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Fernando Haddad
Fernando Haddad na CMSP.JPG
51st Mayor of São Paulo
In office
1 January 2013 – 1 January 2017
Vice Mayor Nádia Campeão
Preceded by Gilberto Kassab
Succeeded by João Doria
Minister of Education
In office
29 July 2005 – 24 January 2012
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Dilma Rousseff
Preceded by Tarso Genro
Succeeded by Aloizio Mercadante
Personal details
Born (1963-01-25) 25 January 1963 (age 55)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Political party Workers' Party
Spouse(s) Ana Estela Haddad
Alma mater University of São Paulo

Fernando Haddad (born 25 January 1963) is a Brazilian academic and politician who was Mayor of São Paulo, Brazil's largest city,[2] from 2013 to 2017. He is of Lebanese Orthodox Christian origin.

He studied law, economics and philosophy at the University of São Paulo and was the Minister of Education from 2005 to 2012 in the cabinets of Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff.[3]

Career[edit]

Haddad holds a master's degree in economics and a doctorate in philosophy from the University of São Paulo.[4] He has devoted much of his career to public service: he has been a consultant for the Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas — an economics research institute — based at the School of Economics, Business and Accounting of the University of São Paulo,[5] chief of staff to the Finance and Economic Development Secretary of the municipality of São Paulo,[5] and a special advisor to the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management.[5] He is also a professor in the politics department of the University of São Paulo.[6]

Haddad took over the cabinet position of Minister of Education on 29 July 2005, when his predecessor, Tarso Genro, left the position to become the chairman of the Workers' Party.[5]

During the 2012 municipal elections, Haddad was a candidate for Mayor of São Paulo. After successfully advancing to the second round, he faced former mayor José Serra[7] (who was the most voted candidate in the first round)[8] and won with 55.57% of the valid votes.[2]

In June 2013, his administration faced big demonstrations, when São Paulo city hall and the government of the state of São Paulo (which runs the train and metro system of São Paulo) announced the raising of tickets prices from R$3,00 to R$3,20.[9] The demonstrations, known as the 2013 protests in Brazil, were the biggest protest movement since those in 1992 against President Fernando Collor de Mello.

On October 2, 2016, Haddad lost his bid for re-election to Brazilian Social Democracy Party candidate and media mogul João Doria Júnior, receiving only 17% of the vote.[10] He left office on January 1, 2017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Petista recebe apoio de Chalita e mira eleitor religioso" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Haddad supera Serra, e PT volta a governar São Paulo após oito anos". UOL (in Portuguese). São Paulo. 28 October 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "In Lula's footsteps: Brazil's presidential campaign". The Economist. 396 (8689): 50. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Currículo de Fernando Haddad no Sistema de Currículos Lattes" (in Portuguese). buscatextual.cnpq.br. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Fernando Haddad é o novo ministro da Educação" (in Portuguese). educacaopublica.rj.gov.br. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "Conversa com o Ministro da Educação" (in Portuguese). miniweb.com.br. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Brazil's ruling party wins Sao Paulo mayor race: exit polls". France 24. AFP. 28 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Tavener, Ben (9 October 2012). "Brazil in Second Round of 2012 Elections". The Rio Times. Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Agência Brasil: Manifestantes contra aumento da passagem entram em conflito com PM em São Paulo Archived 2013-11-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-idUSKCN12326Z?il=0

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gilberto Kassab
Mayor of São Paulo
2013 – 2016
Succeeded by
João Doria

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