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What is GENERATIVE LEXICON? What does GENERATIVE LEXICON mean? GENERATIVE LEXICON meaning
What is GENERATIVE LEXICON? What does GENERATIVE LEXICON mean? GENERATIVE LEXICON meaning
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: The Audiopedia
SYN110 - Variants of Generative Grammar I
SYN110 - Variants of Generative Grammar I
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Lec15 詞彙語意學 第十四週課程
Lec15 詞彙語意學 第十四週課程
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: NCTU OCW
What is GENERATIVE GRAMMAR? What does GENERATIVE GRAMMAR mean? GENERATIVE GRAMMAR meaning
What is GENERATIVE GRAMMAR? What does GENERATIVE GRAMMAR mean? GENERATIVE GRAMMAR meaning
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: The Audiopedia
Generative Syntax 1.3: Constituent Recursion
Generative Syntax 1.3: Constituent Recursion
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: Linguistics and English Language at the University of Edinburgh
What Are Conceptual Semantics?
What Are Conceptual Semantics?
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Funny Question
7 - 4 - Learning Sentiment Lexicons - Stanford NLP - Professor Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
7 - 4 - Learning Sentiment Lexicons - Stanford NLP - Professor Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
Published: 2012/04/04
Channel: OpenCourseOnline
MOR121 - Unit Advice (Productivity and the Lexicon)
MOR121 - Unit Advice (Productivity and the Lexicon)
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
7 - 3 - Sentiment Lexicons - Stanford NLP - Professor Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
7 - 3 - Sentiment Lexicons - Stanford NLP - Professor Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
Published: 2012/04/04
Channel: OpenCourseOnline
Language as a Generative Act
Language as a Generative Act
Published: 2010/11/14
Channel: Nathan Walker
Lexicon
Lexicon
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: Audiopedia
Generative grammar
Generative grammar
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: Wikivoicemedia
Grammar & The Lexicon
Grammar & The Lexicon
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: F Tuzi
SYN109 - Unit Advice (The Lexicon)
SYN109 - Unit Advice (The Lexicon)
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Human Language Sentences - Basic Parse Trees, X-Bar Theory & Ambiguity -- Linguistics 101
Human Language Sentences - Basic Parse Trees, X-Bar Theory & Ambiguity -- Linguistics 101
Published: 2011/11/14
Channel: NativLang
SEM131 - Ambiguity
SEM131 - Ambiguity
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
SEM101 - Word Semantics
SEM101 - Word Semantics
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
SYN109 - Lexical Insertion
SYN109 - Lexical Insertion
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
BRAIN LEXICON AND SYNTAX  Part 2 [Robin Allott]
BRAIN LEXICON AND SYNTAX Part 2 [Robin Allott]
Published: 2009/03/14
Channel: Robin Allott
"Capturing the diversity in lexical diversity," by Scott Jarvis
"Capturing the diversity in lexical diversity," by Scott Jarvis
Published: 2013/02/05
Channel: Wiley
SYN110 - Unit Advice (Variants of Generative Grammar)
SYN110 - Unit Advice (Variants of Generative Grammar)
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
General Grammar Concept: Lexical & Grammatical Words
General Grammar Concept: Lexical & Grammatical Words
Published: 2011/06/27
Channel: Edward Meade
Noam Chomsky: University Commencement Address (1999 Speech to College Students)
Noam Chomsky: University Commencement Address (1999 Speech to College Students)
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: The Film Archives
Structural Ambiguity - Syntax Video #3
Structural Ambiguity - Syntax Video #3
Published: 2015/05/02
Channel: Ling Vids
What Is The Lexis In English?
What Is The Lexis In English?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Shadow the Question
Patterns and Bundles Part 1
Patterns and Bundles Part 1
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Tim H
50 years of Linguistics at MIT, Lecture 1
50 years of Linguistics at MIT, Lecture 1
Published: 2011/12/21
Channel: MITLINGUISTICS
How Can One Greek Letter Help Us Understand Language? Lambda Calculus
How Can One Greek Letter Help Us Understand Language? Lambda Calculus
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: The Ling Space
Syntax (Part 1)
Syntax (Part 1)
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Evan Ashworth
How Can Sentences Work Like Adjectives? The Syntax and Semantics of Relative Clauses
How Can Sentences Work Like Adjectives? The Syntax and Semantics of Relative Clauses
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: The Ling Space
Generative Linguistics 2
Generative Linguistics 2
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Sarah Bensman
A Word List for Lexical Cohesion
A Word List for Lexical Cohesion
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Andrew Drummond
Generative Music w/ Analog Synth
Generative Music w/ Analog Synth
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Old Beats
Phrase Structure Rules
Phrase Structure Rules
Published: 2010/09/27
Channel: MrRoque84
Ronald Langacker - Trees, Assemblies, Chains, and Windows
Ronald Langacker - Trees, Assemblies, Chains, and Windows
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: FrameNet Brasil
Pry - Pragmatic Parser Combinators in D - Dmitry Olshansky | DConf2017
Pry - Pragmatic Parser Combinators in D - Dmitry Olshansky | DConf2017
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Sociomantic
What is COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS? What does COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS mean? COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS meaning
What is COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS? What does COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS mean? COMPONENTIAL ANALYSIS meaning
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: The Audiopedia
SYN108 - More on Constituents I
SYN108 - More on Constituents I
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
SYN101 - Syntactic Categories in PDE
SYN101 - Syntactic Categories in PDE
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Lipstick Enigma by Janet Zweig
Lipstick Enigma by Janet Zweig
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: Perpetual Useless
Farads Fade
Farads Fade
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: voltlife
Online Spatial Concept and Lexical Acquisition with Simultaneous Localization and Mapping [IROS2017]
Online Spatial Concept and Lexical Acquisition with Simultaneous Localization and Mapping [IROS2017]
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Akira Taniguchi
SYN107 - Constituent Analysis, First Steps
SYN107 - Constituent Analysis, First Steps
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Syntactic Structures ☆ Linguistics Lecture
Syntactic Structures ☆ Linguistics Lecture
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: Lernvideos und Vorträge
Syntactic phrase structures
Syntactic phrase structures
Published: 2013/08/18
Channel: Martin Hilpert
Lesson 1.5: Syntax and Semantics
Lesson 1.5: Syntax and Semantics
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Fitzle LLC
Download Lexical Functional Grammar An Introduction to Parallel Constraint Based Syntax Lecture Note
Download Lexical Functional Grammar An Introduction to Parallel Constraint Based Syntax Lecture Note
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Veilleux
SYN121 - The Verb in PDE - Part II
SYN121 - The Verb in PDE - Part II
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
[Introduction to Linguistics] Thematic Roles
[Introduction to Linguistics] Thematic Roles
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Generative Music²
Generative Music²
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Old Beats
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Generative Lexicon (GL) is a theory of linguistic semantics which focuses on the distributed nature of compositionality in natural language. The first major work outlining the framework is James Pustejovsky's "Generative Lexicon" (1991). Subsequent important developments are presented in Pustejovsky and Boguraev (1993), Bouillon (1997), and Busa (1996). The first unified treatment of GL was given in Pustejovsky (1995). Unlike purely verb-based approaches to compositionality, Generative Lexicon attempts to spread the semantic load across all constituents of the utterance. Central to the philosophical perspective of GL are two major lines of inquiry: (1) How is it that we are able to deploy a finite number of words in our language in an unbounded number of contexts? (2) Is lexical information and the representations used in composing meanings separable from our commonsense knowledge?

Motivation[edit]

GL was initially developed as a theoretical framework for encoding selectional knowledge in natural language. This in turn required making some changes in the formal rules of representation and composition. Perhaps the most controversial aspect of GL has been the manner in which lexically encoded knowledge is exploited in the construction of interpretations for linguistic utterances. The computational resources available to a lexical item within this theory consist of the following four levels:

  1. Lexical Typing Structure: giving an explicit type for a word positioned within a type system for the language;
  2. Argument Structure: specifying the number and nature of the arguments to a predicate;
  3. Event Structure: defining the event type of the expression and any subeventual structure it may have; with subevents;
  4. Qualia Structure: a structural differentiation of the predicative force for a lexical item.

Qualia Structure[edit]

The qualia structure, inspired by Moravcsik's (1975) interpretation of the aitia of Aristotle, are defined by Pustejovsky as the modes of explanation associated with a word or phrase in the language, and are defined as follows:

  1. formal: the basic category of which distinguishes the meaning of a word within a larger domain;
  2. constitutive: the relation between an object and its constituent parts;
  3. telic: the purpose or function of the object, if there is one;
  4. agentive: the factors involved in the object's origins or ``coming into being.

References[edit]

  • Bouillon, P. 1997. "Polymorphie et sémantique lexicale: le cas des adjectifs", Ph.D., Paris VII. Paris.
  • Busa, F. 1996. Compositionality and the Semantics of Nominals, Ph.D. Dissertation, Brandeis University.
  • Moravcsik, J. M. 1975. Aitia as Generative Factor in Aristotle's Philosophy, Dialogue, 14:622-36.
  • Pustejovsky, J. (1991) The Generative Lexicon, in Computational Linguistics, 17.4.
  • Pustejovsky, J. (1995) The Generative Lexicon, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Pustejovsky, J. and B. Boguraev. (1993) Lexical Knowledge Representation and Natural Language Processing, in Artificial Intelligence, 63:193-223.

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