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1
Backpacking Idaho
Backpacking Idaho's Frank Church Wilderness
::2007/08/07::
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2
Landing at Taylor Ranch, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, Idaho, 4 June, 2012
Landing at Taylor Ranch, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, Idaho, 4 June, 2012
::2012/06/08::
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3
Dialogue: Life on the River of No Return
Dialogue: Life on the River of No Return
::2012/04/17::
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4
Bear Hunt in Idaho
Bear Hunt in Idaho's Frank Church Wilderness, October 2010.
::2012/03/11::
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5
Middle Fork trip
Middle Fork trip
::2014/01/17::
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6
Frank Church Wilderness
Frank Church Wilderness
::2010/08/22::
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7
the legend part 1 ross show
the legend part 1 ross show
::2010/03/21::
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8
NATURE | River of No Return | Pups Right Off the Trail | PBS
NATURE | River of No Return | Pups Right Off the Trail | PBS
::2012/04/12::
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9
Kidnap suspect, girl sought in Idaho
Kidnap suspect, girl sought in Idaho's River of No Return Wilderness
::2013/08/10::
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10
Landing Maule at Monroney air strip in Frank Church River of no Return Wilderness Area
Landing Maule at Monroney air strip in Frank Church River of no Return Wilderness Area
::2009/06/29::
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11
Cabin Creek Landing
Cabin Creek Landing
::2012/10/02::
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12
Yellow Pine, Idaho Lodge for Sale 775-934-6544
Yellow Pine, Idaho Lodge for Sale 775-934-6544
::2014/02/09::
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13
Nature: River of No Return
Nature: River of No Return
::2013/03/27::
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14
Salmon River of Return
Salmon River of Return
::2012/10/01::
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15
Wilderness: Setting Aside the Frank
Wilderness: Setting Aside the Frank
::2014/06/18::
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16
NATURE | River of No Return | This Unexplained Companion | PBS
NATURE | River of No Return | This Unexplained Companion | PBS
::2012/04/12::
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17
Nature: River of No Return
Nature: River of No Return
::2012/05/02::
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18
If You
If You're an Adventurer, Idaho Is the State for You
::2014/09/05::
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19
NATURE | River of No Return | An Ancient Game | PBS
NATURE | River of No Return | An Ancient Game | PBS
::2012/04/12::
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20
Middle Fork Salmon River July 2014 RG1
Middle Fork Salmon River July 2014 RG1
::2014/08/03::
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21
James DiMaggio KILLED In Gunfire Exchange With FBI At RIVER OF NO RETURN
James DiMaggio KILLED In Gunfire Exchange With FBI At RIVER OF NO RETURN
::2013/08/11::
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22
Finding Paradise on the Salmon River - River of No Return
Finding Paradise on the Salmon River - River of No Return
::2012/07/12::
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23
Wild Idaho Outfitters - 2013 Promotional Video
Wild Idaho Outfitters - 2013 Promotional Video
::2013/02/26::
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24
Bear Valley Mountain Lookout
Bear Valley Mountain Lookout
::2014/08/13::
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25
Main Salmon River 2013
Main Salmon River 2013
::2013/10/28::
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26
Main Salmon River July 2013
Main Salmon River July 2013
::2013/08/05::
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27
Dialogue Web Extra: Life on the River of No Return
Dialogue Web Extra: Life on the River of No Return
::2012/04/17::
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28
Mackay Bar Ranch is a Family Friendly Vacation Destination 2014 - Idaho County
Mackay Bar Ranch is a Family Friendly Vacation Destination 2014 - Idaho County
::2013/11/23::
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29
Return of the Salmon ANIMAL DOCUMENTARY
Return of the Salmon ANIMAL DOCUMENTARY
::2014/05/13::
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30
Middle Fork Salmon Kayaking HD
Middle Fork Salmon Kayaking HD
::2009/12/22::
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31
Hundreds search Idaho wilderness for missing teen
Hundreds search Idaho wilderness for missing teen
::2013/08/10::
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32
Honeymoon Lake Hike In Idaho 2013
Honeymoon Lake Hike In Idaho 2013
::2013/12/20::
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33
Forest fires north of the Salmon River 9 4 2012
Forest fires north of the Salmon River 9 4 2012
::2013/06/09::
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34
Bighorn Crags
Bighorn Crags
::2014/08/22::
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35
Make a Splash: Explore Fisheries Resources
Make a Splash: Explore Fisheries Resources
::2011/12/19::
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36
Landing At A Wilderness Ranch
Landing At A Wilderness Ranch
::2014/09/10::
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37
Search for Hannah Anderson, Idaho Day One Coverage
Search for Hannah Anderson, Idaho Day One Coverage
::2013/08/13::
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38
Into the Wilderness, Blindfolded
Into the Wilderness, Blindfolded
::2010/04/20::
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39
Hell
Hell's Half Acre Lookout
::2011/09/03::
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40
Big Creek Kayak Run July 7, 2013
Big Creek Kayak Run July 7, 2013
::2013/08/23::
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41
Cockpit view landing at Sulphur creek ranch in Idaho
Cockpit view landing at Sulphur creek ranch in Idaho
::2011/10/30::
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FBI fans through wilderness in search for teen
FBI fans through wilderness in search for teen
::2013/08/10::
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Thunder City Fire 8 5 13
Thunder City Fire 8 5 13
::2013/08/30::
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Labor Day-The Idaho Way
Labor Day-The Idaho Way
::2013/10/13::
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45
Wilderness Within Reach
Wilderness Within Reach
::2011/07/10::
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46
Taking off from Taylor Ranch, Frank Chruch-River of No Return Wilderness, ID, 6 June, 2012
Taking off from Taylor Ranch, Frank Chruch-River of No Return Wilderness, ID, 6 June, 2012
::2012/06/10::
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Landing Sulphur Creek Ranch, Idaho
Landing Sulphur Creek Ranch, Idaho
::2012/12/21::
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Middle Fork of the Salmon - Winter
Middle Fork of the Salmon - Winter
::2010/03/15::
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Magruder Ranger Station
Magruder Ranger Station
::2011/09/04::
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Ice Dam Breaks on Big Creek, FCRONR Wilderness (1 of 3)
Ice Dam Breaks on Big Creek, FCRONR Wilderness (1 of 3)
::2008/12/28::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Middle Fork Salmon River Idaho.jpg
Middle Fork Salmon River
Map showing the location of Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness
Map showing the location of Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness
Location Idaho / Valley / Lemhi / Custer counties, Idaho, U.S.
Nearest city Yellow Pine, ID
Coordinates 45°3′55″N 114°57′16″W / 45.06528°N 114.95444°W / 45.06528; -114.95444Coordinates: 45°3′55″N 114°57′16″W / 45.06528°N 114.95444°W / 45.06528; -114.95444
Area 2,366,827 acres (9,578.2 km²)
Established January 1, 1980
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
U.S. Bureau of Land Management
Map of Idaho showing location of the
Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness

The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness Area is a protected wilderness area in Idaho. It was created in 1980 by the United States Congress and renamed in 1984 as the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness Area in honor of U.S. Senator Frank Church.

At 2.367 million acres (9,580 km2), it is the second largest protected wilderness in the contiguous United States, after Death Valley.[1] Nicknamed "The Frank," the wilderness protects several mountain ranges, extensive wildlife, and a popular whitewater rafting river: the Salmon River.

Description[edit]

Together with the adjacent Gospel Hump Wilderness and surrounding unprotected roadless Forest Service land, it is the core of a 3.3 million acre (13,000 km²) roadless area.[2] It is separated from the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, to the north, by a single dirt road (the Magruder Corridor).[2] The wilderness contains parts of several mountain ranges, including the Salmon River Mountains, the Clearwater Mountains, and the Bighorn Crags. The ranges are split by steep canyons of the Middle and Main forks of the Salmon River.[2] The Salmon River is a popular destination for whitewater rafting,[2] and is colloquially known as the "River of No Return" for its swift current which makes upstream travel difficult. Most of the area is covered by coniferous forests, with dry, open land along the rivers at lower elevations.[2]

While designation as a wilderness area in the United States generally requires the prohibition of any motorized machinery, the use of jetboats (On the Main Fork of the Salmon River) and several airstrips are permitted in this wilderness as grandfathered existing uses before the wilderness was designated.[2]

National Forests[edit]

The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness is located in six different National Forests plus a relatively tiny portion of land of the Bureau of Land Management, more components than any other wilderness. In descending order of acreage they are:[3]

History[edit]

In 1931, 1,090,000 acres (4,400 km²) in Central Idaho were declared by the U.S. Forest Service as The Idaho Primitive Area. In 1963, the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness was split into three parts: The Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, the Salmon River Breaks Primitive area, and the Magruder Corridor-the land between the two areas.

Frank Church was the Senate floor sponsor for The Wilderness Act of 1964, which protected 9 million acres (36,000 km²) of United States land as part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. In 1968, he introduced the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, which included the Middle Fork of the Salmon River, so that rivers "shall be preserved in free-flowing condition, and that they and their immediate environments shall be protected for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations."

Church's environmental legislation culminated in 1980 with the passage of the Central Idaho Wilderness Act. The act created the River of No Return Wilderness by combining the Idaho Primitive Area, the Salmon River Breaks Primitive Area, and a portion of the Magruder Corridor.[2] The Act also added 125 miles (200 km) of the Salmon River to the Wild and Scenic Rivers System. President Carter had taken his family on a three-day float trip down the Middle Fork of the Salmon River in August 1978, accompanied by Interior Secretary Cecil Andrus,[4] the former (and future) Idaho governor. The administration forwarded a central Idaho wilderness proposal to Congress later that year[5] and Carter signed the final act on July 23, 1980.[6]

On August 7, 2013, a retired sheriff and three other horseback riders in the rugged back country encountered Hannah Anderson and her abductor, James DiMaggio. FBI agents rescued Anderson and killed DiMaggio near Morehead Lake on August 10.[7]

Renamed[edit]

In January 1984, Congress honored Senator Church, who had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, by renaming the area The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness. Idaho Senator Jim McClure introduced the measure in the Senate in late February,[8] and President Reagan signed the act on March 14,[9] less than four weeks before Church's death on April 7 at age 59.[10][11][12]

Wildlife[edit]

Because of its size the wilderness area provides a secluded habitat for a wide variety of mammal species, including some rare, vulnerable species. The wilderness is inhabited by a large population of mountain lions and gray wolves. Populations of black bears, as well as: lynx, coyote, and red fox are scattered throughout the area. Other observable ruminant wildlife within the wilderness include: bighorn sheep, mountain goats, elk, moose, mule deer, and white tail deer. While this area has been deemed as one of the few remaining areas in the contiguous states with suitable habitat for grizzly bears, no established populations are known to exist. The wilderness also offers some of the most critical habitat for wolverines in the lower 48 states.

In an effort to increase the number of elk available for human hunters, the State of Idaho recently exterminated two wolf packs within this federally designated wilderness area.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wilderness.net search page". Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness". Wilderness.net. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  3. ^ "Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness acreage breakdown". Wilderness.net. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ "Carter: he may get wet, but he won't starve". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. August 23, 1978. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "Idaho wilderness area proposed". Tri-City Herald. Associated Press. December 21, 1978. p. 30. 
  6. ^ "President signs bill establishing Idaho wilderness". Eugene Register-Guard. UPI. July 23, 1980. p. 5A. 
  7. ^ Dvorak, Todd (12 August 2013). "Man suspected of abducting 16-year-old girl shot rifle once or twice during rescue". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Idaho acts to rename area after Frank Church". Deseret News. UPI. February 28, 1984. p. 10B. 
  9. ^ "Reagan signs bill naming area after Frank Church". Spokane Chronicle. Associated Press. March 15, 1984. p. 3. 
  10. ^ "Idaho ex-Sen. Frank Church dies of cancer". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. April 8, 1984. p. 1. 
  11. ^ "Frank Church dies of cancer". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (from The Washington Post). April 8, 1984. p. 1. 
  12. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_BURNED_BODIES_MISSING_CHILDREN?SITE=KFWB&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
  13. ^ http://www.idahostatesman.com/2014/01/29/2997656/idaho-official-says-hunter-eliminated.html
  • Dant, Sara (May 2008). "Making Wilderness Work: Frank Church and the American Wilderness Movement". Pacific Historical Review 77: 237–272. doi:10.1525/phr.2008.77.2.237. 

External links[edit]

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