1
Open Government Indonesia
Open Government Indonesia
DATE: 2014/09/04::
2
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program
Government of Indonesia - GGGI Green Growth Program
DATE: 2014/07/26::
3
Episode 20: Proses Adopsi E-Government untuk Indonesia oleh Rino Nugroho
Episode 20: Proses Adopsi E-Government untuk Indonesia oleh Rino Nugroho
DATE: 2012/02/13::
4
Getting Gas at Indonesia
Getting Gas at Indonesia's Government Gas Station
DATE: 2015/03/13::
5
Australian government
Australian government 'appeals for mercy' for Indonesia death row pair
DATE: 2015/02/11::
6
apa itu Open Government Indonesia ?
apa itu Open Government Indonesia ?
DATE: 2013/01/05::
7
E Government Indonesia
E Government Indonesia
DATE: 2013/06/02::
8
Norinco 1911 Government .45 ACP (Bahasa Indonesia)
Norinco 1911 Government .45 ACP (Bahasa Indonesia)
DATE: 2013/06/11::
9
The result of Islamic Government Java/Indonesia with their Politic Ideology
The result of Islamic Government Java/Indonesia with their Politic Ideology
DATE: 2012/07/05::
10
Dutch lawyer criticises Indonesian government over execution
Dutch lawyer criticises Indonesian government over execution
DATE: 2015/01/21::
11
Australian government trying to stop execution of two nationals in Indonesia
Australian government trying to stop execution of two nationals in Indonesia
DATE: 2015/03/15::
12
Anonymous IndonesiA Message Government Malaysia by ServerIsDown 404 Indonesian
Anonymous IndonesiA Message Government Malaysia by ServerIsDown 404 Indonesian
DATE: 2013/01/12::
13
Benjamin Olken & Sudarno Sumarto / Evaluation on a Government Timeline in Indonesia
Benjamin Olken & Sudarno Sumarto / Evaluation on a Government Timeline in Indonesia
DATE: 2014/01/27::
14
Indonesia Government Boeing 737-800 A-001 [HND/RJTT]
Indonesia Government Boeing 737-800 A-001 [HND/RJTT]
DATE: 2015/03/26::
15
Government Of Indonesia Sets Slight Increase For BUMNs Spending
Government Of Indonesia Sets Slight Increase For BUMNs Spending
DATE: 2015/03/11::
16
Waffle-Crete Government Housing Project in Jakarta, Indonesia
Waffle-Crete Government Housing Project in Jakarta, Indonesia
DATE: 2010/10/21::
17
Anonymous message to Indonesian Government about West Papua genocide
Anonymous message to Indonesian Government about West Papua genocide
DATE: 2014/05/20::
18
Dino Kusnadi bring Indonesian Islamic government lie messages
Dino Kusnadi bring Indonesian Islamic government lie messages
DATE: 2013/11/09::
19
Government Panel: IP Rights Protection in Indonesia
Government Panel: IP Rights Protection in Indonesia
DATE: 2015/06/03::
20
People Speaking About INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT (Pendapat Masyarakat Tentang PEMERINTAH INDONESIA)
People Speaking About INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT (Pendapat Masyarakat Tentang PEMERINTAH INDONESIA)
DATE: 2015/06/02::
21
Indonesia justice minister under fire because the government Indonesia politic are support Palestine
Indonesia justice minister under fire because the government Indonesia politic are support Palestine
DATE: 2013/09/18::
22
President of Indonesia, 2014 UN General Assembly - Open Government Partnership
President of Indonesia, 2014 UN General Assembly - Open Government Partnership
DATE: 2014/09/25::
23
Indonesia: Despite Government
Indonesia: Despite Government's assistance, still need for loan sharks
DATE: 2012/03/05::
24
Did the Australian Government pay people smugglers to return migrants to Indonesia?
Did the Australian Government pay people smugglers to return migrants to Indonesia?
DATE: 2015/06/13::
25
Surabaya/Indonesia  (Official government youthparade) Part 4
Surabaya/Indonesia (Official government youthparade) Part 4
DATE: 2013/11/07::
26
Seminar Pemerintah Darurat Republik Indonesia (PDRI) - Emergency Government Republic of Indonesia
Seminar Pemerintah Darurat Republik Indonesia (PDRI) - Emergency Government Republic of Indonesia
DATE: 2012/09/29::
27
Indonesia
Indonesia's military and government align against boat policy
DATE: 2014/01/10::
28
Pemerintah Gencar Terapkan e-Government
Pemerintah Gencar Terapkan e-Government
DATE: 2014/12/02::
29
Malaysia
Malaysia's government conspires with Indonesia for the forest fire
DATE: 2013/06/24::
30
Indonesia Government Employees Harlem Shake
Indonesia Government Employees Harlem Shake
DATE: 2013/03/06::
31
Indonesia 2015 - In Markets We Trust: Injecting Confidence into Asian Markets
Indonesia 2015 - In Markets We Trust: Injecting Confidence into Asian Markets
DATE: 2015/04/20::
32
Open Government Indonesia 2012 Competition with English Subtitles
Open Government Indonesia 2012 Competition with English Subtitles
DATE: 2013/02/25::
33
Bali 9 executions Abbott government withdraws ambassador to Indonesia
Bali 9 executions Abbott government withdraws ambassador to Indonesia
DATE: 2015/04/28::
34
[Startup Asia Jakarta 2014] Which Internet Regulations in Indonesia Should the Government Amend?
[Startup Asia Jakarta 2014] Which Internet Regulations in Indonesia Should the Government Amend?
DATE: 2014/11/27::
35
Miss World Indonesia: organisers furious after government bows to Islamist pressure to move event
Miss World Indonesia: organisers furious after government bows to Islamist pressure to move event
DATE: 2013/09/16::
36
Ambassador to Indonesia defends Government
Ambassador to Indonesia defends Government
DATE: 2011/10/11::
37
Era of Parliamentary Government System in Indonesia
Era of Parliamentary Government System in Indonesia
DATE: 2012/12/27::
38
Open Government Indonesia
Open Government Indonesia
DATE: 2012/01/23::
39
Indonesia
Indonesia's Government Debt - Bloomberg
DATE: 2009/07/08::
40
Indonesia
Indonesia's government reveals economic plans
DATE: 2013/08/27::
41
Study in Queensland Government School – Diasdeviana from Indonesia
Study in Queensland Government School – Diasdeviana from Indonesia
DATE: 2015/03/29::
42
Bank Indonesia Warns of Risks to Government, Companies With US Dollar Debt
Bank Indonesia Warns of Risks to Government, Companies With US Dollar Debt
DATE: 2015/05/12::
43
Phantom - Final Warning To Indonesian Government
Phantom - Final Warning To Indonesian Government
DATE: 2015/04/29::
44
PNG Government urged to refrain from PNG/Indonesia Trade
PNG Government urged to refrain from PNG/Indonesia Trade
DATE: 2013/05/27::
45
Indonesia REPRESENT OF MURDERE GOVERNMENT in West Papua
Indonesia REPRESENT OF MURDERE GOVERNMENT in West Papua
DATE: 2012/09/17::
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The play of the Government of the Islamic Java / Indonesia to covered up himself
The play of the Government of the Islamic Java / Indonesia to covered up himself
DATE: 2012/10/11::
47
IATMI BERSINERGI - Yanto Sianipar ( SVP Policy, Government & Public Chevron Pacific Indonesia )
IATMI BERSINERGI - Yanto Sianipar ( SVP Policy, Government & Public Chevron Pacific Indonesia )
DATE: 2014/11/20::
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Indonesia: Government
Indonesia: Government's health insurance helps but isn't enough
DATE: 2012/03/05::
49
South Australian Government Schools welcomes students from SMP5 Indonesia
South Australian Government Schools welcomes students from SMP5 Indonesia
DATE: 2013/02/08::
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Church in Indonesia Being in Terror, Government do nothing - HKBP Bekasi 2.flv
Church in Indonesia Being in Terror, Government do nothing - HKBP Bekasi 2.flv
DATE: 2012/04/10::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For politics in Indonesia, see Politics of Indonesia.

The term Government of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintah Indonesia) can have a number of different meanings. At its widest, it can refer collectively to the three traditional branches of government – the Executive branch, Legislative branch and Judicial branch . The term is also used colloquially to mean the Executive and Legislature together, as these are the branches of government responsible for day-to-day governance of the nation and lawmaking. At its narrowest, the term is used to refer to the Executive Branch in form of the Cabinet of Indonesia as this is the branches of government responsible for day-to-day governance.

History[edit]

Map showing the parties/organisations with the largest vote share per province in Indonesia's elections from 1971 to 2009

The Reformation[edit]

A constitutional reform process lasted from 1999 to 2002, with four constitutional amendments producing important changes.[1]

Among these are term limits of up to 2 five-year terms for the President and Vice President, and measures to institute checks and balances. The highest state institution is the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), whose functions previously included electing the president and vice president (since 2004 the president has been elected directly by the people), establishing broad guidelines of state policy, and amending the constitution. The 695-member MPR includes all 550 members of the People's Representative Council (DPR) (the House of Representatives) plus 130 "regional representatives" elected by the twenty-six provincial parliaments and sixty-five appointed members from societal groups[2]

The DPR, which is the premier legislative institution, originally included 462 members elected through a mixed proportional/district representational system and thirty-eight appointed members of the armed forces (TNI) and police (POLRI). TNI/POLRI representation in the DPR and MPR ended in 2004. Societal group representation in the MPR was eliminated in 2004 through further constitutional change.[3][4]

Having served as rubberstamp bodies in the past, the DPR and MPR have gained considerable power and are increasingly assertive in oversight of the executive branch. Under constitutional changes in 2004, the MPR became a bicameral legislature, with the creation of the Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD), in which each province is represented by four members, although its legislative powers are more limited than those of the DPR. Through his appointed cabinet, the president retains the authority to conduct the administration of the government.[5]

A general election in June 1999 produced the first freely elected national, provincial and regional parliaments in over forty years. In October 1999 the MPR elected a compromise candidate, Abdurrahman Wahid, as the country's fourth president, and Megawati Sukarnoputri — a daughter of Sukarno, the country's first president — as the vice president. Megawati's PDI-P party had won the largest share of the vote (34%) in the general election, while Golkar, the dominant party during the Soeharto era, came in second (22%). Several other, mostly Islamic parties won shares large enough to be seated in the DPR. Further democratic elections took place in 2004 and 2009.

The Indonesian political system before and after the constitutional amendments

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Joko Widodo Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle 20 October 2014

The president and vice president are selected by vote of the citizens for five-year terms. Prior to 2004, they were chosen by People's Consultative Assembly. The last election was held July 9, 2014. The president heads the Kabinet Kerja. The President of Indonesia is directly elected for a maximum of two five-year terms, and is the head of state, commander-in-chief of Indonesian armed forces and responsible for domestic governance and policy-making and foreign affairs. The president appoints a cabinet, who do not have to be elected members of the legislature.[6]

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative building complex

The People's Consultative Assembly (Indonesian: Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, MPR) is the legislative branch in Indonesia's political system. Following elections in 2004, the MPR became a bicameral parliament, with the creation of the DPD as its second chamber in an effort to increase regional representation.[7] The Regional Representatives Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD) is the upper house of The People's Consultative Assembly. The lower house is The People's Representative Council (Indonesian: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR), sometimes referred to as the House of Representatives, which has 550 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

Judicial branch[edit]

The Indonesian Supreme Court (Indonesian: Mahkamah Agung) is the highest level of the judicial branch. Its judges are appointed by the president. The Constitutional Court rules on constitutional and political matters (Indonesian: Mahkamah Konstitusi), while a Judicial Commission (Indonesian: Komisi Yudisial) oversees the judges.[8]

State Auditor[edit]

The State Auditor (Indonesian: Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan) is the high state body that responsible to check the management and accountability of state finances conducted by the Central Government, Local Government, other State Institutions, Bank Indonesia, State-Owned Enterprises (Indonesian: Badan Usaha Milik Negara, BUMN), Public Service Board (Indonesian: Badan Layanan Umum, BLU), Territory-Owned Enterprise (Indonesian: Badan Usaha Milik Daerah, BUMD), and institutions or other entities that manage state finances.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 360-361
  2. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 361-362
  3. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 293-296
  4. ^ "Indonesia's military: Business as usual". August 16, 2002. 
  5. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 265, 361, 441
  6. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 361, 443, 440
  7. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), pp. 264-265, 367
  8. ^ Denny Indrayana (2008), p266 - 267

Further reading[edit]

  • Denny Indrayana (2008) Indonesian Constitutional Reform 1999-2002: An Evaluation of Constitution-Making in Transition, Kompas Book Publishing, Jakarta ISBN 978-979-709-394-5
  • O'Rourke, Kevin. 2002. Reformasi: the struggle for power in post-Soeharto Indonesia. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-754-8
  • Schwarz, Adam. 2000. A nation in waiting: Indonesia's search for stability. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-3650-3

External links[edit]

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