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The History of the Chicago Flag
The History of the Chicago Flag
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Chicago Aussie
History Behind The Chicago Flag As Turns It Turns 100
History Behind The Chicago Flag As Turns It Turns 100
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: CBS Chicago
Why city flags may be the worst-designed thing you
Why city flags may be the worst-designed thing you've never noticed | Roman Mars
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: TED
Did U Know? Flag of Chicago
Did U Know? Flag of Chicago
Published: 2011/12/06
Channel: YouAndMeThisMorning
50 Chicago Flag Tattoos For Men
50 Chicago Flag Tattoos For Men
Published: 2016/07/17
Channel: Next Luxury
Flag - Full Set Live at Riot Fest Chicago 2013
Flag - Full Set Live at Riot Fest Chicago 2013
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: Bryan McCabe
The UGLY truth about Chicago. They
The UGLY truth about Chicago. They're going to flag this video so watch while you can!
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Rebel Fox
Flag of Chicago
Flag of Chicago
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Six Flags Great Adventure: Superman the Ultimate Flight on Ride Front Row POV 1080p
Six Flags Great Adventure: Superman the Ultimate Flight on Ride Front Row POV 1080p
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Theme Park Maniacs
Why the Chicago Flag is so Great
Why the Chicago Flag is so Great
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: Find Out Fast
How To Make a Pallet Wood Flag
How To Make a Pallet Wood Flag
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Makify1
CHICAGO FLAG DEBATE?????
CHICAGO FLAG DEBATE?????
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: THE NOTORIOUS NOODLE
CHICAGO NUKE 2017 ? False Flag Planned for Chicago According to Government Sources
CHICAGO NUKE 2017 ? False Flag Planned for Chicago According to Government Sources
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Elite NWO Agenda
Chicago Skyline/Flag - Mixed Media Project - Upcycled Art
Chicago Skyline/Flag - Mixed Media Project - Upcycled Art
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Karen Campbell, Artist
Chicago Flag
Chicago Flag
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Dominic Ritchie
Chicago Flag Turns 100
Chicago Flag Turns 100
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: See It Chicago
Chicago -  Illinois ( Flag )
Chicago - Illinois ( Flag )
Published: 2013/08/01
Channel: ThePeixeAzul
Camaro with palestine flag in Chicago
Camaro with palestine flag in Chicago
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: khaled elzeibagh
Chicago Facts: Chicago Flag
Chicago Facts: Chicago Flag
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Shane O'Connell Design
CIA is BIG BROTHER for sure now - ATTN CHICAGO FALSE FLAG COMING
CIA is BIG BROTHER for sure now - ATTN CHICAGO FALSE FLAG COMING
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: James Easton
Chicago Flag
Chicago Flag
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: Israel Tucker
Jordan 10 "Chicago Flag" (Review+On Foot)
Jordan 10 "Chicago Flag" (Review+On Foot)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Kicks x2
What Do The Stars On The Chicago Flag Stand For?
What Do The Stars On The Chicago Flag Stand For?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Tags
Chicago Cubs Raise 2016 World Series Champions Flag At Wrigley Field
Chicago Cubs Raise 2016 World Series Champions Flag At Wrigley Field
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Baseball Breakdown
Wave the Flag
Wave the Flag
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: William Wadsworth
This Chicago Official Thinks Our Flag Is “Toilet Paper” … So Let’s Make Her Famous,
This Chicago Official Thinks Our Flag Is “Toilet Paper” … So Let’s Make Her Famous,
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: WORLD BROADCAST
THIS CHICAGO OFFICIAL THINKS OUR FLAG IS "TOILET PAPER" ... SO LET
THIS CHICAGO OFFICIAL THINKS OUR FLAG IS "TOILET PAPER" ... SO LET'S MAKE HER FAMOUS
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: The Next News Network
Malaysian Flag Rising Ceremony in Chicago 1
Malaysian Flag Rising Ceremony in Chicago 1
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: msdchicago
AURORA - Winter bird and the flag given to her in Chicago 11/11/16
AURORA - Winter bird and the flag given to her in Chicago 11/11/16
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: kyvette72
Animated Honorary Chicago Flag from City of Chicago Flag
Animated Honorary Chicago Flag from City of Chicago Flag
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Honorary Chicago
Chicago Flag Animation/Video Transition
Chicago Flag Animation/Video Transition
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: Amanda Gilszmer
FlagDesk.com | Four Flag Displaying Tips at the Cook County DOJ | Chicago, IL
FlagDesk.com | Four Flag Displaying Tips at the Cook County DOJ | Chicago, IL
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: FlagDesk-FlagRunners
Loveable losers no more, Chicago raises the victory flag to celebrate its Cubs
Loveable losers no more, Chicago raises the victory flag to celebrate its Cubs
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Time-lapse of my Chicago Flag Tattoo
Time-lapse of my Chicago Flag Tattoo
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: jaycifer
Raising Bulgarian Flag In Chicago
Raising Bulgarian Flag In Chicago
Published: 2007/03/03
Channel: ombopo
Chicago Flag Animations
Chicago Flag Animations
Published: 2011/05/26
Channel: FrankDiekman
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chicago flag in wind
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Mike S
Ariana Grande Dancing with a LGBT Flag💞 CHICAGO DWT
Ariana Grande Dancing with a LGBT Flag💞 CHICAGO DWT
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: ArianaGrande Fans
Ariana Grande - Into You - (ARIANA TAKES LGBT FLAG FROM FAN) CHICAGO IL
Ariana Grande - Into You - (ARIANA TAKES LGBT FLAG FROM FAN) CHICAGO IL
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Ariana B Grande
Chicago Flag
Chicago Flag
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: VG Smartglass
Burning chicago flag
Burning chicago flag
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: Rolly Polly
ENRICO MAGNANI - UNIVERSAL FLAG - CHICAGO 2016
ENRICO MAGNANI - UNIVERSAL FLAG - CHICAGO 2016
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Enrico Magnani
STEPPING ON THE AMERICAN FLAG IN CHICAGO
STEPPING ON THE AMERICAN FLAG IN CHICAGO
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: Enrico Incarnati
CHC@LAD: Monday saves American flag from protesters
CHC@LAD: Monday saves American flag from protesters
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: MLB
Jordan Retro 10 "Chicago Flag"
Jordan Retro 10 "Chicago Flag"
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Wade Valter
Wizard World Chicago 2017 Flag Performers
Wizard World Chicago 2017 Flag Performers
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: DJRM
What does a confederate flag mean today?
What does a confederate flag mean today?
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: Chicago Tribune
Chicago Flag Football
Chicago Flag Football
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: Jesus Victor
Motorists with ISIS Flag Makes
Motorists with ISIS Flag Makes 'Bomb Threat' Against Chicago Police!
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: DAHBOO77
Ariana Grande - Into You [Rainbow Flag] (Live at Dangerous Woman Tour, Chicago, IL)
Ariana Grande - Into You [Rainbow Flag] (Live at Dangerous Woman Tour, Chicago, IL)
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: antolexalex
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flag of the City of Chicago
Flag of Chicago, Illinois.svg
Adopted Original, 1917; additional stars added, 1933 and 1939.
Design Four red stars between two light blue horizontal bars on a white field
Designed by Wallace Rice

The flag of Chicago consists of two blue horizontal stripes or bars on a field of white, each stripe one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the top and bottom. Between the two blue stripes are four red, six-pointed stars arranged in a horizontal row.

The flag, designed by Wallace Rice, was adopted in 1917 after Rice won the design competition for the flag. The three sections of the white field and the two stripes represent geographical features of the city, the stars symbolize historical events, and the points of the stars represent important virtues or concepts. The historic events represented by the stars are Fort Dearborn, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, and the Century of Progress Exposition of 1933–34.

In a review by the North American Vexillological Association of 150 American city flags, the Chicago city flag was ranked second best with a rating of 9.03 out of 10, behind only the flag of Washington, D.C.[1]

Symbolism[edit]

Stripes[edit]

The three white background areas of the flag represent, from top to bottom, the North, West and South sides of the city. The top blue stripe represents Lake Michigan and the North Branch of the Chicago River. The bottom blue stripe represents the South Branch of the river and the "Great Canal", over the Chicago Portage.[2] The lighter blue on the flag is variously called sky blue[3] or pale blue;[4] in a 1917 article of a speech by Rice, it was called "the color of water".[5][6]

Stars[edit]

There are four red six-pointed stars on the center white stripe. Six-pointed stars are used because five-pointed stars represent sovereign states, and because the star as designed was not found on any other known flags as of 1917.[7] From left to right:

  • The first star represents Fort Dearborn. It was added to the flag in 1939. Its six points symbolize transportation, labor, commerce, finance, populousness, and salubrity.[2]
  • The second star stands for the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, and is original to the 1917 design of the flag. Its six points represent the virtues of religion, education, aesthetics, justice, beneficence, and civic pride.[2]
  • The third star symbolizes the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, and is original to the 1917 design. Its six points stand for political entities Chicago has belonged to and the flags that have flown over the area: France, 1693; Great Britain, 1763; Virginia, 1778; the Northwest Territory, 1789; Indiana Territory, 1802; and Illinois (territory, 1809, and state, since 1818).[2]
  • The fourth star represents the Century of Progress Exposition (1933–34), and was added in 1933. Its points refer to bragging rights: the United States' second largest city (became third largest in a 1990 census when passed by Los Angeles); Chicago's Latin motto, Urbs in horto ("City in a garden"); Chicago's "I Will" motto; the Great Central Marketplace; Wonder City; and Convention City.[2]

Additional stars have been proposed, with varying degrees of seriousness. A fifth star could represent Chicago’s contribution to the nuclear age, an idea first suggested in a 1940s letter published by the Chicago Tribune and later championed by Mayor Daley in the 1960s.[8][9][10] In the 1980s, a star was proposed in honor of Harold Washington, the first African-American mayor of Chicago.[10][11] The 1992 Chicago Flood was suggested as an additional natural disaster deserving of a star,[citation needed] in line with the existing star for the 1871 Great Chicago Fire. Another fifth star was in the works from a group of Chicago real estate professionals to represent Chicago's entrepreneurial spirit in the early 1990s.[citation needed] When Chicago was bidding to host the 2016 Summer Olympics, the Bid Committee proposed that a fifth star be added to the flag in commemoration,[10][12] but the bid was won instead by Rio de Janeiro. Other sports-related suggestions include recognizing the Chicago Bulls’ dominance of the NBA in the 1990s[13] and a proposal for a fifth star if the Chicago Cubs should ever win the World Series,[13] which did not happen between their long drought of series wins in 1908, up to 2016.

History[edit]

Flag of Chicago

In 1915, Mayor William Hale Thompson appointed a municipal flag commission, chaired by Alderman James A. Kearnes. Among the commission members were wealthy industrialist Charles Deering and impressionist painter Lawton S. Parker. Parker asked lecturer and poet Wallace Rice to develop the rules for an open public competition for the best flag design. Over a thousand entries were received. In the end, the commission chose the design by Wallace Rice himself. On April 4, 1917, the commission's recommendation was accepted by the city council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2004 American City Flags Survey", North American Vexillological Association press release, 2 October 2004
  2. ^ a b c d e "Chicago Facts: Municipal Flag". Chicago Public Library. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  3. ^ "Chicago". Chicago magazine. 
  4. ^ "Flying Colors: The Best and Worst of Flag Design". Print Magazine. 
  5. ^ "Association Sounds Chicago's Call . ." Chicago Commerce. Chicago Association of Commerce and Industry. December 6, 1917. p. 6. 
  6. ^ Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe, Chicago Tribune, 13 June, 2016
  7. ^ Rice, Wallace; T. E. Whalen (22 July 2005). "Wallace Rice on Chicago Stars". introvert.net. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Heise, Kenan (August 15, 1976). "It's a grand old flag. But it could be grander". Chicago Tribune Magazine. p. 34. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  9. ^ Whalen, T.E. (January 3, 2006), The Municipal Flag of Chicago: References (PDF), p. 8 
  10. ^ a b c Konkol, Mark (June 30, 2015). "The Story of the Rare 5-Star Chicago Flag That Wasn't Supposed To Exist". My Chicago. DNAinfo. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Please, A Moratorium On Memorials". Chicago Tribune. 23 December 1987. Retrieved 18 January 2013. Ald. Raymond Figueroa and others want a fifth star added to the city's flag in memory of Mr. Washington. 
  12. ^ Chicago 2016 Newswire (December 14, 2006), Chicago Students Creatively Try to Bring Home the Bid, Chicago 2016 Committee, archived from the original on February 10, 2007, retrieved April 14, 2017 
  13. ^ a b Rumore, Kori; Marx, Ryan (June 13, 2016). "Chicago's flag: The history of every star and every stripe". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Art and Architecture: How the Chicago Municipal Flag Came to be Chosen", Chicago Daily Tribune, July 17, 1921, p. 21.
  • "City Gets New Flag Today with Third Star for 1933 Fair", Chicago Daily Tribune, October 9, 1933, p. 7.
  • "Fort Dearborn Gets a Star on Chicago's Flag", Chicago Daily Tribune, December 22, 1939. p. 18.

External links[edit]

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