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Hawaii
Hawaii's Flag and its Story
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: Wanderlust Wisdom: Travel, History, & Science
The Hawaiian Flag, Kalaniakea Wilson
The Hawaiian Flag, Kalaniakea Wilson
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: Big Island Television, Hawaii
American Flags Taken Down By Hawaiian Kingdom Advocates at UH
American Flags Taken Down By Hawaiian Kingdom Advocates at UH
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: Big Island Video News
Flag of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
Published: 2007/02/02
Channel: ChannelHawaii
Viewer catches Hawaiian flag error at State Capitol
Viewer catches Hawaiian flag error at State Capitol
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: KHON2 News
Minecraft Timelapse: Hawaiian flag
Minecraft Timelapse: Hawaiian flag
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: Maluhia808
Joe Rogan on Hawaii (Locals, Haoles, Hawaiian Flag, Colonization, Independence & Big Island)
Joe Rogan on Hawaii (Locals, Haoles, Hawaiian Flag, Colonization, Independence & Big Island)
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Aaron Singer
Hawaiian Flag in Canada
Hawaiian Flag in Canada
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: BananaJSSI
Hawaii State Flag Overview
Hawaii State Flag Overview
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Collins Flags
History of Hawaii
History of Hawaii
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Crazy Boris
An in-depth look at how State and Nation flags are lowered at the Capitol
An in-depth look at how State and Nation flags are lowered at the Capitol
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: KITV
Hawaiian Flag Chant & Pledge by Patrick Ka
Hawaiian Flag Chant & Pledge by Patrick Ka'ano'i (Kaanoi)
Published: 2009/02/20
Channel: Pat Ka'ano'i
Flag of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
Published: 2012/06/24
Channel: foveacon
La Hae Hawai`i    Hawaiian Flag Day
La Hae Hawai`i Hawaiian Flag Day
Published: 2011/07/30
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
United States of California  Luke got new flag of Hawaii State flag.🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇲🇽🇨🇴🇪🇨🇻🇮.
United States of California Luke got new flag of Hawaii State flag.🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇲🇽🇨🇴🇪🇨🇻🇮.
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: USA California Luke Toguchi
Flag of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
Published: 2015/10/11
Channel: Audiopedia
Hawaii Flag
Hawaii Flag
Published: 2010/06/14
Channel: Dan OBrien
cont Historic Hawaiian Flag
cont Historic Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2009/08/03
Channel: Jose Castillo
Nanci Munroe testifies on Hawaiian Flag
Nanci Munroe testifies on Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: Nanci Munroe
Hawaii Declared 50th State (1959)
Hawaii Declared 50th State (1959)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Hawaii Becomes 50th State - 1959 | Today in History | 21 Aug 16
Hawaii Becomes 50th State - 1959 | Today in History | 21 Aug 16
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: AP Archive
Ka Hae Hawaii - The Hawaiian Flag  Special Edition
Ka Hae Hawaii - The Hawaiian Flag Special Edition
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: Pat Ka'ano'i
Flag of Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
Published: 2010/11/03
Channel: viduploaderX2
Union Jack - Hawaiian Flag
Union Jack - Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Kamaka Pili
Hawaiian Flag
Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Rebecca Filiatreau
Shorewood Flag Team - Hawaii Trip 2016
Shorewood Flag Team - Hawaii Trip 2016
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: Jasmine Nguyen
Flag in Hawaii
Flag in Hawaii
Published: 2009/05/27
Channel: Richard Winters
Hawaii State flag at Harrah
Hawaii State flag at Harrah's Casino New Orleans Louisiana
Published: 2008/01/18
Channel: kevinsyoza
State Flag of Hawaii - 50th State 8/21/59
State Flag of Hawaii - 50th State 8/21/59
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: AnnaKPOIHonolulu
Hawaiian Flag
Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2011/08/26
Channel: Hawaii808Portal
Madness in the bus.. as filming the Hawaii State Flag
Madness in the bus.. as filming the Hawaii State Flag
Published: 2011/04/27
Channel: David Ramirez
False Flag Watch, Lookout Hawaii, Preparations are
False Flag Watch, Lookout Hawaii, Preparations are 'Underway'
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Christian Journal
Hawaiian Flag - Human Flag in Santa Monica
Hawaiian Flag - Human Flag in Santa Monica
Published: 2010/11/26
Channel: Luke Sniewski
Hawaiian Coup 1893 - U.S. Steals Hawaii - Flag given to the missionaries
Hawaiian Coup 1893 - U.S. Steals Hawaii - Flag given to the missionaries
Published: 2009/06/25
Channel: amonshango
Kings Village - Lowering of the Hawaiian Flag - Changing of the Guard
Kings Village - Lowering of the Hawaiian Flag - Changing of the Guard
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: chuckls01
US Armed Forces support formal Repatriation of Hawaiian Nation
US Armed Forces support formal Repatriation of Hawaiian Nation
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: David Lakota
In Hawaii, the 50 star flag replaces the 49 star flag at a July 4, 1960 ceremony.
In Hawaii, the 50 star flag replaces the 49 star flag at a July 4, 1960 ceremony.
Published: 2013/06/24
Channel: CriticalPast
Hawaii State Flag.
Hawaii State Flag.
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: USA California Luke Toguchi
Wave our flag above Hawaii
Wave our flag above Hawaii
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: Jamie Bardeen
American Flags Taken Down By Hawaiian Kingdom Advocates at UH
American Flags Taken Down By Hawaiian Kingdom Advocates at UH
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: Opetasoy Nahon
Hawaii State Flag
Hawaii State Flag
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Benh Online
L.O.V.E. Flag Ceremony Hawaii
L.O.V.E. Flag Ceremony Hawaii
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Legacy Of Valor Entertainment
Another clip of Historic Hawaiian Flag
Another clip of Historic Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2009/08/03
Channel: Jose Castillo
Hawaii National Guard passes flag to new authority
Hawaii National Guard passes flag to new authority
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: KITV
My Hawaiian Flag sturgeon
My Hawaiian Flag sturgeon
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: TRISTAN LILA
Lowering of the Hawaiian Flag June 2, 2015
Lowering of the Hawaiian Flag June 2, 2015
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: John Mizuno
Hawaii
Hawaii's Largest American Flag, Diamond Head Road Honolulu Hawaii
Published: 2012/07/24
Channel: lupchong1242
How Russian Empire tried to colonize Hawaii
How Russian Empire tried to colonize Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: History Class
Hawaii Flag history
Hawaii Flag history
Published: 2009/07/04
Channel: mynationalparks
Explanation of the Hawaiian Flag
Explanation of the Hawaiian Flag
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: Chris Rasmussen
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Hawaii
Flag of Hawaii
Name Ka Hae Hawaiʻi
Use Civil and state flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted December 29, 1845; 171 years ago (1845-12-29)
Design 8 alternating horizontal stripes of white, red, and blue, with a Union flag in the canton.

The flag of the state of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Ka Hae Hawaiʻi) is the official flag for the U.S. state of Hawaii. The same flag had also previously been used by the kingdom, protectorate, republic, and territory of Hawaii. It is the only U.S. state flag to feature the flag of a foreign country, the Union flag of the United Kingdom, a remnant of the British Empire's influence on Hawaiian history.

Design[edit]

The flag of Hawaii flying in Haleakalā National Park

The canton of the flag of Hawaii contains the Union Flag of the United Kingdom, prominent over the top quarter closest to the flag mast. The field of the flag is composed of eight horizontal stripes, symbolizing the eight major islands (Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Kauaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Lānaʻi, Maui, Molokaʻi and Niʻihau). Other versions of the flag have only seven stripes, probably representing the islands with the exception of Kahoʻolawe or Niʻihau. The color of the stripes, from the top down, follows the sequence: white, red, blue, white, red, blue, white, red. The colors were standardized in 1843, although other combinations have been seen and are occasionally still used.[1][2]

In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA) placed Hawaii's flag 11th in design quality out of the 72 Canadian provincial, U.S. state and U.S. territorial flags ranked.[3]

Origins[edit]

Flag of Hawaii (1816–1845)

There are various accounts of the earliest history of the flag of Hawaii. One relates how King Kamehameha I flew a British flag, probably a Red Ensign, given to him by British explorer Captain George Vancouver as a token of friendship with King George III. Subsequent visitors reported seeing the flag flying from places of honor, as it was then considered an official Hawaiian flag[4]. An adviser to Kamehameha noted that the Union Flag could draw Hawaii into international conflict, as his kingdom could be seen as an ally of the United Kingdom, and he subsequently lowered the Union Flag over his home at Kamakahonu. While disputed as historically accurate, one account stated that in order to placate American interests during the War of 1812, a flag of the United States was raised over Kamehameha's home, only to be removed when British officers in the court of Kamehameha vehemently objected to it. This explains why the resulting flag of Hawaii was a deliberate hybrid of the two nations' flags.[5]

In 1816, Kamehameha commissioned his own flag to avoid this conflict, which has evolved into the current flag. It was probably designed by one of the commanders of the Royal Hawaiian Navy, former officers of the British Royal Navy, who advised Kamehameha, based on a form of the British naval flag. There is debate as to the actual designer: some credit Alexander Adams, others George Charles Beckley. It was very similar to the flag of the British East India Company in use about this time which had only red and white stripes. Captain Adams used this flag for the first time on a Hawaiian trade mission to China in 1817.[6]

Flag of Hawaii in 1896

The original flag was designed to feature stripes alternating in the order red-white-blue, also attributed to various historical flags of the United Kingdom. The flag used at the first official flying of the flag of Hawaii erroneously placed the stripes in the order white-red-blue,[7] although it seems explorers to the island disagree about the exact order of colors and the number of stripes up to the late 1840s. There may have been possibly different versions of the flag with different numbers of stripes and colors.[8] The number of stripes also changed: originally, the flag was designed with either seven or nine horizontal stripes, and in 1845 it was officially changed to eight stripes. The latter arrangement was adopted and is used today.[5]

Ka Hae Hawaii Day[edit]

In 1990, Governor of Hawaii John Waihee proclaimed July 31 to be Ka Hae Hawaii Day, the Hawaiian Flag Day. It has been celebrated each year since then.[9] It is the same date as Sovereignty Restoration Day, a holiday of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi that is celebrated by proponents of the Hawaiian sovereignty movement.

Flag of the Governor[edit]

The flag used by the governor of Hawaii is a red and blue bi-color. In the middle of the eight white stars appears the name of the state in all capital letters. During the time Hawaii was a United States territory, the letters in the middle of the flag were "TH", which stood for "Territory of Hawaii".[10]

Standard of the governor before statehood in 1959
Standard of the governor before statehood in 1959
Standard of the governor of Hawaiʻi
Standard of the governor of Hawaiʻi

Chronology[edit]

Date Flag Image
1793–1794 British Red Ensign[7] British-Red-Ensign-1707.svg
1794–1816 Flag of Great Britain (probably not updated in 1801) Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg
1816–1843 Early version of the present flag Flag of Hawaii (1816).svg
Feb 1843 – July 1843 Union Flag (during the Paulet Affair) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
July 1843 – May 1845 Early version of the present flag Flag of Hawaii (1816).svg
May 1845 – Feb 1893 The current Hawaiian flag introduced in 1845 Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg
Feb 1893 – Apr 1893 U.S. Flag (after the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii) Flag of the United States (1891-1896).svg
1894–1898 Hawaiian flag re-adopted by the Republic of Hawaii Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg
1898–1959 Hawaiian flag used by the U.S. territory of Hawaii Flag of Hawaii.svg
1959–present Hawaiian flag currently used by the State of Hawaii Flag of Hawaii.svg

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Name and Insignia of Hawaii – State Flag". Hawaii State Library. 2006-03-01. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  2. ^ BBC History, Jan 2008
  3. ^ "2001 State/Provincial Flag Survey - NAVA.org" (PDF). nava.org. 
  4. ^ https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Hawaii
  5. ^ a b Quaife, Milo; M. J. Weig; R. E. Appleman (1961). The History of the United States Flag. New York: Harper. p. 154. 
  6. ^ Henry Whalley Nicholson (1889). From sword to share: or a fortune in five years at Hawaii. W.H. Allen & Co. pp. 83–85. 
  7. ^ a b "Hawaii: historical flags". Fotw.net. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  8. ^ Howard M. Ballou (1906). The Reversal of the Hawaiian Flag. pp. 5–11. ISBN 0-8028-5088-X. 
  9. ^ "Hawaiian Flag Day Proclamation". Archived from the original on July 3, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-26. 
  10. ^ "Name and Insignia of Hawaii – Governor's Flag". Hawaii State Library. 2006-03-01. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 

External links[edit]

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