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VIDEOS 1 TO 50
1972 Olympic Marathon: Munich
1972 Olympic Marathon: Munich
Published: 2012/09/18
Channel: Juan Jose Martinez
2017 NMH Commencement address by Frank Shorter
2017 NMH Commencement address by Frank Shorter '65
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: nmhschool
1970 - Gerry Lindgren vs. Frank Shorter & Kerry O
1970 - Gerry Lindgren vs. Frank Shorter & Kerry O'Brien in a 2-mile race
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: Running Maniac
Fire on the Track- Bonus Features- Frank Shorter
Fire on the Track- Bonus Features- Frank Shorter
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: CJANMedia
The Virginia 10 Miler: Frank Shorter vs. Bill Rodgers (1975)
The Virginia 10 Miler: Frank Shorter vs. Bill Rodgers (1975)
Published: 2008/07/19
Channel: riversiderunners
Frank Shorter interview
Frank Shorter interview
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: WTHR
Frank Shorter talks about Classic
Frank Shorter talks about Classic
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: recordonline.com
Frank Shorter Munich Olympics Marathon
Frank Shorter Munich Olympics Marathon
Published: 2007/05/23
Channel: kdc8122
The Honorands: Frank Shorter H
The Honorands: Frank Shorter H'16 and a Life on the Run
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Bowdoin College
Olympics - 1984 Los Angeles - ABC Profile - 1972 Munich Gold Medalist USA Frank Shorter imasports
Olympics - 1984 Los Angeles - ABC Profile - 1972 Munich Gold Medalist USA Frank Shorter imasports
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Imasportsphile III
First Indy Mini winner Frank Shorter runs the route
First Indy Mini winner Frank Shorter runs the route
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: indystarsports
1975 VIRGINIA TEN MILER  RODGERS VS. SHORTER
1975 VIRGINIA TEN MILER RODGERS VS. SHORTER
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Salmini Sportfilm
Frank Shorter: From Olympic Champion to Anti-Doping Crusader
Frank Shorter: From Olympic Champion to Anti-Doping Crusader
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: Chicago Humanities Festival
1970 - Frank Shorter vs. Jack Bacheler in a 3-mile race
1970 - Frank Shorter vs. Jack Bacheler in a 3-mile race
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: Running Maniac
Frank Shorter discusses Pre
Frank Shorter discusses Pre's legacy
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: theworldlink
26 Times in a Row - Mens Marathon, Olympic Games, Montreal 1976
26 Times in a Row - Mens Marathon, Olympic Games, Montreal 1976
Published: 2012/12/14
Channel: tommytempo1
Frank Shorter - Tip 1
Frank Shorter - Tip 1
Published: 2010/09/13
Channel: Competitor.com
FAST PACE RACE 2014 (with Frank Shorter)
FAST PACE RACE 2014 (with Frank Shorter)
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: pmrvideos
Olympic Gold Success Secrets
Olympic Gold Success Secrets
Published: 2012/05/18
Channel: Barbara Pellegrino
Olympic Marathon Champion Frank Shorter Before 2012 Olympic Trials
Olympic Marathon Champion Frank Shorter Before 2012 Olympic Trials
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: letsrundotcom
Frank Shorter hands out medals at children
Frank Shorter hands out medals at children's race
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Staten Island Advance
München 1972 [FRANK SHORTER] Marathon (Privataufnahmen)
München 1972 [FRANK SHORTER] Marathon (Privataufnahmen)
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: TF Filmarchiv
Frank Shorter talks about Pre
Frank Shorter talks about Pre
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Ronda Rae
Arthur Lydiard explaining windsprints ( 5050 )
Arthur Lydiard explaining windsprints ( 5050 )
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Lydiard Foundation
Frank Shorter Strategic BB Course Tips
Frank Shorter Strategic BB Course Tips
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: BolderBOULDER
Frank Shorter
Frank Shorter's Exercise Recommendations for Older (or Younger) Adults
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: RallySportBoulder
Frank Shorter AmbassadorAwardWinner 2015
Frank Shorter AmbassadorAwardWinner 2015
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: Track And Field Hunter
Frank Shorter Final Cut Aug 2a
Frank Shorter Final Cut Aug 2a
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Competitor.com
Dexter Ann Arbor Run, 2011, Frank Shorter Interview, Michigan, glsp
Dexter Ann Arbor Run, 2011, Frank Shorter Interview, Michigan, glsp
Published: 2011/06/06
Channel: Jennie McCafferty
WVTC 50th Anniversary Reunion 1976 Flashback
WVTC 50th Anniversary Reunion 1976 Flashback
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: minolta7i
Talking with Frank Shorter about the Rock n Roll Marathon Series
Talking with Frank Shorter about the Rock n Roll Marathon Series
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Pace Per Mile
Highlights of the 1972 Olympics, the most fascinating and compelling games in Olympic History.
Highlights of the 1972 Olympics, the most fascinating and compelling games in Olympic History.
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: On'ry Waymore
Frank Shorter High Mileage Legends 3.MP4
Frank Shorter High Mileage Legends 3.MP4
Published: 2011/01/16
Channel: TheSweatPrincess
Frank Shorter - Olympic Gold Medalist
Frank Shorter - Olympic Gold Medalist
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Lori Kemmet
2011 Bolder Boulder pre race with Frank Shorter and Ryan Hall
2011 Bolder Boulder pre race with Frank Shorter and Ryan Hall
Published: 2011/05/28
Channel: Everyman Triathlon
EverymanTri.com - Frank Shorter Interview
EverymanTri.com - Frank Shorter Interview
Published: 2009/05/24
Channel: Everyman Triathlon
Frank Shorter - Avalanche
Frank Shorter - Avalanche'07
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: Ost Og Kjeks
I AM BOLDER story - Frank
I AM BOLDER story - Frank
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: browncowvideo
Classic 10K Frank Shorter Win
Classic 10K Frank Shorter Win
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Classic 10K Videos
Frank Shorter - Changing Anti-Doping System
Frank Shorter - Changing Anti-Doping System
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: U.S. Anti-Doping Agency
Fitness Now and Then For Boomer Era Frank Shorter
Fitness Now and Then For Boomer Era Frank Shorter
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: RallySportBoulder
Frank Shorter - Tip 2
Frank Shorter - Tip 2
Published: 2010/09/13
Channel: Competitor.com
Frank Shorter - Colosseum 06
Frank Shorter - Colosseum 06
Published: 2009/05/12
Channel: Russebusser
Frank Shorter Q & A on Barefoot Running
Frank Shorter Q & A on Barefoot Running
Published: 2010/08/09
Channel: Dan Hernandez
FRANK SHORTER @ 1999 CHICAGO MARATHON Starting Line
FRANK SHORTER @ 1999 CHICAGO MARATHON Starting Line
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: TheMotiondevotion
Frank Shorter- Athletics Then
Frank Shorter- Athletics Then
Published: 2011/11/28
Channel: AthleticsNow
"Out There Guy" - Bolder Boulder Tips from Frank Shorter
"Out There Guy" - Bolder Boulder Tips from Frank Shorter
Published: 2007/07/09
Channel: Boulder Daily Camera
Technicolor 2012 - Frank Shorter
Technicolor 2012 - Frank Shorter
Published: 2012/04/22
Channel: BrodakMoment2012
Frank Shorter Troop Shout Out
Frank Shorter Troop Shout Out
Published: 2009/07/19
Channel: American300
Frank Shorter with Dr. Gideon Ariel
Frank Shorter with Dr. Gideon Ariel
Published: 2008/04/22
Channel: Gideon Ariel
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Frank Shorter
Frank Shorter at Boston 2002.jpg
Frank Shorter in 2002
Personal information
Full name Frank Charles Shorter
Nationality  United States
Born (1947-10-31) October 31, 1947 (age 69)
Munich, Germany
Height 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)
Weight 134 lb (61 kg)
Sport
Sport Long-distance running
Event(s) Marathon, 10,000 meters
College team Yale
Club Florida Track Club
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s) 3000 meters: 7:51.4[1]
5000 meters: 13:26.62[1]
10,000 meters: 27:45.91[1]
Marathon: 2:10:30[1]

Frank Charles Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is an American former long-distance runner who won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics and the silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics. His Olympic success, along with the achievements of other American runners, is credited with igniting the running boom in the United States during the 1970s.[2][3][4][5][6]

Early life and education[edit]

Frank Shorter was born in Munich, Germany, where his father, physician Samuel S. Shorter, served in the U.S. Army. He grew up in Middletown, New York, where a street was named in his honor (Frank Shorter Way). Frank Shorter Way was formerly part of the Orange Classic 10K course route, which Shorter won in its inaugural race in 1981.[7] After earning his high school diploma from the Mount Hermon School in Gill, Massachusetts, in 1965, Shorter graduated from Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, with a Bachelor of Arts degree (B.A.) in 1969, and the University of Florida College of Law in Gainesville, Florida with a Juris Doctor degree (J.D.) in 1974.[8]

In the October 2011 issue of Runner's World, an article by John Brant detailed the traumatic household life Frank and his siblings suffered at the hands of his extremely abusive father and the buckle end of his belt. With the publication of the Runner's World article, Mr. Shorter will begin to elaborate on stopping similar cycles of violence in more detail and in public.[9]

Running career[edit]

Shorter first achieved distinction by winning the 1969 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) 10,000-meter title during his senior year at Yale. He won his first U.S. national titles in 1970 in the 5000-meter and 10,000-meter events. He also was the U.S. national 10,000-meter champion in 1971, 1974, 1975 and 1977.

After graduating from Yale, Shorter chose to pursue a Doctor of Medicine degree at the University of New Mexico. However, he dropped out after six weeks. Soon, he moved to Florida to study for a Juris Doctor degree at the University of Florida in Gainesville because of the excellence of the environment and the opportunity to train with Jack Bacheler as members of the Florida Track Club (FTC), founded by Jimmy Carnes, then the head coach of the Florida Gators track and field team.[10] Bacheler was regarded as America's best distance runner, having qualified for the finals of the 5,000-meter race at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics.[11] The FTC's core nucleus of Shorter, Bacheler and Jeff Galloway qualified for the 1972 Olympics and their success made Gainesville the Mecca of distance running on the East Coast in the early 1970s.[12]

Shorter won the U.S. national cross-country championships four times (1970–1973). He was the U.S. Olympic Trials champion in both the 10,000-meter run and the marathon in both 1972 and 1976. He also won both the 10,000-meter run and the marathon at the 1971 Pan American Games. Shorter was a four-time winner of the Fukuoka Marathon (1971–1974), generally recognized as the most prestigious marathon in the world at that time and held on a very fast course. His career best of 2:10:30 was set at that race on December 3, 1972. He won the prestigious 7-mile Falmouth Road Race on Cape Cod in 1975 and 1976 and Atlanta's 10-kilometer Peachtree Road Race in 1977.

Shorter's greatest recognition was as a marathon runner, and he is the only American athlete to win two medals in the Olympic marathon.[13] He won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, the city of his birth. Only days before, he had finished fifth in the 10,000-meter final, breaking the American record for the event which he had established in his qualifying heat at the Munich games.[8] This ultimate achievement was marred by an impostor, West German student Norbert Sudhaus,[14] running into Olympic Stadium ahead of Shorter, who was not bothered by the silence from the crowd who had been duped into thinking that he was running for the silver medal. Shorter was confident that he was going to win the gold medal because he knew that no competing runner had passed him.[15] He received the James E. Sullivan Award afterward as the top amateur athlete in the United States.[8] After dropping out of the 10,000 meters to concentrate exclusively on the marathon, he won the silver medal in the event at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal,[8] finishing second behind previously unheralded opponent Waldemar Cierpinski of East Germany.[16] Cierpinski was later implicated as a part of the state-sponsored doping program by East German track and field research files uncovered by Werner Franke at the Stasi headquarters in Leipzig in the late 1990s. There were suspicions about other East German athletes during the Montreal Olympics, including the East German women, led by Kornelia Ender, who won eleven of the thirteen swimming events.[17]

From 2000 to 2003, Shorter was the chairman of the United States Anti-Doping Agency, a body that he helped to establish.[18]

Shorter was featured as a prominent character, played by Jeremy Sisto, in the 1998 film Without Limits. The film follows the life of Shorter's contemporary, training partner, Olympic teammate and sometimes rival, Steve Prefontaine.[18] Shorter was the next to last person to see Prefontaine alive before he died in an automobile accident.

Shorter was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame in 1984, and the USA National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1989.[8]

A long-time resident of Boulder, Colorado, Shorter co-founded the Bolder Boulder in 1979. The annual 10k race is a popular Memorial Day event, which culminates with a tribute to U.S. Armed Forces at Folsom Field at the University of Colorado. A life-size bronze statue of Shorter stands outside the stadium.

Track & field news rankings[edit]

Shorter (left) running 10,000 m at the 1972 Olympics, stamp of Umm al-Quwain

World rankings[edit]

Marathon
  • 1971 – first
  • 1972 – first
  • 1973 – first
  • 1974 – second
  • 1976 – second
10,000 m
  • 1970 – second
  • 1972 – fifth
  • 1974 – fifth
  • 1975 – second
5000 m
  • 1975 – tenth

U.S. rankings[edit]

Marathon
  • 1971 – first
  • 1972 – first
  • 1973 – first
  • 1974 – first
  • 1976 – first
10,000 m
  • 1969 – third
  • 1970 – first
  • 1971 – first
  • 1972 – first
  • 1973 – fifth
  • 1974 – first
  • 1975 – first
  • 1976 – second
  • 1977 – first
  • 1979 – third
5000 m
  • 1969 – sixth
  • 1970 – second
  • 1971 – fourth
  • 1972 – tenth
  • 1973 – seventh
  • 1974 – fourth
  • 1975 – third
  • 1976 – fifth
  • 1977 – seventh

Personal records[edit]

  • 3 miles – 12:52.0 (1974)
  • 5000 meters – 13:26.60 (1977)
  • 10,000 meters – 27:45.91 (1975)
  • Marathon (42.195 km) – 2:10:30 (1972)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d All-Athletics. "Profile of Frank Shorter". 
  2. ^ Republican Herald. Republican Herald. Retrieved on July 5, 2016.
  3. ^ [http://newsblogs.chicagotribune.com/sports_globetrotting/2008/10/marathon-men-th.html Chicago Tribune October 10, 2008 by Phil Hersh. Newsblogs.chicagotribune.com (October 10, 2008). Retrieved on 2016-07-05.
  4. ^ Hall of Fame. USATF (October 31, 1947). Retrieved on 2016-07-05.
  5. ^ Pat Borzi (May 11, 2012) ‘Marathon man’ Frank Shorter reflects on the running boom he helped create.minnpost.com
  6. ^ The 1970s Running Boom. psu.edu
  7. ^ Shorter gives thumbs-up to Classic alterations
  8. ^ a b c d e USA Track & Field, Hall of Fame, Frank Shorter. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  9. ^ John Brant (October 2011). Frank's Story. Runner's World. Retrieved on December 22, 2013.
  10. ^ Gary Cohen (August 4, 2009) "Interview with John L. Parker," RunnersPace.com. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  11. ^ Roy Blount Jr., "Tallest, Fastest, Buggiest," Sports Illustrated (June 16, 1969). Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  12. ^ Dave Millman (December 8, 2008) "Dave Millman: Running to Gainesville," The Gainesville Sun. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  13. ^ Sports Reference, Olympic Sports, Frank Shorter Archived December 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  14. ^ "Olympic Memories: Munich's Marathon Imposter, Frank Shorter, and the 'Running Boom' of the 1970s". Colorsport, (May 3, 2012)
  15. ^ Kantowski, Ron. "Recalling the horror of 1972," ''Las Vegas'' (NV) ''Sun'', Monday, June 15, 2009. Lasvegassun.com. Retrieved on July 5, 2016.
  16. ^ Sports Reference, Olympic Sports, Waldemar Cierpinski Archived January 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved March 5, 2010. Cierpinski repeated as the gold medalist at the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, one of only two athletes to win the Olympic Marathon twice.
  17. ^ Gare Joyce Special to Page 2 (Archive) (August 25, 2008). "Joyce: Marathon fraud – ESPN Page 2". Sports.espn.go.com. 
  18. ^ a b David Epstein, "Catching Up with Frank Shorter," Sports Illustrated (August 5, 2008). Retrieved March 5, 2010.

External links[edit]

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