The Freedom Riders National Monument includes two locations:
The first is the former former Greyhound bus depot at 1031 Gurnee Avenue in Anniston, where, on May 14, 1961, a mob attacked an integrated group of white and black Freedom Riders who demanded an end to racial segregation in interstate busing. The mob slashed the bus's tires, threw rocks, broke the bus's windows, and pursuing the bus after it fled the depot. The bus depot is also one of nine sites that are part of the Anniston Civil Rights and Heritage Trail.
The second is the "Bus Burning Site" (Old Birmingham Highway/State Route 202) some 6 miles (9.7 km) away. It was at this spot that the bus broken down because of flat tires, and the segregationist mob continued its assault, throwing "a bundle of flaming rags into the bus that exploded seconds later" and set the bus ablaze. The mob attacked the passengers as they tried to flee. The photo of the smoking bus was captured in an iconic photo by freelance photographer Joseph "Little Joe" Postiglione. An Alabama Historical Marker marks the site of the bus-burning.
A dedication ceremony took place on May 13, 2017, in downtown Anniston, on the day before the 56th anniversary of the incident. Former Freedom Rider Hank Thomas, the last living survivor of the bus-burning incident, delivered a speech.