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Yo Gotti - Gold Medal (Concealed)
Yo Gotti - Gold Medal (Concealed)
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: RAP
Gold Medal - गोल्ड मेडल (Maha Jodi)
Gold Medal - गोल्ड मेडल (Maha Jodi)
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Maha Sanchar
The Gold Medal
The Gold Medal
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: SeplFilmiDhamaka
How Much are Olympic Gold Medals Worth?
How Much are Olympic Gold Medals Worth?
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Today I Found Out
Men
Men's Archery Individual Gold Medal Match | Rio 2016 Replay
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Olympic
2018 GSW vs CAVS Music Video - "Gold Medals"
2018 GSW vs CAVS Music Video - "Gold Medals"
Published: 2018/01/04
Channel: Golden Hoops
Pierce The Veil - Gold Medal Ribbon
Pierce The Veil - Gold Medal Ribbon
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: Fearless Records
Jay Wins A Gold Medal! - Parkside University [S2.EP19] Minecraft Roleplay
Jay Wins A Gold Medal! - Parkside University [S2.EP19] Minecraft Roleplay
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Jaybull
Aha Gazelle - Gold Medals (Audio)
Aha Gazelle - Gold Medals (Audio)
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: AhaGazelleVEVO
CHARLY BLACK - GOLD MEDAL (CLEAN)
CHARLY BLACK - GOLD MEDAL (CLEAN)
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: CHARLY BLACK
All the Gold Medals of Rio 2016  | Gold Rush
All the Gold Medals of Rio 2016 | Gold Rush
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Olympic
The Official Full Video-Behindwoods Gold Medals 2017|Entertainment Guaranteed.No Songs!No Dance!
The Official Full Video-Behindwoods Gold Medals 2017|Entertainment Guaranteed.No Songs!No Dance!
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: BehindwoodsTV
President Donald Trump attends Congressional Gold Medal ceremony for former Sen. Bob Dole | ABC News
President Donald Trump attends Congressional Gold Medal ceremony for former Sen. Bob Dole | ABC News
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: ABC News
Simone Biles - Rio 2016 - GOLD MEDAL
Simone Biles - Rio 2016 - GOLD MEDAL
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Waleed Ahmed
MY FIRST GOLD MEDAL!!
MY FIRST GOLD MEDAL!!
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: RomanAtwoodVlogs
Charly Black - Gold Medal | RAW | Trini Medal Riddim | July 2013 @GullyDan_Gsp
Charly Black - Gold Medal | RAW | Trini Medal Riddim | July 2013 @GullyDan_Gsp
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: Gully Dan
Matthias Steiner Shares his Emotional Beijing 2008 Weightlifting Gold | Moments In Time
Matthias Steiner Shares his Emotional Beijing 2008 Weightlifting Gold | Moments In Time
Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Olympic
Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony Honoring Senator Bob Dole
Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony Honoring Senator Bob Dole
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: Speaker Paul Ryan
Canada vs Sweden | 2018 WJC GOLD MEDAL GAME | Highlights | Jan. 5, 2018
Canada vs Sweden | 2018 WJC GOLD MEDAL GAME | Highlights | Jan. 5, 2018
Published: 2018/01/06
Channel: VinzyHighlights
WATCH: Former Sen. Bob Dole receives Congressional Gold Medal
WATCH: Former Sen. Bob Dole receives Congressional Gold Medal
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: PBS NewsHour
President Trump  attends a Congressional Gold Medal ceremony honoring former Senator Bob Dole  Jan 1
President Trump attends a Congressional Gold Medal ceremony honoring former Senator Bob Dole Jan 1
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: CHANNEL90seconds newscom
Dillon Dube goal 1-0 vs Sweden - Gold Medal Game 2018 IIHF World Junior Championship
Dillon Dube goal 1-0 vs Sweden - Gold Medal Game 2018 IIHF World Junior Championship
Published: 2018/01/06
Channel: Torontomapleleafs951
Pro Women’s Doubles Gold Medal Match from the Florida State Championships 2017
Pro Women’s Doubles Gold Medal Match from the Florida State Championships 2017
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Pickleball Channel
President Trump and Vice President Pence Attend a Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony
President Trump and Vice President Pence Attend a Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: The White House
USA 2-3 Canada - Men
USA 2-3 Canada - Men's Ice Hockey Gold Medal Match | Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics
Published: 2010/03/17
Channel: olympicvancouver2010
Usain Bolt- All 6 gold medals at a glance- Olympic special
Usain Bolt- All 6 gold medals at a glance- Olympic special
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Technology Gym
Heartening Filipino Runner wins gold medal in SEA Games
Heartening Filipino Runner wins gold medal in SEA Games
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Strange Videos
Gold Medal Ribbon
Gold Medal Ribbon
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Pierce The Veil - Topic
Rio 2016 Olympics: How much gold is in an Olympic gold medal? Here’s the answer - TomoNews
Rio 2016 Olympics: How much gold is in an Olympic gold medal? Here’s the answer - TomoNews
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: TomoNews US
USA Olympic Gold Medalist Jordyn Wieber Reveals She Was Abused By Larry Nassar | NBC News
USA Olympic Gold Medalist Jordyn Wieber Reveals She Was Abused By Larry Nassar | NBC News
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: NBC News
Steven Bradbury - An Unbelievable Gold Medal Victory | Olympic Rewind
Steven Bradbury - An Unbelievable Gold Medal Victory | Olympic Rewind
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Olympic
Serbia vs  Brazil GOLD MEDAL MATCH   2016 World League Final   Full Match All Breaks Removed
Serbia vs Brazil GOLD MEDAL MATCH 2016 World League Final Full Match All Breaks Removed
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Vamo' Volley
The Most Unexpected Gold Medal In History - Steven Bradbury | Salt Lake 2002 Winter Olympics
The Most Unexpected Gold Medal In History - Steven Bradbury | Salt Lake 2002 Winter Olympics
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: Olympic
Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony Honoring Filipino WW11 Veterans
Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony Honoring Filipino WW11 Veterans
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Speaker Paul Ryan
On The Spot: Ep. 68 - Gold Medal Manslaughter | Rooster Teeth
On The Spot: Ep. 68 - Gold Medal Manslaughter | Rooster Teeth
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Rooster Teeth
Geeta phogat commonwealth 2010 final match  won gold medal dangal girl
Geeta phogat commonwealth 2010 final match won gold medal dangal girl
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Incredible india
President Donald Trump Attends Senator Bob Dole’s Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony | NBC News
President Donald Trump Attends Senator Bob Dole’s Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony | NBC News
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: NBC News
Pro Men’s Doubles Gold Medal Match from the Florida State Championships 2017
Pro Men’s Doubles Gold Medal Match from the Florida State Championships 2017
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: Pickleball Channel
Men
Men's Gold Medal Match | #EuroBeachVolley 2018
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: CEV - European Volleyball
DIY | Olympic GOLD Medals
DIY | Olympic GOLD Medals
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: WhatsUpMoms
President Trump Delivers Remarks at Congressional Gold Medal Award to Bob Dole
President Trump Delivers Remarks at Congressional Gold Medal Award to Bob Dole
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: The White House
GYMNASTICS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS GOLD MEDAL | Shawn Johnson
GYMNASTICS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS GOLD MEDAL | Shawn Johnson
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Shawn Johnson East
Adam Peaty gives his gold medal to a little girl fan in Copenaghen
Adam Peaty gives his gold medal to a little girl fan in Copenaghen
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: SWIMMING CHANNEL
Ice Hockey - Canada 3 - 2 USA - Women
Ice Hockey - Canada 3 - 2 USA - Women's Full Gold Medal Match | Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Olympic
Bob Dole receives Congressional Gold Medal (C-SPAN)
Bob Dole receives Congressional Gold Medal (C-SPAN)
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: C-SPAN
Bob Dole is awarded the Congressional Gold Medal
Bob Dole is awarded the Congressional Gold Medal
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: Washington Post
Basketball - Men
Basketball - Men's Gold medal match (Philippines vs Indonesia) - SEA Games 2017 [Day 7]
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: PTV
Ice Hockey - Women
Ice Hockey - Women's Gold Medal Game - Canada v USA | Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics
Published: 2014/02/21
Channel: Olympic
Germany vs. Russia | Gold Medal Match | LOTTO EUROVOLLEY POLAND 2017
Germany vs. Russia | Gold Medal Match | LOTTO EUROVOLLEY POLAND 2017
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: CEV - European Volleyball
Women
Women's Gold Medal Match | #EuroBeachVolley 2018
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: CEV - European Volleyball
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture.

Since the eighteenth century, gold medals have been awarded in the arts, for example, by the Royal Danish Academy, usually as a symbol of an award to give an outstanding student some financial freedom. Others offer only the prestige of the award. Many organizations now award gold medals either annually or extraordinarily, including UNESCO and various academic societies.

While some gold medals are solid gold, others are gold-plated or silver-gilt, like those of the Olympic Games, the Lorentz Medal, the United States Congressional Gold Medal and the Nobel Prize medal. Nobel Prize medals consist of 18 karat green gold plated with 24 karat gold. Before 1980 they were struck in 23 karat gold.

Military origins[edit]

Before the establishment of standard military awards, e.g., the Medal of Honor, it was common practice to have a medal specially created to provide national recognition for a significant military or naval victory or accomplishment. In the United States, Congress would enact a resolution asking the President to reward those responsible. The commanding officer would receive a gold medal and his officers silver medals.[1] Other countries similarly honored their military and naval victors in a similar fashion.

Competition medals[edit]

A medal on a ribbon designed to be worn around the winner's neck.

Medals have historically been given as prizes in various types of competitive activities, especially athletics.

Traditionally, medals are made of the following metals:

  1. Gold (or another yellow metal, e.g., brass)
  2. Silver (or another grey metal, e.g., steel)
  3. Bronze

Occasionally, Platinum medals can be awarded.

These metals designate the first three Ages of Man in Greek mythology: the Golden Age, when men lived among the gods, the Silver Age, where youth lasted a hundred years, and the Bronze Age, the era of heroes.

The custom of awarding the sequence of gold, silver, and bronze medals for the first three highest achievers dates from at least the 18th century, with the National Association of Amateur Athletes in the United States awarding such medals as early as 1884.[2]

This standard was adopted for Olympic competition at the 1904 Summer Olympics. At the 1896 event, silver was awarded to winners and bronze to runners-up, while at 1900 other prizes were given, not medals.

Olympic Games[edit]

At the 1896 Summer Olympics, the winners received a silver medal. Since 1904, the winners receive a gold medal, the second-place finishers receive a silver medal and the third-place finishers receive a bronze medal.

At the modern Olympic Games, winners of a sporting discipline receive a gold medal in recognition of their achievement.

At the Ancient Olympic Games only one winner per event was crowned with kotinos, an olive wreath made of wild olive leaves from a sacred tree near the temple of Zeus at Olympia. Aristophanes in Plutus makes a remark why victorious athletes are crowned with wreath made of wild olive instead of gold.[3] Herodotus describes a story that explains why there were only a few Greek men at the Battle of Thermopylae since "all other men were participating in the Olympic Games" and that the prize for the winner was "an olive-wreath". When Tigranes, an Armenian general learned this, he uttered to his leader: "Good heavens! what kind of men are these against whom you have brought us to fight? Men who do not compete for possessions, but for honour".[4] Hence medals were not awarded at the ancient Olympic Games.

At the 1896 Summer Olympics, winners received a silver medal and the second-place finisher received a bronze medal. In 1900, most winners received cups or trophies instead of medals. The next three Olympics (1904, 1908, 1912) awarded the winners solid gold medals, but the medals themselves were smaller. The use of gold rapidly declined with the onset of the First World War and also with the onset of the Second World War.[5] The last series of Olympic medals to be made of solid gold were awarded at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden.

Olympic Gold medals are required to be made from at least 92.5% silver, and must contain a minimum of 6 grams of gold.[6] All Olympic medals must be at least 60mm in diameter and 3mm thick.[6] Minting the medals is the responsibility of the Olympic host. From 1928 through 1968 the design was always the same: the obverse showed a generic design by Florentine artist Giuseppe Cassioli of Greek goddess Nike with Rome's Colloseum in the background and text naming the host city; the reverse showed another generic design of Nike saluting an Olympic champion.

From the 1972 Summer Olympics through 2000, Cassioli's design (or a slight modification) remained on the obverse with a custom design by the host city on the reverse. Noting that Cassioli's design showed a Roman amphitheater for what originally were Greek games, a new obverse design was commissioned for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. For the 2008 Beijing Olympics medals had a diameter of 70mm and were 6mm thick, with the front displaying a winged figure of victory and the back showed a Beijing Olympics symbol surrounded by an inset jade circle.

Winter Olympics medals have been of more varied design. The silver and bronze medals have always borne the same designs.

Other gold medal awards[edit]

The award of a gold medal, often coupled with the award of silver and bronze medals to the next place finishers, has been adopted in other sports competitions and in other competitive fields, such as music and writing, as well as some competitive games. Typically bronze medals are awarded only to third place, but in some contests there is some variety, such as International barbershop music contests where bronze medals are awarded for third, fourth, and fifth place.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Polk County History site "Gold Medals All Around"". Polkcounty.org. Archived from the original on 2004-11-06. 
  2. ^ Brooklyn Eagle, 15 August 1884 "Preparing for the Championship" Archived 1 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Aristophanes, Plutus, 585.
  4. ^ Herodotus, The Histories, Hdt. 8.26
  5. ^ Melonyce McAfee (August 10, 2012). "Why Olympians bite their medals". CNN. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Jennifer Rosenberg. "Interesting Olympic Facts". Retrieved December 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]

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