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Frank Ocean - Pink + White
Frank Ocean - Pink + White
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: agentOrange
D COOLEY - STREETS ft. VINNIE THA SHARK & FRANK WHITE
D COOLEY - STREETS ft. VINNIE THA SHARK & FRANK WHITE
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: BlackFly Music
Vado - Frank White [New CDQ Dirty NO DJ] Prod. By @butterbeatsDBK
Vado - Frank White [New CDQ Dirty NO DJ] Prod. By @butterbeatsDBK
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: PaperChaserDotCom
Doe B Mom (Ms.Shirley) and Frank White Speaks about Doe
Doe B Mom (Ms.Shirley) and Frank White Speaks about Doe's Upcoming Project (Shot by @Dash_Tv)
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: 1DashTv
ANNE FRANK
ANNE FRANK'D (CoD4 Prop Hunt)
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Mr Sark
Frank Ocean - Pink + White
Frank Ocean - Pink + White
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Cpu 11
FRANK WHITE - I PRAY (R.I.P MAC~LO) [Video]
FRANK WHITE - I PRAY (R.I.P MAC~LO) [Video]
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: BlackFly Music
The Frank Matthews Story
The Frank Matthews Story
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: Indie Rights
New Frank Ocean track #4 live in Munich 26.06.2013
New Frank Ocean track #4 live in Munich 26.06.2013
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: Mescudi Rager
DJ Frank White Says "I Ain
DJ Frank White Says "I Ain't Lil Flip" to T.I.; T.I. Responds | LIVE
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: JordanTower
Dragi D - Frank White
Dragi D - Frank White
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: Penjimon
BAN BOYZ  FRANK WHITE
BAN BOYZ FRANK WHITE
Published: 2013/09/23
Channel: d cole
Frank White Shed Series: Duets-D
Frank White Shed Series: Duets-D'Andre Thigpen & Antonio Jones Part 1
Published: 2009/12/15
Channel: Ron McIntosh
Lord Jamar: Frank Sinatra is the Only White Artist I Hold in High Esteem
Lord Jamar: Frank Sinatra is the Only White Artist I Hold in High Esteem
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: djvlad
CBM Lil Daddy Exposes DJ Frank White + Speaks On Doe B Killer & His Mother
CBM Lil Daddy Exposes DJ Frank White + Speaks On Doe B Killer & His Mother
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: CULTURE
Frank D Tank MLB the Show 17 Ep1 Spring Training with White Soxs
Frank D Tank MLB the Show 17 Ep1 Spring Training with White Soxs
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Nitewalker !
Sonny Black Feat. D-Bo und Frank White-Du Toy Ich Tight
Sonny Black Feat. D-Bo und Frank White-Du Toy Ich Tight
Published: 2010/01/03
Channel: DBoWolfpack
Sonny Black & Frank White - Sag Nicht... (feat. D-Bo)
Sonny Black & Frank White - Sag Nicht... (feat. D-Bo)
Published: 2012/11/30
Channel: ImTerribleBeCareful
MLB the Show 16 Ep2 Frank D Tank 1st baseman for Chicago White Sox (1st Career HR!)
MLB the Show 16 Ep2 Frank D Tank 1st baseman for Chicago White Sox (1st Career HR!)
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Nitewalker !
FINGER PUN DE TRIGGER music video -FRANK WHITE-PHASEONE RIDDIM
FINGER PUN DE TRIGGER music video -FRANK WHITE-PHASEONE RIDDIM
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: Frank White
White-Odd Future(Feat. Frank Ocean)
White-Odd Future(Feat. Frank Ocean)
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: KOLTON
Frank White e gli indomabili Milano 2009
Frank White e gli indomabili Milano 2009
Published: 2009/04/11
Channel: yeyo1331
Frank White, Prez-D, Tailor "Who is He" (Explicit) Parental Advisory
Frank White, Prez-D, Tailor "Who is He" (Explicit) Parental Advisory
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: Frank White TV
Perfect - Frank D
Perfect - Frank D'Angelo
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Frank D'Angelo
MLB the Show 16 Ep4 Frank D. Tank 1st baseman for the  Chicago  White Sox
MLB the Show 16 Ep4 Frank D. Tank 1st baseman for the Chicago White Sox
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Nitewalker !
MLB the Show 17 Frank D Tank Ep3 RF with the White Sox The rookie slump is real
MLB the Show 17 Frank D Tank Ep3 RF with the White Sox The rookie slump is real
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Nitewalker !
Frank White and Prez-D Before A Show
Frank White and Prez-D Before A Show
Published: 2009/03/01
Channel: Frank White TV
Frank D-BLAST, White Rabbit   MySpace Karaoke Online Karaoke2.m4v
Frank D-BLAST, White Rabbit MySpace Karaoke Online Karaoke2.m4v
Published: 2010/07/18
Channel: eatthat4breakfast
Frank White - "Trina" ft. Baby D
Frank White - "Trina" ft. Baby D
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: SouthStarrEnt
Mark Ronson - Uptown Funk ft. Bruno Mars
Mark Ronson - Uptown Funk ft. Bruno Mars
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: MarkRonsonVEVO
(NEW SLAP) D-BOY ACTION - UNKNOWN, SCOOT DA KIDD & FRANK WHITE
(NEW SLAP) D-BOY ACTION - UNKNOWN, SCOOT DA KIDD & FRANK WHITE
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: STAY GRIND'N ENT.
Bill Clinton and Frank White 1986 Debate
Bill Clinton and Frank White 1986 Debate
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: Roby Brock
Frank White feat. Prez-D "Underground Slave"
Frank White feat. Prez-D "Underground Slave"
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Frank White TV
Frank White In Studio Session Wit Prez D and Taylor Made Pt 2
Frank White In Studio Session Wit Prez D and Taylor Made Pt 2
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: Frank White TV
FRANK WHITE .... 2 D WORLD
FRANK WHITE .... 2 D WORLD
Published: 2009/06/14
Channel: MrKeepFit Leacock
Frank White Tour Blog #2 München
Frank White Tour Blog #2 München
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: FLER
MLB the Show 17 Ep8 RF Frank D Tank with the White Sox Rookie year continues
MLB the Show 17 Ep8 RF Frank D Tank with the White Sox Rookie year continues
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Nitewalker !
Kevin Spacey Explains Who Frank Underwood Is Talking To
Kevin Spacey Explains Who Frank Underwood Is Talking To
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
THE GENTLEMEN
THE GENTLEMEN'S GUIDE
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: TVFilthyFrank
Frank White and Prez D Working
Frank White and Prez D Working
Published: 2010/05/08
Channel: Frank White TV
Fler aka Frank White - Bewährung Vorbei EP | CD Präsentation #96 | Fatih Cetin 159
Fler aka Frank White - Bewährung Vorbei EP | CD Präsentation #96 | Fatih Cetin 159
Published: 2016/05/29
Channel: Fatih Cetin
Sonny Black & Frank White feat. D-Bo - Sag nicht ...
Sonny Black & Frank White feat. D-Bo - Sag nicht ...
Published: 2011/03/27
Channel: MarcelMusik1
Magda White and Frank Hammond Band
Magda White and Frank Hammond Band
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Ivano D'Ortenzio
Frank White feat. Prez D "Underground Slave"
Frank White feat. Prez D "Underground Slave"
Published: 2009/06/19
Channel: Frank White TV
D COOLEY - "STREETS" ft. BIG VINNIE THE SHARK & FRANK WHITE (produced by WAYNE ON A BEAT)
D COOLEY - "STREETS" ft. BIG VINNIE THE SHARK & FRANK WHITE (produced by WAYNE ON A BEAT)
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: TNPUSHERS
Magda White & Frank Hammond Band - I
Magda White & Frank Hammond Band - I'd rather go blind, Rock me baby
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: ruckwarts
BABS BUNNY & VAGUE QOTR "SPARRING SESSION" LADY E -vs- FRANK WHITE
BABS BUNNY & VAGUE QOTR "SPARRING SESSION" LADY E -vs- FRANK WHITE
Published: 2012/04/03
Channel: queenofthering
DVBBS & Shaun Frank - LA LA LAND ft. Delaney Jane (Live Session)
DVBBS & Shaun Frank - LA LA LAND ft. Delaney Jane (Live Session)
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Spinnin' Records
Mic Davice vs Frank D
Mic Davice vs Frank D
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: nickycakes
THE HYPOCRISY OF MODERN WHITE LIBERALS [a frank rebuttal by Dinesh D
THE HYPOCRISY OF MODERN WHITE LIBERALS [a frank rebuttal by Dinesh D'Souza]
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Sarah Bee
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Frank D. White
Frank D. White 1995.jpg
White in 1995
41st Governor of Arkansas
In office
January 19, 1981 – January 11, 1983
Lieutenant Winston Bryant
Preceded by Bill Clinton
Succeeded by Bill Clinton
Personal details
Born Durward Frank Kyle Jr.
(1933-06-04)June 4, 1933
Texarkana, Texas, U.S.
Died May 21, 2003(2003-05-21) (aged 69)
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
Resting place Mount Holly Cemetery in Little Rock
Political party Democratic (before 1980)
Republican (after 1980)
Spouse(s) Mary Blue Hollenberg White (m. 1961; div. 1973)[1][2]
Gay Daniels White (1975-2003; his death)[1][2]
Children 3[1]
Profession Banker, stockbroker
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Air Force
Years of service 1956–61
Rank US military captain's rank.gif Captain

Frank Durward White (June 4, 1933 – May 21, 2003) was an American banker and politician who served as the 41st Governor of Arkansas. He served a single two-year term from 1981 to 1983. He is one of two people to have defeated Bill Clinton in an election, the other being former U.S. Representative John Paul Hammerschmidt of Harrison, Arkansas.

Early years, family, education[edit]

White was born on June 4, 1933[1] in Texarkana in Bowie County, Texas, as Durward Frank Kyle, Jr.[3] His father, Durward Frank Kyle, died when White was seven, and White's mother, the former Ida Bottoms Clark, married Loftin E. White of Highland Park, Texas.[3] He took his stepfather's name and became "Frank Durward White".[3] After the death of the stepfather in 1950, the Whites returned to Texarkana.[3] White enrolled in the New Mexico Military Institute in Roswell, New Mexico but was subsequently recommended to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, by then U.S. Senator John L. McClellan of Arkansas.[3][4] He graduated from the academy with a bachelor of science degree in engineering in 1956.[3] He also excelled in the study of Spanish. Though he was a Naval Academy graduate, White became a pilot in the United States Air Force.[3] One of his first missions in the Air Force, in 1957, was to fly members of the 101st Airborne Division from Kentucky to Little Rock in the Little Rock Integration Crisis.[4] White was discharged from the Air Force in 1961 with the rank of Captain.[3]

From his first marriage to Mary Blue Hollenberg, a member of a prominent Little Rock family, White had three children.[3] In 1975, two years after his divorce, White married Gay Daniels, who survived him.[3] White and Daniels acquired custody of the children from his first marriage, but they had no children together.[3]

White was baptized as a youth in the Christian faith at Beech Street First Baptist Church in Texarkana (Miller County, Arkansas), later pastored by future Republican Governor Michael Dale "Mike" Huckabee.[3] He and Gay attended the First United Methodist Church in downtown Little Rock for a short time. They left the Methodist congregation and, with other couples, established the fundamentalist Fellowship Bible Church.[3]

Business career[edit]

In 1961, having left the Air Force, White became an account executive for Merrill Lynch. He held that position until 1973 when he joined banker Bill Bowen in the management of Commercial National Bank in Little Rock. Bowen was a staunch Democrat who later opposed White politically though the two maintained a cordial business relationship.[3] During this time, White would serve as the first Director of the Little Rock Port Authority from 1972 to 1973.

White was appointed by Democratic Governor David Hampton Pryor to head the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission.[3] The industrial panel was originally created by Democratic Governor Orval Eugene Faubus and first directed by Winthrop Rockefeller, who in 1966 used his experience in the AIDC to get elected as Arkansas' first Republican governor since 1874. White left the AIDC after two years and became president of Capital Savings and Loan Association in Little Rock.[3] Democrats later derided White's tenure at AIDC by pointing out that the number of industries which came to the state was much reduced from earlier and later years, a situation that Republicans attributed to a national recession.[citation needed]

Campaign 1980[edit]

Early in 1980, White switched from Democratic to Republican affiliation to run for governor.[3][5] First, he defeated former State Representative Marshall Chrisman, a businessman from Ozark, the seat of Franklin County, for the gubernatorial nomination. In a low-turnout open primary, White polled 5,867 votes (71.8 percent) to Chrisman's 2,310 (28.2 percent).[6](p43) Clinton also faced a stronger-than-expected challenger in his primary from Monroe Schwarzlose, a turkey farmer from Kingsland in Cleveland County in south Arkansas.[3] Schwarzlose's 31 percent of the primary vote foreshadowed that Clinton could be in trouble for the upcoming general election.[3] Despite this, it was widely expected that Clinton would win the election.[3][7]

White hired Paula Unruh of Tulsa to manage the campaign. She decided to focus upon (1) Clinton's unpopular increase in the cost of automobile registration tags and by (2) the Carter administration's sending thousands of Cuban refugees, some unruly, to a detention camp at Fort Chaffee, outside Fort Smith in Sebastian County in western Arkansas.[3] Her decision paid big dividends, as White unseated Clinton. White received 435,684 votes (51.9 percent) to Clinton's 403,242 (48.1 percent).[3][6](p48) White won fifty-one of the state's seventy-five counties. A. Lynn Lowe of Texarkana, Clinton's Republican opponent in 1978, by contrast, had won only six counties.

White was the second Republican ever elected governor in Arkansas since reconstruction.[8]

Two years as governor[edit]

White appointed numerous Arkansas Republicans to state positions. Former gubernatorial nominee Ken Coon was named to head the Arkansas Employment Security Division. Another former gubernatorial candidate, Len E. Blaylock of Perry County was named appointments secretary. Blaylock, who had a reputation as an extremely competent administrator, screened applicants for state positions. Former State Representative Preston Bynum of Siloam Springs in usually Republican Benton County in northwestern Arkansas, became White's chief aide. Harold L. Gwatney, an automobile dealer in Jacksonville, was named to the coveted position of adjutant general of the Arkansas National Guard. White also depended on the advice of his legislative counsel, State Representative Carolyn Pollan of Fort Smith. New to the legislature with the White administration was Judy Petty of Little Rock, who had waged a nationally watched campaign against former U.S. Representative Wilbur D. Mills in 1974.

White was far more conservative than Rockefeller. He signed a law which would have required the teaching of creationism in Arkansas public schools, along with the Theory of Evolution.[1][3] The law was subsequently overturned in 1982 in the court case McLean v. Arkansas.[1][3]

White also created a controversy within his own party in 1981, when he appointed Orval Faubus, a former Democratic governor, to head the Arkansas Department of Veterans Affairs.[9]

Re-election loss and later career[edit]

White was unable to secure a hold on the governorship. Chrisman and a third candidate, nutritionist Connie Voll of Lonoke, challenged him in the 1982 primary. Voll was the first woman to seek the GOP nomination for Governor, and the second to seek the party nomination for a statewide office, after Troxell. Clinton then defeated him in a rematch of the 1980 contest during the general election: 431,855 (54.7 percent) to 357,496 (45.3 percent).[10](p36) White won only nineteen counties in the 1982 rematch, which occurred in a nationally Democratic year when the nation was in a recession.

After his defeat, White supported the selection of a former Rockefeller supporter, Morris S. Arnold, a law professor at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, to succeed the temporary state party Chairman Bob Cohee, originally of Baxter County. Cohee had become acting chairman on the death of Holleman in March 1982 and had resigned a federal position to work all year for White's unsuccessful reelection. Arnold defeated Cohee, but the Republican State Central Committee would not disclose the secret-ballot vote. Arnold did not serve the full two-year term and was succeeded by first vice-chairman Robert "Bob" Leslie.

Arkansas gubernatorial terms became four years with the 1986 general election. In 1986, Faubus unsuccessfully challenged Clinton for the Democratic nomination. White defeated former Lieutenant Governor Maurice L. Britt in the Republican primary. In the third White v. Clinton race, Clinton again easily prevailed, once again having benefited from a nationally Democratic year.[3][11](p18) White's loss in this election dramatically damaged his political image, making it very unlikely that he could win the governorship again.

He returned to First Commercial Bank in Little Rock after his 1986 defeat as senior vice president[1] until his retirement from the bank in 1998. White declined to seek the Republican nomination for Governor again in 1990, opting to support Sheffield Nelson in his primary race against Representative Tommy F. Robinson instead of running himself. That year, Clinton won election as Governor for the fifth time; two years later he would become President of the United States. Without sufficient support and resources to run for elected office again, White left elective politics but remained active in Republican affairs.

State banking commissioner and death[edit]

From 1998 to 2003, White served as Arkansas Banking Commissioner, an appointment from Governor Mike Huckabee.[3] Although he was appointed on what was supposed to be a temporary basis,[citation needed] he remained in the post until shortly before his death from a heart attack in 2003, about two weeks before his seventieth birthday. White's time in the Banking Department was noted by his practice of visiting all Arkansas' state-chartered banks at least once a year.[12]

White died of a heart attack in Little Rock on May 21, 2003, two weeks before his 70th birthday, and is interred there in the historic Mount Holly Cemetery.[3][13]

The Arkansas Republican Party began hosting the "'Hi, I'm Frank White' Awards Dinner" in 2006 to honor persons who have done the most to build the Arkansas GOP.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Arkansas Governor Frank D. White". National Governors Association. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Pin, Campaign - Frank White". Old State House Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "Frank Durward White (1933–2003)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b McGuire, Kim (May 22, 2003). "Former governor White dead at 69". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Former governor Frank White dies at age 69". thecabin.net (from AP). May 22, 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "1980 Arkansas Elections" (PDF). Arkansas Secretary of State. January 1982. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  7. ^ Jones, Clayton; George B., Merry (October 27, 1980). "Governor's races: Most states will still be in Democratic hands". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  8. ^ Blair, Diane D., and Barth, Jay (2005). Arkansas Politics and Government. University of Nebraska Press. p. 68. ISBN 0803204892. 
  9. ^ Debenport, Ellen (September 14, 1981). "Segregation-era governor makes political comeback". UPI. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  10. ^ "1982 Arkansas Elections" (PDF). Arkansas Secretary of State. May 1983. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Arkansas Election Results 1986" (PDF). Arkansas Secretary of State. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Obituary Notice - Governor Frank D. White". Ruebel Funeral Home. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Frank Durward White". Find A Grave. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: Frank White

Further reading[edit]

  • Arkansas Gazette, August 5, November 13, 22, 1981; October 29, December 5, 1982
  • Who's Who in the South and Southwest, 18th edition (1982–1983), p. 803
  • Arkansas Election Statistics, 1980 and 1982 (Little Rock: Secretary of State)
  • Shreveport Times, January 7, 1982
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Clinton
Governor of Arkansas
1981–1983
Succeeded by
Bill Clinton
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lynn Lowe
Republican nominee for Governor of Arkansas
1980, 1982
Succeeded by
Woody Freeman
Preceded by
Woody Freeman
Republican nominee for Governor of Arkansas
1986
Succeeded by
Sheffield Nelson

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