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Outdoor Idaho: The Frank
Outdoor Idaho: The Frank
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Idaho Public Television
Hiking in the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness - Idaho, U.S.A.
Hiking in the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness - Idaho, U.S.A.
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Joseph McGrath
If You
If You're an Adventurer, Idaho Is the State for You
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: Smithsonian Channel
Frank Church River of no return wilderness.
Frank Church River of no return wilderness.
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Mark Donat
Kyle vs "Ol Frank." Frank Church Wilderness Of No Return...
Kyle vs "Ol Frank." Frank Church Wilderness Of No Return...
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: KC Crump
Landing at Taylor Ranch, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, Idaho, 4 June, 2012
Landing at Taylor Ranch, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, Idaho, 4 June, 2012
Published: 2012/06/08
Channel: Philip Higuera
Back-road Trip- Frank Church River of No Return to Stanley, Idaho
Back-road Trip- Frank Church River of No Return to Stanley, Idaho
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Curtis Cook
The Frank
The Frank
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: Hunter Foss
Idaho mule deer hunt (frank church)
Idaho mule deer hunt (frank church)
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: dj martinovic
Middle Fork trip
Middle Fork trip
Published: 2014/01/17
Channel: Idaho Statesman
Dialogue: Life on the River of No Return
Dialogue: Life on the River of No Return
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: Idaho Public Television
Frank Church Wilderness
Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: NampaHiker
Ol
Ol' Frank
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Travis Miller
Frank Church - River Of No Return Wilderness
Frank Church - River Of No Return Wilderness
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: David Stewart
2015 ID Scouting Trip
2015 ID Scouting Trip
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Kyle Swallow
Book Salmon River of No Return Idaho Wilderness Lodging & Adventure Vacations | Mackay Bar Ranch
Book Salmon River of No Return Idaho Wilderness Lodging & Adventure Vacations | Mackay Bar Ranch
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: Mackay Bar Outfitters & Guest Ranch
Early Spring Flight and Hike into the Frank Church Wilderness
Early Spring Flight and Hike into the Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Idahobackcountryflying
Bighorn Crags
Bighorn Crags
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Garrett Harper
NATURE | River of No Return | This Unexplained Companion | PBS
NATURE | River of No Return | This Unexplained Companion | PBS
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: PBS
Bear Hunt in Idaho
Bear Hunt in Idaho's Frank Church Wilderness, October 2010.
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: HunterOutdoor
Frank Church Wilderness Idaho Mule Packing
Frank Church Wilderness Idaho Mule Packing
Published: 2011/01/04
Channel: TheIdahowilderness
Loon Creek hot springs, Frank Church Wilderness, Idaho
Loon Creek hot springs, Frank Church Wilderness, Idaho
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: Pat Taylor
Nature Documentary - River of No Return - Full Documentary.
Nature Documentary - River of No Return - Full Documentary.
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: LION TV
Frank Church Wilderness Idaho Flying
Frank Church Wilderness Idaho Flying
Published: 2011/01/11
Channel: TheIdahowilderness
Idaho Hunting Trip 2016
Idaho Hunting Trip 2016
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Dylan Signorelli
Backpacking Idaho
Backpacking Idaho's Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2007/08/07
Channel: HSG
The Custer Motorway and the River of No Return Wilderness
The Custer Motorway and the River of No Return Wilderness
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Alan Sills
No professional wolf hunters from Fish and Game in Frank Church Wilderness
No professional wolf hunters from Fish and Game in Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: 6 On Your Side
Salmon River of Return
Salmon River of Return
Published: 2012/10/01
Channel: Forrest McCarthy
Wolves in the Frank Church Wilderness
Wolves in the Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2014/05/08
Channel: defendersofwildlife
Frank Church Wilderness
Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2010/08/22
Channel: Elindio42
NATURE | River of No Return | Pups Right Off the Trail | PBS
NATURE | River of No Return | Pups Right Off the Trail | PBS
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: PBS
Frank Church Wilderness to Sonora!
Frank Church Wilderness to Sonora!
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: KC Crump
Rafting Idaho
Rafting Idaho's Middle Fork Salmon River
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Michael Lanza
Frank Church River
Frank Church River
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Frommer's Guides
Flying out of Idaho
Flying out of Idaho's Frank Church Wilderness of No Return.mp4
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: MileHighOutfitters
2016 Idaho Trip
2016 Idaho Trip
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: RedRaider180J
NRRT231 Midterm - Frank Church River of No Return
NRRT231 Midterm - Frank Church River of No Return
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Katie Wilson
A Long Walk: Overnighter in The Frank Church Wilderness
A Long Walk: Overnighter in The Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Burning Beard Outdoors
Landing Maule at Monroney air strip in Frank Church River of no Return Wilderness Area
Landing Maule at Monroney air strip in Frank Church River of no Return Wilderness Area
Published: 2009/06/29
Channel: James Pratt
Taking off from Taylor Ranch, Frank Chruch-River of No Return Wilderness, ID, 6 June, 2012
Taking off from Taylor Ranch, Frank Chruch-River of No Return Wilderness, ID, 6 June, 2012
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Philip Higuera
Nature: River of No Return
Nature: River of No Return
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: WLRN Public Radio and Television
Frank church wilderness
Frank church wilderness
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Peter George
Frank Church Wilderness - Stonebraker  Ranch09 Plane landing
Frank Church Wilderness - Stonebraker Ranch09 Plane landing
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: bowtiecity
Frank Church Wilderness Area Closing Toast
Frank Church Wilderness Area Closing Toast
Published: 2008/07/24
Channel: cvano70604
Stream Fishing.mpg
Stream Fishing.mpg
Published: 2010/07/06
Channel: MileHighOutfitters
Salmon River, ID, July 11, 2012 - hike to Fall Creek, Frank Church Wilderness
Salmon River, ID, July 11, 2012 - hike to Fall Creek, Frank Church Wilderness
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: Marlene Stein
River of No Return
River of No Return
Published: 2012/07/02
Channel: Chris Senior
Ice 0n River of No Return Idaho
Ice 0n River of No Return Idaho
Published: 2008/03/06
Channel: Wayne Anderson
Exploring the Frank Church Wilderness Wasteland
Exploring the Frank Church Wilderness Wasteland
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: BryGuy1955
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Frank Church–River of No Return Wilderness
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Middle Fork Salmon River Idaho.jpg
Middle Fork Salmon River
Map showing the location of Frank Church–River of No Return Wilderness
Map showing the location of Frank Church–River of No Return Wilderness
Location Idaho / Valley / Lemhi / Custer counties, Idaho, U.S.
Nearest city Yellow Pine, Idaho
Coordinates 45°3′55″N 114°57′16″W / 45.06528°N 114.95444°W / 45.06528; -114.95444Coordinates: 45°3′55″N 114°57′16″W / 45.06528°N 114.95444°W / 45.06528; -114.95444
Area 2,366,827 acres (9,578.21 km2)
Established January 1, 1980 (1980-01-01)
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
U.S. Bureau of Land Management
Map of Idaho showing location of the
Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness

The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness Area is a protected wilderness area in Idaho. It was created in 1980 by the United States Congress and renamed in 1984 as the Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness Area in honor of U.S. Senator Frank Church.

At 2.367 million acres (9,580 km2), it is the largest contiguous federally managed wilderness in the United States outside of Alaska, which is second in area only to the contiguous area of the state-managed Adirondack Park in upstate New York, which contains some 46% of its state-managed area of 9,375 square miles (24,281 km2.) as wilderness parkland. The Death Valley Wilderness is the largest single designated area but consists of numerous disconnected units.[1][2] The wilderness protects several mountain ranges, extensive wildlife, and a popular whitewater rafting river: the Salmon River.

Description[edit]

Together with the adjacent Gospel Hump Wilderness and surrounding unprotected roadless Forest Service land, it is the core of a 3.3 million acre (13,000 km2) roadless area.[3] It is separated from the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, to the north, by a single dirt road (the Magruder Corridor).[3] The wilderness contains parts of several mountain ranges, including the Salmon River Mountains, the Clearwater Mountains, and the Bighorn Crags. The ranges are split by steep canyons of the Middle and Main forks of the Salmon River.[3] The Salmon River is a popular destination for whitewater rafting,[3] and is colloquially known as the "River of No Return" for its swift current which makes upstream travel difficult. Most of the area is covered by coniferous forests, with dry, open land along the rivers at lower elevations.[3]

While designation as a wilderness area in the United States generally requires the prohibition of any motorized machinery, the use of jetboats (On the Main Fork of the Salmon River) and several airstrips are permitted in this wilderness as grandfathered existing uses before the wilderness was designated.[3]

National forests[edit]

The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness is located in six different national forests plus a relatively tiny portion of land of the Bureau of Land Management, more components than any other wilderness. In descending order of acreage they are:[4]

History[edit]

In 1931, 1,090,000 acres (4,400 km2) in Central Idaho were declared by the U.S. Forest Service as The Idaho Primitive Area. In 1963, the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness was split into three parts: The Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, the Salmon River Breaks Primitive area, and the Magruder Corridor-the land between the two areas.

Frank Church was the Senate floor sponsor for the Wilderness Act of 1964, which protected 9 million acres (36,000 km2) of United States land as part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. In 1968, he introduced the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, which included the Middle Fork of the Salmon River, so that rivers "shall be preserved in free-flowing condition, and that they and their immediate environments shall be protected for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations."

Church's environmental legislation culminated in 1980 with the passage of the Central Idaho Wilderness Act. The act created the River of No Return Wilderness by combining the Idaho Primitive Area, the Salmon River Breaks Primitive Area, and a portion of the Magruder Corridor.[3] The Act also added 125 miles (200 km) of the Salmon River to the Wild and Scenic Rivers System. President Carter had taken his family on a three-day float trip down the Middle Fork of the Salmon River in August 1978, accompanied by Interior Secretary Cecil Andrus,[5] the former (and future) Idaho governor. The administration forwarded a central Idaho wilderness proposal to Congress later that year[6] and Carter signed the final act on July 23, 1980.[7]

Kidnapping of Hannah Anderson[edit]

On August 7, 2013, a retired sheriff and three other horseback riders in the rugged back country encountered Hannah Anderson and her abductor, James DiMaggio. FBI agents rescued Anderson and killed DiMaggio near Morehead Lake on August 10.[8]

Renamed[edit]

In January 1984, Congress honored Senator Church, who had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, by renaming the area The Frank Church—River of No Return Wilderness. Idaho Senator Jim McClure introduced the measure in the Senate in late February,[9] and President Reagan signed the act on March 14,[10] less than four weeks before Church's death on April 7 at age 59.[11][12][13]

Wildlife[edit]

Because of its size the wilderness area provides a secluded habitat for a wide variety of mammal species, including some rare, vulnerable species. The wilderness is inhabited by a large population of mountain lions and gray wolves. Populations of black bears, as well as: lynx, coyote, and red fox are scattered throughout the area. Other observable ruminant wildlife within the wilderness include: bighorn sheep, mountain goats, elk, moose, mule deer, and white tail deer. While this area has been deemed as one of the few remaining areas in the contiguous states with suitable habitat for grizzly bears, no established populations are known to exist. The wilderness also offers some of the most critical habitat for wolverines in the lower 48 states. Beavers that were parachuted into the area from Idaho (in 1948) have established a healthy colony here.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness". U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved August 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Wilderness.net search page". Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness". Wilderness.net. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  4. ^ "Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness acreage breakdown". Wilderness.net. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Carter: he may get wet, but he won't starve". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. August 23, 1978. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Idaho wilderness area proposed". Tri-City Herald. Associated Press. December 21, 1978. p. 30. 
  7. ^ "President signs bill establishing Idaho wilderness". Eugene Register-Guard. UPI. July 23, 1980. p. 5A. 
  8. ^ Dvorak, Todd (12 August 2013). "Man suspected of abducting 16-year-old girl shot rifle once or twice during rescue". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Idaho acts to rename area after Frank Church". Deseret News. UPI. February 28, 1984. p. 10B. 
  10. ^ "Reagan signs bill naming area after Frank Church". Spokane Chronicle. Associated Press. March 15, 1984. p. 3. 
  11. ^ "Idaho ex-Sen. Frank Church dies of cancer". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. April 8, 1984. p. 1. 
  12. ^ "Frank Church dies of cancer". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (from The Washington Post). April 8, 1984. p. 1. 
  13. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_BURNED_BODIES_MISSING_CHILDREN?SITE=KFWB&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
  14. ^ http://boisestatepublicradio.org/post/parachuting-beavers-idahos-wilderness-yes-it-really-happened
  • Dant, Sara (May 2008). "Making Wilderness Work: Frank Church and the American Wilderness Movement". Pacific Historical Review. 77: 237–272. doi:10.1525/phr.2008.77.2.237. 

External links[edit]

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