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CRFS Software: TDOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: TDOA Geolocation
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: CRFS
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 2 (Geolocation of chirp signal)
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 2 (Geolocation of chirp signal)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
Kali linux - Tools :. IP-Locator || ip geolocation tool [Kurdish-Subtitles]
Kali linux - Tools :. IP-Locator || ip geolocation tool [Kurdish-Subtitles]
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: Z Hacker
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
CRFS Software: AOA Geolocation
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: CRFS
Promotional Video LoRa Geolocation
Promotional Video LoRa Geolocation
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Maxim Vanneste
Viewbubble geolocation software for Android
Viewbubble geolocation software for Android
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: Viewbubble
CRFS Software: POA Geolocation
CRFS Software: POA Geolocation
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: CRFS
B2B Software Video Highlights Geolocation Trends
B2B Software Video Highlights Geolocation Trends
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: carabinervideo
JavaScript Lesson 18 Geolocation API
JavaScript Lesson 18 Geolocation API
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: DoingITeasyChannel
IP Geolocation tool on Kali Linux
IP Geolocation tool on Kali Linux
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Cyb3rw0rM1
GeoLocation
GeoLocation
Published: 2011/08/19
Channel: jaffe
The geolocation App
The geolocation App
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Krishna Bagale
Geolocation DNS
Geolocation DNS
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Professor Craven
android tutorials || GPS and Geolocation Programming Demo
android tutorials || GPS and Geolocation Programming Demo
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Tech Tips
CRFS Software: In-building POA Geolocation
CRFS Software: In-building POA Geolocation
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: CRFS
How to change geolocation in google chrome ||  awesome Computer tips and tricks
How to change geolocation in google chrome || awesome Computer tips and tricks
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Rohittomar007
cree.py v1.1 Geolocation OSINT tool tutorial
cree.py v1.1 Geolocation OSINT tool tutorial
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: jkakavas1
Sandy
Sandy's Aftermath: Samuel Pritt Develops Geolocation Software
Published: 2012/11/06
Channel: geofoxtrot
Display location maps within SharePoint Lists using Geolocation column in SharePoint 2013
Display location maps within SharePoint Lists using Geolocation column in SharePoint 2013
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: MVPAwardProgram
Building Apps for WP 8.1 #12. Maps, Geolocation, and Geofencing
Building Apps for WP 8.1 #12. Maps, Geolocation, and Geofencing
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Duy Sơn Đặng
CRFS Software Simulation tools: Part 4 (Geolocation in the presence of a jammer)
CRFS Software Simulation tools: Part 4 (Geolocation in the presence of a jammer)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
Learn to Build Mobile Apps from Scratch - Chapter 13 - Geolocation
Learn to Build Mobile Apps from Scratch - Chapter 13 - Geolocation
Published: 2014/12/31
Channel: Eduonix Learning Solutions
BeEF - Get Protocols And Geolocation
BeEF - Get Protocols And Geolocation
Published: 2013/01/12
Channel: Ashish Bhangale
How To Retrieve Geolocation With PhoneGap and JavaScript
How To Retrieve Geolocation With PhoneGap and JavaScript
Published: 2015/10/12
Channel: DevChannel
Civil 3D 2015: Accessing the Enhanced Geolocation Features
Civil 3D 2015: Accessing the Enhanced Geolocation Features
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Ideate, Inc.
AutoCAD 2015: Geolocation
AutoCAD 2015: Geolocation
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: AutoCAD
Operations - Deliver Logic Geolocation Tracking
Operations - Deliver Logic Geolocation Tracking
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: DeliverLogic
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 5 (Geolocation with co-channel interference)
CRFS Software Simulation Tools: Part 5 (Geolocation with co-channel interference)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: CRFS
pigeo: an easy to use, accurate geolocation tool in Python
pigeo: an easy to use, accurate geolocation tool in Python
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: afshin rahimi
HTML5 Mobile Geolocation Tutorial
HTML5 Mobile Geolocation Tutorial
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: LearnToProgram: Become a Web or Mobile Developer
v12.1 Geolocation
v12.1 Geolocation
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: Untangle, Inc.
how to find ip address and geolocation?
how to find ip address and geolocation?
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: how to do?
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (jQuery Mobile App)
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (jQuery Mobile App)
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Appery io
revit 1-14 Geolocation and Sun Study
revit 1-14 Geolocation and Sun Study
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Bim Uwe
WPForms Geolocation Addon
WPForms Geolocation Addon
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: WPForms - WordPress Forms Plugin
Datawatch Panopticon | IP Geolocation with Datawatch and R
Datawatch Panopticon | IP Geolocation with Datawatch and R
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Datawatch
Flash CS5.5: Android - Geolocation and permissions
Flash CS5.5: Android - Geolocation and permissions
Published: 2011/06/20
Channel: iBrent
Geolocation
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Published: 2008/04/27
Channel: IPligence
Geolocation Field (Drupal 8 Tutorial #27)
Geolocation Field (Drupal 8 Tutorial #27)
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: WDTutorials
Android Geolocation Tutorial - Part 2
Android Geolocation Tutorial - Part 2
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: Zenva
Geolocation - Learning iPhone Programming
Geolocation - Learning iPhone Programming
Published: 2009/12/10
Channel: O'Reilly
Geolocation with Phonegap (incl. Google Maps View)
Geolocation with Phonegap (incl. Google Maps View)
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: DevChannel
Building Mobile Apps Using Salesforce Geolocation Features
Building Mobile Apps Using Salesforce Geolocation Features
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: Dreamforce Video
How to track a webform submission
How to track a webform submission's geolocation
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Jacob Rockowitz
How to Insert Satellite Map Image - Geolocation Online Aerial Image with AutoCAD 2015
How to Insert Satellite Map Image - Geolocation Online Aerial Image with AutoCAD 2015
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: AutoCAD: Tutorials, Tips and Tricks
Autodesk Geolocation and Shrinkwrap tools
Autodesk Geolocation and Shrinkwrap tools
Published: 2014/07/25
Channel: The Journey Adviser
How To Use HTML5 Geolocation - Detect User
How To Use HTML5 Geolocation - Detect User's Location and Display on Google Maps
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: SimpleTut
DIGIPASS fro APPS - Geolocation
DIGIPASS fro APPS - Geolocation
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: VASCO Training - powered by SEAL
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (Ionic App)
A Quick Guide to Using Geolocation API (Ionic App)
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Appery io
Firefox: Geolocation deaktivieren
Firefox: Geolocation deaktivieren
Published: 2011/12/04
Channel: SemperVideo
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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In computing, geolocation software is software that is capable of deducing the geolocation of a person or object and perhaps their actual location. Sometimes, the geolocation of an object is used to impute the location of its owner or user. For example, on the Internet, the identification of a device's IP address can be used to determine the country[1] and even the city and post/ZIP code,[2] organization, or user the IP address has been assigned to, and then to determine an object's actual location. Other methods include examination of a MAC address, image metadata, or credit card information.

Data sources[edit]

An IP address is assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.[3] The protocol specifies that each IP packet must have a header which contains, among other things, the IP address of the sender of the packet.

There are a number of free and paid subscription geolocation databases, ranging from country level to state or city—including ZIP/post code level—each with varying claims of accuracy (generally higher at the country level). These databases typically contain IP address data which may be used in firewalls, ad servers, routing, mail systems, web sites, and other automated systems where geolocation may be useful. An alternative to hosting and querying a database is to obtain the country code for a given IP address through a DNSBL-style lookup from a remote server.[4]

Some commercial databases have augmented geolocation software with demographic data to enable demographic-type targeting using IP address data.[5]

The primary source for IP address data is the regional Internet registries which allocate and distribute IP addresses amongst organizations located in their respective service regions:

Secondary sources include:

  • Data mining or user-submitted geographic location data. For example, a weather web site might ask visitors for a city name to find their local forecast. Another example would be to pair a user's IP address with the address information in his/her account profile.
  • Data contributed by internet service providers.
  • Merging databases from different suppliers.
  • Guesstimates from adjacent Class C range[6] and/or gleaned from network hops.
  • Network routing information collected to the end point of IP address.

Accuracy is improved by:

A farmstead northeast of Potwin, Kansas became the default site of 600 million IP addresses (due to their lack of fine granularity) when the Massachusetts-based digital mapping company MaxMind changed the putative geographic center of the contiguous United States from 39.8333333,-98.585522 to 38.0000,-97.0000.[7]

Privacy[edit]

A distinction can be made between co-operative and oppositional geolocation. In some cases, it is in the interest of users to be accurately located, for example, so that they can be offered information relevant to their location. In other cases, users prefer to not disclose their location for privacy or other reasons.[8]

Technical measures for ensuring anonymity, such as proxy servers, can be used to circumvent restrictions imposed by geolocation software. Some sites detect the use of proxies and anonymizers, and may either block service or provide non-localized content in response.[9]

In the UK, the application of the Data Protection Act means that geolocation will only yield the physical address of the ISP. Any further tracking (e.g. for criminal tracing) has to be carried out by getting the ISP to check their logs.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

Geolocation technology has been under development only since 1999, and the first patents were granted in 2004.[10] The technology is already widely used in multiple industries,[11] including e-retail, banking, media, telecommunications, education, travel,[12] hospitality, entertainment, health care, online gaming and law enforcement, for preventing online fraud, complying with regulations, managing digital rights[13] and serving targeted marketing content and pricing.[14] Additionally, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has proposed that geolocation software might be leveraged to support 9-1-1 location determination.[15]

Criminal investigations[edit]

Banks, software vendors and other online enterprises in the USA and elsewhere became subject to strict "Know your customer" laws imposed by the USA PATRIOT Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, the US Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control and other regulatory entities in the US and Europe from the early twenty-first century. These laws are intended to prevent money laundering, trafficking with terrorist organizations, and trading with banned nations. When it is possible to identify the true location of online visitors, geolocation can protect banks from participating in the transfer of funds for illicit purposes. More and more prosecuting bodies are bringing cases involving cyber-crimes such as cyber-stalking and identity theft. Prosecutors often have the capability of determining the IP address data necessary to link a suspect to a particular crime.[16]

Fraud detection[edit]

Online retailers and payment processors use geolocation to detect possible credit card fraud by comparing the user's location to the billing address on the account or the shipping address provided. A mismatch – an order placed from USA on an account number from Tokyo, for example – is a strong indicator of potential fraud. IP address geolocation can be also used in fraud detection to match billing address postal code or area code.[17] Banks can prevent “phishing” attacks, money laundering and other security breaches by determining the user's location as part of the authentication process.

Government, law enforcement and corporate security teams use geolocation as an investigatory tool, tracking the Internet routes of online attackers to find the perpetrators and prevent future attacks from the same location.

Geo marketing[edit]

Since geolocation software can get the information of user location, companies using geomarketing may provide web content or products that are famous or useful in that location. Advertisements and content on a website may be tailored to provide the information that a certain user wants.[18]

Regional licensing[edit]

Internet movie vendors, online broadcasters who serve live streaming video of sporting events, or certain TV and music video sites that are licensed to broadcast their videos of episodes/music videos are permitted to serve viewers only in their licensed territories. By geolocating viewers, they can be certain of obeying licensing regulations.[19] Online gambling websites must also know where their customers violate gambling laws, or risk doing so.

Jim Ramo, chief executive of movie distributor Movielink, said studios were aware of the shortcomings going in and have grown more confident now that the system has been shown to work.[20]

Gaming[edit]

A location-based game is a type of pervasive game for smartphones or other mobile devices in which the gameplay evolves and progresses via a player's real-world location which is typically reported via GPS. Examples of such games include Ingress and Pokémon Go.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IP Information". 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  2. ^ "NetAcuity Edge Offers Hyper-local IP targeting". 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  3. ^ RFC 760, DOD Standard Internet Protocol (January 1980)
  4. ^ "IP geolocation (The NetOp Organization)". 2009-01-28. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  5. ^ "Digital Element Partners with Semcasting on Location-Based Solution". 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  6. ^ An example is the guessed city provided by hostip.info.
  7. ^ Hill, Kashmir (2016-04-10). "How an internet mapping glitch turned a random Kansas farm into a digital hell". Fusion. Retrieved 2016-04-10. 
  8. ^ "Nitke vs. Ashcroft - Expert report of Seth Finkelstein". 2003-11-10. Retrieved 2004-11-15. 
  9. ^ RealNetworks detects proxies and anonymizers; Google serves non-localized content if location is in doubt. "Geolocation: Don't Fence Web In". Wired. 2004-07-12. Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Digital Envoy wins Geotargeting Patent". 2004-06-29. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  11. ^ ClientSideNews, Nov/Dec 2010 issue, Page 6 “You Can Really Do That? – The Power of Geolocation Technology”
  12. ^ Marketing Magazine, February 10, 2011 “Thetrainline brings Digital Element on board for localised ad task”
  13. ^ Music Streaming site we7 Cranks up the Volume for Digital Rights Management and Ad Targeting
  14. ^ "Geolocation and Federalism on the Internet: Cutting Internet Gambling's Gordian Knot". 2009-10-04. SSRN 1433634Freely accessible. 
  15. ^ "FCC STRENGTHENS ENHANCED 911 LOCATION ACCURACY REQUIREMENTS FOR WIRELESS SERVICES" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 11, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2017. 
  16. ^ Los Angeles Deputy District Attorney, Wendy Segall Hides Evidence.
  17. ^ IPInfoDB (2009-08-25). "E-Commerce fraud detection". IPInfoDB. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
  18. ^ Internet Retailer “Personalized web site content gives retailers an edge’, June 25, 2010
  19. ^ "CinemaNow appeases studios by locating Web surfers". CNet. 2001-02-26. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  20. ^ Associated Press (2004-07-12). "Geolocation: Don't Fence Web In". Wired News. Archived from the original on 2006-09-09. Retrieved 2006-09-28. 

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