Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
The complexity of government: Indonesia
The complexity of government: Indonesia
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: ANU TV
Indonesian Censorship and Government in a Nutshell
Indonesian Censorship and Government in a Nutshell
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Rong Rong
Sovereignty, World Government System and Democracy in Indonesia
Sovereignty, World Government System and Democracy in Indonesia
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Dyra Daniera
Open Government Indonesia
Open Government Indonesia
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: MRmatsuyama23
apa itu Open Government Indonesia ?
apa itu Open Government Indonesia ?
Published: 2013/01/05
Channel: egovkaltim
The Brief History of Indonesia (IAF2013 teaser)
The Brief History of Indonesia (IAF2013 teaser)
Published: 2012/12/24
Channel: PPISingapura
Indonesia
Indonesia's Government Debt - Bloomberg
Published: 2009/07/08
Channel: Bloomberg
Indonesia Government Boeing 737-800 A-001 [HND/RJTT]
Indonesia Government Boeing 737-800 A-001 [HND/RJTT]
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: akino33 Aviation Video Channel
Indonesia government launches road safety campaign before Muslim holiday
Indonesia government launches road safety campaign before Muslim holiday
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Sectarian Violence Is On The Rise In Indonesia
Sectarian Violence Is On The Rise In Indonesia
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Journeyman Pictures
This is the Spice Island history according to Indonesia colonizer history, some true, some are not
This is the Spice Island history according to Indonesia colonizer history, some true, some are not
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: Paul Souisa
ANONYMOUS INDONESIA- - MESSAGE TO GOVERNMENT OF INDONESIAN PEOPLE
ANONYMOUS INDONESIA- - MESSAGE TO GOVERNMENT OF INDONESIAN PEOPLE
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Anonymous negeri
President of Indonesia, 2014 UN General Assembly - Open Government Partnership
President of Indonesia, 2014 UN General Assembly - Open Government Partnership
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Open Government Partnership
E-Government by Telkom Indonesia
E-Government by Telkom Indonesia
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Rangga Sinatriya
Government in Indonesia
Government in Indonesia
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Charli
INDONESIA: CHINESE COMMUNITY BLAMED FOR GOVERNMENT FAILURE
INDONESIA: CHINESE COMMUNITY BLAMED FOR GOVERNMENT FAILURE
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Open Government Indonesia
Open Government Indonesia
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: Open Government Indonesia
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program
Published: 2014/07/27
Channel: GGGI Indonesia
E Government Indonesia
E Government Indonesia
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: ADOCsecretariat
A Local Government in Indonesia Spends Better to Improve Public Services
A Local Government in Indonesia Spends Better to Improve Public Services
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: World Bank
Getting Gas at Indonesia
Getting Gas at Indonesia's Government Gas Station | Motovlog Indonesia
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Martin Johnson
System Information and Its Implementation in e-Government (Indonesia)
System Information and Its Implementation in e-Government (Indonesia)
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: Rivina Relita
KMANV: Opening and Dialogue with  Government of Indonesia
KMANV: Opening and Dialogue with Government of Indonesia
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Indonesia Nature Film Society
USA: NEW YORK: ANTI INDONESIA GOVERNMENT PROTESTS
USA: NEW YORK: ANTI INDONESIA GOVERNMENT PROTESTS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
CHINA: PROTESTS AGAINST TREATMENT OF ETHNIC CHINESE IN INDONESIA
CHINA: PROTESTS AGAINST TREATMENT OF ETHNIC CHINESE IN INDONESIA
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Bojonegoro - Pelopor Open Government di Indonesia
Bojonegoro - Pelopor Open Government di Indonesia
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: humasbojonegoro
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program: A Collaboration in East Kalimantan
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program: A Collaboration in East Kalimantan
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: GGGI Indonesia
INDONESIA: JAKARTA: SECOND DAY OF ANTI GOVERNMENT RIOTS
INDONESIA: JAKARTA: SECOND DAY OF ANTI GOVERNMENT RIOTS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Conflict dispute over South China Sea Indonesia issues protest to China safeguard 印尼中國南海問題再起波瀾
Conflict dispute over South China Sea Indonesia issues protest to China safeguard 印尼中國南海問題再起波瀾
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Fluss He
Australian government trying to stop execution of two nationals in Indonesia
Australian government trying to stop execution of two nationals in Indonesia
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: Global News
Denmark in Indonesia: Government 2 Government
Denmark in Indonesia: Government 2 Government
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: DenmarkInIndonesia
Norinco 1911 Government .45 ACP (Bahasa Indonesia)
Norinco 1911 Government .45 ACP (Bahasa Indonesia)
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: Indonesian Tactical Channel
Indonesia: Violence Against Religious Minorities
Indonesia: Violence Against Religious Minorities
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: HumanRightsWatch
INDONESIA: BALI: PRO MILITIA MEMBERS/GOVERNMENT MEETING
INDONESIA: BALI: PRO MILITIA MEMBERS/GOVERNMENT MEETING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Indonesian Government Asks AirAsia Indonesia for Insurance Payout Funds
Indonesian Government Asks AirAsia Indonesia for Insurance Payout Funds
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Jakarta Globe News Channel
INDONESIA: GOVERNMENT UNVEIL A REVISED BUDGET
INDONESIA: GOVERNMENT UNVEIL A REVISED BUDGET
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Anonymous IndonesiA Message Government Malaysia
Anonymous IndonesiA Message Government Malaysia
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: AnonymousIndonesia
Did the Australian Government pay people smugglers to return migrants to Indonesia?
Did the Australian Government pay people smugglers to return migrants to Indonesia?
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: LK TJ
Indonesia justice minister under fire because the government Indonesia politic are support Palestine
Indonesia justice minister under fire because the government Indonesia politic are support Palestine
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Paul Souisa
INDONESIA: OPPOSITION LEADER BLAMES GOVERNMENT FOR JAKARTA RIOTS
INDONESIA: OPPOSITION LEADER BLAMES GOVERNMENT FOR JAKARTA RIOTS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Indonesia
Indonesia's President Joko Widodo Interview - BBC News
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: BBC News
Government to pursue deposition of Mary Jane Veloso in Indonesia – DFA
Government to pursue deposition of Mary Jane Veloso in Indonesia – DFA
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
101 East - Inside Indonesia
101 East - Inside Indonesia's Drug War
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Transformation program between German government and Indonesia.
Transformation program between German government and Indonesia.
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: wim berlinawan
The result of Islamic Government Java/Indonesia with their Politic Ideology
The result of Islamic Government Java/Indonesia with their Politic Ideology
Published: 2012/07/05
Channel: Paul Souisa
Islam governments of Indonesia has political involvement on the bombing of the UN base in Iraq
Islam governments of Indonesia has political involvement on the bombing of the UN base in Iraq
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: Paul Souisa
Indonesia: Despite Government
Indonesia: Despite Government's assistance, still need for loan sharks
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: World Bank
Indonesia Government Employees Harlem Shake
Indonesia Government Employees Harlem Shake
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: iwan setiawan
Indonesia   Korea Mulai Realisasikan Kerjasama E   Government
Indonesia Korea Mulai Realisasikan Kerjasama E Government
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Kementerian PANRB
INDONESIA: STUDENTS STAGE ANTI GOVERNMENT RALLIES
INDONESIA: STUDENTS STAGE ANTI GOVERNMENT RALLIES
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The term Government of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintah Indonesia) can have a number of different meanings. At its widest, it can refer collectively to the three traditional branches of government – the Executive branch, Legislative branch and Judicial branch. The term is also used colloquially to mean the Executive and Legislature together, as these are the branches of government responsible for day-to-day governance of the nation and lawmaking. At its narrowest, the term is used to refer to the Executive Branch in form of the Cabinet of Indonesia as this is the branches of government responsible for day-to-day governance.

History[edit]

Liberal democracy era[edit]

An era of Liberal Democracy (Indonesian: Demokrasi Liberal) in Indonesia began on August 17, 1950 following the dissolution of the federal United States of Indonesia less than a year after its formation, and ended with the imposition of martial law and President Sukarno's decree regarding the introduction of Guided Democracy on July 5, 1957. It saw a number of important events, including the 1955 Bandung Conference, Indonesia's first general and Constitutional Assembly elections, and an extended period of political instability, with no cabinet lasting as long as two years.

Guided Democracy era[edit]

Guided Democracy (Indonesian: Demokrasi Terpimpin) was the political system in place in Indonesia from 1957 until the New Order began in 1966. It was the brainchild of President Sukarno, and was an attempt to bring about political stability. Sukarno believed that Western-style democracy was inappropriate for Indonesia's situation. Instead, he sought a system based on the traditional village system of discussion and consensus, which occurred under the guidance of village elders.

Transition to the New Order[edit]

Indonesia's transition to the "New Order" in the mid-1960s, ousted the country's first president, Sukarno, after 22 years in the position. One of the most tumultuous periods in the country's modern history, it was the commencement of Suharto's 31-year presidency.

Described as the great dhalang ("puppet master"), Sukarno drew power from balancing the opposing and increasingly antagonistic forces of the army and Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). By 1965, the PKI extensively penetrated all levels of government and gained influence at the expense of the army.[1]

On 30 September 1965, six of the military's most senior officers were killed in an action (generally labelled an "attempted coup") by the so-called 30 September Movement, a group from within the armed forces. Within a few hours, Major General Suharto mobilised forces under his command and took control of Jakarta. Anti-communists, initially following the army's lead, went on a violent purge of communists throughout the country, killing an estimated half million people and destroying the PKI, which was officially blamed for the crisis.[2][3]

The politically weakened Sukarno was forced to transfer key political and military powers to General Suharto, who had become head of the armed forces. In March 1967, the Indonesian parliament (MPRS) named General Suharto acting president. He was formally appointed president one year later. Sukarno lived under virtual house arrest until his death in 1970. In contrast to the stormy nationalism, revolutionary rhetoric, and economic failure that characterised the early 1960s under the left-leaning Sukarno, Suharto's pro-Western "New Order" stabilised the economy but continued the policies of Pancasila.

New order era[edit]

The New Order (Indonesian: Orde Baru) is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his regime as he came to power in 1966. Suharto used this term to contrast his rule with that of his predecessor, Sukarno (dubbed the "Old Order," or Orde Lama). The term "New Order" in more recent times has become synonymous with the Suharto years (1966–1998).

Immediately following the attempted coup in 1965, the political situation was uncertain, but the Suharto's New Order found much popular support from groups wanting a separation from Indonesia's problems since its independence. The 'generation of 66' (Angkatan 66) epitomised talk of a new group of young leaders and new intellectual thought. Following Indonesia's communal and political conflicts, and its economic collapse and social breakdown of the late 1950s through to the mid-1960s, the "New Order" was committed to achieving and maintaining political order, economic development, and the removal of mass participation in the political process. The features of the "New Order" established from the late 1960s were thus a strong political role for the military, the bureaucratisation and corporatisation of political and societal organisations, and selective but effective repression of opponents. Strident anti-communism remained a hallmark of the regime for its subsequent 32 years.

Within a few years, however, many of its original allies had become indifferent or averse to the New Order, which comprised a military faction supported by a narrow civilian group. Among much of the pro-democracy movement which forced Suharto to resign in the 1998 Indonesian Revolution and then gained power, the term "New Order" has come to be used pejoratively. It is frequently employed to describe figures who were either tied to the Suharto period, or who upheld the practises of his authoritarian regime, such as corruption, collusion and nepotism (widely known by the acronym KKN: korupsi, kolusi, nepotisme).[4]

The reform era[edit]

Map showing the parties/organisations with the largest vote share per province in Indonesia's elections from 1971 to 2009

The Post-Suharto era in Indonesia began with the fall of Suharto in 1998 during which Indonesia has been in a period of transition, an era known in Indonesia as Reformasi (English: Reform[5][6][7]). A more open and liberal political-social environment ensued following the resignation of authoritarian President Suharto, ending the three decades of the New Order period.

A constitutional reform process lasted from 1999 to 2002, with four constitutional amendments producing important changes.[8]

Among these are term limits of up to 2 five-year terms for the President and Vice-President, and measures to institute checks and balances. The highest state institution is the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), whose functions previously included electing the president and vice-president (since 2004 the president has been elected directly by the people), establishing broad guidelines of state policy, and amending the constitution. The 695-member MPR includes all 550 members of the People's Representative Council (DPR) (the House of Representatives) plus 130 "regional representatives" elected by the twenty-six provincial parliaments and sixty-five appointed members from societal groups[9]

The DPR, which is the premier legislative institution, originally included 462 members elected through a mixed proportional/district representational system and thirty-eight appointed members of the armed forces (TNI) and police (POLRI). TNI/POLRI representation in the DPR and MPR ended in 2004. Societal group representation in the MPR was eliminated in 2004 through further constitutional change.[10][11]

Having served as rubberstamp bodies in the past, the DPR and MPR have gained considerable power and are increasingly assertive in oversight of the executive branch. Under constitutional changes in 2004, the MPR became a bicameral legislature, with the creation of the Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD), in which each province is represented by four members, although its legislative powers are more limited than those of the DPR. Through his appointed cabinet, the president retains the authority to conduct the administration of the government.[12]

A general election in June 1999 produced the first freely elected national, provincial and regional parliaments in over forty years. In October 1999 the MPR elected a compromise candidate, Abdurrahman Wahid, as the country's fourth president, and Megawati Sukarnoputri — a daughter of Sukarno, the country's first president — as the vice-president. Megawati's PDI-P party had won the largest share of the vote (34%) in the general election, while Golkar, the dominant party during the Soeharto era, came in second (22%). Several other, mostly Islamic parties won shares large enough to be seated in the DPR. Further democratic elections took place in 2004 and 2009.

The Indonesian political system before and after the constitutional amendments

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Joko Widodo Indonesian democratic Party-Struggle 20 October 2014

The president and vice-president are selected by vote of the citizens for five-year terms. Prior to 2004, they were chosen by People's Consultative Assembly. The last election was held 9 July 2014. The President of Indonesia is directly elected for a maximum of two five-year terms, and is the head of state, commander-in-chief of Indonesian armed forces and responsible for domestic governance and policy-making and foreign affairs. The president appoints a cabinet, members of which do not have to be elected members of the legislature.[13]

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative building complex

The People's Consultative Assembly (Indonesian: Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, MPR) is the legislative branch in Indonesia's political system. Following elections in 2004, the MPR became a bicameral parliament, with the creation of the DPD as its second chamber in an effort to increase regional representation.[14] The Regional Representatives Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD) is the upper house of The People's Consultative Assembly. The lower house is The People's Representative Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR), sometimes referred to as the House of Representatives, which has 550 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

Judicial branch[edit]

The Indonesian Supreme Court (Indonesian: Mahkamah Agung) is the highest level of the judicial branch. Its judges are appointed by the president. The Constitutional Court rules on constitutional and political matters (Indonesian: Mahkamah Konstitusi), while a Judicial Commission (Indonesian: Komisi Yudisial) oversees the judges.[15]

State Auditor[edit]

The Audit Board of Indonesia (Indonesian: Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan) is the high state body that responsible to check the management and accountability of state finances conducted by the Central Government, Local Government, other State Institutions, Bank Indonesia, State-Owned Enterprises (Indonesian: Badan Usaha Milik Negara, BUMN), Public Service Board (Indonesian: Badan Layanan Umum, BLU), Territory-Owned Enterprise (Indonesian: Badan Usaha Milik Daerah, BUMD), and institutions or other entities that manage state finances.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ricklefs (1991), pp. 271-283
  2. ^ Chris Hilton (writer and director) (2001). Shadowplay (Television documentary). Vagabond Films and Hilton Cordell Productions. ; Ricklefs (1991), pages 280–283, 284, 287–290
  3. ^ Robert Cribb (2002). "Unresolved Problems in the Indonesian Killings of 1965-1966". Asian Survey. 42 (4): 550–563. doi:10.1525/as.2002.42.4.550. ; Friend (2003), page 107-109, 113.
  4. ^ Stop talk of KKN. The Jakarta Post (24 August 2001).
  5. ^ US Indonesia Diplomatic and Political Cooperation Handbook, Int'l Business Publications, 2007, ISBN 1433053306, page CRS-5
  6. ^ Robin Bush, Nahdlatul Ulama and the Struggle for Power Within Islam and Politics in Indonesia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2009, ISBN 9812308768, page 111
  7. ^ Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Lonely Planet Indonesia, 2010, ISBN 1741048303, page 49
  8. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 360-361
  9. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 361-362
  10. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 293-296
  11. ^ "Indonesia's military: Business as usual". 16 August 2002. 
  12. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 265, 361, 441
  13. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 361, 443, 440
  14. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 264-265, 367
  15. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), p266 - 267

Further reading[edit]

  • Denny Indrayana (2008) Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002: An Evaluation of Constitution-Making in Transition, Kompas Book Publishing, Jakarta ISBN 978-979-709-394-5
  • O'Rourke, Kevin. 2002. Reformasi: the struggle for power in post-Soeharto Indonesia. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-754-8
  • Schwarz, Adam. 2000. A nation in waiting: Indonesia's search for stability. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3650-3

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license