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George Raymond Farr Jr.
George Raymond Farr Jr.
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Tonya Merritt
Conor Raymond Junior Lacrosse Highlights 2015
Conor Raymond Junior Lacrosse Highlights 2015
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: George Raymond
George R.R. Martin Likes "Game Of Thrones" Fans To Be Afraid
George R.R. Martin Likes "Game Of Thrones" Fans To Be Afraid
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: Team Coco
Raymond George (Teddy) Babbitt IV 08/25/1980 - 06/18/2017 - Flagstaff, AZ Memorial 07/22/17
Raymond George (Teddy) Babbitt IV 08/25/1980 - 06/18/2017 - Flagstaff, AZ Memorial 07/22/17
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Elexis Saria
Natural Light Beer Commercial With Raymond J. Johnson, Jr.
Natural Light Beer Commercial With Raymond J. Johnson, Jr.
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: thecelebratedmisterk
Philly Mobster  Raymond Long John Martorano - Scarfo Philadelphia Mafia Story
Philly Mobster Raymond Long John Martorano - Scarfo Philadelphia Mafia Story
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Organized Crime Channel
Raymond Jr
Raymond Jr
Published: 2009/04/19
Channel: GrassRootConnection
George R. R. Martin: The "Game Of Thrones" Showrunners Are More Bloodthirsty Than Me
George R. R. Martin: The "Game Of Thrones" Showrunners Are More Bloodthirsty Than Me
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Team Coco
George R.R. Martin Interview - (Game of Thrones)
George R.R. Martin Interview - (Game of Thrones)
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: VHSfx
Ryan George v Raymond Daniels - Men
Ryan George v Raymond Daniels - Men's Sparring Semi-Finals - 2014 Battle of Atlanta
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: sportmartialarts
Raymond J. Blair Jr. With The Corner Worship Band
Raymond J. Blair Jr. With The Corner Worship Band
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: Raymond Blair
Motown
Motown's Raymond Luke Jr sings N.A.
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Jr
Raymond Jr
Published: 2012/03/14
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Jr
Raymond Jr
Published: 2012/02/25
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Jr singing I
Raymond Jr singing I'll be there
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Kane: Ua Noho Au A Kupa (live)
Raymond Kane: Ua Noho Au A Kupa (live)
Published: 2008/03/23
Channel: BreezePls
Raymond J Kelly Jr. reading G. K. Chesterton
Raymond J Kelly Jr. reading G. K. Chesterton
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: John Kotarski
George R.R. Martin Is Working Hard On His Next Book  - CONAN on TBS
George R.R. Martin Is Working Hard On His Next Book - CONAN on TBS
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: Team Coco
George R.R. Martin, Amy Poehler and Seth Play Game of Thrones Trivia - Late Night with Seth Meyers
George R.R. Martin, Amy Poehler and Seth Play Game of Thrones Trivia - Late Night with Seth Meyers
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: Late Night with Seth Meyers
Warren Central (IN) - Jeff George to Raymond Epps
Warren Central (IN) - Jeff George to Raymond Epps
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: MaxPreps
Jr Boy vs Raymond
Jr Boy vs Raymond
Published: 2010/10/27
Channel: Jobi907
Kids
Kids' Night on Broadway Meet MOTOWN's Prince George Maynard & Raymond Luke Jr.
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: The Broadway League
Gangsters Of Boston_ The Raymond Patriarca Story
Gangsters Of Boston_ The Raymond Patriarca Story
Published: 2013/04/11
Channel: WALLYTUBE101
George RR Martin and Stephen King
George RR Martin and Stephen King
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: Andy Atkins
Lemonade Mouth by Raymond Jr
Lemonade Mouth by Raymond Jr
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Luke Jr. at R&B Live in Studio City
Raymond Luke Jr. at R&B Live in Studio City
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond D. Adams, MD interviewed by George Ojemann, MD
Raymond D. Adams, MD interviewed by George Ojemann, MD
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: AANSNeurosurgery
Raymond Luke Jr Sings The National Anthem
Raymond Luke Jr Sings The National Anthem
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Raymond Luke
The 24th Annual NAACP Theatre Awards: Raymond Luke, Jr. on Red Carpet
The 24th Annual NAACP Theatre Awards: Raymond Luke, Jr. on Red Carpet
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Gary George
Raymond Durrett Jr Sophomore Year Highlights
Raymond Durrett Jr Sophomore Year Highlights
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Raymond Durrett
National Anthem By Raymond Luke Jr.
National Anthem By Raymond Luke Jr.
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: Raymond Luke
Raymond Clausen, Medal of Honor, Vietnam War
Raymond Clausen, Medal of Honor, Vietnam War
Published: 2011/10/06
Channel: MedalOfHonorBook
Plunder Road 1957 Film
Plunder Road 1957 Film
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: The Automotive Art of Danny Whitfield
Draymond Green Was Drunkest at NBA Finals After-Party
Draymond Green Was Drunkest at NBA Finals After-Party
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Jimmy Kimmel Live
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr - National Anthem
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr - National Anthem
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Raymond Luke
1980 Movie - Robert Culp, Raymond Burr, David Cassidy
1980 Movie - Robert Culp, Raymond Burr, David Cassidy
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Amaryllis Again
Mel Gibson Confirms Sequel To
Mel Gibson Confirms Sequel To 'Passion Of The Christ'
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: Raymond Luke
Why Did English Become the International Language?
Why Did English Become the International Language?
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: Langfocus
Raymond Daniels Jr.
Raymond Daniels Jr.
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Emily Fuller
Raymond Luke Jr & DJ JS Performance
Raymond Luke Jr & DJ JS Performance
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Raymond Luke
George Wallace
George Wallace '68 Presidential TV Ad
Published: 2006/09/29
Channel: marylanddemocrats
National Anthem by Raymond Luke Jr.
National Anthem by Raymond Luke Jr.
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: Raymond Luke
Jacques Jr  & Raymond Rougeau vs  Frenchy Martin & Pierre Lefebvre (September 30, 1985)
Jacques Jr & Raymond Rougeau vs Frenchy Martin & Pierre Lefebvre (September 30, 1985)
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: TheWrestlingArchivist
Raymond Morales - Clásico George Washington - 2017
Raymond Morales - Clásico George Washington - 2017
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Hipódromo Camarero
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr sings National Anthem Colt vs Jets
Motown The Musical Raymond Luke Jr sings National Anthem Colt vs Jets
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: Raymond Luke
Minister Raymond Dixon Jr.
Minister Raymond Dixon Jr.
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: George Logan
Jeff George taunts fans in Atlanta 1997
Jeff George taunts fans in Atlanta 1997
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: John Mongani
The 24th Annual NAACP Theatre Awards: Chester Gregory, Raymond Luke, Jr., Antonique Smith
The 24th Annual NAACP Theatre Awards: Chester Gregory, Raymond Luke, Jr., Antonique Smith
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Gary George
Kevin Durant Gives Paul George Advice on Joining the OKC Thunder
Kevin Durant Gives Paul George Advice on Joining the OKC Thunder
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: The Fumble
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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George Raymond Jr.
George Raymond Mug.jpg
Mugshot from Freedom Ride arrest in Jackson Mississippi on August 14, 1961
Born (1943-01-01)January 1, 1943
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Died March 8, 1973(1973-03-08) (aged 30)
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Occupation activist
Spouse(s) Myrtis Evans 1965–1973 (his death)
Children Two
Parent(s) George Raymond (father), Elsie Smothers Raymond (mother)

George Raymond, Jr. (January 1, 1943 – March 8, 1973) was an African-American civil rights activist, a member of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, a Freedom Rider, and head of the Congress of Racial Equality in Mississippi in the 1960s.[1] Raymond influenced many of Mississippi's most known activists, such as Anne Moody, C. O. Chinn, and Annie Devine to join the movement and was influential in many of Mississippi's most notable Civil Rights activities such as a Woolworth's lunchcounter sit-in and protests in Jackson, Mississippi, Meredith Mississippi March, and Freedom Summer.

Early life and family[edit]

George Raymond, Jr. was born on January 1, 1943, in New Orleans, Louisiana. Friends and family describe George as courageous, action-oriented and vocal. He attend Tommy Lafon Elementary, Samuel J. Green Junior High School and graduated from Cohen High School in 1960. George married Myrtis Evans in 1965 whose mother, Lara Evans, was influenced by George to become a Freedom Rider. George and Myrtis had two children. Raymond died in 1973 from a heart attack, at the age of thirty.

Civil rights movement[edit]

Freedom Rides[edit]

At the age of eighteen, George Raymond, Jr. was living in New Orleans, Louisiana, when he was arrested for his participation in the Freedom Rides. Raymond, along with Pauline K. Sims, was arrested in the Trailways bus terminal in Jackson, Mississippi, on August 14, 1961.

Activism[edit]

Poster in Canton MS Museum

[2] George Raymond, Jr. moved to Canton, Mississippi, through the Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE) in the early 1960s. CORE, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), and other groups sent workers to like George to Canton to focus on voter registration. Of a potential 10,000 voters, in Madison County, only 121 blacks were registered in 1963. Those who dared try to register or vote were threatened by gun-wielding officials. Another tactic that prevented blacks from voting was the poll tax. George, Dave Dennis, Robert Chinn, Anne Moody, a Tougaloo student, and many others led the voting registration initiative in Canton. George was the project director for the Freedom Summer in 1964 and remained in charge in the following years. In 1965 he extended CORE's activities into Rankin and Leake counties, among others.

Woolworth sit-in[edit]

On May 28, 1963, in coordination with Medgar Evers, George Raymond, Anne Moody, Pearlina Lewis, Prof. John R. Salter, and Walter Williams sat down at the downtown Jackson's Woolworth "whites only" lunch counter in an attempt to integrate it. For two hours the demonstrators were beaten, sworn at, kicked, splattered with ketchup, and called communists and nigger-lovers. Only when the white mob began to empty shelves and hurl whatever they could touch at the demonstrators did the owner close the store down. Police Deputy Chief J. R. Ray watched and violence erupted. The Jackson sit-in was one in a series of nonviolent protests which led to the Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States. In her autobiography, Coming of Age in Mississippi, Annie Moody wrote a vivid account of this sit-in.

George appears in the only photograph of the lunch counter scene that day. In it, the camera's flash and his deep black skin provide a double shadow against Pearlena's bright summer suit. He sits stone-faced, staring straight ahead while a pint bottle of silky white cream is poured down the back of his muscular neck and onto his white T-shirt and crisp bib overalls — clothing that would become his trademark in the Mississippi movement.[3]

Mississippi Burning Trial[edit]

The Mississippi burning trial involved the 1964 murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner, three political activists during the American Civil Rights Movement. The murders of James Chaney, a 21-year-old black man from Meridian, Mississippi; Andrew Goodman, a 20-year-old Jewish anthropology student from New York City; and Michael Schwerner, a 24-year-old Jewish CORE organizer and former social worker also from New York, symbolized the risks of participating in the Civil Rights Movement in the South during what became known as "Freedom Summer", dedicated to voter registration.

A widespread belief exists that George Raymond was the target that day. Mississippi Burning Trial testimonies state that[4] the station wagon that Schwerner, Goodman and Chaney were murdered in belonged to Raymond. It was planned that Raymond drive that day but last minute changes occurred. Schwerner, Goodman and Chaney may have been casualties.[5]

Meredith Mississippi March[edit]

George Raymond, Jr. participated in the Meredith Mississippi March near the town of Canton in June 1966. The march began with civil rights campaigner James Meredith setting out to walk from Memphis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi, in order to encourage African Americans along the way to register and vote. After Meredith was shot and wounded, other civil rights campaigners continued the march in his name.

Mississippi blues[edit]

The Club Desire, founded by Clarence Chinn (1906–1995), was one of Mississippi's premier blues and rhythm & blues nightclubs from the late 1940s through the early 1960s. Owner Clarence Chinn presented the top national acts, including B. B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, Little Junior Parker, James Brown, Ivory Joe Hunter, Big Joe Turner, Hank Ballard & the Midnighters, and the Platters. In the 1960s, the club also served as an important meeting place for civil rights workers.

After Chinn decided to focus his energy on real estate and housing, George Raymond was one of New Club Desire operators. Raymond and C. O. Chinn (brother to Clarence Chinn) were Canton’s leading civil rights activists in the 1960s. In addition to spreading the popularity the Blues, New Club Desire was used for meetings of civic, social, and civil rights organizations. The club closed in the 1970s.[6]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Wright, Robert (1968). Ralph J. Bunche Oral History Collection. DC28.371. Transcript (39 pp.): Howard University. 
  2. ^ Dittmer, John (1995). Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi (Blacks in the New World). University of Illinois Press. pp. 162, 187, 188, 221, 222, 237, 246, 249, 255, 328, 329, 334, 381, 471. ISBN 0-252-06507-7. 
  3. ^ O'Brien, Michael James (2000). We Shall Not Be Moved: The Sit-in at the Jackson Woolworth's. Chapter 8, George: River, Charles Press. ISBN 0-9647124-5-8. 
  4. ^ Cagin and Dray, Seth and Philip (2006). We Are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney, and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi. Nation Books; Revised edition. pp. 9, 12, 27, 173, 215, 223, 252, 261, 275, 337, 342, 343. ISBN 1-56025-864-0. 
  5. ^ Lewis, Edmund W. (May 9, 2005). "Remembrance". Louisiana Weekly. 
  6. ^ "Mississippi Blues Trail". Mississippi Blues Commission. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 

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