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1
Francisco Balagtas
Francisco Balagtas
::2009/08/15::
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2
Talambuhay ni Francisco Balagtas SPS-group1.wmv
Talambuhay ni Francisco Balagtas SPS-group1.wmv
::2011/08/24::
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3
Francisco Balagtas
Francisco Balagtas
::2007/11/22::
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4
Poet - a modern film for FRANCISCO "BALAGTAS" BALTAZAR
Poet - a modern film for FRANCISCO "BALAGTAS" BALTAZAR
::2010/03/12::
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5
Talambuhay ni Francisco "BALAGTAS" Baltazar by Il-Cattleya [Part I]
Talambuhay ni Francisco "BALAGTAS" Baltazar by Il-Cattleya [Part I]
::2012/05/07::
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6
[News@1] Xiao Time: FRANCISCO BALAGTAS, Ang Makatang Bayani || April 1, 2014
[News@1] Xiao Time: FRANCISCO BALAGTAS, Ang Makatang Bayani || April 1, 2014
::2014/04/01::
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7
Kiss Jane - Baliw (Francisco Balagtas Story by DLSZ FF 11-12)
Kiss Jane - Baliw (Francisco Balagtas Story by DLSZ FF 11-12)
::2011/12/09::
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8
Florante at Laura | Product Demo | E-Lesson
Florante at Laura | Product Demo | E-Lesson
::2010/12/01::
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9
Ulan- Cueshe (Buhay ni Francisco Balagtas) DLSZ FF 2011-2012
Ulan- Cueshe (Buhay ni Francisco Balagtas) DLSZ FF 2011-2012
::2011/12/10::
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10
ACTS Computer College Convocation 2013-Francisco Balagtas Maramihang Tinig) Champion
ACTS Computer College Convocation 2013-Francisco Balagtas Maramihang Tinig) Champion
::2013/09/02::
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11
The Mabini Academy SABAYANG BIGKAS (III-Francisco Balagtas)
The Mabini Academy SABAYANG BIGKAS (III-Francisco Balagtas)
::2013/08/19::
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12
Talambuhay ni Francisco "BALAGTAS" Baltazar by Il-Cattleya [Part II] (LAST PART)
Talambuhay ni Francisco "BALAGTAS" Baltazar by Il-Cattleya [Part II] (LAST PART)
::2012/05/07::
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13
FLORANTE AT LAURA  (PART ONE) ni Francisco Balagtas
FLORANTE AT LAURA (PART ONE) ni Francisco Balagtas
::2012/10/07::
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14
francisco baltazar balagtas.wmv
francisco baltazar balagtas.wmv
::2012/01/20::
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15
francisco balagtas
francisco balagtas
::2012/08/16::
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16
Florante at Laura ni Francisco Balagtas
Florante at Laura ni Francisco Balagtas
::2013/03/03::
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17
Florante at Laura (105-171)
Florante at Laura (105-171)
::2014/01/20::
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18
Florante at Laura ni Francisco Balagtas.wmv
Florante at Laura ni Francisco Balagtas.wmv
::2011/03/08::
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19
ACTS CONVOCATION 2010! Sabayang Pagbigkas 2nd place pangkat FRANCISCO BALAGTAS!
ACTS CONVOCATION 2010! Sabayang Pagbigkas 2nd place pangkat FRANCISCO BALAGTAS!
::2010/09/04::
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20
Francisco Balagtas Choral Group
Francisco Balagtas Choral Group
::2008/12/05::
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21
Francisco Balagtas
Francisco Balagtas
::2009/07/31::
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22
A Tribute to FRANCISCO BALAGTAS
A Tribute to FRANCISCO BALAGTAS
::2014/03/21::
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23
ACTS CONVOCATION 2011 - FRANCISCO BALAGTAS
ACTS CONVOCATION 2011 - FRANCISCO BALAGTAS
::2011/08/30::
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24
Ang Talambuhay ni Francisco Balagtas
Ang Talambuhay ni Francisco Balagtas
::2014/03/19::
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25
Full Version ng "Florante at Laura" ni Francisco Balagtas y dela Cruz
Full Version ng "Florante at Laura" ni Francisco Balagtas y dela Cruz
::2014/03/03::
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26
The Francisco Balagtas Story
The Francisco Balagtas Story
::2012/01/04::
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27
The Great Poets (feat. Mao Zedong, Francisco Balagtas, The Lourds etc. )
The Great Poets (feat. Mao Zedong, Francisco Balagtas, The Lourds etc. )
::2013/07/31::
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28
The Francisco Balagtas Story
The Francisco Balagtas Story
::2012/01/04::
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29
yeah3x..modern dance  (pangkat francisco balagtas)
yeah3x..modern dance (pangkat francisco balagtas)
::2011/08/26::
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30
PANG-ASAR (teaser) - Ang Monumento ni Francisco Balagtas
PANG-ASAR (teaser) - Ang Monumento ni Francisco Balagtas
::2012/07/30::
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31
francisco balagtas
francisco balagtas
::2011/12/11::
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32
cantata at francisco balagtas elemntary school dec 2012
cantata at francisco balagtas elemntary school dec 2012
::2013/03/06::
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33
FLC - Francisco Balagtas 11-12
FLC - Francisco Balagtas 11-12
::2011/08/02::
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34
O,Selya! (Florante at Laura theme song)
O,Selya! (Florante at Laura theme song)
::2011/12/20::
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35
Florante At Laura (II Bethesda 2012 - 2013)
Florante At Laura (II Bethesda 2012 - 2013)
::2013/03/29::
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36
[Part One] Himagsik ni Balagtas(Classroom Version)
[Part One] Himagsik ni Balagtas(Classroom Version)
::2008/01/08::
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37
Baliw - Kiss Jane Music Video (Niko
Baliw - Kiss Jane Music Video (Niko's Version 1)
::2011/12/10::
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38
[Part Two] Himagsik ni Balagtas(Classroom Version)
[Part Two] Himagsik ni Balagtas(Classroom Version)
::2008/01/09::
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39
Laki sa layaw - Francisco Baltazar.
Laki sa layaw - Francisco Baltazar.
::2012/05/05::
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40
Ang Laki sa Layaw ni Francisco Baltazar in St. Jerome Integrated School of Cabuyao
Ang Laki sa Layaw ni Francisco Baltazar in St. Jerome Integrated School of Cabuyao
::2012/09/01::
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41
Florante at Laura part 1 subbed MCHS
Florante at Laura part 1 subbed MCHS
::2009/02/13::
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42
2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid Review
2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid Review
::2012/01/08::
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43
"Ang Laki Sa Layaw" ni Francisco Baltazar
"Ang Laki Sa Layaw" ni Francisco Baltazar
::2009/08/28::
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44
Florante At Laura (Short Film)
Florante At Laura (Short Film)
::2014/03/14::
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45
francisco koko balagtas nikky boy
francisco koko balagtas nikky boy
::2008/10/21::
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46
Florante at Laura (Edison Productions) Trailer
Florante at Laura (Edison Productions) Trailer
::2014/03/16::
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47
Florante at Laura (335-386)
Florante at Laura (335-386)
::2014/03/09::
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48
Florante at Laura(386-397)
Florante at Laura(386-397)
::2014/03/09::
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49
"Florante at Laura" Inihahandog ng G8-Confucuis (RCL)
"Florante at Laura" Inihahandog ng G8-Confucuis (RCL)
::2014/03/05::
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HRSP, Florante at Laura 1/5
HRSP, Florante at Laura 1/5
::2007/04/01::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the municipality in the Philippines named Balagtas, see Balagtas, Bulacan.
Francisco Balagtas
PH nhi francisco baltazar.jpg
Born Francisco Balagtas
April 2, 1788 (1788-04-02)
Bigaa, Bulacan
Died February 20, 1862(1862-02-20) (aged 73)
Udyong, Bataan
Occupation Poet, author
Language Tagalog
Citizenship Spanish (1812 Spanish Constitution granted Philippine natives Spanish citizenship)
Alma mater Colegio de San Jose (now San Jose Seminary)
Notable work(s) Florante at Laura
Spouse(s) Juana Tiambeng

Francisco Balagtas y de la Cruz (April 2, 1788 – February 20, 1862), also known as Francisco Baltazar, was a prominent Filipino poet, and is widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work.

The name "Baltazar", sometimes misconstrued as a pen name, was a legal surname Balagtas adopted after the 1849 edict of Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua, which mandated that the native population adopt standard Spanish surnames instead of native ones.

Early life[edit]

Francisco Balagtas was born on April 2, 1788, in Barrio Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan as the youngest of the four children of Juan Balagtas, a blacksmith, and Juana de la Cruz. He studied in a parochial school in Bigaa and later in Manila. During his childhood years. Francisco later worked as callboy in Tondo, Manila. He worked as a callboy to earn for his son's tuition fee.

Life as a poet[edit]

Balagtas learned to write poetry from José de la Cruz (Huseng Sisiw), one of the most famous poets of Tondo, in return of chicks. It was de la Cruz himself who personally challenged Balagtas to improve his writing. Balagtas swore he would overcome Huseng Sisiw as he would not ask anything in return as a poet.

In 1835, Balagtas moved to Pandacan, where he met María Asunción Rivera, who would effectively serve as the muse for his future works. She is referenced in Florante at Laura as 'Celia' and 'MAR'.

Balagtas' affections for MAR were challenged by the influential Mariano Capule. Capule won the battle for MAR when he used his wealth to get Balagtas imprisoned. It was here that he wrote Florante at Laura—In fact, the events of this poem were meant to parallel his own situation.

He wrote his poems in Tagalog, during an age when Filipino writing was predominantly written in Spanish.

Balagtas published Florante at Laura upon his release in 1838. He moved to Balanga, Bataan in 1840 where he served as the assistant to the Justice of the Peace. He was also appointed as the translator of the court. He married Juana Tiambeng on July 22, 1842, in a ceremony officiated by Fr. Cayetano Arellano, uncle of future Philippine Supreme Court Chief Justice Cayetano Arellano. They had eleven children but only four survived to adulthood. On November 21, 1849, Governor-General Narciso Clavería issued a decree that every Filipino native must adopt a Spanish surname. In 1856, he was appointed as the Major Lieutenant, but soon after was convicted and sent to prison again in Bataan under the accusation that he ordered a rich man's housemaid's head to be shaved.

He was again released from prison in 1860 and continued writing poetry, along with translating Spanish documents, but two years later, he died on February 20, 1862, at the age of 73. Upon his deathbed, he asked a favor that none of his children become poets like him, who had suffered under his gift as well as under others. He even went as far as to tell them it would be better to cut their hands off than let them be writers.

Balagtas is so greatly revered in the Philippines that the term for Filipino debate in extemporaneous verse is named after him: Balagtasan.

Legacy[edit]

"Pook na Sinilangan ni Balagtas" Monument in Pangainay, Balagtas, Bulacan

An elementary school was erected in honor of Balagtas, the Francisco Balagtas Elementary School (FBES), located along Alvarez Street in Santa Cruz, Manila. There is also a plaza and park (Plaza Balagtas) erected in Pandacan, Manila while most of the streets were named after various Florante at Laura characters in honor of Francisco Balagtas. His birthplace, Bigaa, Bulacan, was renamed to Balagtas, Bulacan in honor of him. A museum, historical marker, monument and Elementary School has been placed in his birthplace at Panginay, Balagtas, Bulacan. A Mercurian crater was also named after him.

Works[edit]

  • Florante at Laura, an awit (metrical narrative poem with dodecasyllabic quatrains [12 syllables per line, 4 lines per stanza]); Balagtas' masterpiece
  • Orosmán at Zafira – a komedya (a Filipino theater form evolved from the Spanish comedia) in four parts
  • Don Nuño at Selinda – a komedya in three parts
  • Auredato at Astrome – a komedya in three parts
  • Clara Belmore – a komedya in three parts
  • Abdol at Misereanan – a komedya, staged in Abucay in 1857
  • Bayaceto at Dorslica – a komedya in three parts, staged at Udyong on September 27, 1857
  • Alamansor at Rosalinda – a komedya staged at Udyong during the town's feast
  • La India elegante y el negrito amante – a short play in one part
  • Nudo gordeano
  • Rodolfo at Rosemonda
  • Mahomet at Constanza
  • Claus (translated into Tagalog from Latin)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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