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Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 06 godz
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71 Rajd Polski odc. Gołdap dzwon Ostberga
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::2014/07/28::
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Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
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Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
::2011/12/20::
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GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
::2014/06/05::
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Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
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GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
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podciąganie na drążku, +50 kg , KORAS,(Banie Mazurskie, Gołdap,Olecko) .wmv
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GOŁDAP. Ulicami miasta (12-02-2013)
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OS14 / 19 Gołdap
OS14 / 19 Gołdap
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MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
::2014/08/30::
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Gołdap Kick-boxing 2004-2010
Gołdap Kick-boxing 2004-2010
::2010/10/28::
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20
GOŁDAP. You can dance  :)
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::2013/11/22::
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Rominta Gołdap vs Płomień Ełk
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::2014/08/09::
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71 Rajd Polski Rally Poland,WRC hopy OS Gołdap
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::2014/07/02::
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rosja przejscie graniczne gołdap-gusiev
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::2013/03/10::
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Sztabek z Kosciuszek. Gołdap
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::2008/05/03::
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GOŁDAP. Gołdap z lotu ptaka zimową porą
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::2014/02/03::
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GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
::2014/07/12::
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27
Rajd Polski ( Gołdap )
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Stanisław Michalkiewicz - Teorie spiskowe - Gołdap 2014
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::2014/08/08::
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29
GOŁDAP. Defilada wojskowa
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GOŁDAP. Wręczenia proporca  "Przodujący Pododdział Wojsk Lądowych"
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GOŁDAP. Apel z okazji Dnia Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa
GOŁDAP. Apel z okazji Dnia Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa
::2014/05/29::
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Gołdap wczoraj i dziś - część 2  goldap.org.pl
Gołdap wczoraj i dziś - część 2 goldap.org.pl
::2011/01/19::
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Manipulation - live Transmisja 2011 Gołdap
Manipulation - live Transmisja 2011 Gołdap
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Merida Mazovia MTB Gołdap 15 08 2013 r
Merida Mazovia MTB Gołdap 15 08 2013 r
::2013/08/20::
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35
Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
::2012/07/22::
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Gołdap PALEC w DUPIE- biwak
Gołdap PALEC w DUPIE- biwak
::2011/06/19::
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GOŁDAP. Musztra paradna na Pl. Zwycięstwa
GOŁDAP. Musztra paradna na Pl. Zwycięstwa
::2014/06/05::
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38
Rajd Polski Gołdap
Rajd Polski Gołdap
::2014/06/30::
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39
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
::2014/04/14::
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40
Gołdap in Poland - Голдап - Geldapė Mazury - Warmian-Masurian - Polish
Gołdap in Poland - Голдап - Geldapė Mazury - Warmian-Masurian - Polish
::2011/03/16::
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41
GOŁDAP. Sanctus "Mazurski rejs"
GOŁDAP. Sanctus "Mazurski rejs"
::2011/05/15::
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42
Uzdrowisko Gołdap w skrócie :)
Uzdrowisko Gołdap w skrócie :)
::2013/07/08::
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43
Gołdap - Maj 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
Gołdap - Maj 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
::2014/06/03::
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44
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
::2013/07/20::
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45
RDM crew GOŁDAP TRICKZ MIni SAmpler 2012 .
RDM crew GOŁDAP TRICKZ MIni SAmpler 2012 .
::2012/05/28::
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46
GOŁDAP. Jeden z konkursów podczas IV Święta Jajka
GOŁDAP. Jeden z konkursów podczas IV Święta Jajka
::2014/07/28::
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47
Gołdap  -  timelapse
Gołdap - timelapse
::2014/01/25::
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48
Gołdap - Czerwiec 2014 - Filmowa Kronika
Gołdap - Czerwiec 2014 - Filmowa Kronika
::2014/07/01::
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49
Uzdrowisko Gołdap
Uzdrowisko Gołdap
::2014/03/20::
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50
Skaner - Intro & Nadzieja (Gołdap 2012)
Skaner - Intro & Nadzieja (Gołdap 2012)
::2014/02/28::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Gołdap
Gołdap Lake
Gołdap Lake
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Marek Aleksander Miros
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Gėlupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Wzgórza Szeskie (Seesker Höhen) hills and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

Panorama of Gołdap

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings". Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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