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Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Rinfela Buaia
Gawc 2016-2017 Students
Gawc 2016-2017 Students' Union
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Jf Lalhmangaiha
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Syed Hasan Ahmed
Global Cities: Globalization
Global Cities: Globalization
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: Complexity Labs
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Hen Drix
GAWC “Thriller”i
GAWC “Thriller”i
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: Sarah Doris
Jakarta || Indonesia ||Tour in 3 minutes.
Jakarta || Indonesia ||Tour in 3 minutes.
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Explore World
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: Business Immo
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Hen Drix
Beirut, Lebanon
Beirut, Lebanon
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Wonderful Cities
GAWC 2014
GAWC 2014
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: vickiholmes1
GAWC Dancers
GAWC Dancers
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: Lalro Mawia
travel Chicago - United States - America
travel Chicago - United States - America
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: Channel T
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: WOLFCO08
World City Network A global urban analysis
World City Network A global urban analysis
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: adolfina
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017  Kevin
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017 Kevin's farm
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Ms Tluanga
Manchester Skyline DJI Phantom 3 Drone
Manchester Skyline DJI Phantom 3 Drone
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: ManchesterDrone
Chicago - Historical Population
Chicago - Historical Population
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Primavakantie.nl
Toronto - Canada
Toronto - Canada
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Dublin in 4K
Dublin in 4K
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Around The World 4K
Driving Downtown - Charlotte North Carolina USA
Driving Downtown - Charlotte North Carolina USA
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: J Utah
GAWC.4 semester Sec- A picnic
GAWC.4 semester Sec- A picnic
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Lalhming Sanga
Mary Hicks Life Happens
Mary Hicks Life Happens
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
GAWC FIRST ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION
GAWC FIRST ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
Moscow City Tour
Moscow City Tour
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Top Green
Lalbuatsaihi... GAWC Cultural Club Tresurer😂😂😂😂
Lalbuatsaihi... GAWC Cultural Club Tresurer😂😂😂😂
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: burn niee
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: azharkent
How the city of Birmingham became
How the city of Birmingham became 'Little Pakistan' ''Mini Pakistan'' in the UK Short Documentary
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Daily Watch Channel
City Break to Chicago USA 2018 Best Holiday Vacation Tour Holiday Guide Video
City Break to Chicago USA 2018 Best Holiday Vacation Tour Holiday Guide Video
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: AlexV Channel
GAWC celebrating advance Xmas
GAWC celebrating advance Xmas
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Vari Kp
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
Old Moscow video // старинное видео москвы
Old Moscow video // старинное видео москвы
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Namaste Nepal
Kaohsiung City, Taiwan - Part 1
Kaohsiung City, Taiwan - Part 1
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: PlanetTraveler
MOSCOW 2018
MOSCOW 2018
Published: 2018/01/07
Channel: ninteski
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia - the most multicultural city in the world
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia - the most multicultural city in the world
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Ten Slides
WOW!! Amazing 6 ASEAN Cities!! (2014)
WOW!! Amazing 6 ASEAN Cities!! (2014)
Published: 2012/12/21
Channel: azharkent
Moscow - Russia
Moscow - Russia
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Adventure club GAWC
Adventure club GAWC
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Govt.Aizawl West College Youth Adventure Club
Bishop David Hicks The Vision for the church GAWC
Bishop David Hicks The Vision for the church GAWC
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
00030
00030
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Bartolome Sanchez
Gawc History dept 2016 Tshirt tlangzarh 😄
Gawc History dept 2016 Tshirt tlangzarh 😄
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Ms Tluanga
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization. It is based in the geography department of Loughborough University in Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom.

GaWC was founded by Peter J. Taylor in 1998,[1] Together with Jon Beaverstock and Richard G. Smith, they create the GaWC's bi-annual categorization of world cities into "Alpha", "Beta" and "Gamma" tiers, based upon their international connectedness.[2]

The GaWC examines cities worldwide to narrow them down to a roster of 307 world cities, then ranks these based on their connectivity through four "advanced producer services": accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law.[3] The GaWC inventory ranks city economics more heavily than political or cultural factors. Beyond the categories of "Alpha" world cities (with four sub-categories), "Beta" world cities (three sub-categories) and "Gamma" world cities (three sub-categories), the GaWC cities include additional cities at "High sufficiency" and "Sufficiency" level.

The following is a general guide to the rankings as of the most recent (2016) update:[4]

Alpha++ cities are vastly more integrated with the global economy than all other cities.[4]

Alpha+ cities are the eight cities that complement London and New York City by filling advanced service niches for the global economy.[4]

Alpha and Alpha- cities are the 13 and 22 cities, respectively, that link major economic regions into the world economy.[4]

The GaWC global cities according to the 2016 study:

Beta level cities are the 78 cities that link moderate economic regions into the world economy.[4]

Gamma level cities are the 59 cities that link smaller economic regions into the world economy.[4]

High Sufficiency level cities are the 41 cities that have a high degree of accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law services so as not to be dependent on world cities.[4]

Sufficiency level cities are the 84 cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be obviously dependent on world cities.[4]

The World According to GaWC 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, Peter J. (2004). World city network: a global urban analysis. Routledge. p. ix. ISBN 0-415-30249-8. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ Donald, Stephanie; Gammack, John G. (2007). Tourism and the branded city. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 0-7546-4829-X. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  3. ^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 

External links[edit]

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