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Gołdap   spacerkiem po mieście 1992r  0 06 godz
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Stanisław Michalkiewicz - Teorie spiskowe - Gołdap 2014
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Miasto Gołdap w rozbudowie 1991r. 0.11 godz.m2p
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Rally Poland 2014 SS 14/19 Gołdap
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Dziewczyna z Peru - Czy nie słyszysz ? (official clip) Gołdap 2014
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Gołdap wczoraj i dziś - część 2  goldap.org.pl
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GOŁDAP. Prezes Rominty Zdzisław Galiński o trudnej sytuacji finansowej klubu
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71 Rajd Polski Rally Poland,WRC hopy OS Gołdap
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GOŁDAP. 69 urodziny 15. Gołdapskiego Pułku Przeciwlotniczego
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Goldap-Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Kwatera Główna Luftwaffe-ruiny)
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Gołdap - Wrzesień 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
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XII Konkurs Picia PIwa  - Gołdap, Leśny Zakątek  2008 (1/2)
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GOŁDAP. You can dance  :)
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::2013/11/22::
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Kasia i Kuba Czołówka Ślubna Gołdap
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Gołdap. SGRW . Kurs Wysokościowy.Śmigłowiec Mi-8
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Goldap/Ostpreußen
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Sztabek z Kosciuszek. Gołdap
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GOŁDAP. Studniówka 2012 w LO
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Gołdap wideofilmowanie - pomysł na pierwszy taniec
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Chłop Z Mazur!! Gołdap... "Gdzie są moje wiartarki" Bitwa żuli..
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rosja przejscie graniczne gołdap-gusiev
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GOŁDAP. Zaręczyny Karola i Sylwii podczas Dni Gołdapi
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GOŁDAP. Śmiertelny wypadek na obwodnicy
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Uzdrowisko Gołdap w skrócie :)
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::2013/07/08::
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GOŁDAP. Piosenka w wykonaniu uczennicy gimnazjum na apelu z okazji Święta Niepodległości
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GOŁDAP. Rada miejska ustala wynagrodzenie burmistrza
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::2014/12/05::
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Gołdap - Listopad 2014 - Filmowa Kronika Gołdapi
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::2014/12/03::
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Mazoory Style Connection 9 Gołdap
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GOŁDAP. 40 rocznica nadania imienia Szkole Podst. nr 1
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Tężnie Gołdap 2014
Tężnie Gołdap 2014
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Gołdap 2014r.Zjazd na nartach przez rota47
Gołdap 2014r.Zjazd na nartach przez rota47
::2014/01/22::
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Płomień Ełk vs Rominta Gołdap 2014/15 wiosna
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GOŁDAP. Apel z okazji Dnia Weterana Działań poza Granicami Państwa
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::2014/05/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Gołdap
Gołdap Lake
Gołdap Lake
Coat of arms of Gołdap
Coat of arms
Gołdap is located in Poland
Gołdap
Gołdap
Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Gołdap County
Gmina Gmina Gołdap
Town rights 1570
Government
 • Mayor Marek Aleksander Miros
Area
 • Total 17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,600
 • Density 910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19-500
Area code(s) +48 87
Car plates NGO
Website http://www.goldap.pl/

Gołdap [ˈɡɔu̯dap] (German: About this sound Goldap  or variant Goldapp; Lithuanian: Gėlupė, Geldapė) is a town and the seat of Gołdap County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is located on the Gołdapa River, between the Wzgórza Szeskie (Seesker Höhen) hills and the Puszcza Romincka forest. It has a population of 15,600 (as of 2007). Its coat of arms depicts the House of Hohenzollern and Brandenburg.

History[edit]

Gołdap Co-cathedral

Masurians began to settle the region in the 16th century while it was part of the Duchy of Prussia. Systematic settlement began in 1565, while the town was officially founded by Caspar von Nostitz on May 15, 1570. Located at a profitable location on the crossing of several trade routes near the Prussian border with Lithuania, Goldap grew rapidly. It became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701 and the German Empire in 1871.

From 1709-11 eastern Prussia suffered from a plague. The deceased were replaced by Germans from Brandenburg, Pomerania, Magdeburg, Halberstadt, the Electorate of the Palatinate, and Nassau, as did Swiss and Lithuanians. In 1732 Protestants expelled from Salzburg also resettled the area.

Goldap was at the south of the partially Lithuanian-speaking part of East Prussia, an ethnographic region known as Lithuania Minor. In the late Middle Ages the town had a majority of Lietuvininks (ethnic Lithuanians) and a minority of Germans and Masurians.[citation needed] This situation lasted until early the 19th century. Both Germanisation and the movement of Germans into Lithuania Minor was intense, and Goldap started to Germanise quite rapidly by the early 19th century. By the early 20th century less than 5% of people of Goldap were Lietuvininks; by that time only northern Lithuania Minor had territories with majorities or significant minorities of Lietuvininks.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Goldap was a notable centre of commerce and production of various goods for the local market, as well as an important centre of grain production. In 1818 it became a seat of Landkreis Goldap. In 1879 the town was linked to a railway.

During World War I Goldap was a scene of fierce fighting on the Eastern Front, which passed through the town twice. As a result, it was almost completely destroyed. The town was rebuilt, and soon after the war ended it reached a similar number of inhabitants it had had before.

During World War II Goldap was planned by the German staff as one of the strongholds guarding the rest of East Prussia from the Red Army on the Eastern Front. As a result of heavy fighting for the city and the regions directly east of it, in August and September 1944, 90% of the town was yet again destroyed. According to German war-time reports, about 50 civilians were murdered (some raped) by the Red Army on its initial entry into Goldap in October 1944. It was the first town of the German Reich to fall. However, in November 1944 the Wehrmacht reconquered Goldap and would be able to keep it until the end of December of the same year. In January, the German positions in far-eastern East Prussia broke down completely.

After the war, the town—together with the southern two-thirds of East Prussia—was placed under Polish administration according to the 1945 Potsdam Conference. The remaining German-speaking populace, including Masurians, who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward. They were replaced by Poles who had been expelled from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union..[citation needed] The town, renamed from the German Goldap to the Polish Gołdap, was rebuilt and retained its status as a seat of a powiat.

Today the town of Gołdap remains an important centre of local trade and commerce. There are several small food production facilities (milk plant, industrial slaughterhouse, mill) located there, as well as a paper mill and a small tourist equipment works. In addition, it is one of the centres of tourism, with many skiing, swimming, sailing and leisure centres located both in the town and around it.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Gołdap is twinned with:

Panorama of Gołdap

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Twinnings". Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°18′58″N 22°18′34″E / 54.31611°N 22.30944°E / 54.31611; 22.30944


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