♫ FREE INSTANT MUSIC PLAYER: Select one artist from the list below
Play Video
1
Faroese language lesson 1
Faroese language lesson 1
::2011/01/18::
Play Video
2
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 1 of 4
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 1 of 4
::2012/10/16::
Play Video
3
Faroese: Languages of the World: Introductory Overviews
Faroese: Languages of the World: Introductory Overviews
::2008/04/27::
Play Video
4
LEARN IT: FAROESE ft. BáraCosplay
LEARN IT: FAROESE ft. BáraCosplay
::2014/10/12::
Play Video
5
icelandic/faroese, how similar are they?
icelandic/faroese, how similar are they?
::2009/04/26::
Play Video
6
Faroese TV: Sahrawi refugees protest against oil industry
Faroese TV: Sahrawi refugees protest against oil industry
::2009/03/18::
Play Video
7
Faroese language lesson
Faroese language lesson
::2008/03/22::
Play Video
8
Attempting to speak Faroese...
Attempting to speak Faroese...
::2013/12/14::
Play Video
9
Response to: Faroese: Languages of the World: Introductory Overviews - Read by a Faroese.
Response to: Faroese: Languages of the World: Introductory Overviews - Read by a Faroese.
::2010/10/19::
Play Video
10
Faroese Language Lesson 2
Faroese Language Lesson 2
::2011/01/22::
Play Video
11
My Trip to the Faroe Islands!
My Trip to the Faroe Islands!
::2013/07/28::
Play Video
12
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 2 of 4
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 2 of 4
::2012/10/16::
Play Video
13
FAROESE FILM  " RANNVÁ " trailer 1
FAROESE FILM " RANNVÁ " trailer 1
::2009/09/29::
Play Video
14
En mors bekendelser (på færøsk) A mothers confessions (faroese language)
En mors bekendelser (på færøsk) A mothers confessions (faroese language)
::2014/05/28::
Play Video
15
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 4 of 4
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 4 of 4
::2012/10/16::
Play Video
16
The Story of Jesus - Faroese / Føroyskt Language (Denmark, Faroe Islands)
The Story of Jesus - Faroese / Føroyskt Language (Denmark, Faroe Islands)
::2012/06/23::
Play Video
17
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 3 of 4
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 3 of 4
::2012/10/16::
Play Video
18
The Faroe Islands - the world
The Faroe Islands - the world's best kept secret!
::2012/05/05::
Play Video
19
FAROESE FILM "HEYSTBLÓMUR" trailer
FAROESE FILM "HEYSTBLÓMUR" trailer
::2009/11/08::
Play Video
20
Í Búri. Marie Louise Ussing. Copenhagen 1937. Performed in Faroese..wmv
Í Búri. Marie Louise Ussing. Copenhagen 1937. Performed in Faroese..wmv
::2010/02/15::
Play Video
21
FAROE ISLANDS slaughter of PILOT WHALES
FAROE ISLANDS slaughter of PILOT WHALES
::2010/07/23::
Play Video
22
Faroe Islands Church Singing - Klaksvík, Borðoy (28 September 2014)
Faroe Islands Church Singing - Klaksvík, Borðoy (28 September 2014)
::2014/09/28::
Play Video
23
Why I Translated the KJB into Faroese by Sjurdur Hojgaard
Why I Translated the KJB into Faroese by Sjurdur Hojgaard
::2014/09/13::
Play Video
24
how to change windows 7 Region and Language format to Faroese (Faroe Islands)
how to change windows 7 Region and Language format to Faroese (Faroe Islands)
::2012/05/11::
Play Video
25
Historien om Jesus til børn - Færøsk / Føroyskt The Story of Jesus for Children - Faroese Language
Historien om Jesus til børn - Færøsk / Føroyskt The Story of Jesus for Children - Faroese Language
::2013/10/06::
Play Video
26
The Faroe Islands
The Faroe Islands
::2011/01/07::
Play Video
27
Eivør in her Faroe Islands
Eivør in her Faroe Islands
::2011/04/18::
Play Video
28
Me singing Fagra Blóma - Faroese song!
Me singing Fagra Blóma - Faroese song!
::2009/09/08::
Play Video
29
Sigmundskvæðið yngra - Faroese folkdance
Sigmundskvæðið yngra - Faroese folkdance
::2010/11/16::
Play Video
30
Faroe Islands Tourism
Faroe Islands Tourism
::2013/10/18::
Play Video
31
Regin Smiður a Faroese Ballad, Faroese Chain Dance on Ólavsøka 2011
Regin Smiður a Faroese Ballad, Faroese Chain Dance on Ólavsøka 2011
::2011/08/19::
Play Video
32
"Runtsivalstríðið" Faroese folkdanse.
"Runtsivalstríðið" Faroese folkdanse.
::2009/05/08::
Play Video
33
Me speaking Faroese #2 (At tosa á føroyskum #2)
Me speaking Faroese #2 (At tosa á føroyskum #2)
::2013/06/25::
Play Video
34
Ormurin Lange - Folklore - English translation
Ormurin Lange - Folklore - English translation
::2012/10/18::
Play Video
35
Unspoiled, Unexplored, Unbelievable - The Faroe Islands
Unspoiled, Unexplored, Unbelievable - The Faroe Islands
::2013/08/16::
Play Video
36
Allan Simonsen, Faroese National Team coach (1997). German report
Allan Simonsen, Faroese National Team coach (1997). German report
::2009/03/14::
Play Video
37
Welcome to Faroe Islands
Welcome to Faroe Islands
::2012/12/22::
Play Video
38
Søren Ryge - Den Færøeske hest (The Faroese Pony)
Søren Ryge - Den Færøeske hest (The Faroese Pony)
::2014/06/27::
Play Video
39
Aarstova - Torshavn, Faroe Islands
Aarstova - Torshavn, Faroe Islands
::2015/02/26::
Play Video
40
Havið trúgv ( Belive in God ). Mandskor "BETESDA", Klaksvik . Recorded in Copenhagen 1946
Havið trúgv ( Belive in God ). Mandskor "BETESDA", Klaksvik . Recorded in Copenhagen 1946
::2009/09/24::
Play Video
41
Learn Faroese # From 0 to 9
Learn Faroese # From 0 to 9
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
42
Pilot | Learn English with Ricky Gervais
Pilot | Learn English with Ricky Gervais
::2014/10/08::
Play Video
43
Watson Japanese whalers in the Faroe Islands?
Watson Japanese whalers in the Faroe Islands?
::2014/11/02::
Play Video
44
Beautifull Faroe Island
Beautifull Faroe Island
::2013/11/17::
Play Video
45
Learn Faroese # From 0 to 9
Learn Faroese # From 0 to 9
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
46
Interview Sakaris Stórá
Interview Sakaris Stórá 'Vetrarmorgun'
::2014/02/12::
Play Video
47
Learn Faroese # The days of the week
Learn Faroese # The days of the week
::2014/03/22::
Play Video
48
Eli Smith í Skúlanum á Giljanesi
Eli Smith í Skúlanum á Giljanesi
::2014/06/15::
Play Video
49
For helviti
For helviti
::2013/11/30::
Play Video
50
Polyglots  What Do You Think About Faroese
Polyglots What Do You Think About Faroese
::2015/02/25::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Faroese
føroyskt
Pronunciation [ˈføːɹɪst]
Native to Faroe Islands, Denmark
Native speakers
66,000  (2007)[1]
Indo-European
Latin (Faroese alphabet)
Faroese Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Faroe Islands
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by Faroese Language Board Føroyska málnevndin
Language codes
ISO 639-1 fo
ISO 639-2 fao
ISO 639-3 fao
Glottolog faro1244[2]
Linguasphere 52-AAA-ab
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Faroese[3] /ˌfɛərˈz/ (føroyskt, pronounced [ˈføːɹɪst]) is a North Germanic language spoken as a native language by about 66,000 people, 45,000 of whom reside on the Faroe Islands and 21,000 in other areas, mainly Denmark. It is one of four languages descended from Old West Norse spoken in the Middle Ages, the others being Norwegian, Icelandic, and the extinct Norn. Faroese and Icelandic, its closest extant relative, are not mutually intelligible in speech, but the written languages resemble each other quite closely, largely owing to Faroese's etymological orthography.[4]

History[edit]

The approximate extent of Old Norse and related languages in the early 10th century:
  Old West Norse dialect
  Old East Norse dialect
   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility

Around AD 900, the language spoken in the Faroes was Old Norse, which Norse settlers had brought with them during the time of the settlement of Faroe Islands (landnám) that began in AD 825. However, many of the settlers were not from Scandinavia, but descendants of Norse settlers in the Irish Sea. In addition, women from Norse Ireland, Orkney, or Shetland often married native Scandinavian men before settling in the Faroe Islands and Iceland. As a result, the Irish language has had some influence on both Faroese and Icelandic. There is some debatable evidence of Irish language place names in the Faroes: for example, the names of Mykines, Stóra Dímun and Lítla Dímun have been hypothesized to contain Celtic roots. Other examples of early-introduced words of Celtic origin are: "blak/blaðak" (buttermilk), cf. Middle Irish bláthach; "drunnur" (tail-piece of an animal), cf. Middle Irish dronn; "grúkur" (head, headhair), cf. Middle Irish gruaig; "lámur" (hand, paw), cf. Middle Irish lámh; "tarvur" (bull), cf. Middle Irish tarbh; and "ærgi" (pasture in the outfield), cf. Middle Irish áirge.[5]

The Famjin Stone, a Faroese Runestone.

Between the 9th and the 15th centuries, a distinct Faroese language evolved, although it was probably still mutually intelligible with Old West Norse, and remained similar to the Norn language of Orkney and Shetland during Norn's earlier phase.

Until the 15th century Faroese had an orthography similar to Icelandic and Norwegian, but after the Reformation in 1536 the ruling Danes outlawed its use in schools, churches and official documents. The islanders continued to use the language in ballads, folktales, and everyday life. This maintained a rich spoken tradition, but for 300 years the language was not used in written form.

This changed when Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb and the Icelandic grammarian and politician Jón Sigurðsson published a written standard for Modern Faroese in 1854, which is still in existence. They set a standard for the orthography of the language, based on its Old Norse roots and similar to that of Icelandic. This had the advantage of being etymologically clear, as well as keeping the kinship with the Icelandic written language. The actual pronunciation, however, often differs from the written rendering. The letter ð, for example, has no specific phoneme attached to it.

Jakob Jakobsen devised a rival system of orthography, based on his wish for a phonetic spelling, but this system was never taken up by the speakers.[6]

In 1937, Faroese replaced Danish as the official school language, in 1938 as the church language, and in 1948 as the national language by the Home Rule Act of the Faroes. However, Faroese did not become the common language of media and advertising until the 1980s.[citation needed] Today Danish is considered a foreign language, though around 5% of residents on the Faroes learn it as a first language, and it is a required subject for students in third grade[7] and up.

Alphabet[edit]

Main article: Faroese orthography

The Faroese alphabet consists of 29 letters derived from the Latin script:

Majuscule forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)
A Á B D Ð E F G H I Í J K L M N O Ó P R S T U Ú V Y Ý Æ Ø
Minuscule forms (also called lowercase or small letters)
a á b d ð e f g h i í j k l m n o ó p r s t u ú v y ý æ ø

Phonology[edit]

Main article: Faroese phonology
Faroese vowels
Front Central Back
unrounded rounded
short long short long short long short long
Close ɪ ʏ ʊ
Mid ɛ œ øː ɔ
Open a

As with other Germanic languages, Faroese has a large number of vowels, with 26 in total. Vowel distribution is similar to other North Germanic languages in that short vowels appear in closed syllables (those ending in consonant clusters or long vowels) and long vowels appearing in open syllables. Árnason (2011) provides the following alternations:

Faroese vowel alternations[8]
Monophthongs
/i/ linur [ˈliːnʊɹ] 'soft' lint [lɪn̥t] 'soft (N.)'
/e/ frekur [ˈfɹeː(ʰ)kʊɹ] 'greedy' frekt [fɹɛʰkt] 'greedy (N.)'
/y/ mytisk [ˈmyːtɪsk] 'mythological' mystisk [ˈmʏstɪsk] 'mysterious'
/ø/ høgur]] [ˈhøʋʊɹ~ˈhøœʋʊɹ] 'high (M.)' høgt [hœkt] 'high (N.)'
/u/ gulur [ˈkuːlʊɹ] 'yellow' gult [kʊlt] 'yellow (N.)'
/o/ tola [ˈtʰoːla] 'to endure' toldi [ˈtʰɔld̥ɪ] 'endured'
/a/ Kanada [ˈkʰaːnata] 'Canada' land [lant] 'land'
Diphthongs
/ʊi/ Hvítur [ˈkfʊiːtʊɹ] 'white (M.)' hvítt [kfʊiʰtː] 'white (N.)'
/ɛi/ deyður [ˈteiːjʊɹ] 'dead (M.)' deytt [tɛʰtː] 'dead (N.)'
/ai/ feitur [ˈfaiːtʊɹ] 'fat (M.)' feitt [faiʰtː~fɔiʰtː] 'fat (N.)'
/ɔi/ gloyma [ˈklɔiːma] 'to forget' gloymdi [ˈklɔimtɪ] 'forgot'
/ɛa/ spakur [ˈskɛaː(ʰ)kʊɹ] 'calm (M.)' spakt [spakt] 'calm (N.)'
/ɔa/ vátur [ˈvɔaːtʊɹ] 'wet (M.)' vátt [vɔʰtː] 'wet (N.)'
/ʉu/ fúlur [ˈfʉuːlʊɹ] 'foul (M.)' fúlt [fʏl̥t] 'foul (N.)'
/ɔu/ tómur [ˈtʰɔuːmʊɹ~ˈtʰœuːmʊɹ] 'empty (M.)' tómt [tʰœm̥t~tʰɔm̥t] 'empty (N.)'

Faroese shares with other North Germanic languages the feature of contrasting aspirated and unaspirated stops. Geminated stops may be pre-aspirated in intervocalic and word-final position. *Intervocalically the aspirated consonants become pre-aspirated unless followed by a closed vowel. In clusters, the preaspiration merges with a preceding nasal or apical approximant, rendering them voiceless.

Faroese consonants
Labial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p
t

tʃʰ
k
Fricative
(Lateral)
f s ʂ ʐ ʃ h
ɬ
Approximant
(Lateral)
v ɹ j w
l

There are several phonological processes involved in Faroese, including:

  • Nasals generally assume the place of articulation and laryngeal settings of following consonants.
  • Velar stops palatalize to postalveolar affricates before /j/ /e/ /ɛ/ /i/ /ɪ/ and /ɛi/
  • /v/ becomes [f] before voiceless consonants
  • /sk/ becomes [ʃ] after /ɛi, ai, ɔi/ and before /j/
  • /ɹ/ becomes retroflex following consonants in consonant clusters, yielding the allophones [ʂ ɭ ʈ ɳ] while /ɹ/ itself becomes [ɻ], example: /rt/ is realized as [ɻʈ].
  • Pre-occlusion of original /ll/ to [dl] and /nn/ to [dn].

Grammar[edit]

Main article: Faroese grammar

Faroese grammar is related and very similar to that of modern Icelandic and Old Norse. Faroese is an inflected language with three grammatical genders and four cases: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive.

Faroese Words and Phrases in comparison to other Germanic languages[edit]

Faroese Norwegian (bokmål) Norwegian (nynorsk) English Frisian Icelandic Danish Swedish German Dutch
Vælkomin Velkommen Velkomen Welcome Wolkom Velkomin Velkommen Välkommen Willkommen Welkom
Farvæl Farvel Farvel Farewell Farwol Far vel; Farðu heill Farvel Farväl Lebewohl Vaarwel
Hvussu eitur tú? Hva heter du? Kva heiter du? What is your name? Wat is dyn namme? Hvað heitir þú? Hvad hedder du? Vad heter du? Wie heißt Du? Hoe heet je?
Hvussu gongur? Hvordan går det? Korleis gjeng/går det? How is it going? (How goes it?) Hoe giet it? Hvernig gengur? Hvordan går det? Hur går det? Wie geht es? Hoe gaat het?
Hvussu gamal(m)/gomul(f) ert tú? Hvor gammel er du? Kor gamal er du? How old are you? Hoe âld bist? Hversu gamall ertu? Hvor gammel er du? Hur gammal är du? Wie alt bist Du? Hoe oud ben je?
Reytt/Reyður Rød(t) Raud(t) Red Read Rautt/rauður Rød(t) Rött/Röd Rot Rood/Rode
Blátt/bláur Blå(tt) Blå(tt) Blue Blau(e) Blátt/blár Blå(t) Blå(tt) Blau Blauw(e)
Hvítt/hvítur Hvit(t) Kvit(t) White Wyt Hvítt/hvítur Hvid(t) Vit(t) Weiß Wit(te)

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

To learn Faroese as a language[edit]

  • Adams, Jonathan & Hjalmar P. Petersen. Faroese: A Language Course for beginners Grammar & Textbook. Tórshavn, 2009: Stiðin (704 p.) ISBN 978-99918-42-54-7
  • W. B. Lockwood: An Introduction to Modern Faroese. Tórshavn, 1977. (no ISBN, 244 pages, 4th printing 2002)
  • Michael Barnes: Faroese Language Studies Studia Nordica 5, Supplementum 30. Tórshavn, 2002. (239 pages) ISBN 99918-41-30-X
  • Höskuldur Thráinsson (Þráinsson), Hjalmar P. Petersen, Jógvan í Lon Jacobsen, Zakaris Svabo Hansen: Faroese. An Overview and Reference Grammar. Tórshavn, 2004. (500 pages) ISBN 99918-41-85-7
  • Richard Kölbl: Färöisch Wort für Wort. Bielefeld 2004 (in German)

Dictionaries[edit]

  • Johan Hendrik W. Poulsen: Føroysk orðabók. Tórshavn, 1998. (1483 pages) ISBN 99918-41-52-0 (in Faroese)
  • Annfinnur í Skála / Jonhard Mikkelsen: Føroyskt / enskt – enskt / føroyskt, Vestmanna: Sprotin 2008. (Faroese–English / English–Faroese dictionary, 2 volumes)
  • Annfinnur í Skála: Donsk-føroysk orðabók. Tórshavn 1998. (1369 pages) ISBN 99918-42-22-5 (Danish–Faroese dictionary)
  • M.A. Jacobsen, Chr. Matras: Føroysk–donsk orðabók. Tórshavn, 1961. (no ISBN, 521 pages, Faroese–Danish dictionary)
  • Hjalmar Petersen, Marius Staksberg: Donsk–Føroysk orðabók. Tórshavn, 1995. (879 p.) ISBN 99918-41-51-2 (Danish–Faroese dictionary)
  • Eigil Lehmann: Føroysk–norsk orðabók. Tórshavn, 1987 (no ISBN, 388 p.) (Faroese–Norwegian dictionary)
  • Jón Hilmar Magnússon: Íslensk-færeysk orðabók. Reykjavík, 2005. (877 p.) ISBN 9979-66-179-8 (Icelandic–Faroese dictionary)
  • Gianfranco Contri: Dizionario faroese-italiano = Føroysk-italsk orðabók. Tórshavn, 2004. (627 p.) ISBN 99918-41-58-X (Faroese–Italian dictionary)

Faroese Literature and Research[edit]

  • V.U. Hammershaimb: Færøsk Anthologi. Copenhagen 1891 (no ISBN, 2 volumes, 4th printing, Tórshavn 1991) (editorial comments in Danish)
  • Tórður Jóansson: English loanwords in Faroese. Tórshavn, 1997. (243 pages) ISBN 99918-49-14-9
  • Petersen, Hjalmar P. 2009. Gender Assignment in Modern Faroese. Hamborg. Kovac
  • Petersen, Hjalmar P. 2010. The Dynamics of Faroese-Danish Language Contact. Heidelberg. Winter
  • Faroese/German anthology "From Djurhuus to Poulsen – Faroese Poetry during 100 Years", academic advice: Turið Sigurðardóttir, linear translation: Inga Meincke (2007), ed. by Paul Alfred Kleinert

References[edit]

  1. ^ Faroese at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Faroese". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ While the spelling Faeroese is also seen, Faroese is the spelling used in grammars, textbooks, scientific articles and dictionaries between Faroese and English.
  4. ^ Language and nationalism in Europe, p. 106, Stephen Barbour, Cathie Carmichael, Oxford University Press, 2000
  5. ^ Chr. Matras. Greinaval – málfrøðigreinir. FØROYA FRÓÐSKAPARFELAG 2000
  6. ^ Snar.fo, Jakob Jakobsen (1864-1918)
  7. ^ Logir.fo – Homepage Database of laws on the Faroe Islands (Faroese)
  8. ^ Árnason, Kristján (2011), The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 68 

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015