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1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor Build
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor Build
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Mainly MuscleCars
Building a 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback on a driveway!
Building a 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback on a driveway!
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Life On Unleaded
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Reveal
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Reveal
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Hyundai Motor Europe
BULLITT!! 1968 Ford Mustang GT-390 Fastback "Bullitt" - incredible V8 sound!!
BULLITT!! 1968 Ford Mustang GT-390 Fastback "Bullitt" - incredible V8 sound!!
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: Jamboolio
C segmentinde dünyada bir ilk: Hyundai i30 Fastback
C segmentinde dünyada bir ilk: Hyundai i30 Fastback
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Otomobilin Mesut Abisi
Classic Recreations GT 350CR 1966 Mustang Fastback Jason Engel interview SEMA 2016
Classic Recreations GT 350CR 1966 Mustang Fastback Jason Engel interview SEMA 2016
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: MustangConnection1
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Benzin TV
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - Exterior & Interior Studio Footage
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - Exterior & Interior Studio Footage
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: The Wheel Network
i30 Fastback - Trailer
i30 Fastback - Trailer
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Hyundai Sverige
1969 Mustang Fastback- Bad Ass Edition
1969 Mustang Fastback- Bad Ass Edition
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: MiaYota
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor For Sale
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor For Sale
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: Vanguard Motor Sales
Hyundai i30 Fastback 2018: detalhes - www.car.blog.br
Hyundai i30 Fastback 2018: detalhes - www.car.blog.br
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: CAR.BLOG.BR
1966 Coupe to fastback conversion - welding on the new roof!
1966 Coupe to fastback conversion - welding on the new roof!
Published: 2012/04/02
Channel: hillyersmustang
1969 vw fastback sitting 19 years, will it run?
1969 vw fastback sitting 19 years, will it run?
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Mustie1
Mustang Fastback 1968 "Bullitt" startup
Mustang Fastback 1968 "Bullitt" startup
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: CarMike
Coupe to Fastback (easier said then done)
Coupe to Fastback (easier said then done)
Published: 2011/07/14
Channel: Chris Ingrassia
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
Published: 2014/07/26
Channel: yokomcqueen
Test Driving 1965 Ford Mustang Fastback 289 V8 Four-speed
Test Driving 1965 Ford Mustang Fastback 289 V8 Four-speed
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: RamblinAround
Motorosity 1967 Mustang Fastback Eleanor TEST DRIVE
Motorosity 1967 Mustang Fastback Eleanor TEST DRIVE
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Motorosity
EXTREME Ford Mustang 1968 Fastback Shelby 427 Burnout
EXTREME Ford Mustang 1968 Fastback Shelby 427 Burnout
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Mustang Fastback find
1966 Mustang Fastback find
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: KFLY67
Yard Find Mustangs ! 1969 Mach 1 428 SCJ, 1968 S Fastback, 1965 A Fastback, 1969 Convertible
Yard Find Mustangs ! 1969 Mach 1 428 SCJ, 1968 S Fastback, 1965 A Fastback, 1969 Convertible
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: MustangConnection1
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - interior Exterior
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - interior Exterior
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Auto Show
1967 Mustang Fastback - Great Night For a Car show -Downers Car Show
1967 Mustang Fastback - Great Night For a Car show -Downers Car Show
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: USClassicMuscleCars
Avaliação Focus Fastback Titanium Plus 2016 | Canal Top Speed
Avaliação Focus Fastback Titanium Plus 2016 | Canal Top Speed
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Top Speed
Jeep Wrangler Wild Boar Fastback Targa Top (2007-2017 JK 4-Door) Review & Install
Jeep Wrangler Wild Boar Fastback Targa Top (2007-2017 JK 4-Door) Review & Install
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: ExtremeTerrain.com
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Product Walkaround Review
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Product Walkaround Review
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Hyundai Motor Europe
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Restoration Project
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Restoration Project
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Build Diaries
The Fastback med Teddie Ericsson
The Fastback med Teddie Ericsson
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: Jippi83
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback - Widebody 580 HP T56 Build Project
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback - Widebody 580 HP T56 Build Project
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Hand Built Cars
will it run ? 69 vw fastback with fuel injection sat 19 years.
will it run ? 69 vw fastback with fuel injection sat 19 years.
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Mustie1
1965 Mustang Fastback GT walk around
1965 Mustang Fastback GT walk around
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: ArtInMotion
new sig sauer 1911 emperor scorpion fastback review
new sig sauer 1911 emperor scorpion fastback review
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: 1yankeecowboy
Vintage-Inspired, Turbocharged Fastback Mazda Miata - One Take
Vintage-Inspired, Turbocharged Fastback Mazda Miata - One Take
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: TheSmokingTire
1966 Mustang Fastback Restoration Part 1
1966 Mustang Fastback Restoration Part 1
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: GoatHouseGarage
MVS - 2017 Ford Mustang GT Premium Fastback
MVS - 2017 Ford Mustang GT Premium Fastback
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: MichaelAdamsRocks
#Tomahawk Coyote powered 1967 Mustang Fastback Custom by Lucky7SpeedShop SEMA 2016Mustang Connection
#Tomahawk Coyote powered 1967 Mustang Fastback Custom by Lucky7SpeedShop SEMA 2016Mustang Connection
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: MustangConnection1
Ron Schwarz 1966 Mustang Fastback Project
Ron Schwarz 1966 Mustang Fastback Project
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: CHERAL AUTO
Jeep Wrangler DV8 Off-Road Fastback Hard Top 2-Piece (2007-2016 JK 4 Door) Review & Install
Jeep Wrangler DV8 Off-Road Fastback Hard Top 2-Piece (2007-2016 JK 4 Door) Review & Install
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: ExtremeTerrain.com
Milwaukee Fastback Knives
Milwaukee Fastback Knives
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Real Tool Reviews
Avaliação Ford Focus Fastback 2017
Avaliação Ford Focus Fastback 2017
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Canal Driver
1967 Mustang Fastback Restoration
1967 Mustang Fastback Restoration
Published: 2011/07/04
Channel: coreyfaulkjewels
BeamNG.drive - Pessima Fastback
BeamNG.drive - Pessima Fastback
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: WhyBeAre
Review Demo - Schecter PT Fastback II B
Review Demo - Schecter PT Fastback II B
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Premier Guitar
1965 FASTBACK PROSTREET
1965 FASTBACK PROSTREET
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: AmericaRoadster
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Smoky Mountain Traders
Painting my 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback!
Painting my 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback!
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Life On Unleaded
Alpinestars Fastback WP Jacket Review at RevZilla.com
Alpinestars Fastback WP Jacket Review at RevZilla.com
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: RevZilla
Nicely Modified  1972 VW Volkswagen Type 3 Fastback For Sale
Nicely Modified 1972 VW Volkswagen Type 3 Fastback For Sale
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: WeBe Autos
1967 Mustang Restomod Fastback with Cobra IRS rear end!!! - MyRod.com
1967 Mustang Restomod Fastback with Cobra IRS rear end!!! - MyRod.com
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: MyRod.com
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Continuously sloped roofline: 1967 AMC Marlin, a full-sized fastback [1]

A fastback is a car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back.[2] It is a form of back for an automobile body consisting of a single convex curve from the top to the rear bumper.[3] This automotive design element "relates to an interest in streamlining and aerodynamics, and has gone in and out of fashion at various times."[4]

"Fastback" may also refer the car itself.[5][6] The style is seen on two-door as well as four-door body designs as distinguished by their "level of commonality in vehicle construction as defined by number of doors and roof treatment (e.g., sedan, convertible, fastback, hatchback)."[7] "Some automakers have persisted in describing a model by a word different from common usage" and thus seeming inconsistencies have persisted, such as "certain fastbacks are, technically, two-door sedans or pillared coupes."[4]

History[edit]

Art Deco fastback: 1935 Stout Scarab
continuously sloped four-door sedan: 1950s Warszawa M20

Automobile designers in the 1930s began using elements of aircraft aerodynamics to smooth out the boxy-looking vehicles of their day.[8] Some designs that were ahead of their time when exhibited during the early 1930s included "teardrop" streamlining of the car's rear; a configuration similar to what would become known as 'fastback' 25 years later."[9] 'Fastback' was first recognized as a definition by Merriam-Webster in 1954, many years before the term 'hatchback' was popularized and entered the dictionary in 1970.[10] Opinions vary as to whether the terms are mutually exclusive.

A contributor to an automotive-interest website singles out the unusual Stout Scarab from the early 1930s as "Possibly the epitome of the early fastback definition".[11] The Packard 1106 Twelve Aero Sport Coupe, introduced in 1933, is also cited as a fastback that foreshadowed trends which continued into the 1940s.[12]

Starting in 1935, Australian automakers introduced fastback body design that became known as the "sloper". It was first designed by General Motors' Holden as one of the available bodies on Oldsmobile, Chevrolet, and Pontiac chassis. The sloper design was added by Richards Body Builders in Australia to Dodge and Plymouth models in 1937, by Ford Australia in 1939 and 1940, as well as a sloper style made on Nash chassis.[13] According to automotive historian G.N. Georgano, "the Slopers were advanced cars for their day."[14]

Early European fastback automobiles include: Bugatti Type 57 Atlantic, Tatra T87, Porsche 356, Saab 92/96, Standard Vanguard, GAZ-M20 Pobeda, and Bentley Continental R-Type.

Numerous fastbacks were also made in America, where the style was previously called "torpedo back".[15] They included Cadillac's Series 61 and 62 Club Coupes, as well as various models from General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler. In 1948, the all new Hudsons were available a fastback body for the Brougham and sedan models.[16]

At the 2007 EyesOn Design annual car show, entries from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s in a class called "Fabulous Fastbacks" included Nash Ambassador, Buick Roadmaster and Hudson Commodore models.[11] A "Return of the Fastbacks" class at this show included examples from the 1960s and 1970s with a Buick Riviera, Ford Mustang Cobra, and an AMC AMX among others.[11]

Aerodynamic advantages[edit]

Rear-engined fastback: Porsche 356

Fastbacks provide an advantage in developing aerodynamic vehicles with a low drag coefficient.[17] For example, although lacking a wind tunnel, Hudson designed its post-World War II cars to look aerodynamic and "tests conducted by Nash later found that the Hudson had almost 20% less drag than contemporary notchback sedans."[18] The Kamm tail is a related concept.

The trend towards a more steeply raked rear window on traditional three-box sedans blurs the distinction between fastback and notchback designs. However, the roof of a true fastback design slopes down continuously to the rear, most often to the base of the trunk at the rear bumper. There is no distinct change of angle to a rear deck, whereas most four-door cars with steeply raked rear windows have less angled trunk lids; also, high-tail designs maximized cargo space.

Fastback types[edit]

A hatchback/liftback: 1999 Toyota Celica

Not all fastbacks have fixed rear windows or solid sheet metal. Many models include an integral lifting lid giving access to the trunk area.

Depending on the profile, such vehicles may be liftbacks but are unlikely to be hatchbacks.

A definition of a fastback by Road & Track addresses this distinction: "A closed body style, usually a coupe but sometimes a sedan, with a roof sloped gradually in an unbroken line from the windshield to the rear edge of the car. A fastback naturally lends itself to a hatchback configuration and many have it, but not all hatchbacks are fastbacks and vice versa."[2]

List of fastback cars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCourt, Mark J. (July 2013). "1967 AMC Marlin". Hemmings Motor News. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Dinkel, John (2000). Road & Track Illustrated Automotive Dictionary. Bentley. ISBN 0-8376-0143-6. 
  3. ^ "fastback". Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary. 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Flammang, James M. (1990). Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1976-1986. Krause Publications. p. viii. ISBN 9780873411332. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "fastback". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "fastback". The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  7. ^ Office of the Federal Register (U.S.) (2010). Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of Environment, PT. 425 699. p. 862. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  8. ^ Walker, Clinton (2009). Golden Miles: Sex, Speed and the Australian Muscle Car. Wakefield Press. p. 16. ISBN 9781862548541. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Georgano, Nick N., ed. (2000). The Beaulieu encyclopedia of the automobile. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 960. ISBN 978-1-57958-293-7. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "hatchback". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Clements, Rob. "EyesOn Design 2007 Report". Ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  12. ^ Adler, Dennis (2004). Packard. MotorBooks/MBI. p. 960. ISBN 978-0-7603-1928-4. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Sloper Page". Hand Publishing. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  14. ^ Walker, p. 18.
  15. ^ "The Forty-Niners". Time. 24 January 1949. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Flory, J. Kelly (2008). American cars, 1946-1959: every model, year by year. McFarland. pp. 153–155. ISBN 9780786452309. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  17. ^ Noffsinger, Ken R. (June 2012). "The G-Series Wind Tunnel Test Report". Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  18. ^ Severson, Aaron (6 September 2009). "Step-Down: The 1948-1954 Hudsons". Ate Up With Motor. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Category:Fastbacks at Wikimedia Commons

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