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The Babylon Mystery Part 1
The Babylon Mystery Part 1
Published: 2010/05/14
Channel: iraqi843668923659826
The Babylonian Civilisation
The Babylonian Civilisation
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Iken Edu
Four Empires of Mesopotamia...in five minutes or less
Four Empires of Mesopotamia...in five minutes or less
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: TheMrGranito
The Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad 1
The Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad 1
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Bard Baukol
Ancient Babylon Ⓒ [HD]
Ancient Babylon Ⓒ [HD]
Published: 2011/09/07
Channel: CroPETROforever
Mesopotamia: Crash Course World History #3
Mesopotamia: Crash Course World History #3
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: CrashCourse
Neo Babylonian Empire
Neo Babylonian Empire
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: Angel Cintron Jr
First Babylonian Dynasty
First Babylonian Dynasty
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: WikiAudio
Angels Harut & Marut - City of Babylon - Origin of Magic
Angels Harut & Marut - City of Babylon - Origin of Magic
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: MercifulServant
Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Published: 2012/07/31
Channel: caesarfabella
The Cyrus Cylinder from Ancient Babylon and the Beginning of the Persian Empire
The Cyrus Cylinder from Ancient Babylon and the Beginning of the Persian Empire
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: The Met
Babylonian World Empire and Luciferian Anti-Christ Cancerous Consciousness .
Babylonian World Empire and Luciferian Anti-Christ Cancerous Consciousness .
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Beyond Real
A2. When Ancient Jerusalem Was Destroyed: Nabopolassar, founder of the Neo Babylonian dynasty
A2. When Ancient Jerusalem Was Destroyed: Nabopolassar, founder of the Neo Babylonian dynasty
Published: 2014/10/28
Channel: Londo Mollari
The Babylonian Conqest and the Destruction of the First Temple
The Babylonian Conqest and the Destruction of the First Temple
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Megalim Institute מכון מגלי"ם
What Does Babylonian Empire Mean?
What Does Babylonian Empire Mean?
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Dperdx Dewr
History of Civilization 20:  The Neo-Babylonian Empire
History of Civilization 20: The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: DrJohnStevenson
The Rise and Fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Rise and Fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: EmperorTigerstar
King Nimrod & The Babylonian Mystery Religion ~ 09-Ch3/A-Rise of the NWO/Culling of Man
King Nimrod & The Babylonian Mystery Religion ~ 09-Ch3/A-Rise of the NWO/Culling of Man
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Urupipeṛ2 Ṫẁo
NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE IN THE BIBLE
NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE IN THE BIBLE
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: gtasoul
When Did The Babylonian Empire Begin And End?
When Did The Babylonian Empire Begin And End?
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Afyujj Asuin
History of Europe Part 4 Persian and Babylonian empires
History of Europe Part 4 Persian and Babylonian empires
Published: 2014/03/23
Channel: Drex
Babylonian World Empire
Babylonian World Empire
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: Eddie WorldTruthTV
King Hammurabi of Babylon (Part 1) l Lessons of Dr. David Neiman
King Hammurabi of Babylon (Part 1) l Lessons of Dr. David Neiman
Published: 2009/06/04
Channel: DrDavidNeiman
Nebechudnezzer II & The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Nebechudnezzer II & The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Published: 2017/12/26
Channel: History Time
The Ancient Middle East: Every Year
The Ancient Middle East: Every Year
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Ollie Bye
History & the Bible: Neo-Babylonian Empire - Part 1
History & the Bible: Neo-Babylonian Empire - Part 1
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: DrJohnStevenson
THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: GREAT MILITARY BATTLES
Early Dynastic Period And Hammurabi | Mesopotamian Civilization | Mesopotamian History
Early Dynastic Period And Hammurabi | Mesopotamian Civilization | Mesopotamian History
Published: 2013/08/07
Channel: HistoricalTV
Babylonian Empire History religions uncharted spirituality idol wars - YouTube.wmv
Babylonian Empire History religions uncharted spirituality idol wars - YouTube.wmv
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: BAGHDADI IRAQ
How Did The Babylonian Empire Start?
How Did The Babylonian Empire Start?
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Bixopu bixo
Babylonian Empire and Hammurabi’s code
Babylonian Empire and Hammurabi’s code
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: EmojiWizzerd
Why Did The Babylonian Empire Fall?
Why Did The Babylonian Empire Fall?
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Wungat Wen
Ancient Babylonian Tablet Deciphered after 70 Years Proves Trigonometry Used 1000 years Earlier
Ancient Babylonian Tablet Deciphered after 70 Years Proves Trigonometry Used 1000 years Earlier
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: ShantiUniverse
Nimrod and the Tower of Babel | Paganism | Occultism.
Nimrod and the Tower of Babel | Paganism | Occultism.
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Private Universe.
Social Studies Babylonian Empire
Social Studies Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: Alicia Spagnoletti
What Does Babylonian Empire Mean?
What Does Babylonian Empire Mean?
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Afyujj Asuin
The Neo-Babylonian Empire
The Neo-Babylonian Empire
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Erick Guzman
Archaeology Meets The Bible Middle Babylonian 1
Archaeology Meets The Bible Middle Babylonian 1
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: DUSTOFFTHEBIBLE
3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet discovered by real Indiana Jones
3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet discovered by real Indiana Jones
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: KSDK News
Babylonian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Sujoy Menon
The History Of king Nimrod
The History Of king Nimrod
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: The History of King Nimrod
The Prophecies of Jesus Christ - Israel conquered by Babylon - Daniel - Cyrus - Chapter 7
The Prophecies of Jesus Christ - Israel conquered by Babylon - Daniel - Cyrus - Chapter 7
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: The Endless Love of Jesus Ministries
Rise and fall of the Neo Babylonian empire
Rise and fall of the Neo Babylonian empire
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Real History
Babylonian Queens of Heaven - ROBERT SEPEHR
Babylonian Queens of Heaven - ROBERT SEPEHR
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: Robert Sepehr
Evidence of Babylonian Destruction of Jerusalem Found at the City of David
Evidence of Babylonian Destruction of Jerusalem Found at the City of David
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Israel Antiquities Authority Official Channel
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA song by Mr. Nicky
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA song by Mr. Nicky
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: Mr. Nicky's World History Songs
EDSC 145: Babylonian Empire
EDSC 145: Babylonian Empire
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Maria Katrina Alaan
1.5 Mesopotamia: The Old Babylonian Period and Old Assyrian Period
1.5 Mesopotamia: The Old Babylonian Period and Old Assyrian Period
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: The Bible in Light of the Ancient Near East - 0109434x
A3. When Ancient Jerusalem Was Destroyed: Nebuchadnezzar II, Destroyer of Jerusalem
A3. When Ancient Jerusalem Was Destroyed: Nebuchadnezzar II, Destroyer of Jerusalem
Published: 2013/04/29
Channel: Londo Mollari
Origin of Gods and Religion - Sumerian Secrets
Origin of Gods and Religion - Sumerian Secrets
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: Ancient Astronaut Archive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Paleo-Babylonian Empire
Paleo-Babylonian Empire
c. 1830 BC — c. 1531 BC
The extent of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire at the start and end of Hammurabi of Babylon's reign, c. 1792 BC — c. 1750 BC
Capital Babylon
Languages Babylonian language
Religion Babylonian religion
Government Monarchy
King
 •  c. 1830—1817 BC Sumu-abum (first)
 •  c. 1562—1531 BC Samsu-Ditana (last)
Historical era Bronze Age
 •  Established c. 1830 BC
 •  Sack of Babylon c. 1531 BC
 •  Disestablished c. 1531 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Third Dynasty of Ur
Kassite dynasty
Today part of  Iraq
Map of Iraq showing important sites that were occupied by the First Babylonian Dynasty (clickable map)
Maximum extent of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire during the reign of King Hammurabi's son, Samsu-iluna of Babylon reaching as far west as Tuttul (light green), c. 1750 BC — c. 1712 BC
Chronology of ancient Mesopotamia showing the domination of the Paleo-Babylonian Empire between c. 1763 BC — c. 1594 BC

The chronology of the first dynasty of Babylonia is debated as there is a Babylonian King List A[1] and a Babylonian King List B.[2] In this chronology, the regnal years of List A are used due to their wide usage. The reigns in List B are longer, in general.

The short chronology:

Origins of the First Dynasty[edit]

The actual origins of the dynasty are rather hard to pinpoint with great certainty simply because Babylon itself, due to a high water table, yields very few archaeological materials intact. Thus any evidence must come from surrounding regions and written records. Not much is known about the kings from Sumuabum through Sin-muballit other than the fact they were Amorites rather than indigenous Akkadians. What is known, however, is that they accumulated little land. When Hammurabi (also an Amorite) ascended the throne of Babylon, the empire only consisted of a few towns in the surrounding area: Dilbat, Sippar, Kish, and Borsippa. Once Hammurabi was king, his military victories gained land for the empire. However, Babylon remained but one of several important areas in Mesopotamia, along with Assyria, then ruled by Shamshi-Adad I, and Larsa, then ruled by Rim-Sin I.

In Hammurabi's thirtieth year as king, he really began to establish Babylon as the center of what would be a great empire. In that year, he conquered Larsa from Rim-Sin I, thus gaining control over the lucrative urban centers of Nippur, Ur, Uruk, and Isin. In essence, Hammurabi gained control over all of south Mesopotamia. The other formidable political power in the region in the 2nd millennium was Eshnunna, which Hammurabi succeeded in capturing in c. 1761. Babylon exploited Eshnunna's well-established commercial trade routes and the economic stability that came with them. It was not long before Hammurabi's army took Assyria (another economic powerhouse) and parts of the Zagros Mountains. In 1760, Hammurabi finally captured Mari, the final piece of the puzzle that gave him control over virtually all of the territory that made up Mesopotamia under the Third Dynasty of Ur in the 3rd millennium.

Hammurabi's other name was Hammurapi-ilu,[citation needed] meaning "Hammurapi the god" or perhaps "Hammurapi is god." He could have been Amraphel king of Shinar or Sinear in the Jewish records and the Bible, a contemporary of Abraham. Abraham lived from 1871 to 1784, according to modern interpretations of the Old Testament's figures that have been sometimes reckoned in modern half years before the Exodus, from equinox to equinox.[citation needed]

A recent translation of the Chogha Gavaneh tablets which date back to 1800 BC indicates there were close contacts between this town located in the intermontane valley of Islamabad in Central Zagros and Dyala region.

The Venus tablets of Ammisaduqa (i.e., several ancient versions on clay tablets) are famous, and several books had been published about them. Several dates have been offered but the old dates of many sourcebooks seems to be outdated and incorrect. There are further difficulties: the 21-year span of the detailed observations of the planet Venus may or may not coincide with the reign of this king, because his name is not mentioned, only the Year of the Golden Throne. A few sources, some printed almost a century ago, claim that the original text mentions an occultation of the Venus by the moon. However, this may be a misinterpretation.[3] Calculations support 1659 for the fall of Babylon, based on the statistical probability of dating based on the planet's observations. The presently accepted middle chronology is too low from the astronomical point of view.[4]

A text about the fall of Babylon by the Hittites of Mursilis I at the end of Samsuditana's reign which tells about a twin eclipse is crucial for a correct Babylonian chronology. The pair of lunar and solar eclipses occurred in the month Shimanu (Sivan). The lunar eclipse took place on February 9, 1659 BC. It started at 4:43 and ended at 6:47. The latter was invisible which satisfies the record which tells that the setting moon was still eclipsed. The solar eclipse occurred on February 23, 1659. It started at 10:26, has its maximum at 11:45, and ended at 13:04.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BM 33332.
  2. ^ BM 38122.
  3. ^ Reiner, Erica; D. Pingree. Babylonian Planetary Omens The Venus, the Tablet of Ammisaduqa. 
  4. ^ Kelley, David H.; E. F. Milone; Anthony F. Aveni (2004). Exploring Ancient Skies: An Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-95310-8. 
  5. ^ Huber, Peter (1982). "Astronomical dating of Babylon I and Ur III". Monographic Journals of the Near East: 41. 

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