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Gołdap - tam gdzie świat się zaczyna
Gołdap - tam gdzie świat się zaczyna
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Poza Biurem
Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 06 godz
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: Jan Racis
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
Gołdap okiem drona (CENTRUM) Full HD ROTOR
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: virlixgoldap
Parkour Gołdap
Parkour Gołdap
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: Młodziaki rdm
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Uzdrowisko Gołdap - Kraina Łowców Przygód
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: P7 Studio
Nadleśnictwo Gołdap - Puszcza Romincka
Nadleśnictwo Gołdap - Puszcza Romincka
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: goldap.org.pl
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
GOŁDAP. Defilada na Pl. Zwycięstwa
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
GOŁDAP. Miasto dziś #1
GOŁDAP. Miasto dziś #1
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap wczoraj i dziś 1960   1980r 0 45 godz
Gołdap wczoraj i dziś 1960 1980r 0 45 godz
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Jan Racis
Szokujące fakty o sanatorium w Gołdapi!!!
Szokujące fakty o sanatorium w Gołdapi!!!
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: Swiatowit Slava
GOŁDAP. Niewybuch przy ul. Jaćwieskiej
GOŁDAP. Niewybuch przy ul. Jaćwieskiej
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
GOŁDAP. Polska Liga Wraków - runda 1
GOŁDAP. Polska Liga Wraków - runda 1
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Club Fresh - Gołdap
Club Fresh - Gołdap
Published: 2010/12/20
Channel: MrClubFresh
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Królowa Przejścia Granicznego Gołdap-Gusiew
Published: 2014/02/19
Channel: Państwo w Państwie
Poborowi 94 Gołdap 12 04 1994r 0 12 godz
Poborowi 94 Gołdap 12 04 1994r 0 12 godz
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Jan Racis
Stomil II Olsztyn - Rominta Gołdap 0:3 (14.06.2017 r.)
Stomil II Olsztyn - Rominta Gołdap 0:3 (14.06.2017 r.)
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Stomil Olsztyn
Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 04 godz
Gołdap spacerkiem po mieście 1992r 0 04 godz
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Jan Racis
CRX - Spotkanie u rodziny z Go Gołdap
CRX - Spotkanie u rodziny z Go Gołdap
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: N/AszoR
Sekcja ASG Goldap
Sekcja ASG Goldap
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Bogdan Pieklik
Gołdap jesienią 1991r. 0.08 godz.m2p
Gołdap jesienią 1991r. 0.08 godz.m2p
Published: 2011/12/23
Channel: Jan Racis
GOŁDAP. Występ nauczycieli LO
GOŁDAP. Występ nauczycieli LO
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap Plac zwycięstwa rozrywka handel lat 80 tych
Gołdap Plac zwycięstwa rozrywka handel lat 80 tych
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Jan Racis
Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna / Wesele Gołdap
Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna / Wesele Gołdap
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Rafał Krukliński
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Tree work Goldap
Tree work Goldap
Published: 2015/02/15
Channel: Cezary Romanowski
Goldap Godap 1944
Goldap Godap 1944
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Bagnowka
TVP w Husarii Gołdap. Szafran zdobędzie kolejny tytuł?
TVP w Husarii Gołdap. Szafran zdobędzie kolejny tytuł?
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Mazurian InfoReaper
STOK NARCIARSKI "PIĘKNA GÓRA" GOŁDAP | 1080p
STOK NARCIARSKI "PIĘKNA GÓRA" GOŁDAP | 1080p
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: mara gers
Gołdap - Bunkier
Gołdap - Bunkier
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Zbigniew M
GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz sztucznych ogni
GOŁDAP. Noworoczny pokaz sztucznych ogni
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Gołdap WAK 2016
Gołdap WAK 2016
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: festiwalalekino
Goldap/Ostpreußen
Goldap/Ostpreußen
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: FreiesOstpreussen
GOŁDAP. Przemarsz wojska ulicami miasta
GOŁDAP. Przemarsz wojska ulicami miasta
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Oprawa kibiców Rominty na finale WPP | Rominta Gołdap - Tęcza Biskupiec 3:1 (26.05.2016r.)
Oprawa kibiców Rominty na finale WPP | Rominta Gołdap - Tęcza Biskupiec 3:1 (26.05.2016r.)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: dwadozera.pl
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: Jan Racis
Żytkiejmy, Błąkały, Dubeninki, Zawiszyn, Rogajny, Pluszkiejmy, Galwiecie, Botkuny, Gołdap, 2016 4K
Żytkiejmy, Błąkały, Dubeninki, Zawiszyn, Rogajny, Pluszkiejmy, Galwiecie, Botkuny, Gołdap, 2016 4K
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Zbigniew M
GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO - fragment poloneza
GOŁDAP. Studniówka LO - fragment poloneza
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Garmin Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2015
Garmin Iron Triathlon Gołdap 2015
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Labosport Polska
Jagiellonia II Białystok - Rominta Gołdap (Skrót)
Jagiellonia II Białystok - Rominta Gołdap (Skrót)
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Jagiellonia.Net
Wrak Race Gołdap - Wyścig śmierci
Wrak Race Gołdap - Wyścig śmierci
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: PopcoornPL
GOŁDAP. Bal przebierańców w SP3
GOŁDAP. Bal przebierańców w SP3
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
GOŁDAP. Dzieci z SP3 śpiewają piosenkę o Gołdapi
GOŁDAP. Dzieci z SP3 śpiewają piosenkę o Gołdapi
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
I Komunia Święta - Gołdap 22 maja 1988
I Komunia Święta - Gołdap 22 maja 1988
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Zbigniew M
GOŁDAP. Droga Krzyżowa ulicami miasta
GOŁDAP. Droga Krzyżowa ulicami miasta
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
Przejście graniczne Polska - Rosja Gołdap - Gusiew
Przejście graniczne Polska - Rosja Gołdap - Gusiew
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Historyczne Eksploracje
Damian Szafran - wyjście do ringu podczas Gołdap Fight Night [Round 2]
Damian Szafran - wyjście do ringu podczas Gołdap Fight Night [Round 2]
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: Mazurian InfoReaper
Gołdap RDM
Gołdap RDM
Published: 2007/10/13
Channel: Ókasz Sawicki
Skrót finału Wojewódzkiego Pucharu Polski: Rominta Gołdap - Tęcza Biskupiec 3:1 (26.05.2016r.)
Skrót finału Wojewódzkiego Pucharu Polski: Rominta Gołdap - Tęcza Biskupiec 3:1 (26.05.2016r.)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: dwadozera.pl
Gołdap sanatorium Wital
Gołdap sanatorium Wital
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: Ewa Laskus
GOŁDAP. Zakończenie roku szkolnego klas III gimnazjum - przemówienie dyrektor szkoły
GOŁDAP. Zakończenie roku szkolnego klas III gimnazjum - przemówienie dyrektor szkoły
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Gołdapski Portal Internetowy GOLDAP.INFO
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Goldap)
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Gołdap
Water fountain
Water fountain
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Tomasz Luto
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Gėlupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Szeskie Hills (Szeski Garb, Seesker Höhen) and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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