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How to Make Fish Stock
How to Make Fish Stock
Published: 2012/07/08
Channel: Jacob Burton
How to Make Fish Stock
How to Make Fish Stock
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Fearless Eating
Easy Fish Stock
Easy Fish Stock
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: cookingwithalia
Step by step recipe on how to make French Fish Fumet |(Fish stock)
Step by step recipe on how to make French Fish Fumet |(Fish stock)
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: The French Cooking Academy
Home Made Fish Stock with Sauteed Snapper, White Rice and a Caprese Salade
Home Made Fish Stock with Sauteed Snapper, White Rice and a Caprese Salade
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: deermeatfordinner
Fish Stock - Part 1
Fish Stock - Part 1
Published: 2010/04/05
Channel: TheSeasonedCook
Fish Stew with Janet Street Porter - Gordon Ramsay
Fish Stew with Janet Street Porter - Gordon Ramsay
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: The F Word
Fish Stock Recipe
Fish Stock Recipe
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: ChefSteps
How to make Fish Stock
How to make Fish Stock
Published: 2013/09/13
Channel: Dan Churchill
How to make fish stock | Recipe video
How to make fish stock | Recipe video
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: Allrecipes UK | Ireland
Easy Fish Stock Recipe | Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
Easy Fish Stock Recipe | Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: River Cottage
How to Make Easy & Delicious Fish Stock
How to Make Easy & Delicious Fish Stock
Published: 2014/08/16
Channel: Tess Cooks 4u
Fish Stock
Fish Stock
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: How2Heroes
Use Your Head ( your fish head ) ! Recipes, Dishes, Salad, and Soup Stock - What to Make
Use Your Head ( your fish head ) ! Recipes, Dishes, Salad, and Soup Stock - What to Make
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: Ask Chef Tony
How to make FISH STOCK | Bart van Olphen
How to make FISH STOCK | Bart van Olphen
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: Bart's Fish Tales
How to make a Fish Stock
How to make a Fish Stock
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: ChefTube
Fish Stock recipe video
Fish Stock recipe video
Published: 2010/04/06
Channel: chaplinsrestaurant
Making Fish Stock
Making Fish Stock
Published: 2010/10/14
Channel: The Healthy Home Economist®
55 Gallon Planted Tank - Fish Stock
55 Gallon Planted Tank - Fish Stock
Published: 2013/08/01
Channel: TheRick2325
Dashi Stock Recipe - Original Japanese Fish Stock
Dashi Stock Recipe - Original Japanese Fish Stock
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: How To Make Sushi
Plane Drops Hundreds Of Fish Into Lake
Plane Drops Hundreds Of Fish Into Lake
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: PigMine 5
Fish Stock - Fish Broth - Fish Stock Recipe - How To Make Fish Stock - Seafood Stock
Fish Stock - Fish Broth - Fish Stock Recipe - How To Make Fish Stock - Seafood Stock
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: hissing cooker
Fragrant Barramundi Fish Stock
Fragrant Barramundi Fish Stock
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: theMEATMENchannel
Catching Fish To Stock My POND!
Catching Fish To Stock My POND!
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Ozark Outdoors
How to make Cornish Fish Stock | FFT TV Ep 1
How to make Cornish Fish Stock | FFT TV Ep 1
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: fishforthoughttv
Fish Recipes : Recipe for Making Fish Stock Part 1
Fish Recipes : Recipe for Making Fish Stock Part 1
Published: 2007/09/11
Channel: expertvillage
Russian Salmon Fish Soup Ukha. Stock recipe and Soup recipe. Garnish Option for Kids.
Russian Salmon Fish Soup Ukha. Stock recipe and Soup recipe. Garnish Option for Kids.
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: Gala in the kitchen
Dashi (fish broth) Recipe - Japanese Cooking 101
Dashi (fish broth) Recipe - Japanese Cooking 101
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: JapaneseCooking101
The Last Fish - Our Exhausted Seas - Documentary on Overfishing and Dwindling Fish Stocks
The Last Fish - Our Exhausted Seas - Documentary on Overfishing and Dwindling Fish Stocks
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: DocumentaryDesire
WHERE
WHERE'S THE STINGRAY? Current Fish Stock 420 Gallon Reef aka The Wife Week 37
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Aarons Aquarium™
Fish Stock
Fish Stock
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: kvalifood
Fish Broth (broff). Caribbean Fish Soup.
Fish Broth (broff). Caribbean Fish Soup.
Published: 2012/05/10
Channel: caribbeanpot
Global Fishing Stocks Disappearing at Alarming Rate - Apocalypse 2012 - World
Global Fishing Stocks Disappearing at Alarming Rate - Apocalypse 2012 - World's Oceans Destroyed
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: Bright Enlightenment
Here
Here's How You Bottom Fish Stocks
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: InTheMoneyStocks
A Man-made Tragedy: The Overexploitation of Fish Stocks
A Man-made Tragedy: The Overexploitation of Fish Stocks
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: UNCTADOnline
Making Fish Stock
Making Fish Stock
Published: 2009/02/12
Channel: Viking Range, LLC
Fish Broth/Broff | Fish Soup | Taste of Trini
Fish Broth/Broff | Fish Soup | Taste of Trini
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Taste of Trini
Fish Stock - Part 2
Fish Stock - Part 2
Published: 2010/04/05
Channel: TheSeasonedCook
How To Make Fish Stock
How To Make Fish Stock
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: fishforthoughttv
Fish Stock Recipe
Fish Stock Recipe
Published: 2011/01/28
Channel: atelierdeschefsuk
How to cook with Stock Fish
How to cook with Stock Fish
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: AfroFoodTV
Fish stock / Fish bone broth / Healthy Collagen
Fish stock / Fish bone broth / Healthy Collagen
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Sofia Creative Garden
How To Make Fish Sauce Recipes - Making Fish Stock
How To Make Fish Sauce Recipes - Making Fish Stock
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: The Best Recipes!
Live chart: Fish stocks
Live chart: Fish stocks
Published: 2014/02/26
Channel: The Economist
How to make a French Fish soup, bouillabaisse style - step by step video recipe
How to make a French Fish soup, bouillabaisse style - step by step video recipe
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: The French Cooking Academy
Fish Stock | Cook Your Catch | ADRENO
Fish Stock | Cook Your Catch | ADRENO
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Adreno Spearfishing
How To Make Fish Stock - Bouillabaisse Recipe
How To Make Fish Stock - Bouillabaisse Recipe
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Loving Life Fam
Fish unboxing, new fish stock arives
Fish unboxing, new fish stock arives
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Dramatic Aquatics
Fumet (caldo de pescado casero) 🐟🍵/ Homemade Fish Stock
Fumet (caldo de pescado casero) 🐟🍵/ Homemade Fish Stock
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Orielos Kitchen. Recetas sin lactosa
Eco@Africa: Overfishing Has Depleted Fish Stock In East Africa
Eco@Africa: Overfishing Has Depleted Fish Stock In East Africa
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Channels Television
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.

The stock concept[edit]

All species have geographic limits to their distribution, which are determined by their tolerance to environmental conditions, and their ability to compete successfully with other species. In marine environments this may be less evident than on land because there are fewer topographical boundaries, however, discontinuities still exist, produced for example by mesoscale and sub-mesoscale circulations that minimize long-distance dispersal of fish larvae .

For fish, it is rare for an individual to reproduce randomly with all other individuals of that species within its biological range. There is a tendency to form a structured series of discrete populations which have a degree of reproductive isolation from each other in space, in time, or in both. This isolation is reflected in the development between sub-populations of genetic differences, morphological variations and exposure to different chemical regimes and parasitic species. Sub-populations also respond to fishing in such a way that fishing on one population appears to have no effect on the population dynamics of a neighbouring population.

The currently accepted definition of a stock in fisheries science, is that of Begg et al. (1999), “…[a “stock”] describes characteristics of semi-discrete groups of fish with some definable attributes which are of interest to fishery managers.”.

Stock identification is a field of fisheries science which aims to identify these subpopulations, based on a number of techniques.

Straddling stock[edit]

The high seas, or international waters, are highlighted in blue

The United Nations defines straddling stocks as "stocks of fish such as pollock, which migrate between, or occur in both, the economic exclusion zone (EEZ) of one or more states and the high seas".[1] Sovereign responsibility must be worked out in collaboration with neighbouring coastal states and fishing entities. Usually this is done through the medium of an intergovernmental regional organisation set up for the purpose of coordinating the management of that stock.

Straddling stocks are usually pelagic, rather than demersal. Demersal species move less than pelagic species, since they tend to relate to bottom topography. Pelagic species are more mobile, their movements influenced by ocean temperatures and the availability of zooplankton as food. Example pelagic fish are capelin, herring, whiting, mackerel and redfish, There are, however, a few demersal species that are straddling, such as the Greenland halibut migrates in feeding/spawning migrations to Greenland in the west and to the Faeroes in the east.[2]

Straddling stock can be compared with transboundary stock. Straddling stock range both within an EEZ as well as in the high seas. Transboundary stock range in the EEZs of at least two countries. A stock can be both transboundary and straddling.[3]

Stock assessment[edit]

In fisheries science and ecology, stock assessment is an important tool in fisheries management.

In particular, to ensure continued, healthy, fish stocks, measurements of the Spawning Stock Biomass (the stock population capable of reproducing) allows sensible conservation strategies to be developed and maintained through the application of sustainable fishing quotas.[4]

The World Wildlife Fund and the Zoological Society of London jointly issued their "Living Blue Planet Report" on 16 September 2015 which states that there was a dramatic fall of 74% in world-wide stocks of the important scombridae fish such as mackerel, tuna and bonitos between 1970 and 2010, and the global overall "population sizes of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish fell by half on average in just 40 years."[5]

Stock fluctuations[edit]

The stocks for individual marine species can "boom and bust" in linked and compensatory ways. For example, in billfish longline fisheries, the Atlantic catch of blue marlin declined in the 1960s. This was accompanied by an increase in sailfish catch. The sailfish catch then declined from the end of the 1970s to the end of the 1980s, compensated by an increase in swordfish catch. As a result, the overall billfish catch remained fairly stable. At Georges Bank, a decline in cod during the 1960s was accompanied by a rise in flatfish, and more recently, with the collapse of the predatory Atlantic cod, lobster catches in Maine have boomed.[6]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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