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Grand Village of the Illinois
Grand Village of the Illinois
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Read book  The Zimmerman Site: A Report on Excavations at the Grand Village of Kaskaskia, Lasalle
Read book The Zimmerman Site: A Report on Excavations at the Grand Village of Kaskaskia, Lasalle
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Alice Taylor
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow, Natio
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow, Natio
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Driving Downtown - Navy Pier To Downtown - Chicago Illinois USA
Driving Downtown - Navy Pier To Downtown - Chicago Illinois USA
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: J Utah
Starved Rock State Park in Oglesby, Illinois
Starved Rock State Park in Oglesby, Illinois
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: Peter von Panda
DORM TOUR 2015
DORM TOUR 2015
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: Sarah Burgett
Visit Villa Park, Illinois -- In Chicago
Visit Villa Park, Illinois -- In Chicago's Western Suburbs
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: DuPageCVB
Refined Colonial Estate in Hinsdale, Illinois
Refined Colonial Estate in Hinsdale, Illinois
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Sotheby's International Realty
Illinois Adventure #1703 "John Deere Historic Site"
Illinois Adventure #1703 "John Deere Historic Site"
Published: 2013/08/22
Channel: WTVP
Midway Village in Rockford, Illinois
Midway Village in Rockford, Illinois
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Kathleen Walls
Starved Rock State Park, IL
Starved Rock State Park, IL
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: iDiscoverer
Kaskaskia Canyon, Starved Rock, IL
Kaskaskia Canyon, Starved Rock, IL
Published: 2010/05/20
Channel: Pat Heinen
DuPage Medical Group Grand Opening Video Lisle, Illinois
DuPage Medical Group Grand Opening Video Lisle, Illinois
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: Village of Lisle
Starved Rock State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Illinois
Starved Rock State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Illinois
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: Amazing place To tourist World
Robert Mazrim (ISAS Researcher) Talk to La Salle County Historical Society, January 2011
Robert Mazrim (ISAS Researcher) Talk to La Salle County Historical Society, January 2011
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: Illinois State Archaeological Survey
Grand J&K cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Grand J&K cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: Marketing781
Peoria, Illinois - Unravel Travel TV
Peoria, Illinois - Unravel Travel TV
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Unravel Travel TV
Thousand year old village discovered in Illinois
Thousand year old village discovered in Illinois
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Giacomo Luca
Candidate Kotowicz Issues: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Candidate Kotowicz Issues: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Published: 2007/04/07
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Starved Rock State Park
Starved Rock State Park
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Audiopedia
1403 Grand Pointe Blvd West Dundee, Illinois
1403 Grand Pointe Blvd West Dundee, Illinois
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Steve Rollins
Diana Barnes. Freedom. #19 Leroy,Illinois Storm Ch
Diana Barnes. Freedom. #19 Leroy,Illinois Storm Ch
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: freedom4all61701
Tribute to Illinois Prairie
Tribute to Illinois Prairie
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: John Long
Today In America - Westchester Illinois
Today In America - Westchester Illinois
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: Village of Westchester
Illinois Lincoln Highway Mural Installed in the Village of Mokena
Illinois Lincoln Highway Mural Installed in the Village of Mokena
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: ChicagoSouthlandCVB
Franklin Park Illinois Grand Avenue Underpass at Christmas 2008
Franklin Park Illinois Grand Avenue Underpass at Christmas 2008
Published: 2008/12/02
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Valmeyer, IL: The Documentary
Valmeyer, IL: The Documentary
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: ARCOM Productions
Kotowicz Campaign Issue: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Kotowicz Campaign Issue: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Published: 2007/04/08
Channel: Lots of Stuff, So Little Time
A Guide To Hiking And Camping In The Grand Canyon
A Guide To Hiking And Camping In The Grand Canyon
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Connor's Guide to Everything
Ms Diva stops for lunch in Elk Grove Village Illinois
Ms Diva stops for lunch in Elk Grove Village Illinois
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Ms DivaTrucker
2012 KICKAPOO POW WOW GRAND VILLIAGE, ILLINOIS
2012 KICKAPOO POW WOW GRAND VILLIAGE, ILLINOIS
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: freedom4all61701
Village Foods In Hyde Park IL Closes its doors FOREVER (30YRS) "Everywhere You Go" W/Host Drea O
Village Foods In Hyde Park IL Closes its doors FOREVER (30YRS) "Everywhere You Go" W/Host Drea O
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: Drea O Classic Interviews (2010-2015
Village of Hoffman Estates, Illinois - Swearing In Ceremony on April 30, 2017
Village of Hoffman Estates, Illinois - Swearing In Ceremony on April 30, 2017
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Hoffman Estates
Grand J&K Cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Grand J&K Cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: Marketing781
Illinois Adventure #1901 "Saline Creek Pioneer Village and Museum"
Illinois Adventure #1901 "Saline Creek Pioneer Village and Museum"
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: WTVP
Village of Romeoville Ribbon Cutting 2016 - Aryzta Distribution Center
Village of Romeoville Ribbon Cutting 2016 - Aryzta Distribution Center
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: VOR-TV Village of Romeoville Television
Starved Rock: A Historical Sketch
Starved Rock: A Historical Sketch
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: Altanesta
Elk Grove Village Xarelto Lawyer & Attorney - Illinois
Elk Grove Village Xarelto Lawyer & Attorney - Illinois
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Theresa Valentine
Illinois Adventure #1707 "Ellwood House Museum"
Illinois Adventure #1707 "Ellwood House Museum"
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: WTVP
Phoenix Bar and Nightclub - Elk Grove Village, Illinois
Phoenix Bar and Nightclub - Elk Grove Village, Illinois
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Default Name
Elk Grove Village Accident Attorney - Illinois
Elk Grove Village Accident Attorney - Illinois
Published: 2014/12/30
Channel: Ariana Burleson
New Homes in Mundelein Illinois - Grand Dominion by Del Webb
New Homes in Mundelein Illinois - Grand Dominion by Del Webb
Published: 2014/01/16
Channel: delwebb
Visit Addison, Illinois -- Just a few miles west of Chicago
Visit Addison, Illinois -- Just a few miles west of Chicago
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: DuPageCVB
Skip Saviano Elmwood Park Illinois Village President 2013
Skip Saviano Elmwood Park Illinois Village President 2013
Published: 2013/04/02
Channel: Skip Saviano
Village of Lisle, Illinois - Lights of Lisle Holiday Festival in the Village of Lisle
Village of Lisle, Illinois - Lights of Lisle Holiday Festival in the Village of Lisle
Published: 2013/11/05
Channel: Village of Lisle
Illinois Adventure #1302 "Naper Settlement"
Illinois Adventure #1302 "Naper Settlement"
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: WTVP
Orangeville, Illinois
Orangeville, Illinois' new village clock
Published: 2009/09/21
Channel: journalstandardvideo
Welcome to Grand Hall
Welcome to Grand Hall
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: SaintLouisUniversity
Mar 26 LaSalle encounters the Natchez Tribe
Mar 26 LaSalle encounters the Natchez Tribe
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Natchez National Historical Park
DEF CON 23 - Charlie Miller & Chris Valasek - Remote Exploitation of an Unaltered Passenger Vehicle
DEF CON 23 - Charlie Miller & Chris Valasek - Remote Exploitation of an Unaltered Passenger Vehicle
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: DEFCONConference
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Old Kaskaskia Village
Old Kaskaskia Village from W.jpg
Old Kaskaskia Village site, seen from the west. In the background left of center is the Sulphur Springs Hotel. The Illinois River is about 1,000 feet (300 m) south (right) of the road at left.
Nearest city Ottawa, Illinois
Built 1673
NRHP reference # 66000324
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL July 19, 1964[2]

The Grand Village of the Illinois, also called Old Kaskaskia Village, is a site significant for being the best documented historic Native American village in the Illinois River valley. It was a large agricultural village of Native Americans of the Illini confederacy, located on the north bank of the Illinois River near the present town of Utica, Illinois.

French explorers Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette came across it in 1673. The Kaskaskia, a tribe of the Illiniwek people (and later, other Illiniwek tribes) lived in the village. It grew rapidly after a mission and fur trading post were established there in 1675, to a population of about 6,000 people in about 460 houses.[3] Around 1691 the Kaskaskia and other Illiniwek moved further south, abandoning the site due to pressure from an Iroquois invasion from the northeast.[3]

The historic site is owned by the U.S. state of Illinois. The state has conducted archaeological excavations there. The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[2]

A prominent local landmark, Starved Rock, stands on the south bank of the river directly opposite the Grand Village site. Explorer La Salle founded a fort there to be near this village. Starved Rock is also a National Historic Landmark and is included in Starved Rock State Park.

History[edit]

Archeological evidence indicates that the Illini of the Grand Village were well adapted to their environment. They grew corn, beans, and squash in the rich alluvial soil. In 1673, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet visited the village, which at that time contained approximately 1,000 people. The French were returning from their expedition to chart the Mississippi River. Although terminally ill, Marquette returned to the Grand Village in early 1675 to celebrate Mass, and founded the mission of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin.[4][5] The French called the village both the Grand Village du Kaskaskia and La Vantum.

The Native Americans of the Eastern Woodland culture were severely affected by epidemic infectious diseases brought to North America from Europe, as they had no natural immunity. In addition, the introduction of guns increased the fatalities in intertribal conflicts. The fur trade became a source of competition and conflict between tribes. Members of the Illini Confederacy appear to have responded to increasing pressures by banding together. Reports from La Salle and others in the 1680s indicate that the Grand Village of the Illini temporarily increased in size during that decade to 400 cabins housing as many as 6,000 people. This village proved to be unsustainable in size. La Salle and Henri de Tonti also established Fort Saint Louis on the butte now called Starved Rock across the river, where a village near the rock's base called Hotel Plaza developed.

The inhabitants of the Grand Village largely dispersed under pressure from invading Iroquois bands (see, Beaver Wars). Many likely moved to the regions around Peoria (see, Fort Pimiteoui), Cahokia, and Kaskaskia, Illinois. These three towns were named after constituent tribes of the Illinois Confederacy.

Folklore[edit]

The European pioneers did not have a clear idea what had happened to the people of the Grand Village. After the villagers dispersed, a tale was repeated in local folklore that members of the Illini Confederacy had been pinned by tribal enemies to a last stand atop Starved Rock. Hopelessly surrounded, the brave villagers refused to surrender and supposedly perished of starvation. It was said that this was how "Starved Rock" got its name.

Tonti[edit]

In one tale, attributed to the French and Indians, the explorer Henri de Tonti cached a hoard of gold on or near the canyons and bluffs of Starved Rock to secrete it from a French Canadian governor who had dismissed him. Later in 1704 when he was dying of yellow fever, Tonti described the treasure's location to the priest who was giving him last rites. As the story goes, the priest mentioned this revelation to third parties, but did not describe the secret location, and this key piece of information was lost when the priest died in an Illinois River canoe accident.

Pontiac[edit]

Another narrative centers on the death, in 1769, of Pontiac at the hands of an unnamed member of the Illini Confederacy. According to this story, the Pottawatomi, who were closely allied to Pontiac's kinfolk, made war on the Illini, forcing many of them to take refuge on the bluff that would become known as "Starved Rock." The Illini supposedly starved as their blufftop refuge was besieged.

Today[edit]

The site of the Grand Village of the Illinois was acquired by the state of Illinois in 1991 as a non-operating site of the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. As of 2017, it is not open to the public.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Old Kaskaskia Village". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  3. ^ a b "Old Kaskaskia Village Site". Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. National Park Service. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  4. ^ http://www.historymuseum.ca/virtual-museum-of-new-france/the-explorers/jacques-marquette-1673-1694/
  5. ^ http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/post/htmls/soc_french.html

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