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Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
DATE: 2014/02/19::
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Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
DATE: 2013/07/17::
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MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
MAZURY - GOŁDAP 2014 - PIĘKNE MIASTO!
DATE: 2014/08/30::
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IV GALA SPORTÓW WALKI: Wiktor KMIECIK (Kowalkowski Fight Club) - Leon KISŁOWSKI (Gołdap)
IV GALA SPORTÓW WALKI: Wiktor KMIECIK (Kowalkowski Fight Club) - Leon KISŁOWSKI (Gołdap)
DATE: 2014/10/27::
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Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 06 godz
DATE: 2011/11/08::
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Mixtape Gołdap 2014
Mixtape Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/09/07::
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Gołdap Fight Night: Damian Szafran vs Wiktor Kmiecik
Gołdap Fight Night: Damian Szafran vs Wiktor Kmiecik
DATE: 2015/03/19::
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GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
GARMIN Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2014 - Mistrzostwa Polski Amatorów
DATE: 2014/07/12::
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71 Rajd Polski odc. Gołdap dzwon Ostberga
71 Rajd Polski odc. Gołdap dzwon Ostberga
DATE: 2014/06/29::
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Gołdap - Luty 2015 (FKG)
Gołdap - Luty 2015 (FKG)
DATE: 2015/03/03::
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Tree work Goldap
Tree work Goldap
DATE: 2015/02/15::
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Gołdap RDM
Gołdap RDM
DATE: 2007/10/13::
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Gołdap z lotu (okolice podlasia) Full HD  ROTOR
Gołdap z lotu (okolice podlasia) Full HD ROTOR
DATE: 2015/04/21::
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Tężnie Gołdap 2014
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/04/14::
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Gołdap - Styczeń 2015 - FKG
Gołdap - Styczeń 2015 - FKG
DATE: 2015/02/02::
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GOŁDAP. Sprawdzian szóstoklasisty 2015
GOŁDAP. Sprawdzian szóstoklasisty 2015
DATE: 2015/04/01::
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GOŁDAP. Studniówka ZSZ
GOŁDAP. Studniówka ZSZ
DATE: 2015/01/25::
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GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz fajerwerków
GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz fajerwerków
DATE: 2015/01/01::
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Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
DATE: 2011/12/20::
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GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO w Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO w Gołdapi
DATE: 2015/01/24::
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GOŁDAP. Fragmenty meczu UKS Jaćwingowie Gołdap - KS Szczypiorniak Dąbrowa Białostocka
GOŁDAP. Fragmenty meczu UKS Jaćwingowie Gołdap - KS Szczypiorniak Dąbrowa Białostocka
DATE: 2015/03/21::
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Dj Ardziey & Junskee / 06.04.15 @ Koko (Gołdap)
Dj Ardziey & Junskee / 06.04.15 @ Koko (Gołdap)
DATE: 2015/04/16::
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Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna Gołdap
Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna Gołdap
DATE: 2014/09/17::
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GOŁDAP. Rada miejska ustala wynagrodzenie burmistrza
GOŁDAP. Rada miejska ustala wynagrodzenie burmistrza
DATE: 2014/12/05::
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GOŁDAP. Pokaz kaskaderów z czeskiej grupy Streets Owners
GOŁDAP. Pokaz kaskaderów z czeskiej grupy Streets Owners
DATE: 2014/07/28::
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powrót z rosji przejscie Gusiev-Gołdap
powrót z rosji przejscie Gusiev-Gołdap
DATE: 2013/03/11::
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Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 9
Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 9
DATE: 2015/01/02::
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Rominta Gołdap vs Płomień Ełk
Rominta Gołdap vs Płomień Ełk
DATE: 2014/08/09::
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GOŁDAP. Rominta wznowiła treningi
GOŁDAP. Rominta wznowiła treningi
DATE: 2012/01/09::
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Pih - Gołdap, Koko Chanel (live)
Pih - Gołdap, Koko Chanel (live)
DATE: 2011/09/08::
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rosja przejscie graniczne gołdap-gusiev
rosja przejscie graniczne gołdap-gusiev
DATE: 2013/03/10::
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GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
DATE: 2014/06/05::
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KS Szczypiorniak Dąbrowa Białostocka VS LKS "Jaćwingowie" Gołdap
KS Szczypiorniak Dąbrowa Białostocka VS LKS "Jaćwingowie" Gołdap
DATE: 2014/12/12::
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Goldap/Ostpreußen
Goldap/Ostpreußen
DATE: 2012/03/19::
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Gołdap - Kronika Lipiec 2014
Gołdap - Kronika Lipiec 2014
DATE: 2014/08/01::
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Gołdap.nurkowanie.wraki- Bałtyk 2014
Gołdap.nurkowanie.wraki- Bałtyk 2014
DATE: 2014/04/14::
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Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
DATE: 2012/07/22::
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GOŁDAP. Śmiertelny wypadek na obwodnicy
GOŁDAP. Śmiertelny wypadek na obwodnicy
DATE: 2014/03/01::
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Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 2
Gołdap - KSWN - 29 grudnia 2014 - Występ nr 2
DATE: 2015/01/02::
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Gołdap - Sierpień 2014 - Filmowa Kronika
Gołdap - Sierpień 2014 - Filmowa Kronika
DATE: 2014/09/03::
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Taniec klasy 3b z SP3 Gołdap do utworu "Niech żyje gol"
Taniec klasy 3b z SP3 Gołdap do utworu "Niech żyje gol"
DATE: 2013/10/21::
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GOŁDAP. Gołdap z lotu ptaka zimową porą
GOŁDAP. Gołdap z lotu ptaka zimową porą
DATE: 2014/02/03::
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GOŁDAP. Apel z okazji Dnia Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa
GOŁDAP. Apel z okazji Dnia Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa
DATE: 2014/05/29::
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Gołdap Fight Night: Piotr Pesta vs Paweł Zawistowski
Gołdap Fight Night: Piotr Pesta vs Paweł Zawistowski
DATE: 2015/03/15::
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Straż Pożarna.Kurs Wysokościowy.Śmigłowiec Mi-8 .PSP Gołdap
Straż Pożarna.Kurs Wysokościowy.Śmigłowiec Mi-8 .PSP Gołdap
DATE: 2014/11/02::
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Uzdrowisko Gołdap w skrócie :)
Uzdrowisko Gołdap w skrócie :)
DATE: 2013/07/08::
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Dziewczyna z Peru - Czy nie słyszysz ? (official clip) Gołdap 2014
Dziewczyna z Peru - Czy nie słyszysz ? (official clip) Gołdap 2014
DATE: 2014/09/09::
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Manipulation - live Transmisja 2011 Gołdap
Manipulation - live Transmisja 2011 Gołdap
DATE: 2011/09/01::
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Gołdap PALEC w DUPIE- biwak
Gołdap PALEC w DUPIE- biwak
DATE: 2011/06/19::
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Goldap Goldap 1944
Goldap Goldap 1944
DATE: 2010/08/25::
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Gołdap
Gołdap Lake
Gołdap Lake
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Marek Aleksander Miros
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Gėlupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Wzgórza Szeskie (Seesker Höhen) hills and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

Panorama of Gołdap

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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