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5 Best Results Florence Griffith Joyner on 100m!
5 Best Results Florence Griffith Joyner on 100m!
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Miss Los Official
100M   Florence Griffith Joyner   10 49S
100M Florence Griffith Joyner 10 49S
Published: 2009/04/04
Channel: Velocidadysaltos
The sprinting records that still stand - Florence Griffith Joyner - Seoul 1988 Olympic Games
The sprinting records that still stand - Florence Griffith Joyner - Seoul 1988 Olympic Games
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: Olympic
Top 3 fastest race on 200m women (Florence Griffith Joyner vs Merlene Ottey)
Top 3 fastest race on 200m women (Florence Griffith Joyner vs Merlene Ottey)
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Miss Los Official
1988 Seoul Olympic Games Women
1988 Seoul Olympic Games Women's 100 Florence Griffith Joyner
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: Spinning Away
Mini Bio: Florence Joyner
Mini Bio: Florence Joyner
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Biography
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 1
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 1
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Miss Los Official
Flo-Jo Interview (2/3) - On the 1988 Olympics, drug accusations, and retiring
Flo-Jo Interview (2/3) - On the 1988 Olympics, drug accusations, and retiring
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Running Maniac
Flo-Jo feature on Wide World of Sports
Flo-Jo feature on Wide World of Sports
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: PeterMacca88
In Loving Memory of My Mother Flo-Jo by Mary Joyner
In Loving Memory of My Mother Flo-Jo by Mary Joyner
Published: 2011/09/21
Channel: Mary Joyner
1988 Olympic 4x100 Women BEST RELAY EVER!! USA v East Germany v USSR
1988 Olympic 4x100 Women BEST RELAY EVER!! USA v East Germany v USSR
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: MyzelleJenkins
Florence Griffith Joyner wins 100m 1988 Olimpic Seoul Women Round 2 Heat 3
Florence Griffith Joyner wins 100m 1988 Olimpic Seoul Women Round 2 Heat 3
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Miss Los Official
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 2
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 2
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Miss Los Official
Flo Jo Workout
Flo Jo Workout
Published: 2010/03/25
Channel: Hard Stars
Florence Griffith Joyner - Seoul Olympics 1988
Florence Griffith Joyner - Seoul Olympics 1988
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: zatopek5000
5 Best Results Florence Griffith Joyner on 200m!
5 Best Results Florence Griffith Joyner on 200m!
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Miss Los Official
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Published: 2012/06/06
Channel: Nilsondm
1988 Womens Olympics 200m Final Flo Jo runs 21.34 WR
1988 Womens Olympics 200m Final Flo Jo runs 21.34 WR
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: Filipino Athlete
Gold Medal Moment: Relive Florence Griffith-Joyner
Gold Medal Moment: Relive Florence Griffith-Joyner's 1988 Olympics
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Team USA
Flo Jo with Charlie Rose part 1
Flo Jo with Charlie Rose part 1
Published: 2010/03/10
Channel: Grinta23
Junger Ruhm und früher Tod: Die Geschichte der Florence Griffith-Joyner (2011) [Deutsche Doku]
Junger Ruhm und früher Tod: Die Geschichte der Florence Griffith-Joyner (2011) [Deutsche Doku]
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: DokuDeluxe
Top 3 wins Florence Griffith Joyner in 4x100m relays
Top 3 wins Florence Griffith Joyner in 4x100m relays
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Miss Los Official
Florence Griffith Joyner wins 200m 1988 Olympic Seoul Women Round 1 Heat 5 (HD)
Florence Griffith Joyner wins 200m 1988 Olympic Seoul Women Round 1 Heat 5 (HD)
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Miss Los Official
Florence Griffith-Joyner, Flo-Jo - in loving memory
Florence Griffith-Joyner, Flo-Jo - in loving memory
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: thequeenoftheprom
1988 Olympic Women
1988 Olympic Women's 100m final Florence Griffith Joyner
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Атлетика Николаевщины
Flo-Jo The Fashion Trailblazer | Fashion Behind the Games
Flo-Jo The Fashion Trailblazer | Fashion Behind the Games
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Olympic
Tribute To Florence Griffith Joyner
Tribute To Florence Griffith Joyner
Published: 2012/03/31
Channel: oscar thomas
1988 Olympic Women
1988 Olympic Women's 4x400 Relay - World Record, American Record
Published: 2012/05/09
Channel: MyzelleJenkins
Flo-Jo Interview (1/3) - On her upbringing and her style
Flo-Jo Interview (1/3) - On her upbringing and her style
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Running Maniac
1988 US Olympic Trials Women
1988 US Olympic Trials Women's 200 Florence Griffith Joyner
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Spinning Away
florence griffith joyner
florence griffith joyner
Published: 2006/08/20
Channel: J88YanCey
Fastest Woman in the World Still: FLORENCE GRIFFITH JOYNER
Fastest Woman in the World Still: FLORENCE GRIFFITH JOYNER
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: CD Mitchell
Florence Griffith Joyner VS Marion Jones
Florence Griffith Joyner VS Marion Jones
Published: 2008/04/20
Channel: Grinta23
Florence griffith joyner retires!
Florence griffith joyner retires!
Published: 2008/02/19
Channel: berry87
Florence Griffith Joyner 100m final seul 1988
Florence Griffith Joyner 100m final seul 1988
Published: 2007/11/12
Channel: Eduardo Sanz
Mary Joyner By Far The Best Singer This Season (Full Audition)
Mary Joyner By Far The Best Singer This Season (Full Audition)
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: T. W.
Florence Griffith, sofisticación y extravagancia
Florence Griffith, sofisticación y extravagancia
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: canalsur
26 oct 98 - Autopsie de Florence Joyner
26 oct 98 - Autopsie de Florence Joyner
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: atelierdesarchives History
Florence Griffith Joyner Historia Legado
Florence Griffith Joyner Historia Legado
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: Famosos Muertos
Florence Griffith-Joyner - 1998
Florence Griffith-Joyner - 1998
Published: 2012/08/21
Channel: Nilsondm
Florence Griffith Joyner sets a world record on 200m 1988 Olympics Seoul Semifinal 1 (HD)
Florence Griffith Joyner sets a world record on 200m 1988 Olympics Seoul Semifinal 1 (HD)
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Miss Los Official
Flo-Jo In The Netherlands (2016) [English CC available]
Flo-Jo In The Netherlands (2016) [English CC available]
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Streetwisedevil
Elaine Thompson vs Florence Griffith Joyner (100m)
Elaine Thompson vs Florence Griffith Joyner (100m)
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: William Lyster
Florence Griffith Joyner beats Heike Drechsler on 200m 1988 Olympics (HD)
Florence Griffith Joyner beats Heike Drechsler on 200m 1988 Olympics (HD)
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Miss Los Official
Merlene Ottey Questions Flo Jo 100m World Record
Merlene Ottey Questions Flo Jo 100m World Record
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: mydancehallmadness
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 4
Unreal and Beautiful Flo-Jo (Florence Griffith Joyner Career Highlights) part 4
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Miss Los Official
Top 3 fastest race on 200m women (Florence Griffith Joyner vs Merlene Ottey)
Top 3 fastest race on 200m women (Florence Griffith Joyner vs Merlene Ottey)
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: debbra shanklin
FLORENCE GRIFFITH JOYNER
FLORENCE GRIFFITH JOYNER
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Alan Schmidt
Florence Griffith Joyner Forever...
Florence Griffith Joyner Forever...
Published: 2008/10/26
Channel: Grinta23
Flo Jo - The brilliant, controversial figure
Flo Jo - The brilliant, controversial figure
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: ExtensiveFieldCoverage
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Florence Griffith Joyner
Florence Griffith Joyner2.jpg
Florence Griffith in 1988
Personal information
Full name Florence Delorez Griffith Joyner
Nickname(s) Flo-Jo
National team United States
Born (1959-12-21)December 21, 1959
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Died September 21, 1998(1998-09-21) (aged 38)
Mission Viejo, California, U.S.
Height 170 cm (5 ft 7 in)
Weight 58 kg (128 lb)
Sport
Event(s) 100 meters, 200 meters
Club Tiger World Class Athletic Club
West Coast Athletic Club
Retired 1988

Florence Delorez Griffith Joyner[1] (December 21, 1959 – September 21, 1998), also known as Flo-Jo, was an American track and field athlete. She is considered the fastest woman of all time[2][3][4] based on the fact that the world records she set in 1988 for both the 100 m and 200 m still stand. During the late 1980s she became a popular figure in international track and field because of her record-setting performances and flashy personal style.

Griffith Joyner was born and raised in California. She was athletic from a young age. She attended California State University, Northridge (CSUN) and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) where she participated in track and field. Griffith Joyner qualified for the 100 m 1980 Olympics, although she did not actually compete due to the U.S. boycott. She made her Olympic debut four years later winning a silver medal. At the 1988 U.S. Olympic trials, Griffith set a new world record in the 100 m. She went on to win three gold medals at the 1988 Olympics. Shortly after the 1988 games, she abruptly retired.

After her retirement from athletics, Griffith Joyner remained a pop culture figure through endorsement deals, acting, and designing. She died in her sleep as the result of an epileptic seizure in 1998 at the age of 38.

Early life[edit]

Griffith was born in Los Angeles, California, one of eleven children born to Robert and Florence Griffith.[5] The family lived in Littlerock, California before Florence Griffith moved with her children to the Jordan Downs public housing complex located in the Watts section of Los Angeles.[6][7]

When Griffith was in elementary school, she joined the Sugar Ray Robinson Organization, running in track meets on weekends.[7] She won the Jesse Owens National Youth Games two years in a row, at the ages of 14 and 15.[8] Griffith ran track at Jordan High School in Los Angeles.[7] Showing an early interest in fashion, Griffith persuaded the members of the track team to wear tights with their uniforms.[8] As a high school senior in 1978, she finished sixth at the CIF California State Meet behind future teammates Alice Brown and Pam Marshall.[9] Nevertheless, by the time Griffith graduated from Jordan High School in 1978, she set high school records in sprinting and long jump.[10]

Career[edit]

Griffith attended the California State University at Northridge, and was on the track team coached by Bob Kersee.[11][12] This team, which included Brown and Jeanette Bolden,[12][13][14] won the national championship during Griffith's first year of college.[10] However, Griffith had to drop out to support her family, taking a job as a bank teller. Kersee found financial aid for Griffith and she returned to college in 1980, this time at University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) where Kersee was working as a coach.[7][12][15]

Brown, Bolden, and Griffith qualified for the 100-meter final at the trials for the 1980 Summer Olympics (with Brown winning and Griffith finishing last in the final). Griffith also ran the 200 meters, narrowly finishing fourth, a foot out of a qualifying position.[8] However, the U.S. Government had already decided to boycott those Olympic Games mooting those results.[16] In 1983, Griffith graduated from UCLA with her bachelor's degree in psychology.[10]

Olympic runner[edit]

Griffith finished fourth in the 200-meter sprint at the first World Championship in Athletics in 1983.[17] The following year, Griffith qualified for the Olympics in the 200-meter distance with the second fastest time at the United States Olympic Trials, held in Los Angeles.[18] Evelyn Ashford, another UCLA alumnus and early favorite to medal,[19] dropped out of the 200-meter due to injury.[18] Griffith went on to win a silver medal in the 1984 Summer Olympics.[10]

After the 1984 Olympic Games, she spent less time running.[20] Griffith continued to run part time,[20] winning the 100-meter IAAF Grand Prix Final with the time of 11.00 seconds.[21] She did not compete at the 1985 U.S. National Championship.[22] That same year, Griffith returned to working at a bank and styled hair and nails in her spare time.[10] She married Al Joyner, the Olympic triple jump champion of 1984, in 1987.[23]

She returned to athletics in April 1987, having gained weight.[24] Four months later at the 1987 World Championships in Rome, Griffith Joyner finished second in the 200 meter sprint.[25][24] Her success during the 1987 season resulted in being ranked second in Track and Field News' 1987 world rankings.[25] The 200-meter remained a stronger event for Griffith Joyner than the 100-meter, where she was ranked seventh in the United States.[25]

Before the 1988 U.S. Olympic Trials, Griffith Joyner continued to work with her coach Kersee two days a week, but with her new husband coaching her three days a week.[26] She qualified for the U.S. Olympic Trials at 100-meters based on the 10.96 personal record set in Cologne in 1987.[citation needed] She set a new personal record in the 100 meters in San Diego on June 25, 1988, still shy of then American record holder Evelyn Ashford's three best times.[27] A week before the trials she ran a tune-up race in 10.99 in Santa Monica.[28]

In the first race of the quarterfinals of the U.S. Olympic Trials, she stunned her colleagues when she sprinted 100 meters in 10.49 seconds, a new world record.[a] [8] Since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognized as a world record".[29][b] Over the two day trials, Griffith Joyner recorded the three fastest times for a woman at 100 meters: 10.49 in the quarter-final, 10.70 in the semi-final, and 10.61 in the finals.[31][24] At the same Olympic trials Griffith Joyner also set an American record at the 200-meter distance with a time of 21.77 seconds.[32]

Following the Olympic trials, in late July 1988, Griffith Joyner left coach Kersee saying she wanted a coach able to provide more personal attention. Another contributing factor was Griffith Joyner's unhappiness with the lack of sponsorship and endorsement opportunities.[33] In addition to serving as coach, Kersee was Griffith Joyner's manager, as he required all the athletes he coached to use his management services too.[33] Griffith Joyner's decision to sign with personal manager Gordon Baskin therefore necessitated the coaching change.[33][34] Griffith Joyner left UCLA for UC Irvine with her husband serving as full-time coach.[26]

By now known to the world as "Flo-Jo", Griffith Joyner was the big favorite for the titles in the sprint events at the 1988 Summer Olympics. In the 100-meter final, she ran a 10.54, beating her nearest rival, Evelyn Ashford, by 0.30 seconds. In the 200 meter semifinal, she set the world record of 21.56 seconds and then broke this record, winning the final by 0.22 seconds with a time of 21.34 seconds.[35] At the same Olympics, Griffith Joyner also ran with the 4 × 100 m relay and the 4 × 400 m relay teams. Her team won the 4 × 100 m relay and finished second in the 4 × 400 m relay.[20] This was Griffith Joyner's first internationally rated 4 × 400 m relay. Griffith Joyner left the games having won four Olympic medals, three gold and one silver.[36] At the time, Griffith's medal haul was the second most for female track and field athlete in history, behind only Fanny Blankers-Koen who won four gold medals in 1948.[36]

In February 1989, Griffith Joyner announced her retirement from racing.[34][37] Griffith Joyner cited her new business opportunities outside of sprinting.[10][37][38] The month after announcing her retirement, Griffith Joyner was selected as the winner of the James E. Sullivan Award of 1988 as the top amateur athlete in the United States.[39]

Comeback attempt and other activities[edit]

Griffith Joyner's success at the 1988 Olympics led to new opportunities.[34][38] In the weeks following the Olympics, Griffith Joyner earned millions of dollars from endorsement deals, primarily in Japan. Griffith Joyner also signed a deal with toy maker LJN Toys for a Barbie-like doll in her likeness.[34]

Among the things she did away from the track was to design the basketball uniforms for the Indiana Pacers NBA team in 1989.[10] She served as co-chair of President's Council on Physical Fitness.[20] Griffith Joyner appeared in the soap opera Santa Barbara in 1992, as "Terry Holloway", a photographer similar to Annie Leibovitz.[40][41]

In 1996, Griffith Joyner appeared on Charlie Rose and announced her comeback to competitive athletics, concentrating on the 400-meter run.[42] Her reason was that she had already set world marks in both the 100 m and 200 m events, with the 400 m world record being her goal. Griffith Joyner trained steadily leading up to the U.S. Olympic trials in June. However, tendinitis in her right leg ended her hopes of becoming a triple-world-record holder. Al Joyner also attempted a comeback, but he was unable to compete due to an injured quadriceps muscle.[43]

Style[edit]

Beyond her running prowess, Griffith Joyner was known for her bold fashion choices.[31][44] Griffith Joyner appeared at the World Championships in 1987 in Rome wearing a hooded speed skating body suit.[44][23] In April 1988 she started wearing a running suit with the right leg of the suit extending to the ankle and the left leg of the suit cut off, a style she called the "one-legger".[31][44][23] The running suits also had bold colors such as lime green or purple with white bikini bottoms and embellished with lightning bolts.[31]

Her nails also garnered attention for their length and designs.[31][23] Her nails were four inches long with tiger stripes at the 1988 Olympic trials before switching to fuchsia.[31] For the Olympic games themselves, Griffith Joyner had six inch nails painted red, white, blue, and gold.[23]

Although many sprinters avoided accessories which might slow them down, Griffith Joyner kept her hair long and wore jewelry while competing.[44] She designed many of her outfits herself and preferred looks which were not conventional.[44]

Allegations of performance-enhancing drug use[edit]

Other athletes, including Joaquim Cruz and Ben Johnson, expressed disbelief over Griffith Joyner's dramatic improvement over a short period of time.[45] Before the 1988 track and field season, Griffith Joyner's best time in the 100-meter sprint was 10.96 seconds. In 1988, she improved that by 0.47 seconds (or 0.35 sec for the non-wind-aided time). Similarly, her best before 1988 at 200-meters was 21.96 seconds. In 1988, she improved that by 0.62 seconds to 21.34 seconds, another time that has not been approached. Griffith Joyner attributed the change in her physique to new health programs.[46] Al Joyner replaced Bob Kersee as her coach, and he changed her training program to include more lower body strength training exercises such as squats and lunges.[47]

Darrell Robinson, a former teammate of Griffith Joyner, claimed that he sold her 10 c.c. of HGH for $2,000 in 1988. He said Joyner told him: "if you want to make $1 million, you've got to invest some thousands."[46] Robinson also claimed to receive steroids from coach Bob Kersee, and said he saw Carl Lewis inject himself with drugs he believed to be testosterone.[48] Robinson never provided any evidence for his allegations and was shunned by the athletics community, leading to the premature end of his career.[49]

Griffith Joyner retired from competitive track and field after her Olympic triumph in 1988.[50] She was repeatedly tested during competition, and she passed all of these drug tests. Griffith Joyner made public her decision to retire from Olympic competition one week after it was announced that random out-of-competition drug testing would be instituted during the 1989 season.[51][52]

After her death in 1998, Prince Alexandre de Merode, the Chairman of the International Olympic Committee's medical commission, claimed that Joyner was singled out for extra, rigorous drug testing during the 1988 Olympic Games because of rumors of steroid use. De Merode told The New York Times that Manfred Donike, who was at that time considered to be the foremost expert on drugs and sports, failed to discover any banned substances during that testing.[53] De Merode later said:

"We performed all possible and imaginable analyses on her. We never found anything. There should not be the slightest suspicion."[54]

Personal life[edit]

Griffith's nickname among family was "Dee Dee".[5][7] She was briefly engaged to hurdler Greg Foster.[5] In 1987, Griffith married 1984 Olympic triple jump champion Al Joyner, whom Griffith had first met at the 1980 Olympic Trials.[8][55] Through her marriage to Joyner she was sister-in-law to track and field athlete Jackie Joyner-Kersee.[55] Griffith Joyner and Joyner had one daughter together, born November 15, 1990.[10][56]

Death[edit]

On September 21, 1998, Griffith Joyner died in her sleep at home in the Canyon Crest neighborhood of Mission Viejo, California, at the age of 38. The unexpected death was investigated by the sheriff-coroner's office, which announced on September 22 that the cause of death was suffocation during a severe epileptic seizure.[50] She was also found to have had a cavernous hemangioma, a congenital vascular brain abnormality that made Joyner subject to seizures.[57] According to a family attorney, she had suffered a tonic–clonic seizure in 1990, and had also been treated for seizures in 1993 and 1994.

According to the Orange County Sheriff-Coroner's office, the only drugs in her system when she died were small amounts of two common over-the-counter drugs, acetominophen (Tylenol) and Benadryl.[58]

Legacy[edit]

USA Track & Field inducted her into its Hall of Fame in 1995.[59] In 2000, the 102nd Street School in Los Angeles was renamed Florence Griffith Joyner Elementary School. Griffith Joyner had attended the school as a child.[6] The city of Mission Viejo dedicated a park at the entrance to her neighborhood in her honor.[60][61]

Griffith Joyner was also an artist and painter. Her work has been on display as part the Art of The Olympians (AOTO). She is one of two posthumous members of AOTO, the other being the founder and Olympian, Al Oerter.[62]

Olympic Games and trials results[edit]

Race Venue Date Round Time Wind WR
100 m Indianapolis July 16, 1988 Qualifying heat 10.60 +3.2
100 m Indianapolis July 16, 1988 Quarter-final 10.49 0.0 WR
100 m Indianapolis July 17, 1988 Semi-final 10.70 +1.6
100 m Indianapolis July 17, 1988 Final 10.61 +1.2
100 m Seoul September 24, 1988 Qualifying heat 10.88 +1.0
100 m Seoul September 24, 1988 Quarter-final 10.62 +1.0
100 m Seoul September 25, 1988 Semi-final 10.70 +2.6
100 m Seoul September 25, 1988 Final 10.54 +3.0
200 m Indianapolis July 22, 1988 Qualifying heat 21.96 +0.6
200 m Indianapolis July 22, 1988 Quarter-final 21.77 −0.1
200 m Indianapolis July 23, 1988 Semi-final 21.90 +2.4
200 m Indianapolis July 23, 1988 Final 21.85 +1.3
200 m Seoul September 28, 1988 Qualifying heat 22.51  ?
200 m Seoul September 28, 1988 Quarter-final 21.76 +0.7
200 m Seoul September 29, 1988 Semi-final 21.56 +1.7
200 m Seoul September 29, 1988 Final 21.34 +1.3 WR
100 m relay ( 4 × 100 m relay ) Seoul October 1, 1988 Semi-Final (team time 42.12)
100 m relay ( 4 × 100 m relay ) Seoul October 1, 1988 Final (team time 41.98)
400 m relay split ( 4 × 400 m relay ) Seoul October 1, 1988 Final 48.08
(team time 3:15.51)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Evelyn Ashford held the previous record at the 100-meter distance with a time of 10.76 seconds.
  2. ^ Griffith Joyner's next fastest wind-legal time at 100-meters is 10.61 seconds, which would also stand as the world record.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitaker, Matthew C. (2011). Icons of Black America: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries, Volume 1. 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 520. ISBN 0-313-37642-5. 
  2. ^ "FloJo: World's Fastest Woman". CNN. 
  3. ^ "World's fastest woman Carmelita Jeter seeks Olympic gold". USA Today. June 22, 2011. 
  4. ^ Florence Griffith Joyner: Fastest Woman on Earth. Legacy.com. December 21, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c "Flashy Florence Griffith Joyner Will Be the One to Watch—and Clock—in the Women's Sprints : People.com". www.people.com. 29 August 1988. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  6. ^ a b BRIGGS, JOHNATHON E. (2000-01-15). "School Renamed for Late Track Star Griffith Joyner". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Childs, Joy (2012-08-10). "The mother behind the Olympian reveals the spirit that was Flo Jo". lawattstimes.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Schwartz, Kris (1998-07-16). "ESPN Classic - FloJo sets 100 record at 1988 Olympic Trials". espn.go.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  9. ^ "California State Meet Results – 1915 to present". prepcaltrack.com. Retrieved December 25, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Schwartz, Kris. "FloJo Made Speed Fashionable". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 24, 2011. 
  11. ^ HARVEY, RANDY (1988-07-29). "Griffith-Joyner Leaves Kersee's Club; She'll Be Coached Solely by Husband". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  12. ^ a b c BENNETT, BILL. "FOND MEMORIES OF GRIFFITH JOYNER". UCLA Newsroom. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  13. ^ "Alice Brown". Pasadena Sports Hall of Fame, Inc. Retrieved June 24, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Brown, Howard Reach Semifinals in Sprint Events". Los Angeles Times. August 30, 1987. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 24, 2017. 
  15. ^ Florence Griffith Joyner – Olympic Dreams – Kersee, Angeles, Olympics, and Coach. Sports.jrank.org. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
  16. ^ Hymans, R. (2008) The History of the United States Olympic Trials – Track & Field. USA Track & Field. usatf.org
  17. ^ "IAAF: 200 Metres Result | 1st IAAF World Championships in Athletics | iaaf.org". iaaf.org. Retrieved 2016-08-06. 
  18. ^ a b Moore, Kenny (July 2, 1984). "Trials And Jubilation". SI.com. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  19. ^ Times, Diane K. Shah, Special To The New York (February 23, 1983). "THE GRUELING ROAD OF EVELYN ASHFORD". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d Longman, Jere (September 22, 1998). "Florence Griffith Joyner, 38, Champion Sprinter, Is Dead". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  21. ^ "IAAF Grand Prix, Combined Events Challenge and Golden Events". www.gbrathletics.com. Retrieved May 25, 2017. 
  22. ^ Florence, Mal (June 11, 1985). "Track / Mal Florence : Pursley's Mishap Points Out How Dangerous Pole Vaulting Is". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d e Rowbottom, Mike (1998-09-21). "Athletics: Flo-Jo's flamboyant life and times". Independent. Retrieved 2016-09-02. 
  24. ^ a b c Burnton, Simon (April 11, 2012). "50 stunning Olympic moments No22: Florence Griffith Joyner, Seoul 1988". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 24, 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c ORTEGA, JOHN (1988-02-05). "Griffith-Joyner Ranked 2nd in World for 200 Meters". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  26. ^ a b HARVEY, RANDY (1988-07-29). "Griffith-Joyner Leaves Kersee's Club; She'll Be Coached Solely by Husband". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-07-23. 
  27. ^ FLORENCE, MAL (1988-06-26). "Kingdom, 13.17 Into Wind, Routs Foster : Joyner-Kersee Jumps 24-3, Griffith Joyner Runs 10.89 in San Diego". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-08-04. 
  28. ^ http://www.alltime-athletics.com/w_100ok.htm
  29. ^ Linthorne, Nick (March 2003). "Wind Assistance". Brunel University. Retrieved August 25, 2008. 
  30. ^ Sully, Kevin (24 March 2014). "The Wind Read Zero: An oral history of Florence Griffith-Joyner's 100-meter world record". Daily Relay. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f Hersh, Phil (1988-07-18). "Griffith-joyner Nails 100-meter Dash Final". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2016-09-02. 
  32. ^ Hymans, Richard (2008). "The History of the United States Olympic Trials -- Track and Field" (PDF). USATF. p. 30. Retrieved 2016-08-22. 
  33. ^ a b c Hersh, Phil (1988-08-07). "Kersee Still Waiting For Reason Griffith Joyner Dropped Him As". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2016-08-05. 
  34. ^ a b c d Moore, Kenny (1989-04-10). "The Spoils Of Victory". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  35. ^ a b Florence Griffith Joyner Archived August 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. sports-reference.com
  36. ^ a b Times, Frank Litsky, Special To The New York (1988-10-02). "THE SEOUL OLYMPICS: Track and Field; Pride and Frustration for the Americans". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  37. ^ a b "Florence Griffith-Joyner - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. 2008-07-08. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  38. ^ a b Macnow, Glen (1988-12-16). "Cash Flo Griffith Joyner Leads The Pack In Cashing In On The Olympics". Philly.com. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  39. ^ "SPORTS PEOPLE: TRACK AND FIELD; Griffith Joyner Gets Sullivan Award". The New York Times. 1989-03-07. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
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External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
United States Evelyn Ashford
Women's 100 m world record holder
July 16, 1988 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
East Germany Marita Koch
Women's 200 m world record holder
September 29, 1988 – present
Incumbent
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
West Germany Steffi Graf
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1988
Succeeded by
West Germany Steffi Graf
Preceded by
United States Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1988
Succeeded by
Cuba Ana Fidelia Quirot
Preceded by
Canada Ben Johnson
L'Équipe Champion of Champions
1988
Succeeded by
United States Greg LeMond
Sporting positions
Preceded by
East Germany Silke Möller
Women's 200 m best year performance
1988
Succeeded by
United States Dawn Sowell

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