In 1961, he became assistant professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, and advanced to associate professor in 1964, and to professor of nuclear and electrical engineering in 1967. He has directed the Fusion Studies Lab since 1975 and has chaired the Nuclear Engineering Program from 1983 to 1995. Since August 2010 he is professor emeritus.
A. A. Harms, K. F. Schoepf, G. H. Miley, D. R. Kingdon: Principles of Fusion Energy: An Introduction to Fusion Energy for Students of Science and Engineering, World Scientific Press, 2000, ISBN 978-981-238-033-3
Heinrich Hora, George Hunter Miley: Edward Teller lectures: lasers and inertial fusion energy, World Scientific Press, 2005, ISBN 1-86094-468-X
George H. Miley: Life at the Center of the Energy Crisis: A Technologist's Search for a Black Swan, World Scientific, 2013, ISBN 978-981-4436-48-9
^George H. Miley, Heinrich Hora, Andrei Lipson, Sung-O. Kim, Nie Luo, Carlos H. Costano G., Taeho Woo. "Progress in thin-film LENR research at the University of Illinois". In The 9th International Conference on Cold Fusion, Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, 2002. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.