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Lany Poniedziałek   Gołdap 12 04 1993r
Lany Poniedziałek Gołdap 12 04 1993r
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
GOŁDAP. Gala sportów walki Gołdap Fight Night
GOŁDAP. Gala sportów walki Gołdap Fight Night
Published: 2017/11/26
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 06 godz
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
Gołdap - tam gdzie świat się zaczyna
Gołdap - tam gdzie świat się zaczyna
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Poza Biurem
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: P7 Studio
GOŁDAP. Walka Damian Szafran - Błażej Godlewski
GOŁDAP. Walka Damian Szafran - Błażej Godlewski
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: virlixgoldap
Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 04 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 04 godz
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
Polska i Litwa porównanie Gołdap i Orany Польша и Литва сравнение Голдлап и Ораны Poland and Lithuan
Polska i Litwa porównanie Gołdap i Orany Польша и Литва сравнение Голдлап и Ораны Poland and Lithuan
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Дерзкие Школьники от Абрама Тельмана
Rally WRC Poland 2017 GOŁDAP [74]
Rally WRC Poland 2017 GOŁDAP [74]
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: kkforytube
MACKI - ŁZY FENIKSA (Gołdap-Tychy) - Poprostu nie wiem.
MACKI - ŁZY FENIKSA (Gołdap-Tychy) - Poprostu nie wiem.
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Paweł Mackiewicz
Club Fresh - Gołdap
Club Fresh - Gołdap
Published: 2010/12/20
Channel: MrClubFresh
Damian Szafran [założyciel Husarii Gołdap okiem TVP]
Damian Szafran [założyciel Husarii Gołdap okiem TVP]
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: Mazurian InfoReaper
Gołdap wczoraj i dziś 1960   1980r 0 45 godz
Gołdap wczoraj i dziś 1960 1980r 0 45 godz
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
Gołdap jesienią 1991r. 0.08 godz.m2p
Gołdap jesienią 1991r. 0.08 godz.m2p
Published: 2011/12/23
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
DJ TOMASZEK GOŁDAP
DJ TOMASZEK GOŁDAP
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Tomasz Prześniak
Goldap Godap 1944
Goldap Godap 1944
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Bagnowka
Gołdap WAK 2016
Gołdap WAK 2016
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: festiwalalekino
Goldap/Ostpreußen
Goldap/Ostpreußen
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: FreiesOstpreussen
Gołdap RDM
Gołdap RDM
Published: 2007/10/13
Channel: Ókasz Sawicki
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Published: 2014/02/19
Channel: Państwo w Państwie
GOŁDAP 2017
GOŁDAP 2017
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: pepexoxo
GOŁDAP. Walka Maciej Piszczek - Damian Jabłoński
GOŁDAP. Walka Maciej Piszczek - Damian Jabłoński
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Szokujące fakty o sanatorium w Gołdapi!!!
Szokujące fakty o sanatorium w Gołdapi!!!
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: Swiatowit Slava
GOŁDAP. Miasto dziś #1
GOŁDAP. Miasto dziś #1
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Sekcja ASG Goldap
Sekcja ASG Goldap
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Bogdan Pieklik
Gołdap - Bunkier
Gołdap - Bunkier
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Zbigniew M
Gołdap Fight Night Round IV - 25/11/2017 - Na Żywo
Gołdap Fight Night Round IV - 25/11/2017 - Na Żywo
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Kinga Zawadzka
Andrzej Grabowski - Kartaczewo - Gołdap 06.08.2017 r.
Andrzej Grabowski - Kartaczewo - Gołdap 06.08.2017 r.
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: zaczarowana73
GOŁDAP. Niewybuch przy ul. Jaćwieskiej
GOŁDAP. Niewybuch przy ul. Jaćwieskiej
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap  Fight Night 4: Damian Szafran vs Błażej Godlewski
Gołdap Fight Night 4: Damian Szafran vs Błażej Godlewski
Published: 2017/11/26
Channel: Kickboxing SportyWalkiOrg
Żytkiejmy, Błąkały, Dubeninki, Zawiszyn, Rogajny, Pluszkiejmy, Galwiecie, Botkuny, Gołdap, 2016 4K
Żytkiejmy, Błąkały, Dubeninki, Zawiszyn, Rogajny, Pluszkiejmy, Galwiecie, Botkuny, Gołdap, 2016 4K
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Zbigniew M
Teren po jednostce wojskowej w Gołdapi
Teren po jednostce wojskowej w Gołdapi
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Historyczne Eksploracje
Garmin Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2015
Garmin Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2015
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Labosport Polska
Jakub Kamiński & Alejandro Arias - Konferencja Ognia Gołdap 2017
Jakub Kamiński & Alejandro Arias - Konferencja Ognia Gołdap 2017
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Jakub Kaminski
GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
74 Rajd Polski OS 17 Piękne Łąki Gołdap
74 Rajd Polski OS 17 Piękne Łąki Gołdap
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Fashion Sport
UKS Jaćwingowie Gołdap-Bestios Białystok cz.1
UKS Jaćwingowie Gołdap-Bestios Białystok cz.1
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Jaćwingowie Gołdap
GOŁDAP. Przekazanie nowego sprzętu dla KP PSP
GOŁDAP. Przekazanie nowego sprzętu dla KP PSP
Published: 2014/02/08
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Trakt Tajemnic - Gołdap (241/1001)
Trakt Tajemnic - Gołdap (241/1001)
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Skrzat Odkrywca
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap Sanatorium Wital
Gołdap Sanatorium Wital
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: Ewa Laskus
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Studniówka - Gołdap 2007 (Zespół MDT)
Studniówka - Gołdap 2007 (Zespół MDT)
Published: 2011/03/15
Channel: mjkoola
GOŁDAP. You can dance  :)
GOŁDAP. You can dance :)
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: Paulina i Jan Racis
LipDub LO w Gołdapi
LipDub LO w Gołdapi
Published: 2010/10/13
Channel: P7 Studio
GOŁDAP. Rominta przygotowuje się do rundy wiosennej
GOŁDAP. Rominta przygotowuje się do rundy wiosennej
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Park linowy Gołdap
Park linowy Gołdap
Published: 2015/05/02
Channel: Mariusz Tulkiewicz
GOŁDAP. Oczyszczanie Jeziora Gołdap
GOŁDAP. Oczyszczanie Jeziora Gołdap
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Goldap)
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Gołdap
Water fountain
Water fountain
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Tomasz Luto
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Geldupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Szeskie Hills (Szeski Garb, Seesker Höhen) and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

Of the portion of Lithuania Minor that is currently in Poland, Gołdap is the largest municipality of the region within the Polish state, making it the de-facto capital of Polish Lithuania Minor.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Beginnings[edit]

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

Plague and Resettlement[edit]

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Germanization of Little Lithuania[edit]

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

Development and Growth[edit]

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

World War I and II[edit]

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

Incorporation into Poland through the Present Day[edit]

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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