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CRFS Software: TDOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: TDOA Geolocation
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: CRFS
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: CRFS
CRFS Software: POA Geolocation
CRFS Software: POA Geolocation
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: CRFS
CRFS Software: In-building POA Geolocation
CRFS Software: In-building POA Geolocation
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: CRFS
Online Map Geolocation Problem (Civil 3D)2015-2018
Online Map Geolocation Problem (Civil 3D)2015-2018
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: THA Civil Engineering
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 2 (Geolocation of chirp signal)
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 2 (Geolocation of chirp signal)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
Build a Mobile App with Geolocation and Google Maps in 5 Minutes
Build a Mobile App with Geolocation and Google Maps in 5 Minutes
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: Appery io
JavaScript Lesson 18 Geolocation API
JavaScript Lesson 18 Geolocation API
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: DoingITeasyChannel
cree.py v1.1 Geolocation OSINT tool tutorial
cree.py v1.1 Geolocation OSINT tool tutorial
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: jkakavas1
Geolocation DNS
Geolocation DNS
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Professor Craven
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 5 (Geolocation with co-channel interference)
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 5 (Geolocation with co-channel interference)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
android tutorials || GPS and Geolocation Programming Demo
android tutorials || GPS and Geolocation Programming Demo
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Tech Tips
Viewbubble geolocation software for Android
Viewbubble geolocation software for Android
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: Viewbubble
B2B Software Video Highlights Geolocation Trends
B2B Software Video Highlights Geolocation Trends
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: carabinervideo
plugin geolocation apache cordova parte 1
plugin geolocation apache cordova parte 1
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Freddy Sarango
How to Use the Cordova Geolocation API in an Ionic App
How to Use the Cordova Geolocation API in an Ionic App
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: Appery io
Sandy
Sandy's Aftermath: Samuel Pritt Develops Geolocation Software
Published: 2012/11/06
Channel: geofoxtrot
Node.js: A Jumpstart for Devs - 05 - Geolocation: A Usable HTML5 API
Node.js: A Jumpstart for Devs - 05 - Geolocation: A Usable HTML5 API
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: InfoQ
WooCommerce Geolocation - WooGeolocation Dokan Addon Demo
WooCommerce Geolocation - WooGeolocation Dokan Addon Demo
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Internet 2.0
TCI Scorpio Spectrum Monitoring System hybrid AOA/TDOA geolocation
TCI Scorpio Spectrum Monitoring System hybrid AOA/TDOA geolocation
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: TCI International, Inc.
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Vicom Australia
How to track a webform submission
How to track a webform submission's geolocation
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Jacob Rockowitz
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Vicom New Zealand
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 9 (Multitarget geolocation)
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 9 (Multitarget geolocation)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
Session: "Mapping and Geolocation with Drupal" by Kurt Foster
Session: "Mapping and Geolocation with Drupal" by Kurt Foster
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: DrupalSouth
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (Ionic App)
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (Ionic App)
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Appery io
How to Trace an IP address Geolocation | Kali Linux 2016.2
How to Trace an IP address Geolocation | Kali Linux 2016.2
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: DEDSEC TOOL
Promotional Video LoRa Geolocation
Promotional Video LoRa Geolocation
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Maxim Vanneste
How to Build a Mobile App with Geolocation
How to Build a Mobile App with Geolocation
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Appery io
geolocation search
geolocation search
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Acuity Software
How To Use HTML5 Geolocation - Detect User
How To Use HTML5 Geolocation - Detect User's Location and Display on Google Maps
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: SimpleTut
What is GEOLOCATION? What does GEOLOCATION mean? GEOLOCATION meaning & explanation
What is GEOLOCATION? What does GEOLOCATION mean? GEOLOCATION meaning & explanation
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: The Audiopedia
GeoLocation Usging Google map API and IONIC
GeoLocation Usging Google map API and IONIC
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Sathish kumar Ramalingam
Operations - Deliver Logic Geolocation Tracking
Operations - Deliver Logic Geolocation Tracking
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: DeliverLogic
Civil 3D 2015: Accessing the Enhanced Geolocation Features
Civil 3D 2015: Accessing the Enhanced Geolocation Features
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Ideate, Inc.
TGP77 - Tools - SAPUI5 + Neptune Software +  Apache Cordova with Geolocation Plugin
TGP77 - Tools - SAPUI5 + Neptune Software + Apache Cordova with Geolocation Plugin
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: TechedgeGroup
ACS AEM Commons - Geolocation Map
ACS AEM Commons - Geolocation Map
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: AEM Casts
BeEF - Get Protocols And Geolocation
BeEF - Get Protocols And Geolocation
Published: 2013/01/12
Channel: Ashish Bhangale
Kali Linux - Trace IP Geolocation with Tirty
Kali Linux - Trace IP Geolocation with Tirty
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Kali Linux Tutorials
What is Geolocation?
What is Geolocation?
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: TechGig
revit 1-14 Geolocation and Sun Study
revit 1-14 Geolocation and Sun Study
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Bim Uwe
HTML 5 Geolocation Library
HTML 5 Geolocation Library
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: Shoaib Mohammed
Online Map Geolocation Problem Civil 3D
Online Map Geolocation Problem Civil 3D
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: MUNIR KHAN
v12.1 Geolocation
v12.1 Geolocation
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: Untangle, Inc.
How-Tos: Geolocation
How-Tos: Geolocation
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Clavister
Display location maps within SharePoint Lists using Geolocation column in SharePoint 2013
Display location maps within SharePoint Lists using Geolocation column in SharePoint 2013
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: MVPAwardProgram
CRFS Software Simulation tools: Part 4 (Geolocation in the presence of a jammer)
CRFS Software Simulation tools: Part 4 (Geolocation in the presence of a jammer)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
Geolocation API with Angular.js and $scope.$apply()
Geolocation API with Angular.js and $scope.$apply()
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: David Tang
GeoLocation
GeoLocation
Published: 2011/08/19
Channel: jaffe
geolocation
geolocation
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: muppalla vijay
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In computing, geolocation software is software that is capable of deducing the geolocation of a device connected to the Internet. The identification of a device's IP address can be used to determine the country, city, or post/ZIP code, determining an object's geographical location.[1] Other methods include examination of a MAC address, image metadata, or credit card information.

Data sources[edit]

An IP address is assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.[2] The protocol specifies that each IP packet must have a header which contains, among other things, the IP address of the sender of the packet.

There are a number of free and paid subscription geolocation databases, ranging from country level to state or city—including ZIP/post code level—each with varying claims of accuracy (generally higher at the country level). These databases typically contain IP address data which may be used in firewalls, ad servers, routing, mail systems, web sites, and other automated systems where geolocation may be useful. An alternative to hosting and querying a database is to obtain the country code for a given IP address through a DNSBL-style lookup from a remote server.[3]

Some commercial databases have augmented geolocation software with demographic data to enable demographic-type targeting using IP address data.[1]

The primary source for IP address data is the regional Internet registries which allocate and distribute IP addresses amongst organizations located in their respective service regions:

Secondary sources include:

  • Data mining or user-submitted geographic location data. For example, a weather web site might ask visitors for a city name to find their local forecast. Another example would be to pair a user's IP address with the address information in his/her account profile.
  • Data contributed by internet service providers.
  • Merging databases from different suppliers.
  • Guesstimates from adjacent Class C range[4] and/or gleaned from network hops.
  • Network routing information collected to the end point of IP address.

Accuracy is improved by:

A farmstead northeast of Potwin, Kansas became the default site of 600 million IP addresses (due to their lack of fine granularity) when the Massachusetts-based digital mapping company MaxMind changed the putative geographic center of the contiguous United States from 39.8333333,-98.585522 to 38.0000,-97.0000.[5]

Privacy[edit]

A distinction can be made between co-operative and oppositional geolocation. In some cases, it is in the interest of users to be accurately located, for example, so that they can be offered information relevant to their location. In other cases, users prefer to not disclose their location for privacy or other reasons.[6]

Technical measures for ensuring anonymity, such as proxy servers, can be used to circumvent restrictions imposed by geolocation software. Some sites detect the use of proxies and anonymizers, and may either block service or provide non-localized content in response.[7]

In the UK, the application of the Data Protection Act means that geolocation will only yield the physical address of the ISP. Any further tracking (e.g. for criminal tracing) has to be carried out by getting the ISP to check their logs.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

Geolocation technology has been under development only since 1999, and the first patents were granted in 2004.[8] The technology is already widely used in multiple industries,[9] including e-retail, banking, media, telecommunications, education, travel,[10] hospitality, entertainment, health care, online gaming and law enforcement, for preventing online fraud, complying with regulations, managing digital rights[11] and serving targeted marketing content and pricing.[12] Additionally, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has proposed that geolocation software might be leveraged to support 9-1-1 location determination.[13]

Criminal investigations[edit]

Banks, software vendors and other online enterprises in the USA and elsewhere became subject to strict "Know your customer" laws imposed by the USA PATRIOT Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, the US Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control and other regulatory entities in the US and Europe from the early twenty-first century. These laws are intended to prevent money laundering, trafficking with terrorist organizations, and trading with banned nations. When it is possible to identify the true location of online visitors, geolocation can protect banks from participating in the transfer of funds for illicit purposes. More and more prosecuting bodies are bringing cases involving cyber-crimes such as cyber-stalking and identity theft. Prosecutors often have the capability of determining the IP address data necessary to link a suspect to a particular crime.[14]

Fraud detection[edit]

Online retailers and payment processors use geolocation to detect possible credit card fraud by comparing the user's location to the billing address on the account or the shipping address provided. A mismatch – an order placed from the US on an account number from Tokyo, for example – is a strong indicator of potential fraud. IP address geolocation can be also used in fraud detection to match billing address postal code or area code.[15] Banks can prevent "phishing" attacks, money laundering and other security breaches by determining the user's location as part of the authentication process. Whois databases can also help verify IP addresses and registrants.[16]

Government, law enforcement and corporate security teams use geolocation as an investigatory tool, tracking the Internet routes of online attackers to find the perpetrators and prevent future attacks from the same location.

Geo marketing[edit]

Since geolocation software can get the information of user location, companies using geomarketing may provide web content or products that are famous or useful in that location. Advertisements and content on a website may be tailored to provide the information that a certain user wants.[17]

Regional licensing[edit]

Internet movie vendors, online broadcasters who serve live streaming video of sporting events, or certain TV and music video sites that are licensed to broadcast their videos of episodes/music videos are permitted to serve viewers only in their licensed territories. By geolocating viewers, they can be certain of obeying licensing regulations.[18] Online gambling websites must also know where their customers violate gambling laws, or risk doing so.

Jim Ramo, chief executive of movie distributor Movielink, said studios were aware of the shortcomings going in and have grown more confident now that the system has been shown to work.[19]

Gaming[edit]

A location-based game is a type of pervasive game for smartphones or other mobile devices in which the gameplay evolves and progresses via a player's real-world location which is typically reported via GPS. Examples of such games include Ingress and Pokémon Go.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Holdener, Anthony T. (2011). HTML5 Geolocation. O'Reilly Media. p. 11. ISBN 9781449304720. 
  2. ^ RFC 760, DOD Standard Internet Protocol (January 1980)
  3. ^ "IP geolocation (The NetOp Organization)". 2009-01-28. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  4. ^ An example is the guessed city provided by hostip.info.
  5. ^ Hill, Kashmir (2016-04-10). "How an internet mapping glitch turned a random Kansas farm into a digital hell". Fusion. Retrieved 2016-04-10. 
  6. ^ "Nitke vs. Ashcroft - Expert report of Seth Finkelstein". 2003-11-10. Retrieved 2004-11-15. 
  7. ^ RealNetworks detects proxies and anonymizers; Google serves non-localized content if location is in doubt. "Geolocation: Don't Fence Web In". Wired. 2004-07-12. Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. 
  8. ^ "Digital Envoy wins Geotargeting Patent". 2004-06-29. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  9. ^ ClientSideNews, Nov/Dec 2010 issue, Page 6 “You Can Really Do That? – The Power of Geolocation Technology”
  10. ^ Marketing Magazine, February 10, 2011 “Thetrainline brings Digital Element on board for localised ad task”
  11. ^ Music Streaming site we7 Cranks up the Volume for Digital Rights Management and Ad Targeting Archived 2010-12-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "Geolocation and Federalism on the Internet: Cutting Internet Gambling's Gordian Knot". 2009-10-04. SSRN 1433634Freely accessible. 
  13. ^ "FCC STRENGTHENS ENHANCED 911 LOCATION ACCURACY REQUIREMENTS FOR WIRELESS SERVICES" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 11, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  14. ^ Los Angeles Deputy District Attorney, Wendy Segall Hides Evidence.
  15. ^ Vacca, John R. (2003). Identity Theft. Prentice Hall Professional. p. 400. ISBN 9780130082756. 
  16. ^ Barba, Robert (2017-11-18). "Sharing your location with your bank seems creepy, but it's useful". The Morning Call. Retrieved 2018-01-10. 
  17. ^ Internet Retailer “Personalized web site content gives retailers an edge’, June 25, 2010
  18. ^ "CinemaNow appeases studios by locating Web surfers". CNet. 2001-02-26. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  19. ^ Associated Press (2004-07-12). "Geolocation: Don't Fence Web In". Wired News. Archived from the original on 2006-09-09. Retrieved 2006-09-28. 

External links[edit]

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