1
Rajd Polski ( Gołdap 2015 r. ) - Kubica
Rajd Polski ( Gołdap 2015 r. ) - Kubica
DATE: 2015/07/03::
2
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
DATE: 2013/07/17::
3
Gołdap Fight Night: Damian Szafran vs Wiktor Kmiecik
Gołdap Fight Night: Damian Szafran vs Wiktor Kmiecik
DATE: 2015/03/19::
4
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
DATE: 2014/02/19::
5
Poborowi 94 Gołdap 12 04 1994r 0 12 godz
Poborowi 94 Gołdap 12 04 1994r 0 12 godz
DATE: 2015/06/10::
6
Gołdap 2015
Gołdap 2015
DATE: 2015/05/29::
7
71 Rajd Polski odc. Gołdap dzwon Ostberga
71 Rajd Polski odc. Gołdap dzwon Ostberga
DATE: 2014/06/29::
8
GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
DATE: 2014/07/12::
9
Gołdap z lotu (okolice podlasia) Full HD  ROTOR
Gołdap z lotu (okolice podlasia) Full HD ROTOR
DATE: 2015/04/21::
10
Tree work Goldap
Tree work Goldap
DATE: 2015/02/15::
11
MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
DATE: 2014/08/30::
12
GOŁDAP. Pokaz kaskaderów z czeskiej grupy Streets Owners
GOŁDAP. Pokaz kaskaderów z czeskiej grupy Streets Owners
DATE: 2014/07/28::
13
Rally Poland 2015 SS 3/8 Gołdap
Rally Poland 2015 SS 3/8 Gołdap
DATE: 2015/06/04::
14
Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 06 godz
DATE: 2011/11/08::
15
IV GALA SPORTÓW WALKI: Wiktor KMIECIK (Kowalkowski Fight Club) - Leon KISŁOWSKI (Gołdap)
IV GALA SPORTÓW WALKI: Wiktor KMIECIK (Kowalkowski Fight Club) - Leon KISŁOWSKI (Gołdap)
DATE: 2014/10/27::
16
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
DATE: 2011/12/20::
17
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
DATE: 2015/04/26::
18
GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz fajerwerków
GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz fajerwerków
DATE: 2015/01/01::
19
Gołdap RDM
Gołdap RDM
DATE: 2007/10/13::
20
Mixtape Gołdap 2014
Mixtape Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/09/07::
21
Trzy Świerki - Gospodartwo Agroturystyczne - Puszcza Romincka - Pani Sława Tarasiewicz - Gołdap
Trzy Świerki - Gospodartwo Agroturystyczne - Puszcza Romincka - Pani Sława Tarasiewicz - Gołdap
DATE: 2015/06/21::
22
Pokazy Fendt
Pokazy Fendt'a Jabramowo/Gołdap 2015
DATE: 2015/04/16::
23
GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO w Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO w Gołdapi
DATE: 2015/01/24::
24
XII Konkurs Picia PIwa  - Gołdap, Leśny Zakątek  2008 (1/2)
XII Konkurs Picia PIwa - Gołdap, Leśny Zakątek 2008 (1/2)
DATE: 2008/08/03::
25
Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
DATE: 2012/07/22::
26
powrót z rosji przejscie Gusiev-Gołdap
powrót z rosji przejscie Gusiev-Gołdap
DATE: 2013/03/11::
27
Gołdap Pomnik stary i nowy  Grudzień 1991r. 0.04 godz..mpg
Gołdap Pomnik stary i nowy Grudzień 1991r. 0.04 godz..mpg
DATE: 2012/05/07::
28
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/04/14::
29
Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna Gołdap
Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna Gołdap
DATE: 2014/09/17::
30
Dziewczyna z Peru - Czy nie słyszysz ? (official clip) Gołdap 2014
Dziewczyna z Peru - Czy nie słyszysz ? (official clip) Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/09/09::
31
Gołdap - Wrzesień 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
Gołdap - Wrzesień 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
DATE: 2014/10/02::
32
GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
DATE: 2013/05/10::
33
Rajd Polski ( Gołdap )
Rajd Polski ( Gołdap )
DATE: 2014/07/01::
34
Dj Ardziey & Junskee / 06.04.15 @ Koko (Gołdap)
Dj Ardziey & Junskee / 06.04.15 @ Koko (Gołdap)
DATE: 2015/04/16::
35
GOŁDAP. Studniówka ZSZ
GOŁDAP. Studniówka ZSZ
DATE: 2015/01/25::
36
GOŁDAP. You can dance  :)
GOŁDAP. You can dance :)
DATE: 2013/11/22::
37
Moje zabawy z fotografią sekcja fotograficzno filmowa MGOK Gołdap lata 80 te 0 09 godz
Moje zabawy z fotografią sekcja fotograficzno filmowa MGOK Gołdap lata 80 te 0 09 godz
DATE: 2014/05/12::
38
Mazury Cud Natury - ciekawe miejsca - Gołdap
Mazury Cud Natury - ciekawe miejsca - Gołdap
DATE: 2010/12/01::
39
Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 9
Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 9
DATE: 2015/01/02::
40
Goldap Goldap 1944
Goldap Goldap 1944
DATE: 2010/08/25::
41
Olimpia Elbląg - Rominta Gołdap 2:1
Olimpia Elbląg - Rominta Gołdap 2:1
DATE: 2015/05/20::
42
Mazovia MTB Gołdap 18.06.2014 cz.1
Mazovia MTB Gołdap 18.06.2014 cz.1
DATE: 2014/06/23::
43
Skrót meczu Sokół Ostróda - Rominta Gołdap 25-04-2015
Skrót meczu Sokół Ostróda - Rominta Gołdap 25-04-2015
DATE: 2015/04/26::
44
Festiwal Cittaslow Gołdap 2015
Festiwal Cittaslow Gołdap 2015
DATE: 2015/05/10::
45
Rominta Gołdap vs Płomień Ełk
Rominta Gołdap vs Płomień Ełk
DATE: 2014/08/09::
46
Gołdap - Kronika Lipiec 2014
Gołdap - Kronika Lipiec 2014
DATE: 2014/08/01::
47
71 Rajd Polski Rally Poland,WRC hopy OS Gołdap
71 Rajd Polski Rally Poland,WRC hopy OS Gołdap
DATE: 2014/07/02::
48
Gołdap wideofilmowanie - pomysł na pierwszy taniec
Gołdap wideofilmowanie - pomysł na pierwszy taniec
DATE: 2014/02/17::
49
Gołdap i okolice z góry
Gołdap i okolice z góry
DATE: 2014/10/20::
50
Gołdap -  Czerwiec 2015 (FKG)
Gołdap - Czerwiec 2015 (FKG)
DATE: 2015/07/02::
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Gołdap
Gołdap Lake
Gołdap Lake
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Marek Aleksander Miros
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Gėlupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Wzgórza Szeskie (Seesker Höhen) hills and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

Panorama of Gołdap

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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