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Fastener Basics
Fastener Basics
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: Convergence Training
Snap Fastener Installation Tool Demo
Snap Fastener Installation Tool Demo
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Sailrite
Fastener Production at Dokka Fasteners in Norway
Fastener Production at Dokka Fasteners in Norway
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: DokkaFasteners
Nuts 101 Overview - The Types of Fastener Nuts | Fasteners 101
Nuts 101 Overview - The Types of Fastener Nuts | Fasteners 101
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Albany County Fasteners
Understanding Fastener Grades & Materials | Fasteners 101
Understanding Fastener Grades & Materials | Fasteners 101
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Albany County Fasteners
01 Automotive Fasteners Classifications
01 Automotive Fasteners Classifications
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Kansow Training Guide
Fastener Identification Guide
Fastener Identification Guide
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Moss Motors, Ltd.
Fastener Design Course: Part 1
Fastener Design Course: Part 1
Published: 2011/11/14
Channel: NASA STI Program
有岡大貴「Fastener」/喫煙シーン
有岡大貴「Fastener」/喫煙シーン
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Amu
EZ File Fastener
EZ File Fastener
Published: 2012/08/30
Channel: Franklin Mills Co
2014W ENGR380 Lecture30 Threaded Fasteners and Stiffness of Bolted Joints
2014W ENGR380 Lecture30 Threaded Fasteners and Stiffness of Bolted Joints
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Yang Cao
How to attach snap fasteners
How to attach snap fasteners
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: Estella Jeong
How to Install a Newel Post using the KeyLock Newel Post Fastener
How to Install a Newel Post using the KeyLock Newel Post Fastener
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Fastener Unlimited
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Installation Tools
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Installation Tools
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Tim McAmis Performance Parts
What is Torque? - Fastening Theory Part 1
What is Torque? - Fastening Theory Part 1
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Flexible Assembly Systems Inc
How to use Dritz Snap Fastener Pliers
How to use Dritz Snap Fastener Pliers
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Dritz Sewing
Mr.Children / Fastener (ファスナー) / Traduzida / Pt-Br
Mr.Children / Fastener (ファスナー) / Traduzida / Pt-Br
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Robson Sanguiné
Table Top Fastener Clips - How to Install
Table Top Fastener Clips - How to Install
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: hffcom
Tech Tuesday LIVE: Fasteners, Threads & Torque
Tech Tuesday LIVE: Fasteners, Threads & Torque
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: Park Tool
Installing Dzus Fasteners
Installing Dzus Fasteners
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: HomebuiltHELP
Grab Bar Fastener Installation with "The Beast"
Grab Bar Fastener Installation with "The Beast"
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: wingitweb
How to Connect Handrail to a Newel Post Using MiniLock Handrail Fastener
How to Connect Handrail to a Newel Post Using MiniLock Handrail Fastener
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Fastener Unlimited
FastenMaster TC-G Hidden Fastener for Grooved Decking
FastenMaster TC-G Hidden Fastener for Grooved Decking
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: FastenMaster
How to Install Quick Release Bumper Fasteners
How to Install Quick Release Bumper Fasteners
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: milanmastracci
Common Sense / Twist Lock Fastener Discussion of Studs Video
Common Sense / Twist Lock Fastener Discussion of Studs Video
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: Sailrite
How to use a Dritz Plastic Snap Fastener Pliers Kit
How to use a Dritz Plastic Snap Fastener Pliers Kit
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Dritz Sewing
Birmingham Fastener
Birmingham Fastener
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: BirminghamFastener
新世紀エヴァンゲリオン - ファスナー(Fastener)
新世紀エヴァンゲリオン - ファスナー(Fastener)
Published: 2008/02/03
Channel: tsumori0823
Corrugated Fastener Tool for Face Frame Construction
Corrugated Fastener Tool for Face Frame Construction
Published: 2010/04/28
Channel: Rockler Woodworking and Hardware
Twist Lock / Common Sense Fastener Eyelet Installation by Hand
Twist Lock / Common Sense Fastener Eyelet Installation by Hand
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: Sailrite
DZUS Fasteners Explained
DZUS Fasteners Explained
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Car Builder Solutions
Why Use ARP Ultra-Torque Fastener Assembly Lubricant
Why Use ARP Ultra-Torque Fastener Assembly Lubricant
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: arpfasteners
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Pairing
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Pairing
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Tim McAmis Performance Parts
Snap Fastener Installation Tool
Snap Fastener Installation Tool
Published: 2011/01/24
Channel: Sailrite
Flexco® Bolt Hinged Fastener Installation
Flexco® Bolt Hinged Fastener Installation
Published: 2010/01/21
Channel: FlexcoTube
DEMONSTRATION of a Hilti DX fastener shooting into steel
DEMONSTRATION of a Hilti DX fastener shooting into steel
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: Hilti North America
Tenax® Pull It Up Fastener Demo
Tenax® Pull It Up Fastener Demo
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Sailrite
Fastener Bonding with ONSERT® and DELO adhesives
Fastener Bonding with ONSERT® and DELO adhesives
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: DELO Industrie Klebstoffe | DELOadhesives
Boingo Cloth Diaper Fasteners vs. Snappi Diaper Fastener
Boingo Cloth Diaper Fasteners vs. Snappi Diaper Fastener
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: DiaperMyBabyDE
Fasteners
Fasteners
Published: 2011/11/02
Channel: James Thornburgh
Flexco® SR™ Rivet Hinged Fastener Installation
Flexco® SR™ Rivet Hinged Fastener Installation
Published: 2010/01/15
Channel: FlexcoTube
CAMO Hidden Deck Fastening System
CAMO Hidden Deck Fastening System
Published: 2011/01/04
Channel: NationalNailCorp
FastenMaster VersaClip Universal Hidden Deck Fastening System
FastenMaster VersaClip Universal Hidden Deck Fastening System
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: FastenMaster
Trex Brasilia Decking w Hideaway Hidden Fasteners Review
Trex Brasilia Decking w Hideaway Hidden Fasteners Review
Published: 2010/03/09
Channel: Matt Risinger
Animated short film “FASTENING DAYS 2”
Animated short film “FASTENING DAYS 2”
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: YKK Global
Motorized Multi wheel nut fastener/fastener
Motorized Multi wheel nut fastener/fastener
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Bradley Project
How To Install Dzus Fasteners On New Motorcycle Bodywork from Sportbiketrackgear.com
How To Install Dzus Fasteners On New Motorcycle Bodywork from Sportbiketrackgear.com
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Sportbike Track Gear
Fastener Assembly in SolidWorks
Fastener Assembly in SolidWorks
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: David C. Roberts, P.E.
PLTW Fastener
PLTW Fastener
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Miguel Picart
Mr Velcro Fastener - Doom Over The World
Mr Velcro Fastener - Doom Over The World
Published: 2011/10/30
Channel: dagnje
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Typical fasteners (US quarter shown for scale)

A fastener is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. In general, fasteners are used to create non-permanent joints; that is, joints that can be removed or dismantled without damaging the joining components.[1] Welding is an example of creating permanent joints. There are three major steel fasteners used in industries: stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloy steel. The major grade used in stainless steel fasteners: 200 series, 300 series, and 400 series.

Other alternative methods of joining materials include: crimping, welding, soldering, brazing, taping, gluing, cementing, or the use of other adhesives. The use of force may also be used, such as with magnets, vacuum (like suction cups), or even friction (like sticky pads). Some types of woodworking joints make use of separate internal reinforcements, such as dowels or biscuits, which in a sense can be considered fasteners within the scope of the joint system, although on their own they are not general purpose fasteners.

Furniture supplied in flat-pack form often uses cam dowels locked by cam locks, also known as conformat fasteners. Fasteners can also be used to close a container such as a bag, a box, or an envelope; or they may involve keeping together the sides of an opening of flexible material, attaching a lid to a container, etc. There are also special-purpose closing devices, e.g. a bread clip.

Items like a rope, string, wire (e.g. metal wire, possibly coated with plastic, or multiple parallel wires kept together by a plastic strip coating), cable, chain, or plastic wrap may be used to mechanically join objects; but are not generally categorized as fasteners because they have additional common uses. Likewise, hinges and springs may join objects together, but are ordinarily not considered fasteners because their primary purpose is to allow articulation rather than rigid affixment.

Industry[edit]

In 2005, it was estimated that the United States fastener industry runs 350 manufacturing plants and employs 40,000 workers. The industry is strongly tied to the production of automobiles, aircraft, appliances, agricultural machinery, commercial construction, and infrastructure. More than 200 billion fasteners are used per year in the U.S., 26 billion of these by the automotive industry. The largest distributor of fasteners in North America is the Fastenal Company.[2]

When selecting a fastener for industrial applications, it is important to consider a variety of factors. The threading, the applied load on the fastener, the stiffness of the fastener, and the number of fasteners needed should all be taken into account.[3] See below for material considerations.

Industrial fastener materials

There are three major steel fasteners used in industries: stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloy steel. The major grade used in stainless steel fasteners: 200 series, 300 series, and 400 series. Titanium, aluminum, and various alloys are also common materials of construction for metal fasteners. In many cases, special coatings or plating may be applied to metal fasteners to improve their performance characteristics by, for example, enhancing corrosion resistance. Common coatings/platings include zinc, chrome, and hot dip galvanizing.[4]

When choosing a fastener for a given application, it is important to know the specifics of that application to help select the proper material for the intended use. Factors that should be considered include:

  • Accessibility
  • Environment, including temperature, water exposure, and potentially corrosive elements
  • Installation process
  • Materials to be joined
  • Reusability
  • Weight restrictions[5]

Types[edit]

Structural bolt DIN 6914 with DIN 6916 washer and UNI 5587 nut

Standards & traceability[edit]

ASME B18 standards on bolts, nuts, rivets, screws, washers, and similar fasteners[edit]

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) publishes several Standards on fasteners. Some are:

  • B18.3 Socket Cap, Shoulder, Set Screws, and Hex Keys (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.1 Wood Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.2 Slotted Head Cap Screws, Square Head Set Screws, And Slotted Headless Set Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.3 Machine Screws, Tapping Screws, and Metallic Drive Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.18 Quality Assurance For Fasteners
  • B18.24 Part Identifying Number (PIN) Code System Standard for B18 Fastener Products

For military hardware[edit]

American screws, bolts, and nuts were historically not fully interchangeable with their British counterparts, and therefore would not fit British equipment properly. This, in part, helped lead to the development of numerous United States military standards and specifications for the manufacturing of essentially any piece of equipment that is used for military or defense purposes, including fasteners. World War II was a significant factor in this change.

A key component of most military standards is traceability. Put simply, hardware manufacturers must be able to trace their materials to their source, and provide traceability for their parts going into the supply chain, usually via bar codes or similar methods. This traceability is intended to help ensure that the right parts are used and that quality standards are met in each step of the manufacturing process; additionally, substandard parts can traced back to their source.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stonecypher, Lamar. "Fasteners - Their Needs and Types". Bright Hub Engineering. 
  2. ^ The North American fastener industry - The industry today, archived from the original on 2008-06-13, retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  3. ^ ""What are fasteners?"". Quora. 
  4. ^ "Materials & Coatings". Fastener Solutions. 
  5. ^ "Material Finishes". AALL American Fasteners. 
  6. ^ "Why Traceability Matters". B & B Electro-Mechanical. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Parmley, Robert (1996). Standard Handbook of Fastening and Joining (3 ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 9780070485891. 

External links[edit]

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