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Architectural Salvage  - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.905
Architectural Salvage - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.905
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: Bob Vila
Federal Style House Vs Colonial
Federal Style House Vs Colonial
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: House Styles
Federal Style Architecture House Plans
Federal Style Architecture House Plans
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: House Styles
Democratic by Design: Guiding Principles for Federal Architecture
Democratic by Design: Guiding Principles for Federal Architecture
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: GSA (General Services Administration)
1817 Federal style Colonial
1817 Federal style Colonial
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: TRE Video
GSA Design Excellence: Changing the Course of Federal Architecture
GSA Design Excellence: Changing the Course of Federal Architecture
Published: 2012/08/07
Channel: GSA (General Services Administration)
Final Tour of the Federal-Style Home
Final Tour of the Federal-Style Home
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Bob Vila
The Once Great City of Philadelphia, PA (720p)
The Once Great City of Philadelphia, PA (720p)
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: DOCUMENTARY TUBE
Landscape Architects as Federal Leaders
Landscape Architects as Federal Leaders
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: American Society of Landscape Architects
How to Inlay a Federal Style Wood Fan
How to Inlay a Federal Style Wood Fan
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: Matt Furjanic
GSA Announces the Best in Federal Architecture
GSA Announces the Best in Federal Architecture
Published: 2011/01/21
Channel: GSA (General Services Administration)
Federal Forum 2014:  The New Network Architecture – Build IT Right
Federal Forum 2014: The New Network Architecture – Build IT Right
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.
Brad Pitt narrates "Greening" San Francisco
Brad Pitt narrates "Greening" San Francisco's Federal Bldg
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: lilmikesf
Top Federal Architecture, Engineering and Construction Opportunities for Fiscal Year 2015
Top Federal Architecture, Engineering and Construction Opportunities for Fiscal Year 2015
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Gov Conversations
Federal Style House Vs Colonial
Federal Style House Vs Colonial
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Modern Home Design
Federal-Style Home Restoration Update
Federal-Style Home Restoration Update
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Bob Vila
D006   Can TOGAF® help Enterprise Architects Implement the Federal Architecture and Federal Segment
D006 Can TOGAF® help Enterprise Architects Implement the Federal Architecture and Federal Segment
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Tecnologia
American Artifacts Preview: Federal Architecture in Milwaukee - Kathy Kean
American Artifacts Preview: Federal Architecture in Milwaukee - Kathy Kean
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: C-SPAN
North American House Types: Federal Houses
North American House Types: Federal Houses
Published: 2010/12/16
Channel: rbeckism
Episode 101 Inlaying Federal Style Banding
Episode 101 Inlaying Federal Style Banding
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: RenaissanceWW
Interior Decorating the Federal-Style Home
Interior Decorating the Federal-Style Home
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Bob Vila
7 Architecture Facts pt.7 | Brooklyn Bridge, Federal Style & Sullivan
7 Architecture Facts pt.7 | Brooklyn Bridge, Federal Style & Sullivan
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: How to Architect
How to Repair the Roof   - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.903
How to Repair the Roof - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.903
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: Bob Vila
Tour of a Restored Federal-Style Carriage House
Tour of a Restored Federal-Style Carriage House
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Bob Vila
Palladio & Federal Architecture
Palladio & Federal Architecture
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Cynthia McKeon
Federal Enterprise Architecture - Astronaut
Federal Enterprise Architecture - Astronaut
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: fredfederal
Federal Period Home Design
Federal Period Home Design
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: Content Mint
Turning a Federal Period Finial Part 3
Turning a Federal Period Finial Part 3
Published: 2010/12/30
Channel: Robert Millard
Art in Architecture: Milton Glaser
Art in Architecture: Milton Glaser's Color Fuses (Indianapolis Federal Building)
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: GSA (General Services Administration)
Which Federal Enterprise Architecture Role Do You Belong In?
Which Federal Enterprise Architecture Role Do You Belong In?
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: TheArtofService
Architecture Stories - Federal Inspections
Architecture Stories - Federal Inspections
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: John Stirewalt
An introduction to the concepts of Enterprise Architecture
An introduction to the concepts of Enterprise Architecture
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: TheoriesInPractice
Federal Style Architecture - Jose Sifuentes
Federal Style Architecture - Jose Sifuentes
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: isaac35able
Turing a Federal Period Finial Part 1
Turing a Federal Period Finial Part 1
Published: 2010/12/30
Channel: Robert Millard
Jacksonville History - The Old  US Federal Courthouse Renovation - 1930
Jacksonville History - The Old US Federal Courthouse Renovation - 1930's Architecture Restored
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: TheJaxLeft
DevNation Federal 2017 - Building Evolutionary Architecture
DevNation Federal 2017 - Building Evolutionary Architecture
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Red Hat DevNation Federal
Federal Period Inlay
Federal Period Inlay
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: The ShavingWood Workshop
2008 Federal Avenue Los Angeles CA 90025 - Studio 0.10, Architect
2008 Federal Avenue Los Angeles CA 90025 - Studio 0.10, Architect
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: Architecture For Sale
REVIEWING  FEDERAL GOVT SECURITY ARCHITECTURE FOR THE NATION
REVIEWING FEDERAL GOVT SECURITY ARCHITECTURE FOR THE NATION
Published: 2015/03/03
Channel: crimefightersng
Classical Architecture Federal Triangle_National Archives
Classical Architecture Federal Triangle_National Archives
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: Andrew Rivera
Музей-заповедник Кижи | The KIZHI Federal Museum of Cultural History and Architecture
Музей-заповедник Кижи | The KIZHI Federal Museum of Cultural History and Architecture
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Fred Zippa
Classical Architecture Federal Triangle_Apex Building
Classical Architecture Federal Triangle_Apex Building
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: Andrew Rivera
Amy Liu, AVP, IT Business Architect/Analysis, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Amy Liu, AVP, IT Business Architect/Analysis, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: TheWomensphere
New federal courthouse for downtown Los Angeles
New federal courthouse for downtown Los Angeles
Published: 2013/07/31
Channel: Los Angeles Times
Decorative Interior Painting - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.909
Decorative Interior Painting - Federal Style Home Restoration in Charleston, SC - Bob Vila eps.909
Published: 2012/09/09
Channel: Bob Vila
Architect
Architect's Sketchbook - City Federal
Published: 2014/03/08
Channel: Jonathan Meadows
The renovated Federal-style William Montgomery House
The renovated Federal-style William Montgomery House
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: TheLCCCMarriott
Fred Federal speaks on Healthcare System Architecture Development
Fred Federal speaks on Healthcare System Architecture Development
Published: 2010/06/11
Channel: fredfederal
Federal House Style Architecture
Federal House Style Architecture
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: House Styles
Twenty Years Later: Preserving Federal Houses 10/24/17
Twenty Years Later: Preserving Federal Houses 10/24/17
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: GVSHP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Central Pavilion, 1793–94, by Charles Bulfinch, at the Tontine Crescent, Boston

Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815. This style shares its name with its era, the Federal Period. The name Federal style is also used in association with furniture design in the United States of the same time period. The style broadly corresponds to the classicism of Biedermeier style in the German-speaking lands, Regency architecture in Britain and to the French Empire style.

Elfreth's Alley in Philadelphia features Federal-style homes and is referred to as "Our nation's oldest residential street," dating to 1702.[1]
Old Town Hall in Salem, Massachusetts (dating from 1816–17).
Hamilton Hall was built in 1805 by Samuel McIntire in Salem, Massachusetts.

In the early American republic, the founding generation consciously chose to associate the nation with the ancient democracies of Greece and the republican values of Rome. Grecian aspirations informed the Greek Revival, lasting into the 1850s. Using Roman architectural vocabulary,[2] the Federal style applied to the balanced and symmetrical version of Georgian architecture that had been practiced in the American colonies' new motifs of neoclassical architecture as it was epitomized in Britain by Robert Adam, who published his designs in 1792.

Characteristics[edit]

American Federal architecture typically uses plain surfaces with attenuated detail, usually isolated in panels, tablets, and friezes. It also had a flatter, smoother façade and rarely used pilasters. It was most influenced by the interpretation of ancient Roman architecture, fashionable after the unearthing of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The bald eagle was a common symbol used in this style, with the ellipse a frequent architectural motif.

The classicizing manner of constructions and town planning undertaken by the federal government was expressed in federal projects of lighthouses and harbor buildings; hospitals; in the rationalizing, urbanistic layout of L'Enfant's city of Washington; and in New York the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.[3]

In two generations during which a gentleman's education included the ability to draw up an idiomatic classical elevation[4] for craftsmen who were themselves trained in the classical vocabulary, and where masons and house carpenters on their own produced a refined vernacular architecture, this American neoclassical high style was the idiom of America's first professional architects, in the generation of c. 1800, men such as Charles Bulfinch, architect of the Massachusetts State House, Boston, and Minard Lafever.

The two brothers, Robert Adam and James Adam, were Scottish architects who never visited America, but through their books were leading influences.[5]

Legacy of Federal architecture in Salem, Massachusetts[edit]

In Salem, Massachusetts, there are numerous examples of American colonial architecture and Federal architecture in two historic districts: Chestnut Street District, which is part of the Samuel McIntire Historic District containing 407 buildings, and the Salem Maritime National Historic Site, consisting of 12 historic structures and about 9 acres (4 ha) of land along the waterfront.

Architects of the Federal period[edit]

Modern reassessment of the American architecture of the Federal period began with Fiske Kimball, Domestic Architecture of the American Colonies and the Early Republic, 1922.[6]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Historical marker on Elfreth's Alley
  2. ^ The design vocabulary of Federal architecture is accessibly illustrated and contrasted with Greek Revival in Rachel Carley, The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture 1994, ch. 5 "Neoclassical Styles", p. 90ff.
  3. ^ For the federal government's role in Federal architectural style and its symbolism, see Lois Craig, ed. The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics and Symbols in United States Government Building (Federal Architecture Project, Cambridge: MIT Press) 1978, chs. 1–3, with brief text and extended captions to multiple illustrations.
  4. ^ Not, of course, designs as ambitious as those of Thomas Jefferson, an amateur who, in other circumstances, could have made a profession as architect.
  5. ^ Creating Your Architectural Style. Pelican Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-4556-0309-1. 
  6. ^ It "established a generation ago a scholarly basis for subsequent study of early American architecture", observes Hugh Morrison, in the Acknowledgments prefacing Early American Architecture From the First Colonial Settlements to the National Period (1951, repr. 1987), p. xiii.

Further reading[edit]

  • Craig, Lois A., The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics and National Design. The MIT Press: 1984. ISBN 0-262-53059-7.

External links[edit]

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