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Fastener Basics
Fastener Basics
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: Convergence Training
Snap Fastener Installation Tool Demo
Snap Fastener Installation Tool Demo
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Sailrite
01 Automotive Fasteners Classifications
01 Automotive Fasteners Classifications
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Kansow Training Guide
Fasteners: Machine Screws and Bolts
Fasteners: Machine Screws and Bolts
Published: 2012/11/26
Channel: www.Inspectorbots.com
Mr.Children / Fastener (ファスナー) / Traduzida / Pt-Br
Mr.Children / Fastener (ファスナー) / Traduzida / Pt-Br
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Robson Sanguiné
How to Install a Newel Post using the KeyLock Newel Post Fastener
How to Install a Newel Post using the KeyLock Newel Post Fastener
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Fastener Unlimited
PLTW Fastener
PLTW Fastener
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Miguel Picart
FastenMaster VersaClip Universal Hidden Deck Fastening System
FastenMaster VersaClip Universal Hidden Deck Fastening System
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: FastenMaster
Understanding Fastener Grades & Materials | Fasteners 101
Understanding Fastener Grades & Materials | Fasteners 101
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Albany County Fasteners
One Touch Fasteners quick changeover single minute exchange of die smed turn button fastener quarter
One Touch Fasteners quick changeover single minute exchange of die smed turn button fastener quarter
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: AnemoEngineering
How to Install Quick Release Bumper Fasteners
How to Install Quick Release Bumper Fasteners
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: milanmastracci
Threaded Fasteners Overview
Threaded Fasteners Overview
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: THORS eLearning Solutions
StageTrix  Wah Fastener
StageTrix Wah Fastener
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Kyle Ragan
Fastener Production at Dokka Fasteners in Norway
Fastener Production at Dokka Fasteners in Norway
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: DokkaFasteners
Installing Dzus Fasteners
Installing Dzus Fasteners
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: HomebuiltHELP
What is Torque? - Fastening Theory Part 1
What is Torque? - Fastening Theory Part 1
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Flexible Assembly Systems Inc
Zip fastener for knitwear
Zip fastener for knitwear
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Prym Consumer Products
2014W ENGR380 Lecture30 Threaded Fasteners and Stiffness of Bolted Joints
2014W ENGR380 Lecture30 Threaded Fasteners and Stiffness of Bolted Joints
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Yang Cao
Astro Pneumatic
Astro Pneumatic's Flank Bite Damaged Fastener Tools
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: South Main Auto Repair
How to use a Dritz Plastic Snap Fastener Pliers Kit
How to use a Dritz Plastic Snap Fastener Pliers Kit
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Dritz Sewing
CAMO Hidden Deck Fastening System
CAMO Hidden Deck Fastening System
Published: 2011/01/04
Channel: NationalNailCorp
FastenMaster TC-G and Cortex - Complete Hidden Deck Fastening
FastenMaster TC-G and Cortex - Complete Hidden Deck Fastening
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: FastenMaster
DZUS Fasteners Explained
DZUS Fasteners Explained
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Car Builder Solutions
有岡大貴「Fastener」/喫煙シーン
有岡大貴「Fastener」/喫煙シーン
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Amu
Animated short film "FASTENING DAYS"
Animated short film "FASTENING DAYS"
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: YKK Global
Table Top Fastener Clips - How to Install
Table Top Fastener Clips - How to Install
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: hffcom
80/20 Inc: Anchor Fastener Overview
80/20 Inc: Anchor Fastener Overview
Published: 2014/01/28
Channel: 8020inc
Domino Connectors: Simple knock-down fasteners for the Domino XL
Domino Connectors: Simple knock-down fasteners for the Domino XL
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Festool USA
Snap Fastener Deluxe Installation Tool
Snap Fastener Deluxe Installation Tool
Published: 2011/02/08
Channel: Sailrite
Threaded Fastener and Torque
Threaded Fastener and Torque
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: TheSealord98
Exposed Fastener Panel:  Roof Panel Installation
Exposed Fastener Panel: Roof Panel Installation
Published: 2011/06/20
Channel: mackeymetalroofing
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Pairing
Quarter-Turn (Dzus) Fastener Pairing
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Tim McAmis Performance Parts
How to use the Snappi Diaper Fastener
How to use the Snappi Diaper Fastener
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Snappi Holdings
Why Use ARP Ultra-Torque Fastener Assembly Lubricant
Why Use ARP Ultra-Torque Fastener Assembly Lubricant
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: arpfasteners
Mr Velcro Fastener - Electric Appliances (Original Mix)
Mr Velcro Fastener - Electric Appliances (Original Mix)
Published: 2011/09/09
Channel: Vytautas Andriuskevicius
Tenax® Pull It Up Fastener Demo
Tenax® Pull It Up Fastener Demo
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Sailrite
Hilti - How to install the Hilti X-GR grating fastener (English)
Hilti - How to install the Hilti X-GR grating fastener (English)
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Hilti Group
Tips #4: Install Bed Rail Fastener Hardware
Tips #4: Install Bed Rail Fastener Hardware
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Dread Knot Woodshop
How to install quick release bumper fasteners
How to install quick release bumper fasteners
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: The J Media
Sefamerve Snap Fastener Shawl & Scarf
Sefamerve Snap Fastener Shawl & Scarf
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: sefamerve
DEMONSTRATION of Hilti decking fastener inspection
DEMONSTRATION of Hilti decking fastener inspection
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Hilti North America
DIY Greenhouse Fabric & Film Fastener, No Clips or Wiggle Wire
DIY Greenhouse Fabric & Film Fastener, No Clips or Wiggle Wire
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: LDSPrepper
Animated short film “FASTENING DAYS 2”
Animated short film “FASTENING DAYS 2”
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: YKK Global
Leather bracelet with brass ring and hitch fastener DIY
Leather bracelet with brass ring and hitch fastener DIY
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: instructodad
How to use a Snappi Diaper Fastener
How to use a Snappi Diaper Fastener
Published: 2012/08/29
Channel: Snappi Baby
Fastening basement walls to concrete floor with a Ramset Gun!
Fastening basement walls to concrete floor with a Ramset Gun!
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: Basement Finishing Man
Assemble a base cabinet with Lockdowel EClips fasteners
Assemble a base cabinet with Lockdowel EClips fasteners
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Lockdowel
Grab Bar Fastener Installation with "The Beast"
Grab Bar Fastener Installation with "The Beast"
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: wingitweb
Snap Fastener Kit in Waterproof Box
Snap Fastener Kit in Waterproof Box
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: Sailrite
3M Dual Lock Fastener | VELCRO SUCKS THIS IS BETTER
3M Dual Lock Fastener | VELCRO SUCKS THIS IS BETTER
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Joshua Bardwell
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Typical fasteners (US quarter shown for scale)

A fastener is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. In general, fasteners are used to create non-permanent joints; that is, joints that can be removed or dismantled without damaging the joining components.[1] Welding is an example of creating permanent joints. There are three major steel fasteners used in industries: stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloy steel. The major grade used in stainless steel fasteners: 200 series, 300 series, and 400 series.

Other alternative methods of joining materials include: crimping, welding, soldering, brazing, taping, gluing, cementing, or the use of other adhesives. The use of force may also be used, such as with magnets, vacuum (like suction cups), or even friction. Some types of woodworking joints make use of separate internal reinforcements, such as dowels or biscuits, which in a sense can be considered fasteners within the scope of the joint system, although on their own they are not general purpose fasteners. Furniture supplied in flat-pack form often uses cam dowels locked by cam locks, also known as conformat fasteners. Fasteners can also be used to close a container such as a bag, a box, or an envelope; or they may involve keeping together the sides of an opening of flexible material, attaching a lid to a container, etc. There are also special-purpose closing devices, e.g. a bread clip.

Items like a rope, string, wire (e.g. metal wire, possibly coated with plastic, or multiple parallel wires kept together by a plastic strip coating), cable, chain, or plastic wrap may be used to mechanically join objects; but are not generally categorized as fasteners because they have additional common uses. Likewise, hinges and springs may join objects together, but are ordinarily not considered fasteners because their primary purpose is to allow articulation rather than rigid affixment.

Industry[edit]

In 2005, it is estimated that the United States fastener industry runs 350 manufacturing plants and employs 40,000 workers. The industry is strongly tied to the production of automobiles, aircraft, appliances, agricultural machinery, commercial construction, and infrastructure. More than 200 billion fasteners are used per year in the U.S., 26 billion of these by the automotive industry. The largest distributor of fasteners in North America is the Fastenal Company.[2]

When selecting a fastener for industrial applications, it is important to consider a variety of factors. The threading, the applied load on the fastener, the stiffness of the fastener, and the number of fasteners needed should all be taken into account.[3] See below for material considerations.

Industrial fastener materials

There are three major steel fasteners used in industries: stainless steel, carbon steel, and alloy steel. The major grade used in stainless steel fasteners: 200 series, 300 series, and 400 series. Titanium, aluminum, and various alloys are also common materials of construction for metal fasteners. In many cases, special coatings or plating may be applied to metal fasteners to improve their performance characteristics by, for example, enhancing corrosion resistance. Common coatings/platings include zinc, chrome, and hot dip galvanizing.[4]

When choosing a fastener for a given application, it is important to know the specifics of that application to help select the proper material for the intended use. Factors that should be considered include:

  • Accessibility
  • Environment, including temperature, water exposure, and potentially corrosive elements
  • Installation process
  • Materials to be joined
  • Reusability
  • Weight restrictions[5]

Types[edit]

Structural bolt DIN 6914 with DIN 6916 washer and UNI 5587 nut

Standards & traceability[edit]

ASME B18 standards on bolts, nuts, rivets, screws, washers, and similar fasteners[edit]

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) publishes several Standards on fasteners. Some are:

  • B18.3 Socket Cap, Shoulder, Set Screws, and Hex Keys (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.1 Wood Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.2 Slotted Head Cap Screws, Square Head Set Screws, And Slotted Headless Set Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.6.3 Machine Screws, Tapping Screws, and Metallic Drive Screws (Inch Series)
  • B18.18 Quality Assurance For Fasteners
  • B18.24 Part Identifying Number (PIN) Code System Standard for B18 Fastener Products

For military hardware[edit]

American screws, bolts, and nuts were historically not fully interchangeable with their British counterparts, and therefore would not fit British equipment properly. This, in part, helped lead to the development of numerous United States military standards and specifications for the manufacturing of essentially any piece of equipment that is used for military or defense purposes, including fasteners. World War II was a significant factor in this change.

A key component of most military standards is traceability. Put simply, hardware manufacturers must be able to trace their materials to their source, and provide traceability for their parts going into the supply chain, usually via bar codes or similar methods. This traceability is intended to help ensure that the right parts are used and that quality standards are met in each step of the manufacturing process; additionally, substandard parts can traced back to their source.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stonecypher, Lamar. "Fasteners - Their Needs and Types". Bright Hub Engineering. 
  2. ^ The North American fastener industry - The industry today, archived from the original on 2008-06-13, retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  3. ^ ""What are fasteners?"". Quora. 
  4. ^ "Materials & Coatings". Fastener Solutions. 
  5. ^ "Material Finishes". AALL American Fasteners. 
  6. ^ "Why Traceability Matters". B & B Electro-Mechanical. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Parmley, Robert (1996). Standard Handbook of Fastening and Joining (3 ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 9780070485891. 

External links[edit]

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