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Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Nuihzathlak mizo Gawc
Nuihzathlak mizo Gawc
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Chhakchhuak Entlinga
Gawc 2016-2017 Students
Gawc 2016-2017 Students' Union
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Jf Lalhmangaiha
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Hen Drix
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
6.2 - Globalization [Cities are back in town : urban sociology for a globalizing urban world]
6.2 - Globalization [Cities are back in town : urban sociology for a globalizing urban world]
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Garrett Skylar
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Syed Hasan Ahmed
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Hen Drix
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: Business Immo
Dublin in 4K
Dublin in 4K
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Around The World 4K
Beirut, Lebanon
Beirut, Lebanon
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Wonderful Cities
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Rinfela Buaia
Adventure club GAWC
Adventure club GAWC
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Govt.Aizawl West College Youth Adventure Club
World Cities Summit 2016 Promotional Video
World Cities Summit 2016 Promotional Video
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: WorldCitiesSummit
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017  Kevin
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017 Kevin's farm
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Ms Tluanga
World City Network A global urban analysis
World City Network A global urban analysis
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: adolfina
Best Documentary 2015 Us World
Best Documentary 2015 Us World's Largest Underground City [Full Documentary]
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: vid kons
Russia in Pictures with Caucasian Music Part 36
Russia in Pictures with Caucasian Music Part 36
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Nurettin Yilmaz
travel Chicago - United States - America
travel Chicago - United States - America
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: Channel T
Moscow, Russia Trip
Moscow, Russia Trip
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: Ron's been here
GAWC 2014
GAWC 2014
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: vickiholmes1
Doha, the desert city
Doha, the desert city
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: HereWeGo
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
Russia/Moscow (Walking tour) Part 3
Russia/Moscow (Walking tour) Part 3
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Nurettin Yilmaz
GAWC FIRST ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION
GAWC FIRST ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: azharkent
Chicago ,travel
Chicago ,travel
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Viki English
Motorrad fahren Budapest Ungarn, Motorcycle Hungary Budapest, Piaggio X9 test
Motorrad fahren Budapest Ungarn, Motorcycle Hungary Budapest, Piaggio X9 test
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: TheMegaStofi
Dublin dream city
Dublin dream city
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: DIŞ HABER
00030
00030
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Bartolome Sanchez
Gawc History dept 2016 Tshirt tlangzarh 😄
Gawc History dept 2016 Tshirt tlangzarh 😄
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Ms Tluanga
Moscow
Moscow
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Countries and places
Chicago, United States
Chicago, United States
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Wonderful Cities
GAWC,P.A Dept
GAWC,P.A Dept
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Jack L Ralte
Chicago - Historical Population
Chicago - Historical Population
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Primavakantie.nl
Valencia - Aug 2016
Valencia - Aug 2016
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Stavros Salampoukidis
Driving Highway in Moscow
Driving Highway in Moscow
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Driving
Driving Downtown - Chicago
Driving Downtown - Chicago's Main Street - Chicago Illinois USA
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: J Utah
Travel to Penang by Aspial Group
Travel to Penang by Aspial Group
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: ASPIAL GROUP
Denver city, Colorado
Denver city, Colorado
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: vladamikulec
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: WOLFCO08
New Moscow city aerial view
New Moscow city aerial view
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Dublin, the Capital City of Ireland
Dublin, the Capital City of Ireland
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: VideoVoyage.TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization. It is based in the geography department of Loughborough University in England.

GaWC was founded by Peter J. Taylor in 1998,[1] Together with Jon Beaverstock and Richard G. Smith, they create the GaWC's bi-annual categorization of world cities into "Alpha", "Beta" and "Gamma" tiers, based upon their international connectedness.[2]

The GaWC examines cities worldwide to narrow them down to a roster of 307 world cities, then ranks these based on their connectivity through four "advanced producer services": accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law.[3] The GaWC inventory ranks city economics more heavily than political or cultural factors. Beyond the categories of "Alpha" world cities (with four sub-categories), "Beta" world cities (three sub-categories) and "Gamma" world cities (three sub-categories), the GaWC cities include additional cities at "High sufficiency" and "Sufficiency" level.

The following is a general guide to the rankings as of the most recent (2016) update:[4]

Alpha++ cities are vastly more integrated with the global economy than all other cities. [4]

Alpha+ cities are the eight cities that complement London and New York City by filling advanced service niches for the global economy.[4]

Alpha and Alpha- cities are the 13 and 22 cities, respectively, that link major economic regions into the world economy.[4]

The GaWC global cities according to the 2016 study:

Beta level cities are the 78 cities that link moderate economic regions into the world economy.[4]

Gamma level cities are the 59 cities that link smaller economic regions into the world economy.[4]

High Sufficiency level cities are the 41 cities that have a high degree of accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law services so as not to be dependent on world cities.[4]

Sufficiency level cities are the 84 cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be obviously dependent on world cities.[4]

The World According to GaWC 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, Peter J. (2004). World city network: a global urban analysis. Routledge. p. ix. ISBN 0-415-30249-8. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ Donald, Stephanie; Gammack, John G. (2007). Tourism and the branded city. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 0-7546-4829-X. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  3. ^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 

External links[edit]


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