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1
2.3L High Output Quad 4 Training Series (part 1)
2.3L High Output Quad 4 Training Series (part 1)
::2010/01/25::
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2
First drive with Quad 4 engine
First drive with Quad 4 engine
::2012/04/15::
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Z24 QUAD 4 CHEVY CAVALIER 2.4 LITER ENGINE REBUILD PRT.2
Z24 QUAD 4 CHEVY CAVALIER 2.4 LITER ENGINE REBUILD PRT.2
::2012/06/03::
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GM Quad 4 engine subwoofers and test run 89 Grand Am 5 speed DOHC
GM Quad 4 engine subwoofers and test run 89 Grand Am 5 speed DOHC
::2011/11/14::
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2.3 Quad 4 Engine Repair
2.3 Quad 4 Engine Repair
::2012/02/28::
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4x4 400EX WALKS ON WATER 600EX! Awesome Skimming! CBR600RR Engine on ATV! Hydroplaning Quad!!!
4x4 400EX WALKS ON WATER 600EX! Awesome Skimming! CBR600RR Engine on ATV! Hydroplaning Quad!!!
::2011/04/04::
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(walk around description)  CBR600 F4i streetbike engine in Bombardier quad 4 wheeler frame
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::2013/04/07::
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1988 - Commercial - Oldsmobile Aerotech with Quad 4 Engine - Specially Modified & Turbocharged
1988 - Commercial - Oldsmobile Aerotech with Quad 4 Engine - Specially Modified & Turbocharged
::2013/09/02::
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Chevy Cavalier 2.4L Quad4 engine rebuild
Chevy Cavalier 2.4L Quad4 engine rebuild
::2012/05/19::
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Mth 4 Engine Lashup "the Quad"
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::2012/10/15::
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New 2500 HP Revolution 4 Cam Small Block Nelson.  Quad Cam V8.  From Nelson Racing Engines.
New 2500 HP Revolution 4 Cam Small Block Nelson. Quad Cam V8. From Nelson Racing Engines.
::2010/06/25::
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Supercharged Quad4 Fiero Startup.wmv
Supercharged Quad4 Fiero Startup.wmv
::2011/12/02::
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CAVALIER 2.4 LITER QUAD 4 FIRST RUN AFTER ENGINE OVERHAUL
CAVALIER 2.4 LITER QUAD 4 FIRST RUN AFTER ENGINE OVERHAUL
::2012/06/10::
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Quad Copter Checkpoints test - Unreal Engine 4
Quad Copter Checkpoints test - Unreal Engine 4
::2014/03/02::
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1994 Pontiac Grand Am GT 2.3L Quad 4 DOHC HO
1994 Pontiac Grand Am GT 2.3L Quad 4 DOHC HO
::2010/09/08::
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Fixing a Engine Rattle in my 1999 Grand Am   Quad 4 2 4L
Fixing a Engine Rattle in my 1999 Grand Am Quad 4 2 4L
::2014/06/08::
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quad 4 carburetor military 4 cylinder boxer engine
quad 4 carburetor military 4 cylinder boxer engine
::2012/05/11::
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Bigfoot 125cc Midi Quad, Automatic + Reverse, Electric Start, 4 Stroke Engine
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::2013/10/24::
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#4 Warm engine start Suzuki LTZ 400 K8  Winter ATV Quad DRZ Quadsport Z400
#4 Warm engine start Suzuki LTZ 400 K8 Winter ATV Quad DRZ Quadsport Z400
::2013/02/16::
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1962 Impala SS 409 Dual Quad 4 Speed Engine Running
1962 Impala SS 409 Dual Quad 4 Speed Engine Running
::2011/06/12::
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Ricky playin on my R1 Predator 1000cc Quad
Ricky playin on my R1 Predator 1000cc Quad
::2010/05/05::
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22
Tuner Quad 4 2001 Oldsmobile Alero
Tuner Quad 4 2001 Oldsmobile Alero
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Quad 4 Z26 Engine Knock
Quad 4 Z26 Engine Knock
::2011/09/05::
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Kawasaki Tecate-4 (quad) with motorcycle engine
Kawasaki Tecate-4 (quad) with motorcycle engine
::2010/05/16::
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Queen Street Racing Quad Rotor 1664 HP !!!
Queen Street Racing Quad Rotor 1664 HP !!!
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raptor 1000 gsxr quad
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26b 4Rotor Turbo GS300
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Elmer
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::2009/11/09::
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SOLD, 2004 Dodge Dakota SLT, Quad Cab Truck, 4 Door, V8 Engine, Sell My Car.net, Hawaii
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Quad Bike Powered By Ferrari Engine Can Hit 150mph
Quad Bike Powered By Ferrari Engine Can Hit 150mph
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Testing Pontiac & Quad4 2.3L engine 3
Testing Pontiac & Quad4 2.3L engine 3
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Testing Pontiac & Quad4 2.3L engine 2
Testing Pontiac & Quad4 2.3L engine 2
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50CC QUAD WITH 110CC ENGINE SOLD 4 speed manual clutch SOLD
50CC QUAD WITH 110CC ENGINE SOLD 4 speed manual clutch SOLD
::2010/07/18::
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Cummins ISX Engine 1st Start  (International Eagle Quad Dump)
Cummins ISX Engine 1st Start (International Eagle Quad Dump)
::2014/03/21::
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1927 Ford: Double-Trouble -- /BIG MUSCLE
1927 Ford: Double-Trouble -- /BIG MUSCLE
::2013/09/23::
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Oldsmobile W41 Quad 4 Spec Beretta GTZ
Oldsmobile W41 Quad 4 Spec Beretta GTZ
::2009/11/04::
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Quad 4 wheeler atv with honda cbr 600cc motor
Quad 4 wheeler atv with honda cbr 600cc motor
::2014/01/22::
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Chevy 409 Engine 500 Hp Dual Quad
Chevy 409 Engine 500 Hp Dual Quad
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Snowmobile Engine On A Quad - Dirt Drag
Snowmobile Engine On A Quad - Dirt Drag
::2013/08/18::
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Coolster 125cc RacerPro 4 Wheeler Quad   C-ATV-3125C
Coolster 125cc RacerPro 4 Wheeler Quad C-ATV-3125C
::2013/11/14::
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ez go golf cart with quad engine 5 speed semi-auto
ez go golf cart with quad engine 5 speed semi-auto
::2010/04/01::
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Quad engine tractor running
Quad engine tractor running
::2007/03/18::
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Lazareth
Lazareth's Newest Quad Bike Has Ferrari Engine
::2013/10/31::
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How to start a quad or dirtbike - Troubleshooting guide
How to start a quad or dirtbike - Troubleshooting guide
::2012/05/21::
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Ram170 quad  FZR400 4cylinder engine crazy mate riding
Ram170 quad FZR400 4cylinder engine crazy mate riding
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Quad paramotor engine Honda Silver wing aircraft conversion
Quad paramotor engine Honda Silver wing aircraft conversion
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from GM Quad 4 engine)
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Quad 4
LGOengine.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Oldsmobile
Also called
  • Twin Cam
  • Quad OHC
Production 1987-2002
Combustion chamber
Configuration Straight-4
Displacement
  • 2,260.5 cc (137.94 cu in)
  • 2,392.3 cc (145.99 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 92 mm (3.6 in)
  • 90 mm (3.5 in)
Piston stroke
  • 85 mm (3.3 in)
  • 94 mm (3.7 in)
Cylinder block alloy Cast iron
Cylinder head alloy Aluminum
Valvetrain
Compression ratio
  • 9.5:1
  • 9.7:1
  • 10.0:1
Combustion
Fuel system Sequential multi-point fuel injection
Fuel type Gasoline
Oil system Wet sump
Cooling system Water-cooled
Chronology
Successor Ecotec engine

The engine family known as the Quad 4 was debuted to the public in the spring of 1987. The Quad 4 was a 2,260.5 cc (2.2605 L; 137.94 cu in) DOHC inline 4-cylinder produced by General Motors' Oldsmobile division. Early television ads touting the new engine's abilities showed video of a limited edition Oldsmobile Calais (called the "GMO Quad 4") racing around city streets.

The Quad 4 name is derived from the engine's four-valve, four-cylinder layout. The engine was a modern design for its time, using a cast-iron block and an aluminum head. Even though belts were more popular for this purpose on OHC engines at the time, chains were used to time the camshafts to the crankshaft, which were useful because of the interference design of the engine. The water pump is also driven by the timing chain. The Quad 4 was the first wholly domestic regular production DOHC four-cylinder engine designed and built by GM; the only prior DOHC four-cylinder engine offered by GM was the Cosworth Vega, which featured a DOHC head designed by Cosworth in England.

First released to the public as regular production option for the 1988 Oldsmobile Cutlass Calais and Pontiac Grand Am, the engine's availability expanded to Buick in late 1988 and Chevrolet in 1990, after which it became a mainstay in GM's lineup until its cancellation after the 2002 model year.

Simultaneous to the engine's release in 1988, Oldsmobile attempted to further the Quad 4 name through highly publicized events featuring such cars as the Oldsmobile Aerotech. Another such event was the 1988 Indianapolis 500, when Oldsmobile was chosen to pace the Indy 500 with a convertible version of their Cutlass Supreme, and a pre-production turbocharged Quad 4 was the engine of choice for their pace car. Although it was publicized in 1988 that the Quad 4 was forthcoming in a 180 bhp (130 kW) "HO", as well as a 250 bhp (190 kW) turbocharged version (the same engine that was in the pace car that year), GM never released the turbocharged version as an option. Also, the engine in Oldsmobile Aerotech was a purpose-built, turbocharged example; it was solely meant to showcase the capability of the engine's design.

After the first couple years of rave reviews of the Quad 4, the automotive press began to criticize it for its NVH (noise/vibration/harshness). At the time, the Quad 4 was generally compared to, or against turbocharged four cylinders, V6s, and occasionally V8s. The first changes of the Quad 4 to address NVH were two rounds of exhaust port size reductions, followed by the addition of balance shafts in 1995. Further changes were made for the 1996 model year when the engine's bore & stroke were changed, and the engine was subsequently redubbed Twin Cam.

In addition to the 2,260.5 cc (2.2605 L; 137.94 cu in) DOHC versions, there were also both a short-lived SOHC variant, Quad OHC, available from 1992 to 1994, and the 2,392.3 cc (2.3923 L; 145.99 cu in) Twin Cam from 1996 to 2002. The Twin Cam was replaced by the Ecotec for the 2003 model year.

All engines in the Quad 4 family were produced at the Lansing Engine Plant (plant 5) in Delta Township near Lansing, Michigan. The Twin Cam was the last engine that was engineered and produced solely by Oldsmobile; the Aurora V8 and Intrigue V6 shared architecture with the Cadillac Northstar.

In recent years, the design has gained a minor following in Hot Rodding circles as a period style engine because it looks similar to a 1930s Offenhauser DOHC design.[1][2]

LD2[edit]

2.3 L Quad 4 in 1989 Cutlass Calais

The LD2 was the standard version of the Quad 4 and the first incarnation having been introduced in 1987 for the 1988 model year. In base form, the Quad 4 put out 150 bhp (110 kW) from 1988 to 1989 and 160 bhp (120 kW) from 1990 to 1992. GM was able to produce the 160 bhp (120 kW) with no turbo, nor an EGR system to pass emission standards; it required a 9.5:1 compression ratio. The base Quad 4 saw several slight changes during its production run including different crankshafts, cams, and manifolds[disambiguation needed], all meant to increase torque and quiet NVH. There was also a transitional version of the LD2 in 1995, which displaced the same 2.3 liters as the early Quad 4 but featured the dual balance shafts of the later 2.4 L LD9 Twin Cam.

Applications:

1995[edit]

2.3 L Quad 4 in 1995 Chevrolet Cavalier Z24

For 1995 only, a balance shaft-equipped version of the 2.3 L version was produced. A clever arrangement ensured a constant load on the shafts: the crank drove one shaft, which drives the second, which then drives the oil pump. The shafts spun at twice the engine rpm, forcing the redline to be reduced from 6800 to 6500 rpm. Output was 150 bhp (110 kW) and 150 lb·ft (200 N·m). This was the only Quad 4 produced in 1995.

This was known as a transitional year for the engine family.

Applications:

LG0[edit]

2.3 L Quad 4 LG0 engine

The High Output 2.3 L LG0 was rated at 180 hp (130 kW) from 1989 to 1992, 175 hp (130 kW) in 1993 and 170 hp (130 kW) in 1994; both the 1993 and 1994 power reductions were a direct result of the first two rounds of the Quad 4's NVH reductions; both being exhaust port size reductions. Changes that differentiated the LG0 from the LD2 engine were more aggressive camshafts and an extra half point of compression; 9.5:1 to 10.0:1. These engines were recommended to run exclusively on premium fuel of 91 octane rating or higher due to the compression ratio.

The High Output engine was introduced with both a special production run of 200 Cutlass Calais International Series coupes, as well as 200 Grand Am SE coupes — all featuring Bright Red paint, and grey interiors. The LG0 engine was only available with the heavy-duty (for its time) Getrag designed HM-282/NVG-T550 five-speed transmissions.[3]

From 1989 to 2009, the Quad 4 held the title of being General Motors most powerful naturally aspirated regular production four-cylinder engine. Only recently was the LG0's 180 bhp (130 kW) rating eclipsed when the 2010 model year 2.4 L Ecotec LAF launched in the Buick Lacrosse and Chevrolet Equinox. The LAF has a rated output of 182 hp (136 kW) but does so with 11.4:1 compression ratio, gasoline direct injection and variable valve timing.

There was a limited production version of the LG0 engine offered in select Oldsmobiles which used the designation W41 (listed below).

LG0 applications:

W41[edit]

2.3 L Quad 4 W41 engine

The W41 was the highest output Quad 4. The 1991–1992 W41 were rated at 190 hp (140 kW), while the 1993 W41 was rated at 185 hp (138 kW) as a result of the first round of exhaust port size reduction to improve emissions and other changes to the Quad 4 architecture to reduce NVH (noise, vibration, and harshness). The additional 10 hp (7.5 kW) came from longer duration cams and a different PROM. A part of the W41 drivetrain was a specific version of the HM-282/NVG-T550 with a gear set otherwise unavailable. All W41 five-speed transmissions had a FDR (final drive ratio) of 3.94:1 whereas the 1988–1992.5 LD2 and LG0 transmissions all used a 3.61:1 FDR; the 3.94:1 FDR was used on all 1992.5-1994 LG0 transmissions, but retained the standard HM-282/NVG-T550 gear set.

W41 applications:

L40[edit]

Quad OHC engine

A SOHC variant of the Quad 4 was intended to replace the Pontiac 2.5 L Tech IV OHV "Iron Duke" engine. Debuting in 1992, this Quad OHC was an eight-valve engine and produced 120 hp (89 kW), 40 hp (30 kW) less than the Quad 4 of the same era. Torque was 140 lb·ft (190 N·m). Power dropped to 115 hp (86 kW) in 1993 with an attempt by GM to reduce the NVH of the engine.

Although power and economy were better than the Tech IV, the Quad OHC was retired after 1994 when the DOHC version became standard.

Applications:

LD9[edit]

2.4 L Twin Cam in 1997 Pontiac Sunfire

The LD9 Twin Cam was a 2.4 L (146 cu in) Quad 4 variant with balance shafts, and a redesigned cylinder head which debuted in 1996. In the mid nineties, these engines, like their earlier 2.3L counterparts, were known for timing chain failures, as well as water pump failures, in which the water pumps were often difficult and costly to access and replace. They also had very small oil passages, making for less than adequate lubrication, and costly engine repairs if not maintained properly. Bore was decreased from 92 mm (3.6 in) to 90 mm (3.5 in) and stroke increased from 85 mm (3.3 in) to 94 mm (3.7 in) for better torque. Power came in at 150 bhp (110 kW).[4] This engine received a minor update halfway through the 1999 model year that eliminated the EGR, increased the compression ratio from 9.5:1 to 9.7:1, and switched from low impedance fuel injectors to high impedance. For increased reliability this engine also saw other minor updates in the 2000s towards the end of its use in General Motors vehicles. In 2001, changes include a smaller knock sensor, flat-top pistons instead of dished, new oiling passages, newer stronger timing chain, a newer-designed water pump, a redesigned starter motor and a higher capacity catalytic converter. An improved belt tensioner was introduced in 2002.

Specifications (Post 1999)[edit]

Engine type Inline 4-cylinder DOHC 16v
Displacement 2.4 L (146 cu in)
Bore 90 mm (3.5 in)
Stroke 94 mm (3.7 in)
Compression ratio 9.7:1 
Fuel delivery Sequential Fuel Injection (SFI)
Peak power 150 hp (112 kW) at 5600 rpm
Peak torque 155 lb·ft (210 N·m) at 2400-4400 rpm
Estimated Fuel Mileage 23 City / 33 Highway[citation needed]

Applications:

Racing[edit]

Very early experimental Quad 4 racing engine. 
900 HP Quad 4 variant - rear. Single turbocharger. 
900 HP Quad 4 variant - side 
1000 HP Quad 4 variant. Twin turbochargers. 

Applications: Oldsmobile Aerotech

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Street Rodder Article August 2006". Streetrodderweb.com. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  2. ^ "Street Rodder Article March 2007". Streetrodderweb.com. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Wikicars Cutlass Calais". Wikicars.org. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  4. ^ "1996 Cavalier Specifications - (continued)". Media.gm.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2004. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 

http://members.shaw.ca/warped00/bcjbody/overview-LD9.html

External links[edit]

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