Play Video
1
Anatomical Pathology with Fruit and Veg
Anatomical Pathology with Fruit and Veg
::2012/06/14::
Play Video
2
Fruit Anatomy 101
Fruit Anatomy 101
::2009/01/07::
Play Video
3
Fruit anatomy gone wrong
Fruit anatomy gone wrong
::2011/10/21::
Play Video
4
Don
Don't Freak Out if That Fruit's Losing Flowers... Comparative Anatomy
::2012/07/10::
Play Video
5
Anatomy of a Relationship-God Wants a Baby-1-DBATTLE
Anatomy of a Relationship-God Wants a Baby-1-DBATTLE
::2010/07/16::
Play Video
6
Grey
Grey's Anatomy - Face transplant
::2007/07/30::
Play Video
7
Jerry Seinfeld Interview: How to Write a Joke | The New York Times
Jerry Seinfeld Interview: How to Write a Joke | The New York Times
::2012/12/20::
Play Video
8
'The Disappearance of Eleanor Rigby: Them' | Anatomy of a Scene | The New York Times
::2014/09/07::
Play Video
9
Masters of Anatomy - Music by White Cat Music
Masters of Anatomy - Music by White Cat Music
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
10
Neurons or nerve cells - Structure function and types of neurons | Human Anatomy | 3D Biology
Neurons or nerve cells - Structure function and types of neurons | Human Anatomy | 3D Biology
::2013/04/27::
Play Video
11
Grey
Grey's Anatomy 7x12 "Start Me Up" Sneak Peek #3
::2011/01/08::
Play Video
12
Human Lungs | Parts of Respiratory system | Human anatomy | 3D animation videos
Human Lungs | Parts of Respiratory system | Human anatomy | 3D animation videos
::2013/04/24::
Play Video
13
‘Life of Crime’ | Anatomy of a Scene w/ Director Daniel Schechter | The New York Times
‘Life of Crime’ | Anatomy of a Scene w/ Director Daniel Schechter | The New York Times
::2014/08/31::
Play Video
14
Durian - The World
Durian - The World's Smelliest Fruit
::2013/12/05::
Play Video
15
Knee anatomy | Knee joint anatomy | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
Knee anatomy | Knee joint anatomy | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
16
Biochemical Anatomy: The Intestinal Villi
Biochemical Anatomy: The Intestinal Villi
::2011/08/09::
Play Video
17
Grey
Grey's Anatomy 10x07 Promo "Thriller" (HD)
::2013/10/24::
Play Video
18
Understanding Blood Pressure | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
Understanding Blood Pressure | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
::2012/11/01::
Play Video
19
True Facts About The Fruit Bat
True Facts About The Fruit Bat
::2013/03/04::
Play Video
20
When is it ripe? Dragon Fruit
When is it ripe? Dragon Fruit
::2014/08/02::
Play Video
21
Peach tree scion vigor linked to rootstock xylem anatomy
Peach tree scion vigor linked to rootstock xylem anatomy
::2014/03/25::
Play Video
22
Bat Biology 101
Bat Biology 101
::2013/07/03::
Play Video
23
Arm Anatomy | Arm bones muscles joints | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
Arm Anatomy | Arm bones muscles joints | Human Anatomy and Physiology video 3D animation | elearnin
::2013/07/20::
Play Video
24
Defilementory - The Mask of Anatomy
Defilementory - The Mask of Anatomy
::2014/04/06::
Play Video
25
ANSA CERVICALIS-ANATOMY VIDEO LECTURES
ANSA CERVICALIS-ANATOMY VIDEO LECTURES
::2014/05/24::
Play Video
26
Woodstock Fruit Festival 2014 - Questions to ask.
Woodstock Fruit Festival 2014 - Questions to ask.
::2014/08/01::
Play Video
27
Velocity : Anatomy of a Card Throw - Teaser #1
Velocity : Anatomy of a Card Throw - Teaser #1
::2014/05/15::
Play Video
28
Foot Bones explained | Foot joints and ankle movements | Human Anatomy in 3D | elearnin
Foot Bones explained | Foot joints and ankle movements | Human Anatomy in 3D | elearnin
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
29
Anatomy syllabus 3  The flip
Anatomy syllabus 3 The flip
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
30
Essential Anatomy 3 -  Android
Essential Anatomy 3 - Android
::2014/06/10::
Play Video
31
Class 11-Botany-Anatomy of Flowering Plants-Medical-NEET Videos
Class 11-Botany-Anatomy of Flowering Plants-Medical-NEET Videos
::2013/03/19::
Play Video
32
Anatomy of a Steam Locomotive
Anatomy of a Steam Locomotive
::2014/08/10::
Play Video
33
How to Pollinate Dragon Fruit Flowers 101
How to Pollinate Dragon Fruit Flowers 101
::2013/08/21::
Play Video
34
The Expendables 3 (Sylvester Stallone, Jason Statham, Mel Gibson) | Anatomy of a Movie
The Expendables 3 (Sylvester Stallone, Jason Statham, Mel Gibson) | Anatomy of a Movie
::2014/08/22::
Play Video
35
Bear Basti Gryllt - 264 - Grays Anatomy
Bear Basti Gryllt - 264 - Grays Anatomy
::2014/05/26::
Play Video
36
Anatomy syllabus 1  Welcome!
Anatomy syllabus 1 Welcome!
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
37
The Evolutionary Power of Sight (Vision) - Eye Evolution & Anatomy (Visual Perception) -
The Evolutionary Power of Sight (Vision) - Eye Evolution & Anatomy (Visual Perception) -
::2014/08/01::
Play Video
38
Primal’s 3D Human Anatomy for Speech Language Pathology & Audiology Software
Primal’s 3D Human Anatomy for Speech Language Pathology & Audiology Software
::2014/06/18::
Play Video
39
Play All Day:  About sbt-web and the Anatomy of a Plugin
Play All Day: About sbt-web and the Anatomy of a Plugin
::2014/06/05::
Play Video
40
Anatomy of a Painting (Brush Sauce Theatre ep.5)
Anatomy of a Painting (Brush Sauce Theatre ep.5)
::2013/08/03::
Play Video
41
Anatomy syllabus 2  Required materials
Anatomy syllabus 2 Required materials
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
42
Learn French with Ouino: L
Learn French with Ouino: L'anatomie (Anatomy)
::2010/11/05::
Play Video
43
Anatomy syllabus 10  Advice
Anatomy syllabus 10 Advice
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
44
Why sugar in fruit is good
Why sugar in fruit is good
::2013/10/14::
Play Video
45
Fruit Sliced Nail Art Canes Embedded into Acrylic Tutorial Video by Naio Nails
Fruit Sliced Nail Art Canes Embedded into Acrylic Tutorial Video by Naio Nails
::2012/02/19::
Play Video
46
Grey
Grey's Anatomy After Show Season 10 Episode 8 "Two Against One" | AfterBuzz TV
::2013/11/08::
Play Video
47
Eduardo Costa - The Biology of Painting #2 The Anatomy Lesson
Eduardo Costa - The Biology of Painting #2 The Anatomy Lesson
::2013/05/01::
Play Video
48
Anatomy syllabus 5  Grades
Anatomy syllabus 5 Grades
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
49
Grey
Grey's Anatomy Sneak Peek 10.21 - Change Of Heart (1)
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
50
Fruit Express Meet Part 1 New Equipment
Fruit Express Meet Part 1 New Equipment
::2014/09/03::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Longitudinal section of a female flower of a squash plant (courgette), showing the ovary, ovules, pistil, and petals.

Fruit anatomy is the internal structure of fruit, the mature ovary or ovaries from one or more flowers. In fleshy fruits, the outer and often edible layer is the pericarp, which is the tissue that develops from the ovary wall of the flower and surrounds the seeds.

In some seemingly pericarp fruits, the edible portion is not derived from the ovary. For example, in the fruit of the ackee tree, the edible portion is an aril; and in the pineapple several tissues from the flower and stem are involved.

A cavity inside the fruit that contain the ovules or seeds is called a cell.

Categories of fruits[edit]

Some plants commonly called "vegetables", such as the cucumbers, tomatoes, and squash are actually botanically fruits.

Fruits come in three main anatomical categories:

Anatomy of simple fruits[edit]

Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
A schematic picture of an orange hesperidium
A segment of an orange that has been opened to show its pulp (juice vesicles)

In berries and drupes, the pericarp forms the edible tissue around the seeds. In accessory fruits, other tissues develop into the edible portion of the fruit instead, for example the receptacle of the flower in apples.

Pericarp layers[edit]

The pericarp is typically made up of three distinct layers: the epicarp, which is the outermost layer; the mesocarp, which is the middle layer or pith; and the endocarp, which is the inner layer surrounding the ovary or the seeds. In a citrus fruit, the epicarp and mesocarp make up the peel.

Epicarp[edit]

Epicarp (from Greek: exo-,[clarification needed] "outside" + -carp, "fruit") is a botanical term for the outermost layer of the pericarp (or fruit). The epicarp forms the tough outer skin of the fruit, which bears oil glands and pigments. The epicarp is sometimes called the exocarp, or, especially in citruses, the flavedo.

Flavedo is mostly composed of cellulosic material but also contains other components, such as essential oils, paraffin waxes, steroids and triterpenoids, fatty acids, pigments (carotenoids, chlorophylls, flavonoids), bitter principles (limonene), and enzymes.

In citrus fruits, the flavedo constitutes the peripheral surface of the pericarp. It is composed of several cell layers that become progressively thicker in the internal part; the epidermic layer is covered with wax and contains few stomata, which in many cases are closed when the fruit is ripe.

When ripe, the flavedo cells contain carotenoids (mostly xanthophyll) inside chromoplasts, which, in a previous developmental stage, contained chlorophyll. This hormonally controlled progression in development is responsible for the fruit's change of color from green to yellow upon ripening.

The internal region of the flavedo is rich in multicellular bodies with spherical or pyriform shapes, which are full of essential oils.

Mesocarp[edit]

The mesocarp (from Greek: meso-, "middle" + -carp, "fruit") is the fleshy middle layer of the pericarp of a fruit; it is found between the epicarp and the endocarp. It is usually the part of the fruit that is eaten. For example, the mesocarp makes up most of the edible part of a peach, and a considerable part of a tomato. "Mesocarp" may also refer to any fruit that is fleshy throughout.

In a hesperidium, as is found in citrus fruit, the mesocarp is also referred to as albedo or pith. It is the inner part of the peel and is commonly removed before eating. In citron fruit, where the mesocarp is the most prominent part, it is used to produce succade.

Endocarp[edit]

Endocarp (from Greek: endo-, "inside" + -carp, "fruit") is a botanical term for the inside layer of the pericarp (or fruit), which directly surrounds the seeds. It may be membranous as in citrus where it is the only part consumed, or thick and hard as in the stone fruits of the family Rosaceae such as peaches, cherries, plums, and apricots.

In nuts, it is the stony layer that surrounds the kernel of pecans, walnuts, etc., and that is removed prior to consumption.

In citrus fruits, the endocarp is separated into sections, which are called segments. These segments are filled with juice vesicles, which contain the juice of the fruit.

Olive drupe endocarp (left and center) and the seed (right).

Anatomy of grass fruits[edit]

The grains of grasses are single-seed simple fruits wherein the pericarp (ovary wall) and seed coat are fused into one layer. This type of fruit is called a caryopsis. Examples include cereal grains, such as wheat, barley, and rice.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014