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Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Mitch Landrieu
Richard Rynearson
Richard Rynearson's Oral Argument Before the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: VAPAadmin
31st Edith House Lecture: Edith Jones, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
31st Edith House Lecture: Edith Jones, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: University of Georgia School of Law
Track Day Challenge - Top Gear - BBC
Track Day Challenge - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2010/12/07
Channel: Top Gear
4 Beyonce by Todrick Hall
4 Beyonce by Todrick Hall
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: todrickhall
[MKWii] Troll Circuit
[MKWii] Troll Circuit
Published: 2012/12/16
Channel: MKWTM
Will Owen Paul Ricard Recap
Will Owen Paul Ricard Recap
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Sportscar365
How To Check Your RV Fuses The Easy Way
How To Check Your RV Fuses The Easy Way
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: RV Four Seasons
What Circuit Court Does Florida Belong To?
What Circuit Court Does Florida Belong To?
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: Reyna Sanabria
1/10 4WD Circuit, Ruckus, and Torment by ECX
1/10 4WD Circuit, Ruckus, and Torment by ECX
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: HorizonHobbyProducts
RV Auxiliary battery switch not getting power? Try this
RV Auxiliary battery switch not getting power? Try this
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Chad Leadbetter
What Is The Law For Invasion Of Privacy
What Is The Law For Invasion Of Privacy
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Uwerg Ued
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director's Cut - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Top Gear
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Published: 2009/04/24
Channel: Top Gear
ECX Circuit 1/10 4WD Stadium Trucktrack run 2 of 3
ECX Circuit 1/10 4WD Stadium Trucktrack run 2 of 3
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: JayTee RC
Everything Wrong With Cinema Sins In 3 Minutes Or Less
Everything Wrong With Cinema Sins In 3 Minutes Or Less
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: CinemaSins
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: ContractCentral
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: WikiTubia
Converter Fuse Box Location
Converter Fuse Box Location
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Thor Motor Coach
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT'S EXPANDED DACA AND ON DAPA.
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: David Nachman
Ames Moot Court Competition 2017
Ames Moot Court Competition 2017
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: HarvardLawSchool
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: makemegenius
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: TriCityRV
GBA: Mario Kart - Super Circuit
GBA: Mario Kart - Super Circuit
Published: 2009/07/01
Channel: TheRetroVideogamer
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: Roadracer1977
4th Circuit Oral Argument -- International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump (C-SPAN)
4th Circuit Oral Argument -- International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump (C-SPAN)
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: C-SPAN
F1
F1's Greatest Lap? Ayrton Senna at Donington 1993
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: FORMULA 1
Ames Moot Court Competition 1979
Ames Moot Court Competition 1979
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: HarvardLawSchool
Murders of Charles Moore and Henry Dee Solved
Murders of Charles Moore and Henry Dee Solved
Published: 2009/11/09
Channel: Snorre Wik
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: United States Courts
RV Slide out relays and fuses
RV Slide out relays and fuses
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: myRVadventures
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: United States Courts
Panamera Turbo sets lap record at the Shanghai International Circuit
Panamera Turbo sets lap record at the Shanghai International Circuit
Published: 2011/07/12
Channel: Porsche
Domino Addition - Numberphile
Domino Addition - Numberphile
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Numberphile
January 26, 2016 (Atlanta) - Part 1 - Panel Presentation
January 26, 2016 (Atlanta) - Part 1 - Panel Presentation
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: The W. Homer Drake, Jr. Georgia Bankruptcy American Inn of Court
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: Autocar
Ferrari FF Vs. Bentley Continental V8 on Ice! - Top Gear - Series 18 - BBC
Ferrari FF Vs. Bentley Continental V8 on Ice! - Top Gear - Series 18 - BBC
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Top Gear
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Washington Post
Appeals court reinstates Ezekiel Elliott’s six game suspension by NFL
Appeals court reinstates Ezekiel Elliott’s six game suspension by NFL
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: maxtube350
Students Creating a Closed Circuit for the First Time!
Students Creating a Closed Circuit for the First Time!
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: Erica Cottoe
NFS Undercover, try "fifth" Circuit from Challenge Series 2
NFS Undercover, try "fifth" Circuit from Challenge Series 2'50.90
Published: 2009/11/24
Channel: remyvincent
MotoGP - Dani Pedrosa on the Circuit of Indianapolis 2014
MotoGP - Dani Pedrosa on the Circuit of Indianapolis 2014
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: Pole Position Motorsport
Remembering The Racing Lines - GTA 4 Racing Live #2
Remembering The Racing Lines - GTA 4 Racing Live #2
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Broughy1322
Cell phone video shows off-duty deputy attempt to arrest soldier at bar Part 2
Cell phone video shows off-duty deputy attempt to arrest soldier at bar Part 2
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: THISISZION42303
Basic RV Converter Box & Electrical Fuses/Breakers Information
Basic RV Converter Box & Electrical Fuses/Breakers Information
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Camping World of Davenport
SC Trooper Opens Fire On Unarmed Man
SC Trooper Opens Fire On Unarmed Man
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: PoliceCenter
How to drift*, by Ken Block – shredding tyres in the 845bhp Hoonicorn Mustang
How to drift*, by Ken Block – shredding tyres in the 845bhp Hoonicorn Mustang
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: Autocar
Hearing to remove Confederate monument from Caddo Parish Courthouse Grounds
Hearing to remove Confederate monument from Caddo Parish Courthouse Grounds
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: mmcc50
Nissan 350Z Drifting at Lydden Hill Race Circuit
Nissan 350Z Drifting at Lydden Hill Race Circuit
Published: 2009/09/20
Channel: taz8520
Obama
Obama's Secret Bypass Of The U S Government On Illegal Immigration
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The "Fifth Circuit Four" (or simply "The Four") were four judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit who, during the late 1950s, became known for a series of decisions (which continued into the late 1960s) crucial in advancing the civil and political rights of African Americans; in this they were opposed by fellow Fifth Circuit judge Ben Cameron, a strong advocate of states' rights. At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (the limits of its jurisdiction since October 1, 1981), but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.

"The Four" were Chief Judge Elbert Tuttle and his three colleagues John Minor Wisdom, John Robert Brown, and Richard Rives. All but Rives were liberal Republicans; Rives was a Democrat and, according to Jack Bass, an intimate of Supreme Court justice Hugo Black.

Quote[edit]

"The Constitution is both color blind and color conscious. To avoid conflict with the equal protection clause, a classification that denies a benefit, causes harm, or imposes a burden must not be based on race. In that sense the Constitution is color blind. But the Constitution is color conscious to prevent discrimination being perpetuated and to undo the effects of past discrimination. The criterion is the relevancy of color to a legitimate government purpose."

- Judge John Minor Wisdom, writing for the majority in U.S. v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 1967.

References[edit]

  • Jack Bass, "The 'Fifth Circuit Four'", The Nation, May 3, 2004, p. 30-32.
  • Jack Bass, Unlikely Heroes: The Dramatic Story of the Southern Judges of the Fifth Circuit who Translated the Supreme Court's Brown Decision Into a Revolution for Equality (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981), ISBN 0-671-25064-7, ISBN 978-0-671-25064-5.

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