Increase
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: This Week in Louisiana Agriculture
FSA Farm Land Programs
FSA Farm Land Programs
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: NC State Extension
2014 NAFB Farm Service Agency
2014 NAFB Farm Service Agency
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: 880KRVN
Farm Services Agency head visits Baker farm
Farm Services Agency head visits Baker farm
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Crestview Bulletin
USDA to close 8 MS Farm Service Agency offices, Farmweek - March 2, 2012
USDA to close 8 MS Farm Service Agency offices, Farmweek - March 2, 2012
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: MissStateExtension
Donald D. Gray, USDA Farm Service Agency district director, speaks about the agency
Donald D. Gray, USDA Farm Service Agency district director, speaks about the agency's mission at the
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: timesnewsonline
FSA Finalizes Farm Bill Regulations
FSA Finalizes Farm Bill Regulations
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Todd Gleason
AgNeTVideo: Val Dolcini Speaks about the USDA Farm Service Agency
AgNeTVideo: Val Dolcini Speaks about the USDA Farm Service Agency
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: AgNet West
Farm Service Agency Director tours Bladen farms; losses expected to be hundreds of millions
Farm Service Agency Director tours Bladen farms; losses expected to be hundreds of millions
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Bladen Online
Commercial Farm Service Program/ #FeedingDev Question 1
Commercial Farm Service Program/ #FeedingDev Question 1
Published: 2014/07/25
Channel: Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA)
Oregon FEB Leaders - Lynn Voigt, Farm Service Agency
Oregon FEB Leaders - Lynn Voigt, Farm Service Agency
Published: 2012/04/16
Channel: Oregon FEB
Hearing: USDA Farm and Foreign Agricultural Service FY 2016 Budget (EventID=103116)
Hearing: USDA Farm and Foreign Agricultural Service FY 2016 Budget (EventID=103116)
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
FSA Livestock Programs
FSA Livestock Programs
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: NC State Extension
Rural Issues Forum-Farm Services Agency Technology
Rural Issues Forum-Farm Services Agency Technology
Published: 2009/10/19
Channel: hersethsandlin
Part 3: Updating Farm
Part 3: Updating Farm's Yields
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Polk County ISU Extension and Outreach
FSA Crop Programs
FSA Crop Programs
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: NC State Extension
Help For Flood Affected Farmers
Help For Flood Affected Farmers
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: USDA
AgNeTVideo: Val Dolcini on Farm Bill Programs
AgNeTVideo: Val Dolcini on Farm Bill Programs
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: AgNet West
Part 1: ARC PLC: An Overview
Part 1: ARC PLC: An Overview
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Polk County ISU Extension and Outreach
Partner Up
Partner Up
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: The Progressive Farmer
Val Dolcini, the administrator of the #UnitedStates Department of Agriculture
Val Dolcini, the administrator of the #UnitedStates Department of Agriculture's Farm Service Agency,
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Brattleboro Reformer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Farm Service Agency
US-FarmServiceAgency-2008Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1994; 23 years ago (1994)
Jurisdiction United States Department of Agriculture
Agency executive
  • Chris Beyerhelm, Administrator

The Farm Service Agency (FSA) is the United States Department of Agriculture agency into which were merged several predecessor agencies, including the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS). The ASCS was, as the FSA is now, primarily tasked with the implementation of farm conservation and regulation laws around the country. The Administrator of FSA reports to the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services. The current Acting Administrator is Chris Beyerhelm. The FSA (ASCS) of each state is led by a politically appointed State Executive Director (SED).

History[edit]

The origins of the FSA start with several earlier agencies starting in the 1930s, with several programs and agencies developed during the Great Depression. The Resettlement Administration of 1935 was an early attempt to relocate entire farming communities to more profitable locations, but this was ultimately abandoned as it proved too controversial, expensive and showed no signs of success.[1] IN 1937, the Administration was transformed into the Farm Security Administration and switched focus to the Standard Rural Rehabilitation Loan Program, which provided credits, farm management and technical supervision to rural farmers.[2]

Another predecessor of the FSA was the Agriculture Adjustment Act of 1933, which was intended as a program to help stabilize farm prices via price support loans to create crop reduction. The initial act was ruled unconstitutional in 1936 by United States v. Butler, but these issues were taken care of by the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, passed two years later.

Following Pearl Harbor and America's entry into World War II, the War Food Administration was created to assist in the production and transportation of food for both civilian and military use. At the end of the war, the WFA was reformed into the Production and Marketing Administration.

The first attempt to consolidate the various farm agencies occurred in 1946, as the Farmers Home Administration act merged the Farm Security Administration and the Emergency Crop and Feed Loan Division of the Farm Credit Administration to form the Farmer Home Administration. The act also granted the organization the authority to ensure loans to farmers from other lenders, and later legislation established lending for rural housing, rural business enterprises, and rural water and waste disposal agencies. [2]

The USDA reorganization of 1953 also saw changes to the FHA, including renaming it the Commodity Stabilization Service. As part of the changes, the organization began to focus on the preservation of farm income. As part of their new goals, the Commodity Stabilization Service began conservation programs such as the soil bank. The Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Committees were also formed out from community, county and state committees focused around conservation. By 1961, the CCS was renamed the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, as the agency had become more focused on conservation efforts. The ASCS remained active in assisting with their previous programs and the network of field offices.

1994 saw the reorganization of the USDA, which in turn resulted in the Consolidated Farm Service Agency, Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, Farmers Home Administration and Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service being merged into the modern Farm Service Agency.[3]

Today, the committees often oversee activities in multi-county areas, due to USDA reorganization and consolidation of its field office structure into a network of about 2,500 field service centers. The committees are responsible for hiring and supervising the County Executive Director (CED), who manages the day-to-day activities of the field service center and its employees. The director and most county office staff legally are employees of the farmer-elected committees rather than the federal government, although their salaries come from federal funds.

Pigford v. Glickman[edit]

In the 1930s, Congress set up a unique system under which federal farm programs are administered locally; this was influenced by the powerful Southern block in Congress, who represented only white Democrats from their home districts. White control of this program in counties across the South deprived many black farmers of potential benefits, as blacks had been politically disenfranchised at the turn of the century.

Farmers who are eligible to participate in these programs elect a three- to five-person county committee, which reviews county office operations and makes decisions on how to apply the programs. County committees are panels of three to five farmers, elected by other farmers, to oversee the local operation of commodity programs, credit, and other programs of the Farm Service Agency. County committees, established by the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1935 (P.L. 74-46), are so named because they have overseen USDA field offices for farmers that once existed in most rural farm counties throughout the United States.

In the South, black farmers were long excluded from such county boards, and were discriminated there and in other parts of the county in administration of these programs. A class action lawsuit, Pigford v. Glickman, was settled in 1999 to gain compensation for African-American farmers who had been damaged by such discrimination from 1981 to 1996. USDA's own investigation had shown widespread discrimination in the programs. The USDA paid more than $2 billion to settle thousands of claims of discrimination.[4]

Publications[edit]

The majority of the Farm Service Agency’s publications are related to the various programs that are run by them. Most of these publications are brochures or other material that discuss the program applications and success.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farm Security Administration
  2. ^ a b Farm Service Agency: Agency History
  3. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/7/6901
  4. ^ "The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination Suit by Black Farmers", Tadlock Cowan, Congressional Research Service, January 13, 2009. Fetched February 9, 2009 from "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2016-07-24. .

External links[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" by Jasper Womach.

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