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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES! (Study Abroad)
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES! (Study Abroad)
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: tiffanyferg
There
There's Nothing More American Than Speaking Spanish. Here's Why.
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: HuffPost
Hidden French: St. Onge looks at Francophone populations in the United States
Hidden French: St. Onge looks at Francophone populations in the United States
Published: 2010/07/23
Channel: William & Mary
Americans Try To Pronounce French Names
Americans Try To Pronounce French Names
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: BuzzFeedVideo
US states in French
US states in French
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Language City
10 Things French Do Better Than Americans
10 Things French Do Better Than Americans
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: geobeats
35 Accents in the English Language
35 Accents in the English Language
Published: 2010/11/13
Channel: soundlyawake [Nicola Foti]
Why Do The U.S. And France Love Each Other?
Why Do The U.S. And France Love Each Other?
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: NowThis
CULTURE SHOCK -- je suis en france! (French Study Abroad Vlog #11)
CULTURE SHOCK -- je suis en france! (French Study Abroad Vlog #11)
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Rachel Wold
Ellen
Ellen's Hot Guys: Chris Hemsworth Speaks Some Strange Languages
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: TheEllenShow
MY INTERVIEW WITH A FRENCH PERSON!
MY INTERVIEW WITH A FRENCH PERSON!
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: ItsMeHannahM
Paris: Do the French Dislike Americans? on Travel with Kate
Paris: Do the French Dislike Americans? on Travel with Kate
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: TravelwithKate
Diane Kruger
Diane Kruger's French Accent Gets Her Out Of Trouble Every Time
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
How the French see Americans
How the French see Americans
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: Lo Swan
America vs France
America vs France
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Luke Korns
WHAT FRENCH PEOPLE TRULY THINK OF AMERICANS
WHAT FRENCH PEOPLE TRULY THINK OF AMERICANS
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Margaux.
A French Revolution in U.S. Classrooms
A French Revolution in U.S. Classrooms
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: France in the US
France vs Quebec - Differences Between France & Quebec French
France vs Quebec - Differences Between France & Quebec French
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Wolters World
2016 Sonia Galletti Lecture: "When the United States Spoke French"
2016 Sonia Galletti Lecture: "When the United States Spoke French"
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: Brown University
Teaching French in the United States: Belgian Fulbright FTLA Grantee: Alexandra Sanchez
Teaching French in the United States: Belgian Fulbright FTLA Grantee: Alexandra Sanchez
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Fulbright Belgium
017 François Furstenberg, When the United States Spoke French
017 François Furstenberg, When the United States Spoke French
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Liz Covart
French Food vs American Food
French Food vs American Food
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Prepare to Serve!
StereoTypes Paris - French African vs. African American?
StereoTypes Paris - French African vs. African American?
Published: 2013/03/17
Channel: iamOTHER
Americans are NOT stupid (FRENCH SUBTITLES) - Sous-titres français
Americans are NOT stupid (FRENCH SUBTITLES) - Sous-titres français
Published: 2009/03/12
Channel: oufti33cl
French au pair in the United States - 7 months now!
French au pair in the United States - 7 months now!
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Une Française en Amérique
The benefits of a bilingual brain - Mia Nacamulli
The benefits of a bilingual brain - Mia Nacamulli
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: TED-Ed
Discussing American & French Food with Aurelia
Discussing American & French Food with Aurelia
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: tiffanyferg
People Around The World Try An American Accent
People Around The World Try An American Accent
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: BuzzFeedVideo
French Stereotypes
French Stereotypes
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: Germany vs USA
French "The United States"
French "The United States"
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Language Guy®
Americans React to People Trying American Accents
Americans React to People Trying American Accents
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: BuzzFeedVideo
US Foriegn Secretary John Kerry speaks French to mourning Parisiens
US Foriegn Secretary John Kerry speaks French to mourning Parisiens
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: NSOTDhistory
Gad Elmaleh Stand-Up 05/11/16  - CONAN on TBS
Gad Elmaleh Stand-Up 05/11/16 - CONAN on TBS
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Team Coco
French Interview: Morocco and the United States
French Interview: Morocco and the United States
Published: 2009/03/04
Channel: LARC@SDSU
FRENCH "THE UNITED STATES"
FRENCH "THE UNITED STATES"
Published: 2015/03/22
Channel: Language Guy®
French Immersion Schools in the United States
French Immersion Schools in the United States
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Ari Alvarez
The Animated History of France
The Animated History of France
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Suibhne
French "I
French "I'm From the United States"
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Language Guy®
François Furstenberg: "When the United States (and Missouri) Spoke French”
François Furstenberg: "When the United States (and Missouri) Spoke French”
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Kinder Institute on Constitutional Democracy
French Colonization of North America (New France Colonial America APUSH) @TomRichey
French Colonization of North America (New France Colonial America APUSH) @TomRichey
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: Tom Richey
George Corominas (1945) French painter ✽ Francis Goya / Blue Spanish Eyes
George Corominas (1945) French painter ✽ Francis Goya / Blue Spanish Eyes
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: K A R O L A
Young Haitians in Florida Learn About US Culture and Their Own
Young Haitians in Florida Learn About US Culture and Their Own
Published: 2011/12/07
Channel: VOA Learning English
The French Revolution: Crash Course World History #29
The French Revolution: Crash Course World History #29
Published: 2012/08/10
Channel: CrashCourse
The French Explorers  The Beginnings of French Exploration and Settlement in North America  1490 156
The French Explorers The Beginnings of French Exploration and Settlement in North America 1490 156
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: TheChamberlinChannel
AMERICA 💜 (French exchange student)
AMERICA 💜 (French exchange student)
Published: 2014/04/19
Channel: Emilie Cbd
Elon Gold - Accents (Stand up Comedy)
Elon Gold - Accents (Stand up Comedy)
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Comedy Dynamics
Cajun French - pledge of Allegiance to the United States of America
Cajun French - pledge of Allegiance to the United States of America
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: Brad Nation
The Natives and the English - Crash Course US History #3
The Natives and the English - Crash Course US History #3
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: CrashCourse
"Men in dark suits" rule the US - Putin on Deep State
"Men in dark suits" rule the US - Putin on Deep State
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Inessa S
Learn English Listening Skills - How to understand native English speakers
Learn English Listening Skills - How to understand native English speakers
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: Anglo-Link
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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French language in the United States. Click for color legend. The census response "Cajun" and French-based creole languages are not included

The French language is spoken as a minority language in the United States. Roughly 2.07 million Americans over the age of five reported speaking the language at home in a federal 2010 estimate,[1][2] making French the fourth most-spoken language in the nation behind English, Spanish, and Chinese (when Cajun, Haitian Creole and all other forms of French are included, and when Cantonese, Mandarin and other varieties of Chinese are similarly combined).[3]

Several varieties of French evolved in what is now the United States:

More recently, French has also been carried to various parts of the nation via immigration from Francophone regions. Today, French is the second most spoken language (after English) in the states of Maine and Vermont, and the third most spoken (after English and Spanish) in the states of Louisiana, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.[2][4]

As a second language, French is the second most widely taught foreign language in American schools, colleges and universities.[5] While the overwhelming majority of Americans of French ancestry grew up speaking only English, some enroll their children in French heritage language classes.

French ancestry[edit]

A total of 10,804,304 people claimed French ancestry in the 2010 census[6] although other sources have recorded as many as 13 million people claiming this ancestry. Most French-speaking Americans are of this heritage, but there are also significant populations not of French descent who speak it as well, including those from Belgium, Switzerland, Haiti and numerous Francophone African countries.

Dialects and varieties[edit]

Bilingual road sign in Louisiana

There are three major groups of French dialects that emerged in what is now the United States: Louisiana French, Missouri French, and New England French (essentially a variant of Canadian French).[7]

Louisiana French is traditionally divided into three dialects, Colonial French, Louisiana Creole French, and Cajun French.[8][9] Colonial French is traditionally said to have been the form of French spoken in the early days of settlement in the lower Mississippi River valley, and was once the language of the educated land-owning classes. Cajun French, derived from Acadian French, is said to have been introduced with the arrival of Acadian exiles in the 18th century. The Acadians, the francophone inhabitants of Acadia (modern Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and northern Maine), were expelled from their homeland between 1755 and 1763 by the British. Many Acadians settled in lower Louisiana, where they became known as Cajuns (a corruption of "Acadians"). Their dialect was regarded as the typical language of white lower classes, while Louisiana Creole French developed as the language of the black community. Today, most linguists regard Colonial French to have largely merged with Cajun, while Louisiana Creole remains a distinct variety.[9]

Missouri French was spoken by the descendants of 17th-century French settlers in the Illinois Country, especially in the area of Ste. Genevieve, St. Louis, and in Washington County. In the 1930s there were said to be about 600 French-speaking families in the Old Mines region between De Soto and Potosi.[10] By the late 20th century the dialect was nearly extinct, with only a few elderly speakers able to use it.[8]

Similarly, Muskrat French is spoken in southeastern Michigan by descendants of habitants, voyageurs and coureurs des bois who settled in the Pays d'en Haut.[11]

Métis French is spoken by some Métis people in North Dakota.

New England French, essentially a local variety of Canadian French, is spoken in parts of the New England states. This area has a legacy of significant immigration from Canada, especially during the 19th and the early 20th centuries. Some Americans of French heritage who have lost the language are currently attempting to revive it.[12][13]

Ernest F. Haden identifies the French of Frenchville, Pennsylvania (Covington Township) as a distinct dialect of North American French.[14] "While the French enclave of Frenchville, Pennsylvania first received attention in the late 1960s, the variety of French spoken has not been the subject of systematic linguistic study. Haden reports that the geographical origin of its settlers is central France, as was also the case of New Orleans, but with settlement being more recent (1830–1840). He also reports that in the 1960s French seemed to be on the verge of extinction in the state community."[15][16][17]

Newer Francophone immigrants[edit]

Bilingual exit sign on Interstate 87 in Clinton County, New York

In Florida, the city of Miami is home to a large Francophone community, consisting of French expatriates, Haitians (who may also speak Haitian Creole, a separate language which is derived partially from French), and French Canadians; there is also a growing community of Francophone Africans in and around Orlando and Tampa. A small but sustaining French community that originated in San Francisco during the Gold Rush and was supplemented by French wine-making immigrants to the Bay Area is centered culturally around that city's French Quarter.

Francophone tourists and retirees[edit]

Many retired individuals from Quebec have moved either to Florida or Hawaii, or at least spend the winter there. Also, the many Canadians who travel to the Southeastern states in the winter and spring include a number of Francophones, mostly from Quebec but also from New Brunswick and Ontario. Quebecers and Acadians also tend to visit Louisiana, as Quebec and New Brunswick share a number of cultural ties with Louisiana.

Language study[edit]

French has traditionally been the foreign language of choice for English-speakers across the globe. However, since 1968,[18] French has ranked as the second-most-studied foreign language in the United States, behind Spanish.[19] Some 1.2 million students from the elementary grades through high school were enrolled in French language courses in 2007-2008, or 14% of all students enrolled in foreign languages.[20]

Many American universities offer French-language courses, and degree programs in the language are common.[21] In the fall of 2013, 197,757 American university students were enrolled in French courses, or 12.7% of all foreign-language students and the second-highest total of any language (behind Spanish, with 790,756 students, or 50.6%).[22]

As a rule, the French taught in American and Anglophone Canadian classrooms is that of France, not Francophone Canada.[23][not in citation given]

Francophone communities[edit]

More than 1,000 inhabitants

Fewer than 1,000 inhabitants

Counties and parishes with the highest proportion of French-speakers[edit]

Note: speakers of French-based creole languages are not included in percentages.

Seasonal migrations[edit]

Florida, California, New York, Texas, Louisiana, Arizona, Hawaii, and a few other popular resort regions (most notably Old Orchard Beach, Maine, Kennebunk and Kennebunkport, Maine and Cape May, New Jersey) are visited in large numbers by Québécois, during winter and summer vacations.

French place-names[edit]

French Channel TV in the United States[edit]

French newspapers in the United States[edit]

French radio stations in the United States[edit]

  • WSRF (AM 1580), Miami area
  • WYGG (FM 88.1), central New Jersey
  • KFAI (FM 90.3 Minneapolis and 106.7 St.Paul), Minnesota (weekly broadcast is French with English translation, but features French language music)
  • KBON (FM 101.1), southern Louisiana (spoken programming is English, but features French language music)
  • KJEF (AM 1290), southern Louisiana (spoken programming is English, but features French language music)
  • KLCL (AM 1470), southern Louisiana (spoken programming is English, but features French language music)
  • KVPI (1050 AM), southern Louisiana (twice-a-day news broadcast in French, plays English language music)
  • KRVS (FM 88.7), southern Louisiana (variety of programming in English and French)

French schools in the United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau (2003). "Language Use and English-Speaking Ability: 2000" (PDF). U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER : Universe: Population 5 years and over : 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. 
  4. ^ "LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER : Universe: Population 5 years and over : 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates??". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  5. ^ https://www.mla.org/Resources/Research/Surveys-Reports-and-Other-Documents/Teaching-Enrollments-and-Programs/Enrollments-in-Languages-Other-Than-English-in-United-States-Institutions-of-Higher-Education
  6. ^ "SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES : 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  7. ^ Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308. ISBN 0-89925-356-3. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. p. 307. ISBN 0-89925-356-3. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "What is Cajun French?". Department of French Studies, Louisiana State University. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Creole Dialect of Missouri". J.-M. Carrière, American Speech, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Apr., 1939), pp. 109–119
  11. ^ Au, Dennis. "The Mushrat French: The Survival of French Canadian Folklife on the American Side of le Détroit". 
  12. ^ "Reveil". Wakingupfrench.com. 2006-01-30. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  13. ^ [1] Archived May 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Haden, Ernest F. 1973. "French dialect geography in North America." In Thomas A. Sebeok (Ed). Current trends in linguistics. The Hague: Mouton, 10.422-439.
  15. ^ King, Ruth (2000). "The Lexical Basis of Grammatical Borrowing: A Prince Edward Island French Case Study". Amsterdam: John Benjamins: 5. 
  16. ^ Phillips, George. "French influence on the English speaking community". 
  17. ^ [2] Archived February 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Judith W. Rosenthal, Handbook of Undergraduate Second Language Education (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000; New York: Routledge, 2011), p. 50.
  19. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca. "By The Numbers: Most Popular Foreign Languages". Forbes. 
  20. ^ "Language study in the US" (PDF). actfl.org. Retrieved 2015-03-20. 
  21. ^ Goldberg, David; Looney, Dennis; Lusin, Natalia (February 2015). "Enrollments in Languages Other Than English in United States Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 2013" (PDF). Modern Language Association. Retrieved May 20, 2015. 
  22. ^ "MLA Enrollment Survey Press Release" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-04-23. 
  23. ^ "Government of Ontario - Office of Francophone Affairs: June 4, 2009 news release". Ofa.gov.on.ca. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  24. ^ http://www.bonjouramericatv.com/
  25. ^ "Audubon Charter School". Auduboncharter.com. 1999-12-31. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  26. ^ "Home". Dallasinternationalschool.org. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  27. ^ [3] Archived May 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ [4] Archived June 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ "About Us | EFIP". Efiponline.com. 1991-01-22. Retrieved 2013-04-23. 

External links[edit]

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