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1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor Build
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor Build
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Mainly MuscleCars
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Reveal
All-New Hyundai i30 Fastback – Reveal
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Hyundai Motor Europe
Building a 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback on a driveway!
Building a 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback on a driveway!
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Life On Unleaded
BULLITT!! 1968 Ford Mustang GT-390 Fastback "Bullitt" - incredible V8 sound!!
BULLITT!! 1968 Ford Mustang GT-390 Fastback "Bullitt" - incredible V8 sound!!
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: Jamboolio
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor For Sale
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Eleanor For Sale
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: Vanguard Motor Sales
1967 Mustang Fastback Barn Find
1967 Mustang Fastback Barn Find
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Jerry Heasley
1967 Mustang Restomod Fastback with Cobra IRS rear end!!! - MyRod.com
1967 Mustang Restomod Fastback with Cobra IRS rear end!!! - MyRod.com
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: MyRod.com
Hyundai i30 Fastback: diseño elegante y deportivo
Hyundai i30 Fastback: diseño elegante y deportivo
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Hyundai España
1969 Mustang Fastback- Bad Ass Edition
1969 Mustang Fastback- Bad Ass Edition
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: MiaYota
SWEET 1968 MUSTANG FASTBACK GREEN MACHINE
SWEET 1968 MUSTANG FASTBACK GREEN MACHINE
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: retroolschool
Nicely Modified  1972 VW Volkswagen Type 3 Fastback For Sale
Nicely Modified 1972 VW Volkswagen Type 3 Fastback For Sale
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: WeBe Autos
1969 vw fastback sitting 19 years, will it run?
1969 vw fastback sitting 19 years, will it run?
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Mustie1
1968 Ford Mustang Fastback in 4K
1968 Ford Mustang Fastback in 4K
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: samspace81
1965 Mustang Fastback FOR SALE
1965 Mustang Fastback FOR SALE
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Luis Baez
Yard Find Mustangs ! 1969 Mach 1 428 SCJ, 1968 S Fastback, 1965 A Fastback, 1969 Convertible
Yard Find Mustangs ! 1969 Mach 1 428 SCJ, 1968 S Fastback, 1965 A Fastback, 1969 Convertible
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: MustangConnection1
2018 Mustang GT Fastback review
2018 Mustang GT Fastback review
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Engadget
This 1965 Ford Mustang Fastback Led to a Racing Career
This 1965 Ford Mustang Fastback Led to a Racing Career
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Petrolicious
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
Published: 2014/07/26
Channel: yokomcqueen
Classic Recreations GT 350CR 1966 Mustang Fastback Jason Engel interview SEMA 2016
Classic Recreations GT 350CR 1966 Mustang Fastback Jason Engel interview SEMA 2016
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: MustangConnection1
1965 Mustang Fastback GT walk around
1965 Mustang Fastback GT walk around
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: ArtInMotion
C segmentinde dünyada bir ilk: Hyundai i30 Fastback
C segmentinde dünyada bir ilk: Hyundai i30 Fastback
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Otomobilin Mesut Abisi
1968 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
1968 Ford Mustang Fastback Sound
Published: 2015/01/03
Channel: yokomcqueen
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Restoration Project
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback Restoration Project
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Build Diaries
1911 Fastback Emperor Scorpion Carry
1911 Fastback Emperor Scorpion Carry
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: SIG SAUER, Inc
Best of Ford Mustang Fastback (Shelby)
Best of Ford Mustang Fastback (Shelby)
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Car vs Car
Painting my 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback!
Painting my 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback!
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Life On Unleaded
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Benzin TV
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback S-Code For Sale
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback S-Code For Sale
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Vanguard Motor Sales
Así es el Hyundai i30 Fastback
Así es el Hyundai i30 Fastback
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Hyundai España
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Mainly MuscleCars
will it run ? 69 vw fastback with fuel injection sat 19 years.
will it run ? 69 vw fastback with fuel injection sat 19 years.
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Mustie1
Jeep Wrangler Wild Boar Fastback Targa Top (2007-2017 JK 4-Door) Review & Install
Jeep Wrangler Wild Boar Fastback Targa Top (2007-2017 JK 4-Door) Review & Install
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: ExtremeTerrain.com
Vintage-Inspired, Turbocharged Fastback Mazda Miata - One Take
Vintage-Inspired, Turbocharged Fastback Mazda Miata - One Take
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: TheSmokingTire
1967 Mustang Fastback Restoration
1967 Mustang Fastback Restoration
Published: 2011/07/04
Channel: coreyfaulkjewels
new sig sauer 1911 emperor scorpion fastback review
new sig sauer 1911 emperor scorpion fastback review
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: 1yankeecowboy
Jeep Wrangler DV8 Off-Road Fastback Hard Top 2-Piece (2007-2016 JK 4 Door) Review & Install
Jeep Wrangler DV8 Off-Road Fastback Hard Top 2-Piece (2007-2016 JK 4 Door) Review & Install
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: ExtremeTerrain.com
Ford Mustang 1965 Fastback startup and sound
Ford Mustang 1965 Fastback startup and sound
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: preydator922
SICK Fastback Miata!
SICK Fastback Miata!
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Ricer Miata
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
1966 Ford Mustang Fastback
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Smoky Mountain Traders
Vrum testa o Ford Focus Fastback
Vrum testa o Ford Focus Fastback
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: ProgramaVrum
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback For Sale
1967 Ford Mustang Fastback For Sale
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: Vanguard Motor Sales
1965 Mustang Fastback // Review
1965 Mustang Fastback // Review
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: The Dutch Texan
CRAZY old man RIPS on his 1967 fastback mustang
CRAZY old man RIPS on his 1967 fastback mustang
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: TheBeaterCar
EXTREME Ford Mustang 1968 Fastback Shelby 427 Burnout
EXTREME Ford Mustang 1968 Fastback Shelby 427 Burnout
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: Ford Mustang Fastback
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - interior Exterior
2018 Hyundai i30 Fastback - interior Exterior
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: AutoShow
2015/2016 Ford Mustang GT Fastback 5.0L V8 Full Review / Test Drive / Exhaust / Start Up
2015/2016 Ford Mustang GT Fastback 5.0L V8 Full Review / Test Drive / Exhaust / Start Up
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: AutoMoHo
Review Demo - Schecter PT Fastback II B
Review Demo - Schecter PT Fastback II B
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Premier Guitar
Ford Mustang Fastback 1967 : une full stock qui déchire :-)
Ford Mustang Fastback 1967 : une full stock qui déchire :-)
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Petites Observations Automobiles
1967 Mustang 390 GT Fastback - MyRod.com
1967 Mustang 390 GT Fastback - MyRod.com
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: MyRod.com
Avaliação Ford Focus Fastback 2017
Avaliação Ford Focus Fastback 2017
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Canal Driver
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Continuously sloped roofline: 1967 AMC Marlin, a full-sized fastback [1]

A fastback is a car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back.[2] It is a form of back for an automobile body consisting of a single convex curve from the top to the rear bumper.[3] This automotive design element "relates to an interest in streamlining and aerodynamics, and has gone in and out of fashion at various times."[4]

"Fastback" may also refer the car itself.[5][6] The style is seen on two-door as well as four-door body designs as distinguished by their "level of commonality in vehicle construction as defined by number of doors and roof treatment (e.g., sedan, convertible, fastback, hatchback)."[7] "Some automakers have persisted in describing a model by a word different from common usage" and thus seeming inconsistencies have persisted, such as "certain fastbacks are, technically, two-door sedans or pillared coupes."[4]

History[edit]

Art Deco fastback: 1935 Stout Scarab
Continuously sloped four-door sedan: 1950s Warszawa M20

Automobile designers in the 1930s began using elements of aircraft aerodynamics to smooth out the boxy-looking vehicles of their day.[8] Some designs that were ahead of their time when exhibited during the early 1930s included "teardrop" streamlining of the car's rear; a configuration similar to what would become known as 'fastback' 25 years later."[9] 'Fastback' was first recognized as a definition by Merriam-Webster in 1954, many years before the term 'hatchback' was popularized and entered the dictionary in 1970.[10] Opinions vary as to whether the terms are mutually exclusive.

A contributor to an automotive-interest website singles out the unusual Stout Scarab from the early 1930s as "Possibly the epitome of the early fastback definition".[11] The Packard 1106 Twelve Aero Sport Coupe, introduced in 1933, is also cited as a fastback that foreshadowed trends which continued into the 1940s.[12]

Starting in 1935, Australian automakers introduced fastback body design that became known as the "sloper". It was first designed by General Motors' Holden as one of the available bodies on Oldsmobile, Chevrolet, and Pontiac chassis. The sloper design was added by Richards Body Builders in Australia to Dodge and Plymouth models in 1937, by Ford Australia in 1939 and 1940, as well as a sloper style made on Nash chassis.[13] According to automotive historian G.N. Georgano, "the Slopers were advanced cars for their day."[14]

Early European fastback automobiles include: Bugatti Type 57 Atlantic, Tatra T87, Porsche 356, Saab 92/96, Standard Vanguard, GAZ-M20 Pobeda, and Bentley Continental R-Type.

Numerous fastbacks were also made in America, where the style was previously called "torpedo back".[15] They included Cadillac's Series 61 and 62 Club Coupes, as well as various models from General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler. In 1948, the all new Hudsons were available a fastback body for the Brougham and sedan models.[16]

At the 2007 EyesOn Design annual car show, entries from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s in a class called "Fabulous Fastbacks" included Nash Ambassador, Buick Roadmaster and Hudson Commodore models.[11] A "Return of the Fastbacks" class at this show included examples from the 1960s and 1970s with a Buick Riviera, Ford Mustang Cobra, and an AMC AMX among others.[11]

Aerodynamic advantages[edit]

Rear-engined fastback: Porsche 356

Fastbacks provide an advantage in developing aerodynamic vehicles with a low drag coefficient.[17] For example, although lacking a wind tunnel, Hudson designed its post-World War II cars to look aerodynamic and "tests conducted by Nash later found that the Hudson had almost 20% less drag than contemporary notchback sedans."[18] The Kamm tail is a related concept.

The trend towards a more steeply raked rear window on traditional three-box sedans blurs the distinction between fastback and notchback designs. However, the roof of a true fastback design slopes down continuously to the rear, most often to the base of the trunk at the rear bumper. There is no distinct change of angle to a rear deck, whereas most four-door cars with steeply raked rear windows have less angled trunk lids; also, high-tail designs maximized cargo space.

Fastback types[edit]

A hatchback/liftback: 1999 Toyota Celica

Not all fastbacks have fixed rear windows or solid sheet metal. Many models include an integral lifting lid giving access to the trunk area.

Depending on the profile, such vehicles may be liftbacks but are unlikely to be hatchbacks.

A definition of a fastback by Road & Track addresses this distinction: "A closed body style, usually a coupe but sometimes a sedan, with a roof sloped gradually in an unbroken line from the windshield to the rear edge of the car. A fastback naturally lends itself to a hatchback configuration and many have it, but not all hatchbacks are fastbacks and vice versa."[2]

List of fastback cars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCourt, Mark J. (July 2013). "1967 AMC Marlin". Hemmings Motor News. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Dinkel, John (2000). Road & Track Illustrated Automotive Dictionary. Bentley. ISBN 0-8376-0143-6. 
  3. ^ "fastback". Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary. 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Flammang, James M. (1990). Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1976-1986. Krause Publications. p. viii. ISBN 9780873411332. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "fastback". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "fastback". The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  7. ^ Office of the Federal Register (U.S.) (2010). Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of Environment, PT. 425 699. p. 862. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  8. ^ Walker, Clinton (2009). Golden Miles: Sex, Speed and the Australian Muscle Car. Wakefield Press. p. 16. ISBN 9781862548541. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Georgano, Nick N., ed. (2000). The Beaulieu encyclopedia of the automobile. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 960. ISBN 978-1-57958-293-7. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "hatchback". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Clements, Rob. "EyesOn Design 2007 Report". Ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  12. ^ Adler, Dennis (2004). Packard. MotorBooks/MBI. p. 960. ISBN 978-0-7603-1928-4. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Sloper Page". Hand Publishing. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  14. ^ Walker, p. 18.
  15. ^ "The Forty-Niners". Time. 24 January 1949. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Flory, J. Kelly (2008). American cars, 1946-1959: every model, year by year. McFarland. pp. 153–155. ISBN 9780786452309. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  17. ^ Noffsinger, Ken R. (June 2012). "The G-Series Wind Tunnel Test Report". Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  18. ^ Severson, Aaron (6 September 2009). "Step-Down: The 1948-1954 Hudsons". Ate Up With Motor. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Category:Fastbacks at Wikimedia Commons

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