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Richard Rynearson
Richard Rynearson's Oral Argument Before the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: VAPAadmin
Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Mitch Landrieu
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: TriCityRV
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: makemegenius
46 Finnegan Circuit Oxley - Real Estate
46 Finnegan Circuit Oxley - Real Estate
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: PandBRealEstate
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Washington Post
Employee Sniffed By Coworkers, Then Fired
Employee Sniffed By Coworkers, Then Fired
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: The Richard Fowler Show
Electricity and Circuits
Electricity and Circuits
Published: 2008/12/03
Channel: ScienceOnline
Node voltage method (steps 1 to 4) | Circuit analysis | Electrical engineering | Khan Academy
Node voltage method (steps 1 to 4) | Circuit analysis | Electrical engineering | Khan Academy
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Khan Academy
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: WikiTubia
How to Solve Any Series and Parallel Circuit Problem
How to Solve Any Series and Parallel Circuit Problem
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: Jesse Mason
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: Autocar
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: United States Courts
RTTC Closed Circuit Championship 2016
RTTC Closed Circuit Championship 2016
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Cycling Time Trials
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director's Cut - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Top Gear
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: ContractCentral
Students Creating a Closed Circuit for the First Time!
Students Creating a Closed Circuit for the First Time!
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: Erica Cottoe
#SasolGTC 2017| Round 1 Highlights| Killarney
#SasolGTC 2017| Round 1 Highlights| Killarney
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Sasol
Everything Wrong With Cinema Sins In 3 Minutes Or Less
Everything Wrong With Cinema Sins In 3 Minutes Or Less
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: CinemaSins
Employment Law This Week - Episode 4 - Week of November 9, 2015
Employment Law This Week - Episode 4 - Week of November 9, 2015
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Epstein Becker Green
Proper Battery Connect and Converter Use | Pete
Proper Battery Connect and Converter Use | Pete's RV Quick Tips
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: petesrv
Obama
Obama's Secret Bypass Of The U S Government On Illegal Immigration
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
TREASON IN THE COURTS! Globalist 9th Circuit Court Refuses to Reinstate Trump Travel Ban
TREASON IN THE COURTS! Globalist 9th Circuit Court Refuses to Reinstate Trump Travel Ban
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Black Conservative Patriot
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: United States Courts
How To Connect Solar Panel to 12 Volt Battery
How To Connect Solar Panel to 12 Volt Battery
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: RV Four Seasons
Ferrari FF Vs. Bentley Continental V8 on Ice! - Top Gear - Series 18 - BBC
Ferrari FF Vs. Bentley Continental V8 on Ice! - Top Gear - Series 18 - BBC
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Top Gear
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Published: 2009/04/24
Channel: Top Gear
Closer - The Chainsmokers ft. Halsey (Boyce Avenue ft. Sarah Hyland cover) on Spotify & iTunes
Closer - The Chainsmokers ft. Halsey (Boyce Avenue ft. Sarah Hyland cover) on Spotify & iTunes
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: boyceavenue
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT'S EXPANDED DACA AND ON DAPA.
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: David Nachman
X1L3 - circuit bent - midi retrofit - Yamaha DD5 drum machine + Sequential circuits pro1
X1L3 - circuit bent - midi retrofit - Yamaha DD5 drum machine + Sequential circuits pro1
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: manufacturedZ3R0
The 10,000 Domino Computer
The 10,000 Domino Computer
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: standupmaths
62 Wirra Circuit  Wynnum West 4178 QLD
62 Wirra Circuit Wynnum West 4178 QLD
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: LJ Hooker
Trevino v. Thaler: Oral Argument - February 25, 2013
Trevino v. Thaler: Oral Argument - February 25, 2013
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: PuppyJusticeAutomated
What Does the Supreme Court
What Does the Supreme Court's DAPA & DACA Decision Mean for Immigrants? | BK Live
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: BRIC TV
The Nominee | Ebook
The Nominee | Ebook
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Fredric Tang
Honda Civic Type R
Honda Civic Type R '08 Tour Circuiti del Mondo Gara 4 Circuit de Spa Francorchamps
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Fabrizio Ippolito
Daytona USA Circuit Edition [Japan] Sega Saturn
Daytona USA Circuit Edition [Japan] Sega Saturn
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: FunCade 64
FORMULA1 BAKI AZƏRBAYCAN | FORMULA1 BAKU AZERBAIJAN | FORMULA1 BAKI AZERBAYCAN |
FORMULA1 BAKI AZƏRBAYCAN | FORMULA1 BAKU AZERBAIJAN | FORMULA1 BAKI AZERBAYCAN |
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: FARID ALIYEV
Replacing a RV Furnace Circuit Board
Replacing a RV Furnace Circuit Board
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: TrailerLifeDIY
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: Roadracer1977
Range Rover Sport vs Porsche Cayenne Turbo tested on road, off road and on track
Range Rover Sport vs Porsche Cayenne Turbo tested on road, off road and on track
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Autocar
Gernerations of Computer |1ST -- 5TH Generation Computers | Deeply Explained
Gernerations of Computer |1ST -- 5TH Generation Computers | Deeply Explained
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Major Zabih
Sean Spicer Press Conference (Melissa McCarthy) - SNL
Sean Spicer Press Conference (Melissa McCarthy) - SNL
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Saturday Night Live
Employment Law This Week - Episode 31 - Week of June 20, 2016
Employment Law This Week - Episode 31 - Week of June 20, 2016
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: Epstein Becker Green
BREAKING: Supreme Court Reopens Clinics Closed By Anti-Abortion Law.
BREAKING: Supreme Court Reopens Clinics Closed By Anti-Abortion Law.
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: CHAOS BOT
Bizarre crash into firetruck at WTCC race of Portugal for Tom Coronel 2017
Bizarre crash into firetruck at WTCC race of Portugal for Tom Coronel 2017
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: tomcoronelracing
MotoGP - Dani Pedrosa on the Circuit of Indianapolis 2014
MotoGP - Dani Pedrosa on the Circuit of Indianapolis 2014
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: Pole Position Motorsport
iMTV - 17 Bridgeview Circuit - LJ Hooker Bella Vista
iMTV - 17 Bridgeview Circuit - LJ Hooker Bella Vista
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: Industrie Media
Racing The Audi RS7 Piloted Driving Concept - Fifth Gear
Racing The Audi RS7 Piloted Driving Concept - Fifth Gear
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Fifth Gear
Landon Lecture | Lamar Alexander
Landon Lecture | Lamar Alexander
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: Landon Lecture Series
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The "Fifth Circuit Four" (or simply "The Four") were four judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit who, during the late 1950s, became known for a series of decisions (which continued into the late 1960s) crucial in advancing the civil and political rights of African Americans; in this they were opposed by fellow Fifth Circuit judge Ben Cameron, a strong advocate of states' rights. At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (the limits of its jurisdiction since October 1, 1981), but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.

"The Four" were Chief Judge Elbert Tuttle and his three colleagues John Minor Wisdom, John Robert Brown, and Richard Rives. All but Rives were liberal Republicans; Rives was a Democrat and, according to Jack Bass, an intimate of Supreme Court justice Hugo Black.

Quote[edit]

"The Constitution is both color blind and color conscious. To avoid conflict with the equal protection clause, a classification that denies a benefit, causes harm, or imposes a burden must not be based on race. In that sense the Constitution is color blind. But the Constitution is color conscious to prevent discrimination being perpetuated and to undo the effects of past discrimination. The criterion is the relevancy of color to a legitimate government purpose."

- Judge John Minor Wisdom, writing for the majority in U.S. v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 1967.

References[edit]

  • Jack Bass, "The 'Fifth Circuit Four'", The Nation, May 3, 2004, p. 30-32.
  • Jack Bass, Unlikely Heroes: The Dramatic Story of the Southern Judges of the Fifth Circuit who Translated the Supreme Court's Brown Decision Into a Revolution for Equality (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981), ISBN 0-671-25064-7, ISBN 978-0-671-25064-5.

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