Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Brooklyn Queen "EMOJI" [Official Video]
Brooklyn Queen "EMOJI" [Official Video]
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Brooklyn Queen
glen smiley
glen smiley
Published: 2009/05/18
Channel: utubinol
Top 10 Freddy Krueger Kills
Top 10 Freddy Krueger Kills
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Glitter Slime -- How to Make It AND Play With It!
Glitter Slime -- How to Make It AND Play With It!
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Family Fun Pack
Ed Sheeran - Perfect (Official Music Video)
Ed Sheeran - Perfect (Official Music Video)
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Ed Sheeran
Mick SmiIey - I Believe It
Mick SmiIey - I Believe It's Magic (Ghostbusters)
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Federico Pablo Martin
Training Day (2/5) Movie CLIP - Standoff (2001) HD
Training Day (2/5) Movie CLIP - Standoff (2001) HD
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Movieclips
Smoothie Challenge - GloZell & Collins Key
Smoothie Challenge - GloZell & Collins Key
Published: 2015/07/03
Channel: GloZell Green
spirit-Doug E. Fresh & The Get Fresh
spirit-Doug E. Fresh & The Get Fresh
Published: 2008/10/19
Channel: 01EPIC
Hide And Seek (The Devil May Care) - Smiley
Hide And Seek (The Devil May Care) - Smiley's Friends
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Bernie Armstrong
Joseph Gordon-Levitt Is "Down-to-Earth" -- Glenne Headly -- A Celebs.com Original
Joseph Gordon-Levitt Is "Down-to-Earth" -- Glenne Headly -- A Celebs.com Original
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: CELEBS.com
"What Would Dick GREgory Do??? Bro. Ron GREgory Makes IT PlaIN About His Big BroTHEr
"What Would Dick GREgory Do??? Bro. Ron GREgory Makes IT PlaIN About His Big BroTHEr's Legacy"
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Ima Keep It 100 ft Lil J /Smiley Da Pro / Yoba
Ima Keep It 100 ft Lil J /Smiley Da Pro / Yoba
Published: 2013/05/08
Channel: scandalxrecords
Rickey Smiley - From The Projects
Rickey Smiley - From The Projects
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: StandUpForFamily
ZAYN - Dusk Till Dawn ft. Sia
ZAYN - Dusk Till Dawn ft. Sia
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: ZaynVEVO
Ryan Hamilton Stand-Up 05/12/14
Ryan Hamilton Stand-Up 05/12/14
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Team Coco
Tavis Smiley Character Assassination and Zimmerman Threatens Jay-Z Plus Crocodile Tears
Tavis Smiley Character Assassination and Zimmerman Threatens Jay-Z Plus Crocodile Tears
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: Thought Crimez
N-NANI?!
N-NANI?!
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: ThePurpleguy123
''Minister Farrakhan's First Appearance On Donahue 1985.''
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: IRONMUHAMMAD68
TAVIS SMILEY | Guest: Earth, Wind & Fire | PBS
TAVIS SMILEY | Guest: Earth, Wind & Fire | PBS
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: PBS
Mick Smiley - Magic (Re-Edit by DJMadMax) GhostBusters Soundtrack
Mick Smiley - Magic (Re-Edit by DJMadMax) GhostBusters Soundtrack
Published: 2009/11/04
Channel: DJMadMax
Dr. E. Dewey Smith interviewed by Debbie Dennard Part 1
Dr. E. Dewey Smith interviewed by Debbie Dennard Part 1
Published: 2013/10/06
Channel: Herbert Dennard
Ne-Yo on Rickey Smiley
Ne-Yo on Rickey Smiley
Published: 2010/09/01
Channel: Glenn Woods
Adam Carolla & Glenn Beck Talk About #OWS, Radio, Hollywood & His e-book "Rich Man, Poor Man"
Adam Carolla & Glenn Beck Talk About #OWS, Radio, Hollywood & His e-book "Rich Man, Poor Man"
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: GlennBeckBookList
MAGIC extended remix by JLMix - Mick Smiley
MAGIC extended remix by JLMix - Mick Smiley
Published: 2012/02/11
Channel: Jose Luis Marciale
Top 5 Intros of the Week Intro [ENTER IN DESC] [100 Likes? c:]
Top 5 Intros of the Week Intro [ENTER IN DESC] [100 Likes? c:]
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: TronsterFX.
Democracy Now! Debate on Obama
Democracy Now! Debate on Obama's Presidency: Glen Ford vs. Michael Eric Dyson. Part 1 of 3
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: Democracy Now!
Kelly Rowland Interview w/ Rickey Smiley
Kelly Rowland Interview w/ Rickey Smiley
Published: 2013/04/02
Channel: Glenn Woods
Rickey Smiley: Paternity Test Tuesday
Rickey Smiley: Paternity Test Tuesday
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Rickey Smiley
Travis Greene - Intentional
Travis Greene - Intentional
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: TGreeneVEVO
Special Woodstock 2012 Smiley Family "She
Special Woodstock 2012 Smiley Family "She's in love with the boy"
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: mijenmultimedia
Smile -Doe B
Smile -Doe B
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: Kaylow YUNGNBOSSEDUP
Pastor Lester Taylor "I Prayed About It"
Pastor Lester Taylor "I Prayed About It"
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: Herbert Glenn
Adam Carolla Rant About the Occupy Mentality.flv
Adam Carolla Rant About the Occupy Mentality.flv
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: wideawake123
Glenn Beck Reacts to Adam Carolla
Glenn Beck Reacts to Adam Carolla's anti-OWS Rant
Published: 2011/12/04
Channel: VideoSeattle
Spirit- Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew (Ghostbusters 2 Official Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Spirit- Doug E. Fresh and the Get Fresh Crew (Ghostbusters 2 Official Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Published: 2011/10/08
Channel: Ghosthead83
"Little Women: Atlanta" Cast Members Twerk For Rickey Smiley!
"Little Women: Atlanta" Cast Members Twerk For Rickey Smiley!
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Rickey Smiley Morning Show
Alborosie - Kingston Town
Alborosie - Kingston Town
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: AlborosieVEVO
HOOLIGAN LOU - Smiley
HOOLIGAN LOU - Smiley
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Underrated Music
Black Agenda Report Editor: "Obama is not the lesser evil"
Black Agenda Report Editor: "Obama is not the lesser evil"
Published: 2012/09/09
Channel: TheRealNews
Rene & Angela - Your Smile
Rene & Angela - Your Smile
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: juichi07
THIS GIRL IS BADD
THIS GIRL IS BADD
Published: 2008/01/07
Channel: Dasma Williams
dr Randall Kennedy.mpg
dr Randall Kennedy.mpg
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Phillip Dennis
Dr. Michael Eric Dyson: Obama isn
Dr. Michael Eric Dyson: Obama isn't Moses, he is Pharaoh
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: keywiki
Hardstyle mix - Love for Hardstyle #6 - DJ Glenn
Hardstyle mix - Love for Hardstyle #6 - DJ Glenn
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: DJGlenn
Jeff The Killer la película | Trailer
Jeff The Killer la película | Trailer
Published: 2014/04/17
Channel: JJuan Punk
[FULL VERSION] Black conservative leaders discuss how the NRA was created to protect freed slaves
[FULL VERSION] Black conservative leaders discuss how the NRA was created to protect freed slaves
Published: 2013/02/24
Channel: DAFRUSA
Archie Smiley
Archie Smiley
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: consulmuseum
"Dish Nation" Visits Fox 5 "Good Day Atlanta" Studios!
"Dish Nation" Visits Fox 5 "Good Day Atlanta" Studios!
Published: 2014/08/16
Channel: Dish Nation
Glen Matlock - Solo Acoustic Show | ArtMaker.tv
Glen Matlock - Solo Acoustic Show | ArtMaker.tv
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: ArtMaker.tv
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Glenn Smiley (April 19, 1910 – September 14, 1993) was a white civil rights consultant and leader.[1] He closely studied the doctrine of Mahatma Gandhi and became convinced that racism and segregation were most likely to be overcome without the use of violence, and began studying and teaching peaceful tactics. As an employee of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), he visited Martin Luther King, Jr. in Montgomery, Alabama in 1956 during the Montgomery bus boycott where Smiley advised King and his associates on nonviolent tactics, and was able to convince King that nonviolence was a feasible solution to racial tension. Smiley, together with Bayard Rustin and others, helped convince King and his associates that complete nonviolence and nonviolent direct action were the most effective methods and tools to use during protest.[2] After the Civil Rights Movement, Smiley continued to employ nonviolence and worked for several organizations promoting peace in South American countries. Just three years before him 1993 death, Smiley opened the King Center in Los Angeles.

Civil rights work[edit]

During his work in ministry in the 1940s, Smiley developed an interest for the methods of Mahatma Gandhi and his methods of self-discipline and nonviolence. From these studies, he developed his theory that nonviolence was the most effective way to combat discrimination. Smiley first used his theory of nonviolence in the late 1940s when he attempted to spur integration of tearooms of department stores in the Los Angeles area.[3] Smiley went on to have a professional relationship with Martin Luther King, in which he advised King on nonviolence tactics and emphasized the importance of nonviolence in the success of the Civil Rights Movement. Smiley was already impress with Dr. King's leadership, but was critical of King for having a bodyguard. In a letter that Smiley had written to some of his friends, he was quoted writing, "If King can really be won to a faith of nonviolence there is no end to what he can do. Soon he will be able to direct movement by sheer force of being the symbol of resistance. [4]Smiley also persuaded King that there needs to be an active dialogue between the white and black ministers in the South. King sent Smiley around the South preaching the doctrine to church congregations and civil-rights groups, and nonviolence quickly became a binding premise of King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference.[5]

During the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Smiley participated by spreading news of the boycott to his congregation. Smiley was also charged with appealing to Southern white people, and accessed group meetings of organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan and the WCC. He is quoted saying, “my assignment was to make every contact possible in the white community.” After the resolution of Browder v. Gayle on December 17, 1956, it was ruled by the Supreme Court that segregation on city busses is unconstitutional; the MIA developed a set of guidelines to help black residents successfully ride on the newly integrated busses. Smiley, along with Martin Luther King and other MIA leaders, was an integral author of these new guidelines. [6]

After the Supreme Court’s ruling in Browder v. Gayle Smiley rode with Martin Luther King and Reverend Ralph D. Abernathy on the first day that bus segregation ended in Montgomery. Smiley later said that he took the bus ride to get a reaction, as his organizational work had been urging nonviolence.[7] Later during the student sit-in movement during the 1960s, Smiley was a strong supporter and urged the students to attend a conference at Shaw University that would go on to be the birthplace of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).[8]

In the 1960s, Smiley founded the Methodist-inspired organization called Justice-Action-Peace Latin America, which was responsible for organizing seminars on nonviolence in Latin American countries between the years of 1967 and the early 1970s. [9] Smiley traveled to South American countries, where he taught nonviolence during the time he worked under the National Council of Churches and the National Council of Catholic Bishops. Shortly before his death, Smiley founded the Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolence in Los Angeles in 1990 to further his lifelong philosophy of nonviolence.[10] Speaking about the King Center, Smiley stressed "nonviolence is the most effective way of achieving change because in the process it does not rip countries apart; it builds, it does not destroy."

Personal life[edit]

Glenn Smiley was born in Loraine, Texas on April 19, 1910. He attended several universities, including McMurry College, Southwestern University, and the University of Arizona before graduating from University of Redlands [11] . Post graduation, Smiley worked as the preacher to a Methodist congregation in Arizona, and later California for 14 years. After his work in ministry, Smiley went on to work for several organizations, including the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in 1942, and later served as the national field secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR). When World War II broke out and the time came for Smiley to enlist in armed services, he refused to participate. He also opted not to take the clergy exception, which was available to him as a minister. These actions classified him as a conscientious objector and he went on to serve time in prison in 1945 for his lack of compliance.[12] Smiley believed that prison is only secondary to war in dehumanization and violence. In Smiley's sixties, he suffered from 44 small strokes. These strokes greatly affected his memory and speech for 15 years, until one day he woke up and seemed to be completely back to his normal self and even went on to give 103 major lectures.[13] Smiley died on September 14, 1993, in Glendale, California, at the age of 83.[14] In a statement issued by Dean Hunsell, a board member of Los Angeles chapter of the Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolence, it was announced that Smiley died of natural causes likely connected to complications from a previous stroke.[15] Smiley left behind his wife, Helen, as well as three children, eight grandchildren, and 22 great-grandchildren.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The New York Times, Sept. 18, 1993. p.19
  2. ^ King, Dr. Martin Luther. Stride Toward Freedom pp. 163, 173
  3. ^ "Glenn Smiley". The Civil Rights Movement as Theological Drama. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Smiley, Glenn E. (1910-1993)". King Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Folkart, Burt (17 September 1993). "Glenn Smiley; Advised King on Nonviolence". LA Times. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Smiley, Glenn E. (1910-1993)". King Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Castleberry, Forrest (December 21, 1956). "The Montgomery Bus Boycott: They Changed The Worls". Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Smiley, Glenn E. (1910-1993)". King Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Smiley, Glenn E. (1910-1993)". King Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Folkart, Burt (17 September 1993). "Glenn Smiley; Advised King on Nonviolence". LA Times. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Smiley, Glenn E. (1910-1993)". King Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Glenn Smiley". The Civil Rights Movement as Theological Drama. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "How Nonviolence Works". Followship of Reconciliation. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "Glenn E. Smiley, 83, Civil Rights Advocate". New York Times. 18 September 1993. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "Glenn E. Smiley, 83, Civil Rights Advocate". New York Times. 18 September 1993. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "Glenn E. Smiley, 83, Civil Rights Advocate". New York Times. 18 September 1993. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license