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Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Mayor Landrieu addresses the 5th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Judicial Conference
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Mitch Landrieu
Richard Rynearson
Richard Rynearson's Oral Argument Before the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: VAPAadmin
4th Circuit Oral Argument -- International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump (C-SPAN)
4th Circuit Oral Argument -- International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump (C-SPAN)
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: C-SPAN
History Made! First Ever BMX Quad Backflip | Nitro Circus | Jed Mildon
History Made! First Ever BMX Quad Backflip | Nitro Circus | Jed Mildon
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Nitro Circus
Converter Fuse Box Location
Converter Fuse Box Location
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Thor Motor Coach
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
[Wikipedia] Richard Rives
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: WikiTubia
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Electrical Circuits - Series and Parallel -For Kids
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: makemegenius
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
13. How to Reset your RV Circuit Breaker
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: TriCityRV
ECX Circuit 1/10 4WD Stadium Trucktrack run 2 of 3
ECX Circuit 1/10 4WD Stadium Trucktrack run 2 of 3
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: JayTee RC
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT
SUPREME COURT AGREES TO ACT ON PRESIDENT'S EXPANDED DACA AND ON DAPA.
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: David Nachman
Employment Law This Week - Episode 4 - Week of November 9, 2015
Employment Law This Week - Episode 4 - Week of November 9, 2015
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Epstein Becker Green
Appeals court reinstates Ezekiel Elliott’s six game suspension by NFL
Appeals court reinstates Ezekiel Elliott’s six game suspension by NFL
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: maxtube350
How To Check Your RV Fuses The Easy Way
How To Check Your RV Fuses The Easy Way
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: RV Four Seasons
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Justice Department letter to 5th Circuit Court of Appeals
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: ContractCentral
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director
Ken Block Drifts London – EXTENDED Director's Cut - Top Gear - BBC
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Top Gear
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Four questions about the 9th Circuit you were afraid to ask
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Washington Post
[MKWii] Troll Circuit
[MKWii] Troll Circuit
Published: 2012/12/16
Channel: MKWTM
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Four Laps of Folembray Circuit in my Caterham R500 Superlight Duratec
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: Roadracer1977
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Diversity of Experience: The Path to Becoming Chief
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: United States Courts
Obama
Obama's Secret Bypass Of The U S Government On Illegal Immigration
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
The Mercedes C63 AMG Experiment - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
The Mercedes C63 AMG Experiment - /CHRIS HARRIS ON CARS
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: /DRIVE
RV Auxiliary battery switch not getting power? Try this
RV Auxiliary battery switch not getting power? Try this
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Chad Leadbetter
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Top Gear vs The Germans Part 1 - Double Decker Racing - Series 11 - BBC
Published: 2009/04/24
Channel: Top Gear
Electricity and Circuits
Electricity and Circuits
Published: 2008/12/03
Channel: ScienceOnline
Dr. Stephen Middleton, Four Elements of Progressive Constitutional Change
Dr. Stephen Middleton, Four Elements of Progressive Constitutional Change
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: MarshallU
Fisher v. University of Texas: Oral Argument - December 09, 2015
Fisher v. University of Texas: Oral Argument - December 09, 2015
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: PuppyJusticeAutomated
Dario Franchitti
Dario Franchitti's Career-Ending Crash *Live*
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: RacingAccidents3
How To Connect Solar Panel to 12 Volt Battery
How To Connect Solar Panel to 12 Volt Battery
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: RV Four Seasons
Will Owen Paul Ricard Recap
Will Owen Paul Ricard Recap
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Sportscar365
Bugatti Chiron Review | Bugatti’s new 261mph hypercar tested | Autocar
Bugatti Chiron Review | Bugatti’s new 261mph hypercar tested | Autocar
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Autocar
Texas Voter Suppression Law Struck Down
Texas Voter Suppression Law Struck Down
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: The Young Turks
January 26, 2016 (Atlanta) - Part 2 - Reception & Remarks
January 26, 2016 (Atlanta) - Part 2 - Reception & Remarks
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: The W. Homer Drake, Jr. Georgia Bankruptcy American Inn of Court
Pitbull - Fireball ft. John Ryan
Pitbull - Fireball ft. John Ryan
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: PitbullVEVO
1/10 4WD Circuit, Ruckus, and Torment by ECX
1/10 4WD Circuit, Ruckus, and Torment by ECX
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: HorizonHobbyProducts
Exploring the Heart - The Circulatory System!
Exploring the Heart - The Circulatory System!
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: Aboutkidshealth
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2015–2016) Part 1 of 2
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: United States Courts
Threats to the First Amendment with Honorable Alex Kozinski and Eugene Volokh
Threats to the First Amendment with Honorable Alex Kozinski and Eugene Volokh
Published: 2012/11/12
Channel: Children of Jewish Holocaust Survivors
Murders of Charles Moore and Henry Dee Solved
Murders of Charles Moore and Henry Dee Solved
Published: 2009/11/09
Channel: Snorre Wik
Hearing to remove Confederate monument from Caddo Parish Courthouse Grounds
Hearing to remove Confederate monument from Caddo Parish Courthouse Grounds
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: mmcc50
U.S. Appeals Court Opens Punishment To Texas Sanctuary Cities
U.S. Appeals Court Opens Punishment To Texas Sanctuary Cities
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Wochit News
Universities & the First Amendment [Panel Four]
Universities & the First Amendment [Panel Four]
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: The Federalist Society
46 Finnegan Circuit Oxley - Real Estate
46 Finnegan Circuit Oxley - Real Estate
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: PandBRealEstate
Cell phone video shows off-duty deputy attempt to arrest soldier at bar Part 2
Cell phone video shows off-duty deputy attempt to arrest soldier at bar Part 2
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: THISISZION42303
What Does the Supreme Court
What Does the Supreme Court's DAPA & DACA Decision Mean for Immigrants? | BK Live
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: BRIC TV
Volvo Trucks - Volvo Trucks vs Koenigsegg: a race between a Volvo FH and a Koenigsegg One:1
Volvo Trucks - Volvo Trucks vs Koenigsegg: a race between a Volvo FH and a Koenigsegg One:1
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Volvo Trucks
The Water Cycle
The Water Cycle
Published: 2013/07/12
Channel: National Science Foundation
4 Beyonce by Todrick Hall
4 Beyonce by Todrick Hall
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: todrickhall
142 Delaney Circuit, Carindale :: Place Estate Agents | Brisbane Real Estate For Sale
142 Delaney Circuit, Carindale :: Place Estate Agents | Brisbane Real Estate For Sale
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: placeagents
Two laps of Circuit Gilles Villeneuve with Alex Tagliani
Two laps of Circuit Gilles Villeneuve with Alex Tagliani
Published: 2011/08/20
Channel: StubbsRacing1
Oral Argument Richard Rynearson v United States [Inland Border Checkpoint]
Oral Argument Richard Rynearson v United States [Inland Border Checkpoint]
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Bunny Boots Ink
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The "Fifth Circuit Four" (or simply "The Four") were four judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit who, during the late 1950s, became known for a series of decisions (which continued into the late 1960s) crucial in advancing the civil and political rights of African Americans; in this they were opposed by fellow Fifth Circuit judge Ben Cameron, a strong advocate of states' rights. At that time, the Fifth Circuit included not only Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (the limits of its jurisdiction since October 1, 1981), but also Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and the Panama Canal Zone.

"The Four" were Chief Judge Elbert Tuttle and his three colleagues John Minor Wisdom, John Robert Brown, and Richard Rives. All but Rives were liberal Republicans; Rives was a Democrat and, according to Jack Bass, an intimate of Supreme Court justice Hugo Black.

Quote[edit]

"The Constitution is both color blind and color conscious. To avoid conflict with the equal protection clause, a classification that denies a benefit, causes harm, or imposes a burden must not be based on race. In that sense the Constitution is color blind. But the Constitution is color conscious to prevent discrimination being perpetuated and to undo the effects of past discrimination. The criterion is the relevancy of color to a legitimate government purpose."

- Judge John Minor Wisdom, writing for the majority in U.S. v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 1967.

References[edit]

  • Jack Bass, "The 'Fifth Circuit Four'", The Nation, May 3, 2004, p. 30-32.
  • Jack Bass, Unlikely Heroes: The Dramatic Story of the Southern Judges of the Fifth Circuit who Translated the Supreme Court's Brown Decision Into a Revolution for Equality (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981), ISBN 0-671-25064-7, ISBN 978-0-671-25064-5.

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