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My Best Gojjam Music Ever
My Best Gojjam Music Ever
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Meseret
gojam new Ethiopia traditional music 2017
gojam new Ethiopia traditional music 2017
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: SIMA ZEFEN ስማ ዘፈን
The New and Best  Gojjam Eskista.flv
The New and Best Gojjam Eskista.flv
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: zendro
Amazing Gojjam traditional song   Habte Abrham   Zemenay New Ethiopian music 2016 official Video  1
Amazing Gojjam traditional song Habte Abrham Zemenay New Ethiopian music 2016 official Video 1
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: tarekegn melese
Yezena Negash: Gojjam
Yezena Negash: Gojjam
Published: 2010/08/18
Channel: Ethiopian Update
Gojjam 1978
Gojjam 1978
Published: 2011/04/02
Channel: Getachew Beyene
Gojjam Na Na Alegn ጎጃም ና ና አለኝ ደብር ማርቆስ
Gojjam Na Na Alegn ጎጃም ና ና አለኝ ደብር ማርቆስ
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: OneLoveet
Gizachew Teshome - "Gojam" New Ethiopian Music 2016
Gizachew Teshome - "Gojam" New Ethiopian Music 2016
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: EthioNigist Ethiopian Music
Gizachew Teshome - Ney Mela - Gojjam
Gizachew Teshome - Ney Mela - Gojjam
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: Ethio habesha
Ye Gojjam Lig
Ye Gojjam Lig
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: Ato Yebbo
New ethiopian traditional amharic music 2013 GOJAM by KEBERET BELAY
New ethiopian traditional amharic music 2013 GOJAM by KEBERET BELAY
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: Theodros Bekele
Gojjam music by Abere Worku
Gojjam music by Abere Worku
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: LOVE
yagere lij gojjam
yagere lij gojjam
Published: 2009/03/04
Channel: yared david
New ethiopian Gojjam music 2016 Song Dessalegn Dires Shimunmun   YouTube
New ethiopian Gojjam music 2016 Song Dessalegn Dires Shimunmun YouTube
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: ahmed ali
Amhara Resistance in Gojjam- 30 August 2016
Amhara Resistance in Gojjam- 30 August 2016
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: AbayTube
Gojjam Eskesta2 - Ethiopian Heritage Festival
Gojjam Eskesta2 - Ethiopian Heritage Festival
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Habesha Infotainment
debremarkos university  gojjam bahil show-haromaya university sport festival
debremarkos university gojjam bahil show-haromaya university sport festival
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: mekashaw dessalegne
Ethiopian music  Gojjam kererto ye Belayi zeleke
Ethiopian music Gojjam kererto ye Belayi zeleke
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Sintayhu Bamlaku
Ephrem Tamiru  Mulu Gojjam ፍሬም ታምሩ   ሙሉ ጎጃም   ፎቶ ቅንብር   ውሂብ ጥሩነህ
Ephrem Tamiru Mulu Gojjam ፍሬም ታምሩ ሙሉ ጎጃም ፎቶ ቅንብር ውሂብ ጥሩነህ
Published: 2013/09/12
Channel: Wouhib Terefe
Volcanic eruption  started in Gojjam, injibara town (እሳተ ገሞራ ጓጃም ውስጥ )
Volcanic eruption started in Gojjam, injibara town (እሳተ ገሞራ ጓጃም ውስጥ )
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: AddisEthioTube
Teddy Afro Gojjam nora mare ጎጃም ኖራ ማሬ   YouTube
Teddy Afro Gojjam nora mare ጎጃም ኖራ ማሬ YouTube
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Bereket Gdey
Teddy afro gojam
Teddy afro gojam
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Ephrem Alemayehu
Gojjam in summer
Gojjam in summer
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: Goraw Z
Debre Markos Gojjam Ethiopia
Debre Markos Gojjam Ethiopia
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: Muluken Gizaw
Ethiopian Traditional Dance 2014-Minjar, Gonder & Gojjam Dances
Ethiopian Traditional Dance 2014-Minjar, Gonder & Gojjam Dances
Published: 2014/08/02
Channel: Habtamu Biyadglign
Teddy afro new music 2017 Gojjam nura mare
Teddy afro new music 2017 Gojjam nura mare
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Bati tube
Belay Zeleke Memories.. An Elder Eye witness from Debre Markos Gojjam
Belay Zeleke Memories.. An Elder Eye witness from Debre Markos Gojjam
Published: 2012/05/27
Channel: Ato Yebbo
Ethiopian Gojjam Eskista Dance
Ethiopian Gojjam Eskista Dance
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: Systemdivclass9data
Amhara protest in Finote Selam town, West Gojjam, Ethiopia
Amhara protest in Finote Selam town, West Gojjam, Ethiopia
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Ethiopian News
Meseret Belete - Inhid Gojjam
Meseret Belete - Inhid Gojjam
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: Ethiopian TV
Debre Markos Gojjam, Kidam Gebeya By Yebbo.com
Debre Markos Gojjam, Kidam Gebeya By Yebbo.com
Published: 2012/05/26
Channel: Ato Yebbo
Damtew Ayele - Gojam Azene
Damtew Ayele - Gojam Azene
Published: 2007/12/17
Channel: deray123
Gojjam ambassel
Gojjam ambassel
Published: 2013/05/09
Channel: titidou30
Gojjam - Ethiopia
Gojjam - Ethiopia
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: yigzaw atnafu
Eskedar Amsalu Gojjam
Eskedar Amsalu Gojjam
Published: 2014/05/11
Channel: Ethio Times
family guidance association in East Gojjam
family guidance association in East Gojjam
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: Ghion Yeshaneh
Gojjam  Stigma Indpedance or Continuity ?   Abysinian Pariah  Prof. Muse Tegegne
Gojjam Stigma Indpedance or Continuity ? Abysinian Pariah Prof. Muse Tegegne
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: Prof Muse Tegegne
Bahilawi gojjam azmari
Bahilawi gojjam azmari
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Masresha Yihune
yezena negash   yezina   gojjam ethiopian music
yezena negash yezina gojjam ethiopian music
Published: 2012/11/16
Channel: zafany com
Debere Markos Gojjam Kidamin Gebeya (Teff and Doro Tera) by Yebbo.com April 2012
Debere Markos Gojjam Kidamin Gebeya (Teff and Doro Tera) by Yebbo.com April 2012
Published: 2012/05/26
Channel: Ato Yebbo
Ethiopian News -Sheep gives brith to antelope lamb in Ethiopia, East Gojjam Zone
Ethiopian News -Sheep gives brith to antelope lamb in Ethiopia, East Gojjam Zone
Published: 2010/02/01
Channel: newsdire
GOJJAM
GOJJAM
Published: 2013/03/23
Channel: muluneh shiferaw
Teddy Afro 2017 GOJJAM NURA MARE two kids DANCEing IN ETHIOPIA
Teddy Afro 2017 GOJJAM NURA MARE two kids DANCEing IN ETHIOPIA
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: new flower
gojjam yetibeb amba v 1
gojjam yetibeb amba v 1
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Zelalem G.
Abebe Tessema (Northern Ethiopia) Gojjam
Abebe Tessema (Northern Ethiopia) Gojjam
Published: 2010/05/01
Channel: cybraddis
No Gojjam Province in the Wild
No Gojjam Province in the Wild
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: neorollerx
Gojjam Eskesta - Ethiopian Heritage Festival
Gojjam Eskesta - Ethiopian Heritage Festival
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Habesha Infotainment
Endalkachew Yenehun - Tenes Gojam | ተነስ ጎጃም - New Ethiopian Music 2017 (Official Video)
Endalkachew Yenehun - Tenes Gojam | ተነስ ጎጃም - New Ethiopian Music 2017 (Official Video)
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Hope Music Ethiopia
Kesel Gebeya.. Debre markos Gojjam April 2012 by Yebbo.com
Kesel Gebeya.. Debre markos Gojjam April 2012 by Yebbo.com
Published: 2012/05/26
Channel: Ato Yebbo
Ethiopian Documentary   - "Horse Holiday" in Agaw, Gojjam, Ethiopia - Part 1 of 2
Ethiopian Documentary - "Horse Holiday" in Agaw, Gojjam, Ethiopia - Part 1 of 2
Published: 2010/02/17
Channel: Ethiopian TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Provinces of Ethiopia

Gojjam (Ge'ez: ጎጃም gōjjām or Goǧǧam, originally ጐዛም gʷazzam, later ጐዣም gʷažžām, ጎዣም gōžžām) was a kingdom in the north-western part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debre Marqos. This region is distinctive for lying entirely within the bend of the Abbay River from its outflow from Lake Tana to the Sudan. Gojjamis believe that they are the original people mentioned in the Bible as the river Guihon/Gihon (Nile, or Niger[see: Giehun, Sierra Leone] ) encircling the land of Cush extending to the ancient kingdom of Meroe. At the fall of Meroe to the Axumite King Ezana (4th century AD). Gojjam (Guihon) became a kingdom and later joined the rest of the kingdom of Ethiopia having their own kingship up to the coming of Menlike II of Shoa in the late 19th century, who reduced it to a province. (Stigma By Prof. Muse Tegegne 1993 Geneva).

The name Gojjam was given to the inhabitants due to their resistance in accepting the doctrine of the Alexandrian Church in the past, keeping their own version of the ancient testament, and respecting books like "Teezaze Senbet", the Book of the death of Moses, the Book of Enoch and that of the Psalms in Geez/Ethiopic version. (Stigma M.Tegegne).

Gojjam's earliest western boundary extended up unto the triangle to ancient Meroe in Sudan. By 1700, Gojjam's western neighbors were Agawmeder in the southwest and Qwara in the northwest. Agawmeder, never an organized political entity, was gradually absorbed by Gojjam until it reached west to the Sultanate of Gubba; Juan Maria Schuver noted in his journeys in Agawmeder (September 1882) that in three prior months "the Abyssinians considerably advanced their frontier towards the West, effacing what was left of the independent regions."[1] Gubba acknowledged its dependence to Emperor Menelik II in 1898, but by 1942 was absorbed into Gojjam.[2] Dek Island in Lake Tana was administratively part of Gojjam until 1987.

History[edit]

The ancient history of Gojjam is mostly associated with religion. During the pre-Christianity era Mertule Mariam and Gish Abay -in the eastern and central parts of Gojjam respectively- were places of worship. Along with Tana Qirqos on Lake Tana, the Axum Tsion in the Tigray, and Tadbaba Maryam in Wollo province, Mertule Mariam was a place where animal sacrifices were made for worship. Gish Abay is also considered a sacred place for being the source of the Abay River, also called Felege Ghion in Geez. Ghion is believed to be the Biblical name of the Abay River that is mentioned in the Book of Genesis as one of the four rivers which flow out of Eden and encompasses the land of Ethiopia. Considering its location within the bend of the Abay River, the province of Gojjam is also referred to, especially by the church community, as Ghion or Felege Ghion.

The first church in Gojjam was built at Mertule Mariam, which became the second church in Ethiopia, next to Axum Tsion, and hence the second most important. Tradition relates that Christianity then spread from Tana Qirqos, Gish Abay and Mertule Mariam to different parts of the province. Gojjam then became home to some of the finest liturgical schools in Ethiopia. Other schools worthy of mention include Washera Mariam, Dima Giorgis, Debre Elias, Debre Werq, Amanuel, Tsilalo, and Gonji. These schools are generally credited for developing a sophisticated genre of expression called Sem'na Worq ("Wax and Gold") which is distinctive to Ethiopia.

The earliest recorded mention of Gojjam was during the medieval period, in a note in a manuscript of Amda Seyon's military campaigns there and in the Damot in 1309 EC (AD 1316/7), during which time it was incorporated into Ethiopia. It was also referenced on the Egyptus Novello map, (c. 1451), where it is described as a kingdom (though it had by this time long been subject to the Emperor of Ethiopia). Emperor Lebna Dengel, in his letter to the King of Portugal (1526), also described Gojjam as a kingdom but one that was part of his empire.

At least as early as Empress Eleni, Gojjam provided the revenues of the Empress until the Zemene Mesafint ("Era of the Judges"), when central authority was weak and the revenues were appropriated by Fasil of Damot.[3] Gojjam then became a power base for a series of warlords at least as late as Ras Hailu Tekle Haymanot, who was deposed in 1932.

During the Italian occupation, Gojjam came to be the home of armed bands who resisted the Italian occupiers, whose leaders included Belay Zelleke, Mengesha Jemberie, Negash Bezabih and Hailu Belew. These resistance fighters, known as arbegnoch (or "Patriots"), limited the Italians to only the immediate areas around heavily fortified towns like Debre Markos. Belay Zelleke was even able to fully liberate and run civil administrations in the eastern part of Gojjam and some adjacent woredas in South Wollo and North Shoa. Since the Italians were unable to bring Gojjam under their control, the province was finally chosen by Emperor Haile Selassie as the safest way to return to Ethiopia. During his return, he was supported by the combined forces of the British army, Gojjamie Patriots, and other Ethiopians living abroad before then in fear of persecution by Italians. During the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie, however, the inhabitants of Gojjam rebelled several times due to resentment over ill-treatment of patriots and increased taxes, the latest occasion in 1968—about the same time as the Bale revolt.[4] Unlike in Bale, the central government did not use a military solution to end the revolt, instead replacing the governors and reversing the attempt to levy new taxes; in response to the 1968 revolt, the central government went as far as waiving tax arrears back to 1950.[5]

With the adoption of a new constitution in 1995, Gojjam was divided, with the westernmost part forming the majority of the Metekel Zone of the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, and the rest becoming the Agew Awi, the Mirab (West) Gojjam and the Misraq (East) Gojjam Zones of the Amhara Region.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gerd Baumann, Douglas H. Johnson and Wendy James (editors), Juan Maria Schuver's Travels in North East Africa 1880-1883 (London: Hakluyt Society, 1996), p. 212
  2. ^ Donald L. Donham and Wendy James (eds.), The Southern Marches of Imperial Ethiopia (Oxford: James Curry, 2002), p. 122.
  3. ^ James Bruce Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, selected and edited with an introduction by C.F. Beckingham (Edinburgh: University Press, 1964), p. 130.
  4. ^ Gebru Tareke, Ethiopia: Power and Protest (Lawrenceville: Red Sea Press, 1996), at p. 167 enumerates two other occasions -- in 1942-44 and 1950.
  5. ^ Zahru Zewde, A History of Modern Ethiopia, second edition (London: James Currey, 2001), pp. 216ff, and Gebru Tareke, Ethiopia, pp. 160-193.

Coordinates: 11°00′N 37°00′E / 11.000°N 37.000°E / 11.000; 37.000

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