GM Uzbekistan logo
GM Uzbekistan factory in Asaka
|Founded||March 1, 2008|
|Products||Vehicles (Chevrolet, Ravon, GMC and Cadillac)|
General Motors (25%)
Number of employees
GM Uzbekistan (Uzbek: JM O‘zbеkiston, ЖМ Ўзбекистон; Russian: Джи Эм Узбекистан) is a joint venture between the Uzbek OJSC UzAvtosanoat (75%) and the American General Motors Company (25%) for the manufacturing of automobiles, and is located in Asaka, Uzbekistan.
The JV originally was founded in 1996 between the Uzbek government and the South Korea-based Daewoo, and was initially known as Uz-DaewooAuto. Following the change of ownership of Daewoo to GM Daewoo, the facility was renamed GM Uzbekistan in 2008 to continue to produce Uz-Daewoo branded vehicles. More recently these models are now sold as Chevrolets as in other international markets.
GM Uzbekistan began production on 27 November 2008. The first assembled car on this day was an Chevrolet Lacetti which also was the 1,000,000 assembled vehicle out of the production from UzAvtosanoat. The annual production of GM Uzbekistan are 250,000 units. Since the beginning of the third quarter[clarification needed] Chevrolet is manufacturing the Chevrolet Spark M300 in Asaka. The M300 is currently intended only for export. Currently, the models are assembled CKD and SKD kits. But GM Uzbekistan plans to manufacture up to 50% of all needed parts and want to realize it soon as possible.
Another plant is producing 200,000 units of front- rear- and side windows for the vehicles of the Uz-DaewooAvto and the Chevrolet Lacetti. A third production facility was opened in 2014 in Pitnak, Khorezm Region, manufacturing the Damas/Labo microvans and the Chevrolet Orlando minivan.
In 2010, about 5,000 employees were employed at the GM Uzbekistan assembly plant. GM Uzbekistan sold 121,584 vehicles locally in 2011, making the country the eighth-largest market for Chevrolet and produced more than 225,000 vehicles. Its products are also exported to Russia and other CIS countries.
In 2012, the Chevrolet Malibu and the Chevrolet Cobalt were added to the production line, followed by the revised Gentra model in 2013, the Chevrolet Orlando in 2014, and the Chevrolet Nexia T250 in 2015.
Following a new agreement in 2008, the joint venture GM Powertrain Uzbekistan opened an engine plant in Tashkent, 400 kilometres (248.5 mi) from GM Uzbekistan's vehicle manufacturing facility in Asaka, in November 2011. GM owns 52% and UzAvtosanoat has a 48% stake in the Powertrain JV. The factory is GM’s first engine plant in Uzbekistan. It will produce more than 225,000 Ecotec 1.2L and 1.5L engines a year for use in GM small passenger cars around the world.
GM Uzbekistan road vehicle timeline, 1996–present
|City car||Daewoo Tico||Daewoo Matiz (M150)||Ravon Matiz R1|
|Chevrolet Spark (M300)||Ravon Spark R2|
|Subcompact car||Chevrolet Cobalt||Ravon Cobalt R4|
|Ravon Nexia R3|
|Compact car||Daewoo Nexia (N100)||Daewoo Nexia II (N150)||Ravon Nexia R3|
|Chevrolet Lacetti||Chevrolet Gentra||Ravon Gentra R5|
|Compact SUV||Chevrolet Captiva|
|Compact MPV||Chevrolet Tacuma||Chevrolet Orlando|
|Mid-size car||Chevrolet Epica||Chevrolet Malibu|