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History First era Dynasty of Babylon Empire 1830 BC - 1531 BC Map
History First era Dynasty of Babylon Empire 1830 BC - 1531 BC Map
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Groovy Historian
The Documentary - The Most Powerful Empire In History -  Babylon
The Documentary - The Most Powerful Empire In History - Babylon
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Channel: The Documentary
The Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad 1
The Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad 1
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Bard Baukol
The Babylonian Civilisation
The Babylonian Civilisation
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Iken Edu
First Babylonian Dynasty
First Babylonian Dynasty
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: WikiAudio
The Kings: from Babylon to Baghdad  - The History of Iraq
The Kings: from Babylon to Baghdad - The History of Iraq
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Ancient Near East History
The Babylon Mystery Chaldean King  NebuchadnezzarII   Part 1
The Babylon Mystery Chaldean King NebuchadnezzarII Part 1
Published: 2010/05/31
Channel: ChaldeanAnkawa
Mesopotamia: Crash Course World History #3
Mesopotamia: Crash Course World History #3
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: CrashCourse
Neo Babylonian Empire
Neo Babylonian Empire
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: Angel Cintron Jr
Radio: Nimrod - World´s First King - Babylon - Fallen Angels - Watcher
Radio: Nimrod - World´s First King - Babylon - Fallen Angels - Watcher
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: RadioMiracle
Mesopotamia - The Sumerians
Mesopotamia - The Sumerians
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: Angels N Demons
The Rise and Fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Rise and Fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: EmperorTigerstar
Ancient Babylon Ⓒ [HD]
Ancient Babylon Ⓒ [HD]
Published: 2011/09/07
Channel: CroPETROforever
Events of the 890s BC  Assyria vs Babylon
Events of the 890s BC Assyria vs Babylon
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: Fan of History
History & the Bible: Neo-Babylonian Empire - Part 1
History & the Bible: Neo-Babylonian Empire - Part 1
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: DrJohnStevenson
Babylon : World Empires from Babylon to the Beast Power | Most powerful empire in history
Babylon : World Empires from Babylon to the Beast Power | Most powerful empire in history
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Sad Re
King Nimrod & The Babylonian Mystery Religion ~ 09-Ch3/A-Rise of the NWO/Culling of Man
King Nimrod & The Babylonian Mystery Religion ~ 09-Ch3/A-Rise of the NWO/Culling of Man
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Urupipeṛ2 Ṫẁo
Luciferian Anti Christ Cancerous Consciousness   Babylonian World Empire mirrored
Luciferian Anti Christ Cancerous Consciousness Babylonian World Empire mirrored
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Nimrod and the Tower of Babel | The Occult.
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Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Private Universe.
The Prophecies of Jesus Christ - Israel conquered by Babylon - Daniel - Cyrus - Chapter 7
The Prophecies of Jesus Christ - Israel conquered by Babylon - Daniel - Cyrus - Chapter 7
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Endless Love of Jesus Ministries
Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Published: 2012/07/31
Channel: caesarfabella
NIMROD & ESAU THE KINGS OF BABYLON - PT 1
NIMROD & ESAU THE KINGS OF BABYLON - PT 1
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: JediYAH Melek
Jerusalem First Temple - Destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II - Babylon
Jerusalem First Temple - Destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II - Babylon
Published: 2013/03/23
Channel: Carini168
Origin of Gods and Religion - Sumerian Secrets
Origin of Gods and Religion - Sumerian Secrets
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: Ancient-Astronaut Arguments
Babylon I
Babylon I
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: PstrGee
Babylonian Empire  Babylonian against Assyrian
Babylonian Empire Babylonian against Assyrian
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: IsraeliteHebrewAGCY
KING HAMMURABI OF BABYLON
KING HAMMURABI OF BABYLON
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: gtasoul
THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: GREAT MILITARY BATTLES
King Hammurabi of Babylon (Part 1) l Lessons of Dr. David Neiman
King Hammurabi of Babylon (Part 1) l Lessons of Dr. David Neiman
Published: 2009/06/04
Channel: DrDavidNeiman
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 3/5
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 3/5
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: utopianviews
The Babylon Mystery
The Babylon Mystery
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: El Cid Al-Moussawi
Ancient Babylon
Ancient Babylon
Published: 2009/06/25
Channel: Zaradur
Babylon I am NOT for sale.
Babylon I am NOT for sale.
Published: 2014/03/23
Channel: Elder Willis
Neo-Babylonian Empire
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Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: TheLCJSMS
Survey from Neo Babylonians to Persians | World History | Khan Academy
Survey from Neo Babylonians to Persians | World History | Khan Academy
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Khan Academy
A History of Resistance Against Empires Old and New (2003)
A History of Resistance Against Empires Old and New (2003)
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: The Film Archives
Fear not because of the JUDGEMENT COMING TO BABYLON I
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Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: GMSWatchandPray
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 4/5
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 4/5
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: utopianviews
Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Sujoy Menon
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 5/5
City of Babylon and the King Nebuchadnezzar II 5/5
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: utopianviews
EDSC 145: Babylonian Empire
EDSC 145: Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Maria Katrina Alaan
BATTLE OF GIANTS - How Nimrod the BEL of Babylon died!
BATTLE OF GIANTS - How Nimrod the BEL of Babylon died!
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Ancient Histories
Ancient Babylonian Tablet Proves the Tower of Babel was REAL
Ancient Babylonian Tablet Proves the Tower of Babel was REAL
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: nemesis maturity
History Of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, Vol. 1, by Gaston Maspero, Audiobook
History Of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, Vol. 1, by Gaston Maspero, Audiobook
Published: 2013/12/08
Channel: Free Audio Books for Intellectual Exercise
Neo -Babylonian Empire ( Social Study
Neo -Babylonian Empire ( Social Study's project)
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: racecar4567892
The Babylonian Empire Project
The Babylonian Empire Project
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: MrMshannn
Ep. 43 - King of Babylon
Ep. 43 - King of Babylon
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: Katie Souza
Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
Published: 2014/09/30
Channel: Abbass nejaty
In Babylon : I Will Choose God
In Babylon : I Will Choose God
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: Pastor Larissa
The Babylon Mystery Part 2
The Babylon Mystery Part 2
Published: 2010/05/14
Channel: iraqi843668923659826
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Paleo-Babylonian Empire
Paleo-Babylonian Empire
c. 1830 BC — c. 1531 BC
The extent of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire at the start and end of Hammurabi of Babylon's reign, c. 1792 BC — c. 1750 BC
Capital Babylon
Languages Babylonian language
Religion Babylonian religion
Government Monarchy
King
 •  c. 1830—1817 BC Sumu-abum (first)
 •  c. 1562—1531 BC Samsu-Ditana (last)
Historical era Bronze Age
 •  Established c. 1830 BC
 •  Sack of Babylon c. 1531 BC
 •  Disestablished c. 1531 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Dynasty of Ur
Kassite dynasty
Today part of  Iraq
Map of Iraq showing important sites that were occupied by the First Babylonian Dynasty (clickable map)
Maximum extent of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire during the reign of King Hammurabi's son, Samsu-iluna of Babylon reaching as far west as Tuttul (light green), c. 1750 BC — c. 1712 BC
Chronology of ancient Mesopotamia showing the domination of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire between c. 1763 BC — c. 1594 BC

The chronology of the first dynasty of Babylonia is debated as there is a Babylonian King List A[1] and a Babylonian King List B.[2] In this chronology, the regnal years of List A are used due to their wide usage. The reigns in List B are longer, in general.

The short chronology:

Origins of the First Dynasty[edit]

The actual origins of the dynasty are rather hard to pinpoint with great certainty simply because Babylon itself, due to a high water table, yields very few archaeological materials intact. Thus any evidence must come from surrounding regions and written records. Not much is known about the kings from Sumuabum through Sin-muballit other than the fact they were Amorites rather than indigenous Akkadians. What is known, however, is that they accumulated little land. When Hammurabi (also an Amorite) ascended the throne of Babylon, the empire only consisted of a few towns in the surrounding area: Dilbat, Sippar, Kish, and Borsippa. Once Hammurabi was king, his military victories gained land for the empire. However, Babylon remained but one of several important areas in Mesopotamia, along with Assyria, then ruled by Shamshi-Adad I, and Larsa, then ruled by Rim-Sin I.

In Hammurabi's thirtieth year as king, he really began to establish Babylon as the center of what would be a great empire. In that year, he conquered Larsa from Rim-Sin I, thus gaining control over the lucrative urban centers of Nippur, Ur, Uruk, and Isin. In essence, Hammurabi gained control over all of south Mesopotamia. The other formidable political power in the region in the 2nd millennium was Eshnunna, which Hammurabi succeeded in capturing in c. 1761. Babylon exploited Eshnunna's well-established commercial trade routes and the economic stability that came with them. It was not long before Hammurabi's army took Assyria (another economic powerhouse) and parts of the Zagros Mountains. In 1760, Hammurabi finally captured Mari, the final piece of the puzzle that gave him control over virtually all of the territory that made up Mesopotamia under the Third Dynasty of Ur in the 3rd millennium.

Hammurabi's other name was Hammurapi-ilu,[citation needed] meaning "Hammurapi the god" or perhaps "Hammurapi is god." He could have been Amraphel king of Shinar or Sinear in the Jewish records and the Bible, a contemporary of Abraham. Abraham lived from 1871 to 1784, according to modern interpretations of the Old Testament's figures that have been sometimes reckoned in modern half years before the Exodus, from equinox to equinox.[citation needed]

A recent translation of the Chogha Gavaneh tablets which date back to 1800 BC indicates there were close contacts between this town located in the intermontane valley of Islamabad in Central Zagros and Dyala region.

The Venus tablets of Ammisaduqa (i.e., several ancient versions on clay tablets) are famous, and several books had been published about them. Several dates have been offered but the old dates of many sourcebooks seems to be outdated and incorrect. There are further difficulties: the 21-year span of the detailed observations of the planet Venus may or may not coincide with the reign of this king, because his name is not mentioned, only the Year of the Golden Throne. A few sources, some printed almost a century ago, claim that the original text mentions an occultation of the Venus by the moon. However, this may be a misinterpretation.[3] Calculations support 1659 for the fall of Babylon, based on the statistical probability of dating based on the planet's observations. The presently accepted middle chronology is too low from the astronomical point of view.[4]

A text about the fall of Babylon by the Hittites of Mursilis I at the end of Samsuditana's reign which tells about a twin eclipse is crucial for a correct Babylonian chronology. The pair of lunar and solar eclipses occurred in the month Shimanu (Sivan). The lunar eclipse took place on February 9, 1659 BC. It started at 4:43 and ended at 6:47. The latter was invisible which satisfies the record which tells that the setting moon was still eclipsed. The solar eclipse occurred on February 23, 1659. It started at 10:26, has its maximum at 11:45, and ended at 13:04.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BM 33332.
  2. ^ BM 38122.
  3. ^ Reiner, Erica; D. Pingree. Babylonian Planetary Omens The Venus, the Tablet of Ammisaduqa. 
  4. ^ Kelley, David H.; E. F. Milone; Anthony F. Aveni (2004). Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-95310-8. 
  5. ^ Huber, Peter (1982). "Astronomical dating of Babylon I and Ur III". Monographic Journals of the Near East: 41. 

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