Play Video
1
California Government and Challenges of the 21st Century
California Government and Challenges of the 21st Century
::2008/01/22::
Play Video
2
California
California's State Government and California's local governments
::2012/08/28::
Play Video
3
Amy Ly - Business of Government for California
Amy Ly - Business of Government for California
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
4
Battle for the California Desert: Why is the Government Driving Folks off Their Land?
Battle for the California Desert: Why is the Government Driving Folks off Their Land?
::2011/08/24::
Play Video
5
Government Jobs in California
Government Jobs in California
::2013/08/19::
Play Video
6
California
California's Government Bureaucracy
::2011/04/20::
Play Video
7
SOJA I Don
SOJA I Don't Wanna Wait "Fuck The Government" Live at California Roots The Carolina Sessions
::2013/10/27::
Play Video
8
California YMCA Youth & Government Model Legislature & Court
California YMCA Youth & Government Model Legislature & Court
::2010/01/13::
Play Video
9
Federal government announces zero allocation to California farms
Federal government announces zero allocation to California farms
::2014/02/21::
Play Video
10
Economic Collapse State Government of California Jack D Deal Video Productions
Economic Collapse State Government of California Jack D Deal Video Productions
::2009/04/23::
Play Video
11
State of California: A Model for Cloud Services in Government (:60)
State of California: A Model for Cloud Services in Government (:60)
::2014/07/15::
Play Video
12
URGENT ! ! ! California Government to SHUT FOOD OFF !!!!! Fishing-Hunting Now Illegal !! ,Basic Prep
URGENT ! ! ! California Government to SHUT FOOD OFF !!!!! Fishing-Hunting Now Illegal !! ,Basic Prep
::2014/02/06::
Play Video
13
How-To File A Civil Suit Against The Government In California
How-To File A Civil Suit Against The Government In California
::2014/08/14::
Play Video
14
Steven Greenhut Discusses California Government Pensions
Steven Greenhut Discusses California Government Pensions
::2011/04/27::
Play Video
15
Local Government Bankruptcy in California: Questions and Answers
Local Government Bankruptcy in California: Questions and Answers
::2012/08/08::
Play Video
16
In California, The Government Is Already Coming For The Guns!
In California, The Government Is Already Coming For The Guns!
::2013/03/12::
Play Video
17
Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of State Government
Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of State Government
::2010/11/16::
Play Video
18
California,Government Driving Folks off Their Land
California,Government Driving Folks off Their Land
::2014/04/19::
Play Video
19
California Government Fiddles While California
California Government Fiddles While California's Economy Drops from 5th to 9th Place in the World
::2013/06/25::
Play Video
20
A Brief Introduction to Political Parties - California YMCA Youth & Government
A Brief Introduction to Political Parties - California YMCA Youth & Government
::2009/08/04::
Play Video
21
WHY HAS NO CALIFORNIA GOVERNMENT OFFICALS PUBLICLY DENONCED DONOLD STERLINGS COMMENTS
WHY HAS NO CALIFORNIA GOVERNMENT OFFICALS PUBLICLY DENONCED DONOLD STERLINGS COMMENTS
::2014/05/02::
Play Video
22
Are There Specific Laws for California Government Personal Injury Claims?
Are There Specific Laws for California Government Personal Injury Claims?
::2013/10/29::
Play Video
23
CALIFORNIA USING DROUGHT TO USHER IN TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENT
CALIFORNIA USING DROUGHT TO USHER IN TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENT
::2014/07/22::
Play Video
24
Rep. Takano Joined by California House Democrats to Speak Against the Government Shutdown
Rep. Takano Joined by California House Democrats to Speak Against the Government Shutdown
::2013/10/10::
Play Video
25
Former California Governor And Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger Comments On The Government Shutdown
Former California Governor And Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger Comments On The Government Shutdown
::2013/10/16::
Play Video
26
How can we fix California
How can we fix California's state government?
::2012/08/14::
Play Video
27
Government Gun Raids ,and all Rifles must Register in California ! ! Court Update
Government Gun Raids ,and all Rifles must Register in California ! ! Court Update
::2014/01/12::
Play Video
28
James Mayer of California Forward- "Local Government"
James Mayer of California Forward- "Local Government"
::2009/08/07::
Play Video
29
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Browsing
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Browsing
::2012/11/13::
Play Video
30
GIS Solutions: Innovative Uses of GIS by California Government  - A PSP Forum
GIS Solutions: Innovative Uses of GIS by California Government - A PSP Forum
::2013/04/06::
Play Video
31
Dan Walters Daily: Debt-dodging continues for California government
Dan Walters Daily: Debt-dodging continues for California government
::2014/05/07::
Play Video
32
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Exporting Raw Data
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Exporting Raw Data
::2012/11/13::
Play Video
33
California Forward: How to Move Government Closer to the People - Sign our Petition
California Forward: How to Move Government Closer to the People - Sign our Petition
::2011/02/16::
Play Video
34
California state candidate takes on the Federal government
California state candidate takes on the Federal government
::2014/02/19::
Play Video
35
How did California
How did California's government change
::2013/10/21::
Play Video
36
Data.CA.Gov for greater visibility into California government
Data.CA.Gov for greater visibility into California government
::2010/06/07::
Play Video
37
OPENGOV GRANTS: CALIFORNIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT CREDIT SCORING PROJECT
OPENGOV GRANTS: CALIFORNIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT CREDIT SCORING PROJECT
::2014/03/28::
Play Video
38
Home Loans for California Government Workers
Home Loans for California Government Workers
::2014/06/08::
Play Video
39
California
California's Government in Action
::2014/06/12::
Play Video
40
Government Project - Navarette vs. California
Government Project - Navarette vs. California
::2014/05/22::
Play Video
41
Government Car Auctions-Government Auctions In California
Government Car Auctions-Government Auctions In California
::2013/02/23::
Play Video
42
Government Malpractice - California Doctors Upset With New Rules & Rates - Eyes On Obamacare
Government Malpractice - California Doctors Upset With New Rules & Rates - Eyes On Obamacare
::2014/01/06::
Play Video
43
California Chief Information Security Officer Keith Tresh on government mobility
California Chief Information Security Officer Keith Tresh on government mobility
::2012/02/14::
Play Video
44
IS THIS A GOVERNMENT DRONE OVER NEWPORT BEACH CALIFORNIA? OCTOBER 5, 2013
IS THIS A GOVERNMENT DRONE OVER NEWPORT BEACH CALIFORNIA? OCTOBER 5, 2013
::2013/10/05::
Play Video
45
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Controller
Government Compensation in California Website Tutorial: Controller's Welcome
::2013/05/01::
Play Video
46
The Government moving around its weapos of war through northern California
The Government moving around its weapos of war through northern California
::2014/04/14::
Play Video
47
NASCIO 2013 State IT Recognition Award - Digital Government:  G to B: California
NASCIO 2013 State IT Recognition Award - Digital Government: G to B: California
::2013/11/08::
Play Video
48
California YouthBuild Coalition Government Education, Day 3
California YouthBuild Coalition Government Education, Day 3
::2014/05/17::
Play Video
49
MADNESS! California farmers losing crops to endangered fish - What is our government DOING?
MADNESS! California farmers losing crops to endangered fish - What is our government DOING?
::2009/05/20::
Play Video
50
California AB351 Against Federal Government Unlawful Detention; PASSED 01Oct2013 Against Corrupt DHS
California AB351 Against Federal Government Unlawful Detention; PASSED 01Oct2013 Against Corrupt DHS
::2013/10/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The government of California is the governmental structure of the state of California as established by the California Constitution. It is composed of three branches: the executive, consisting of the Governor of California and the other constitutionally elected and appointed officers and offices; the legislative, consisting of the California State Legislature, which includes the Assembly and the Senate; and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court of California and lower courts. There is also local government, consisting of counties, cities, special districts, and school districts, as well as government entities and offices that operate independently on a constitutional, statutory, or common law basis. The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall and ratification.

Executive branch[edit]

California's elected executive officers are:

All offices are elected separately to concurrent four-year terms, and each officer may be elected to an office a maximum of two times.[1][2] The Governor has the powers and responsibilities to: sign or veto laws passed by the Legislature, including a line item veto; appoint judges, subject to ratification by the electorate; propose a state budget; give the annual State of the State address; command the state militia; and grant pardons for any crime, except cases involving impeachment by the Legislature.[3] The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the California Senate and acts as the governor when the Governor is unable to execute the office, including whenever the Governor leaves the state.[4] The Governor and Lieutenant Governor also serve as ex officio members of the University of California Board of Regents and of the California State University Board of Trustees.[5] Regulatory activity is published in the California Regulatory Notice Register and the general and permanent rules and regulations are codified in the California Code of Regulations.[6]

State agencies[edit]

State government is organized into many departments, of which most are grouped together into several huge Cabinet-level agencies. These agencies are sometimes informally referred to as superagencies, especially by government officials, to distinguish them from the general usage of the term "government agency."[7] The Cabinet-level agencies (superagencies) are the:[8]

The independently elected officers run separate departments not grouped within the superagencies, and there are other Cabinet-level departments:

Independent entities[edit]

There are many government entities and offices that are under neither executive, legislative, judicial, or local control, but operate independently on a constitutional, statutory, or common law basis.[citation needed]

Examples include the:

Legislative branch[edit]

The Senate Chamber of the California State Capitol

The California State Legislature is the state legislature. It is a bicameral body consisting of the California State Assembly, the lower house with 80 members, and the California State Senate, the upper house with 40 members.[9] Members of the Assembly serve two-year terms; members of the Senate serve four-year terms, with half of the seats up for election on alternate (two year) election cycles.[9]

The Speaker of the California State Assembly presides over the State Assembly. The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate and may break a tied vote, and the President pro tempore of the California State Senate is elected by the majority party caucus. The Legislature meets in the California State Capitol in Sacramento. Its session laws are published in the California Statutes and codified into the 29 California Codes.

Direct democracy[edit]

The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall and ratification.

Judicial branch[edit]

The Supreme Court of California headquarters in San Francisco

The Judiciary of California interprets and applies the law, and is defined under the Constitution, law, and regulations. The judiciary has a hierarchical structure with the Supreme Court at the apex. The Superior Courts are the primary trial courts, and the Courts of Appeal are the primary appellate courts. The Judicial Council is the rule-making arm of the judiciary.[10][11]

The California Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and six Associate Justices. The Court has original jurisdiction in a variety of cases, including habeas corpus proceedings, and has discretionary authority to review all the decisions of the California Courts of Appeal, as well as mandatory review responsibility for cases where the death penalty has been imposed. The Courts of Appeal are the intermediate appellate courts. The state is geographically divided into six appellate districts.[12][13] Notably, all published California appellate decisions are binding on all Superior Courts, regardless of appellate district.[14]

The California superior courts are the courts of general jurisdiction that hear and decide any civil or criminal action which is not specially designated to be heard before some other court or governmental agency. As mandated by the Constitution, each of the 58 counties has a superior court.[15] The superior courts also have appellate divisions (superior court judges sitting as appellate judges) which hear appeals from decisions of other superior court judges (or commissioners, or judges pro tem) in cases previously heard by inferior courts, such as infractions, misdemeanors, and "limited civil" actions (actions where the amount in controversy is below $25,000).

Local government[edit]

California is divided into counties which are legal subdivisions of the state.[16] There are 58 counties, about 482 California cities,[17] about 1,102 school districts,[18] and about 3,400 special districts.[19] School districts, which are independent of cities and counties, handle public education.[18] Special Districts deliver specific public programs and public facilities to constituents, and are defined as "any agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries."[20] Counties and incorporated cities may promulgate local ordinances, which are usually codified in county or city codes, respectively, and are misdemeanor crimes unless otherwise specified as infractions.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alfieri, Joe (18 October 2010). "Jerry Brown defies intent of California term limits". Contra Costa County Conservative Examiner (Examiner.com). 
  2. ^ Constitution of California, article 5, section 2
  3. ^ Ferguson, Margaret R., ed. (2006). "Roles, Functions, and Powers of the Governors". The Executive Branch of State Government: People, Process and Politics. ABC-CLIO. 
  4. ^ In re Governorship, 26 Cal.3d 110, 401 (Supreme Court of California 1979) (“we conclude that the Lieutenant Governor has authority to exercise all gubernatorial powers of appointment while the Governor is physically absent from the state and that the Governor has authority to withdraw the appointment until the confirmation of appointment becomes effective.”).
  5. ^ "Overview, Board of Trustees". California State University. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Watt, Robert; Johns, Francis (2009). Concise Legal Research. Federation Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-862-87723-8. 
  7. ^ Lawrence, David G. (2012). California: The Politics of Diversity. Wadsworth. p. 156. 
  8. ^ "Governor Brown's Government Reorganization Plan Becomes Law". Office of the Governor of California. 3 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Constitution of California, article 4, section 2(a)
  10. ^ Constitution of California, Article 6, Section 6(d)
  11. ^ "Judicial Council". Judicial Council of California. 
  12. ^ Constitution of California, Article 6, § 3
  13. ^ California Government Code § 69100
  14. ^ Auto Equity Sales, Inc. v. Superior Court,, 57 Cal. 2d 450, 369 P.2d 937, 20 Cal. Rptr. 321 (1962).
  15. ^ Constitution of California, Article 6, § 4
  16. ^ Constitution of California, article 11, section 1
  17. ^ "Learn About Cities". League of California Cities. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Individual State Descriptions: 2007, 2007 Census of Governments, United States Census Bureau, November 2012, pp. 25–26 
  19. ^ Mizany, Kimia; Manatt, April. What’s So Special About Special Districts? A Citizen’s Guide to Special Districts in California (3 ed.). California Senate Local Government Committee. 
  20. ^ California Government Code § 16271(d)
  21. ^ California Government Code §§ 25132, 36900 et seq.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014