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Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Hen Drix
Gawc 2016-2017 Students
Gawc 2016-2017 Students' Union
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Jf Lalhmangaiha
Adventure club GAWC
Adventure club GAWC
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Govt.Aizawl West College Youth Adventure Club
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 1
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
GAWC CULTURAL CLUB
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Hen Drix
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 7
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 5
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Globalization, Cities and the Rise of Global Work
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Syed Hasan Ahmed
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 3
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 4
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 6
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo - Part 2
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: AA School of Architecture
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017  Kevin
GAWC History Dept Picnic 2017 Kevin's farm
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Ms Tluanga
GAWC.4 semester Sec- A picnic
GAWC.4 semester Sec- A picnic
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Lalhming Sanga
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Lou Guiliano: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Andre Yee: GAWC Talk
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: The Gospel at Work
Lalbuatsaihi... GAWC Cultural Club Tresurer😂😂😂😂
Lalbuatsaihi... GAWC Cultural Club Tresurer😂😂😂😂
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: burn niee
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
G.A.W.C 2nd sem ..sec(D)
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Rinfela Buaia
Best Documentary 2015 Us World
Best Documentary 2015 Us World's Largest Underground City [Full Documentary]
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: vid kons
David Hicks Go Forward
David Hicks Go Forward
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
travel Chicago - United States - America
travel Chicago - United States - America
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: Channel T
Moscow 100 years ago
Moscow 100 years ago
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Countries and places
Dublin in 4K
Dublin in 4K
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Around The World 4K
Doha, the desert city
Doha, the desert city
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: HereWeGo
GAWC 2014
GAWC 2014
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: vickiholmes1
World City Network A global urban analysis
World City Network A global urban analysis
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: adolfina
London - a world city?
London - a world city?
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Rob Gamesby
Moscow 100 years ago
Moscow 100 years ago
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Countries and places
Old Moscow video // старинное видео москвы
Old Moscow video // старинное видео москвы
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Namaste Nepal
Bishop David Hicks The Vision for the church GAWC
Bishop David Hicks The Vision for the church GAWC
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
GAWC,P.A Dept
GAWC,P.A Dept
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Jack L Ralte
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
GAWC TV SPOT. TV commercial
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: WOLFCO08
Manchester Skyline DJI Phantom 3 Drone
Manchester Skyline DJI Phantom 3 Drone
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: ManchesterDrone
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia - the most multicultural city in the world
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia - the most multicultural city in the world
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Ten Slides
00030
00030
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Bartolome Sanchez
Jakarta || Indonesia ||Tour in 3 minutes.
Jakarta || Indonesia ||Tour in 3 minutes.
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Explore World
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Brian Kilkelly - World Cities Network
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: Business Immo
Moscow, Russia Trip
Moscow, Russia Trip
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: Ron's been here
Dublin, the Capital City of Ireland
Dublin, the Capital City of Ireland
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: VideoVoyage.TV
WOW!! Amazing 6 ASEAN Cities!! (2014)
WOW!! Amazing 6 ASEAN Cities!! (2014)
Published: 2012/12/21
Channel: azharkent
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
5 ASEAN Big Cities (2012)
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: azharkent
Mary Hicks Life Happens
Mary Hicks Life Happens
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Rev. David Hicks
Chicago - Historical Population
Chicago - Historical Population
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Primavakantie.nl
The Best Hotels in Doha, Qatar
The Best Hotels in Doha, Qatar
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Happy Traveler
Drzewiecki Design - Moscow City X - Official Promo
Drzewiecki Design - Moscow City X - Official Promo
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: ateh1
Driving Downtown 4K - Chicago
Driving Downtown 4K - Chicago's Skyline
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: J Utah
Russia/Moscow (Winter 2017) Part 2
Russia/Moscow (Winter 2017) Part 2
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Nurettin Yilmaz
Old Manila City // History of Manila, Philippines.
Old Manila City // History of Manila, Philippines.
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Namaste Nepal
New Moscow city aerial view
New Moscow city aerial view
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization. It is based in the geography department of Loughborough University in Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom.

GaWC was founded by Peter J. Taylor in 1998,[1] Together with Jon Beaverstock and Richard G. Smith, they create the GaWC's bi-annual categorization of world cities into "Alpha", "Beta" and "Gamma" tiers, based upon their international connectedness.[2]

The GaWC examines cities worldwide to narrow them down to a roster of 307 world cities, then ranks these based on their connectivity through four "advanced producer services": accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law.[3] The GaWC inventory ranks city economics more heavily than political or cultural factors. Beyond the categories of "Alpha" world cities (with four sub-categories), "Beta" world cities (three sub-categories) and "Gamma" world cities (three sub-categories), the GaWC cities include additional cities at "High sufficiency" and "Sufficiency" level.

The following is a general guide to the rankings as of the most recent (2016) update:[4]

Alpha++ cities are vastly more integrated with the global economy than all other cities.[4]

Alpha+ cities are the eight cities that complement London and New York City by filling advanced service niches for the global economy.[4]

Alpha and Alpha- cities are the 13 and 22 cities, respectively, that link major economic regions into the world economy.[4]

The GaWC global cities according to the 2016 study:

Beta level cities are the 78 cities that link moderate economic regions into the world economy.[4]

Gamma level cities are the 59 cities that link smaller economic regions into the world economy.[4]

High Sufficiency level cities are the 41 cities that have a high degree of accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law services so as not to be dependent on world cities.[4]

Sufficiency level cities are the 84 cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be obviously dependent on world cities.[4]

The World According to GaWC 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, Peter J. (2004). World city network: a global urban analysis. Routledge. p. ix. ISBN 0-415-30249-8. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ Donald, Stephanie; Gammack, John G. (2007). Tourism and the branded city. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 0-7546-4829-X. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  3. ^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2016". Lboro.ac.uk. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 

External links[edit]

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