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Gopuram - Episode 1749 - August 16, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1749 - August 16, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1746 - July 26, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1746 - July 26, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1748 - August 09, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1748 - August 09, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: zeetvtelugu
దేవుని ముందు ఇవి ఉంచితే అప్పుల బాధలు తీరిపోతాయట..!! || Gopuram
దేవుని ముందు ఇవి ఉంచితే అప్పుల బాధలు తీరిపోతాయట..!! || Gopuram
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Smt. Sandhya Lakshmi || Gopuram fame II Cheppalani Vundi || 24 July 2016 || Bhaarat Today
Smt. Sandhya Lakshmi || Gopuram fame II Cheppalani Vundi || 24 July 2016 || Bhaarat Today
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Sahasra Television BT
Gopuram - Episode 1745 - July 19, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1745 - July 19, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1747 - August 02, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1747 - August 02, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1699  - March 27, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1699 - March 27, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1536 - March 09, 2016 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1536 - March 09, 2016 - Best Scene
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1743 - July 11, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1743 - July 11, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Unknown Facts & Benefits of Laughing Buddha| Gopuram
Unknown Facts & Benefits of Laughing Buddha| Gopuram
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Gopuram - Episode 1736 - June 26, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1736 - June 26, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1739 - July 03, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1739 - July 03, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1268 - July 17, 2014
Gopuram - Episode 1268 - July 17, 2014
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Smt. Sandhya Lakshmi | Gopuram fame I Cheppalani Undi (చెప్పాలని ఉంది) | 18 June 2017 #BhaaratToday
Smt. Sandhya Lakshmi | Gopuram fame I Cheppalani Undi (చెప్పాలని ఉంది) | 18 June 2017 #BhaaratToday
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Bhaarat Today
Gopuram - Episode 1737 - June 27, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1737 - June 27, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: zeetvtelugu
అప్పుల బాధనుండి బయటపడాలంటే లవంగం  చక్కటి మార్గమా ? || Lavangam Benefits || Gopuram
అప్పుల బాధనుండి బయటపడాలంటే లవంగం చక్కటి మార్గమా ? || Lavangam Benefits || Gopuram
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Gopuram - Episode 1738 - June 28, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1738 - June 28, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Things You Should Do On Friday To Get Lakshmi Devi Blessings | How To Pray Goddess |  Gopuram
Things You Should Do On Friday To Get Lakshmi Devi Blessings | How To Pray Goddess | Gopuram
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Gopuram - Episode 1723 - May 24, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1723 - May 24, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1732 - June 14, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1732 - June 14, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1726 - May 31, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1726 - May 31, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram Episode 1150 - November 25, 2013
Gopuram Episode 1150 - November 25, 2013
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1735 - June 21, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1735 - June 21, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1594 - July 25, 2016 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1594 - July 25, 2016 - Best Scene
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: zeetvtelugu
తొందరగా  పెళ్లి కావాలంటే ఏం చేయాలి ? | Remedies of Late Marriage Problems || Gopuram
తొందరగా పెళ్లి కావాలంటే ఏం చేయాలి ? | Remedies of Late Marriage Problems || Gopuram
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Manasunna Maaraju Movie Songs | Nenu Gaali Gopuram | Rajashekar | Laya
Manasunna Maaraju Movie Songs | Nenu Gaali Gopuram | Rajashekar | Laya
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: TeluguOne
Gopuram - Episode 1741 - July 05, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1741 - July 05, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1720 - May 17, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1720 - May 17, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1742 - July 10, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1742 - July 10, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1734 - June 20, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1734 - June 20, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram   Watch Full Episode 969 of 24th January 2013
Gopuram Watch Full Episode 969 of 24th January 2013
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Top Ten Temple Gopurams in India
Top Ten Temple Gopurams in India
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Temples Guide
Gopuram - Episode 1714  - May 3, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1714 - May 3, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: zeetvtelugu
అనుకున్న పనులు  కావాలంటే  ఏ దేవునికి   ప్రదక్షిణ చేయాలి? | Gopuram  |
అనుకున్న పనులు కావాలంటే ఏ దేవునికి ప్రదక్షిణ చేయాలి? | Gopuram |
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
ఇలాంటి కలలు వస్తే ధనప్రాప్తి | Facts of Dreams In Telugu || Gopuram
ఇలాంటి కలలు వస్తే ధనప్రాప్తి | Facts of Dreams In Telugu || Gopuram
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Gopuram - Telugu Devotional, Spiritual Videos
Gopuram - Episode 1680  - February 8, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1680 - February 8, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1690  - March 6, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1690 - March 6, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1698  - March 22, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1698 - March 22, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Detroit Parashakti Temple Raja Gopuram 2nd Varshabhishekam Pooja Held Grandly | TV5 News
Detroit Parashakti Temple Raja Gopuram 2nd Varshabhishekam Pooja Held Grandly | TV5 News
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: TV5 News
Gopuram - Episode 1730 - June 12, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1730 - June 12, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1727 - June 05, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1727 - June 05, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1683  - February 15, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1683 - February 15, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1733 - June 19, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1733 - June 19, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Thanga Gopuram - Jaishankar, Jayalalitha, Srikanth - Super Hit Tamil Classic Movie
Thanga Gopuram - Jaishankar, Jayalalitha, Srikanth - Super Hit Tamil Classic Movie
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
Gopuram - Episode 1695 - March 15, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1695 - March 15, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1711  - April 26, 2017 - Webisode
Gopuram - Episode 1711 - April 26, 2017 - Webisode
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1283 - August 7, 2014
Gopuram - Episode 1283 - August 7, 2014
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Gopuram - Episode 1692 - March 08, 2017 - Best Scene
Gopuram - Episode 1692 - March 08, 2017 - Best Scene
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: zeetvtelugu
Idoo Prema Gopuram - Duet Song - In Bandham Telugu Movie - Sobhan Babu ,Radhika (HD)
Idoo Prema Gopuram - Duet Song - In Bandham Telugu Movie - Sobhan Babu ,Radhika (HD)
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: Rose Telugu Movies
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Gopuram is a monumental tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of any temple, especially in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka states of Southern India. This forms a prominent feature of Hindu temples of the Dravidian style.[1] They are topped by the kalasam, a bulbous stone finial. They function as gateways through the walls that surround the temple complex.[2]

The gopuram's origins can be traced back to early structures of the Pallava kings; and by the twelfth century, under the Pandya rulers, these gateways became a dominant feature of a temple's outer appearance, eventually overshadowing the inner sanctuary which became obscured from view by the gopuram's colossal size.[3] It also dominated the inner sanctum in amount of ornamentation. Often a shrine has more than one gopuram.[4] They also appear in architecture outside India, especially Khmer architecture, as at Angkor Wat.

A koil may have multiple gopurams, typically constructed into multiple walls in tiers around the main shrine. The temple's walls are typically square with the outer most wall having gopuras. The inner sanctum and its towering roof (the central deity's shrine) is also called the Vimanam (shrine).

Etymology[edit]

Thiruvannamalai Annamalaiyar Temple Gopurams

The Tamil derivation is from the two words: கோ (kō) and புறம் (puram) meaning 'king' and 'exterior' respectively.[5] It originates from the Sangam age when it was known as ஓங்கு நிலை வாயில் (ōnggu nilai vāyil) meaning 'imperishable gateway'.[6]

Architecture[edit]

Detail of a gopuram at Chennai

A gopuram is usually rectangular in form with ground-level wooden doors, often richly decorated, providing access. Above is the tapering gopuram, divided into many storeys which diminish in size as the gopuram tower narrows. Usually the tower is topped with a barrel vaulted roof with a finial.[3] The form began rather modestly in the 10th century, as at Shore Temple, Mamallapuram, with the 11th century Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur marking a crucial step forward with two multi-storey gopurams from that period, much larger than any earlier ones, though much smaller than the main tower (vimanam) of the temple. The four gopurams of the Thillai Natarajar Temple, Chidambaram are important early examples, begun in the mid-13th century but completed over a longer period.[7] Gopurams are exquisitely decorated with sculpture and carvings and painted with a variety of themes derived from the Hindu mythology, particularly those associated with the presiding deity of the temple where the gopuram is located. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu is the tallest Gopuram in the world.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ching, Francis D.K.; et al. (2007). A Global History of Architecture. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 762. ISBN 0-471-26892-5. 
  2. ^ Ching, Francis D.K. (1995). A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 253. ISBN 0-471-28451-3. 
  3. ^ a b Mitchell, George (1988). The Hindu Temple. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 151–153. ISBN 0-226-53230-5. 
  4. ^ "gopura". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  5. ^ Sellby, Martha A.; Indira Viswanathan Peterson (2008). Tamil geographies: cultural constructions of space and place in South India. SUNY Press. 
  6. ^ S. Sundararajan (1991). Ancient Tamil country: its social and economic structure. Navrang. 
  7. ^ Harle, 320-325

References[edit]

Dallapiccola, Anna L. (2002). Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-51088-1. 

  • Harle, J.C., The Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent, 2nd edn. 1994, Yale University Press Pelican History of Art, ISBN 0300062176

External links[edit]

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