|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Nagpur Division|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Gadchiroli-Chimur (shared with Chandrapur district)|
|• Total||14,412 km2 (5,565 sq mi)|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||976|
|Average annual precipitation||1704 mm|
Gadchiroli district is situated in the southeastern corner of Maharashtra, and is bounded by Chandrapur district to the west, Gondia district to the north, Chhattisgarh state to the east, and Telangana state to the south and southwest. Gadchiroli district was created on 26 August 1982 by the separation of Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils (administrative divisions) from Chandrapur district. As of 2011[update] it is the second-least-populous district of Maharashtra (out of 39), after Sindhudurg.
The district is divided into three sub-divisions: Gadchiroli, Aheri and Desaiganj. These are each further divided into four talukas: Gadchiroli sub-division consists of Gadchiroli, Dhanora, Chamorshi and Mulchera talukas; Aheri sub-division consists of Aheri, Sironcha, Etapalli and Bhamragad talukas; and Desaiganj (Wadsa) sub-division consists of Wadsa, Armori, Kurkheda and Korchi talukas. There are 467 gram panchayats (village councils) and 1,688 Revenue Villages. The district has 12 panchayat samitis (local development-block governments). Only two municipalities, Gadchiroli and Wadsa (Desaiganj), exist in the district.
Following the delimitation of the constituencies in 2008, the district had three Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies: Gadchiroli, Armori and Aheri. All of these are part of the newly carved Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.
The main river basin of the district is the Godavari, which flows west-to-east and forms the southern boundary of the district. The major tributaries of the Godavari are the Indravati and the Pranhita, the latter of which is formed by the confluence of the Wainganga and the Wardha near Chaprala village of Chamorshi taluka.
Dhanora, Etapalli, Aheri and Sironcha talukas in the eastern part of the district are covered by forest. Hills are found in Bhamragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad area. The eastern part of Gadchiroli, bordering Chhattisgarh state, is mainly hilly.
According to the 2011 census Gadchiroli district has a population of 1,071,795, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 424th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 74 inhabitants per square kilometre (190/sq mi). Its population growth rate during 2001–2011 was 10.46%. Gadchiroli has a sex ratio of 975 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.55%.
Scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population in the district is 108,824 and 371,696. The tribal community population that resides in the district is 38.3%. Seven languages are spoken in the district: Gondi, Madiya, Marathi, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, and Chhattisgarhi.
The district is categorised as tribal and undeveloped, with farming as the main occupation. Forests cover more than 79.36% of the hilly geographical of the district. The district produces bamboo and Tendu leaves, and paddy is the main agricultural product. Other agriculture includes sorghum, linseed, pigeonpea (tur), and wheat.
The only large-scale industry in the district is a paper mill at Ashti in Chamorshi taluka and the paper pulp factory at Desaiganj. There are many rice mills in the district. The Tussar silk worm centre is in Armori taluka. 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi) of railway lines pass through the district.
The district is known for activity of Naxalites – the People's Liberation Guerrilla Army – who have taken shelter in the dense forests and hills.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gadchiroli among the country's 250 most-backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The Lok Biradari Prakalpa (LBP) situated at Hemalkasa in the Bhamragad taluka is one of the major institutions offering healthcare and education services to the local Madia-Gond tribals. LBP was envisioned by the late Gandhian, Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte, fondly called Baba Amte. His family consisting of Dr. Prakash Amte, Dr. Mandakini Amte and their children currently work at the LBP.[better source needed]
The government recently established Gondwana University in Gadhchiroli district.
Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
Rhode Island 1,052,567
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