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Grand Village of the Illinois
Grand Village of the Illinois
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Land.
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Land.
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Ancient Village Found in Central Illinois Corn Field
Ancient Village Found in Central Illinois Corn Field
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: WICS Newschannel 20
Illinois Adventure #1703 "John Deere Historic Site"
Illinois Adventure #1703 "John Deere Historic Site"
Published: 2013/08/22
Channel: WTVP
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow, Natio
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow, Natio
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
60+ Pit Bulls in University Park, Illinois (Will County)
60+ Pit Bulls in University Park, Illinois (Will County)
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: SHARK
Thousand year old village discovered in Illinois
Thousand year old village discovered in Illinois
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Giacomo Luca
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Illinois Adventure #1901 "Saline Creek Pioneer Village and Museum"
Illinois Adventure #1901 "Saline Creek Pioneer Village and Museum"
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: WTVP
Illinois Grand Trail Part 1
Illinois Grand Trail Part 1
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Yuan Lu
Starved Rock State Park in Oglesby, Illinois
Starved Rock State Park in Oglesby, Illinois
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: Peter von Panda
Robert Mazrim (ISAS Researcher) Talk to La Salle County Historical Society, January 2011
Robert Mazrim (ISAS Researcher) Talk to La Salle County Historical Society, January 2011
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: Illinois State Archaeological Survey
Illinois Adventure #1302 "Naper Settlement"
Illinois Adventure #1302 "Naper Settlement"
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: WTVP
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Skip Saviano Elmwood Park Illinois Village President 2013
Skip Saviano Elmwood Park Illinois Village President 2013
Published: 2013/04/02
Channel: Skip Saviano
Intertribal Powwow 2012
Intertribal Powwow 2012
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: Jared DuBach
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park, Pow Wow Fundra
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park, Pow Wow Fundra
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: freedom4all61701
Illinois Lincoln Highway Mural Installed in the Village of Mokena
Illinois Lincoln Highway Mural Installed in the Village of Mokena
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: ChicagoSouthlandCVB
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
MACKLEMORE FEAT SKYLAR GREY - GLORIOUS (OFFICIAL MUSIC VIDEO)
MACKLEMORE FEAT SKYLAR GREY - GLORIOUS (OFFICIAL MUSIC VIDEO)
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Macklemore LLC
2012 KICKAPOO POW WOW GRAND VILLIAGE, ILLINOIS
2012 KICKAPOO POW WOW GRAND VILLIAGE, ILLINOIS
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: freedom4all61701
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Nation Native Land,
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Nation Native Land,
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Intertribal Powwow 2012 Live
Intertribal Powwow 2012 Live
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: Jared DuBach
KICKAPOO 2013 VIDS W MUSIC Grand Villiage, Illinos
KICKAPOO 2013 VIDS W MUSIC Grand Villiage, Illinos
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: freedom4all61701
Illinois Sash Erectors Inc. Elk Grove Village IL 60007-6815
Illinois Sash Erectors Inc. Elk Grove Village IL 60007-6815
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Thryv Video Channel
Homes For Sale 5117 Grand Western Springs, Illinois Dawn McKenna Coldwell Banker
Homes For Sale 5117 Grand Western Springs, Illinois Dawn McKenna Coldwell Banker
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Dawn McKenna Group
Grand Illinois Bike Tour - Ride Illinois
Grand Illinois Bike Tour - Ride Illinois
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Ride Illinois
1403 Grand Pointe Blvd West Dundee, Illinois
1403 Grand Pointe Blvd West Dundee, Illinois
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Steve Rollins
7841 West GRAND Avenue ELMWOOD PARK Illinois 60707
7841 West GRAND Avenue ELMWOOD PARK Illinois 60707
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: EXIT Strategy Realty
William Cannon, Candidate for Village Trustee, Hanover Park, Illinois
William Cannon, Candidate for Village Trustee, Hanover Park, Illinois
Published: 2009/03/16
Channel: hanoverparkprogress
Tribute to Illinois Prairie
Tribute to Illinois Prairie
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: John Long
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Grand Village of the Kickapoo Park/ Pow Wow Fundra
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: freedom4all61701
Candidate Kotowicz Issues: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Candidate Kotowicz Issues: Grand Ave Franklin Park Illinois
Published: 2007/04/07
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Franklin Park Illinois Grand Avenue Underpass at Christmas 2008
Franklin Park Illinois Grand Avenue Underpass at Christmas 2008
Published: 2008/12/02
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Kickapoo Pow Wow 17th @ Grandvillage.
Kickapoo Pow Wow 17th @ Grandvillage.
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: freedom4all61701
pow wow
pow wow
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: bigbash71
New Homes in Mundelein Illinois - Grand Dominion by Del Webb
New Homes in Mundelein Illinois - Grand Dominion by Del Webb
Published: 2014/01/16
Channel: delwebb
Diana Barnes. Freedom. #19 Leroy,Illinois Storm Ch
Diana Barnes. Freedom. #19 Leroy,Illinois Storm Ch
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: freedom4all61701
Grand J&K cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Grand J&K cabinetry Elk Grove Illinois
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: Marketing781
Long Grove Historic Village
Long Grove Historic Village
Published: 2010/05/27
Channel: EnjoyIllinois
Starved Rock: A Historical Sketch
Starved Rock: A Historical Sketch
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: Altanesta
Village of Mundelein Farmers Market (Mundelein, Illinois)
Village of Mundelein Farmers Market (Mundelein, Illinois)
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Peter von Panda
Starved Rock State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Illinois
Starved Rock State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Illinois
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: Amazing place To tourist World
Driving Downtown - Navy Pier To Downtown - Chicago Illinois USA
Driving Downtown - Navy Pier To Downtown - Chicago Illinois USA
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: J Utah
4355 Grand Avenue Western Springs , Illinois 60558 | Homes for Sale by Nancy Shelven
4355 Grand Avenue Western Springs , Illinois 60558 | Homes for Sale by Nancy Shelven
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Nancy Shelven
Illinois Adventure #1507 "Illinois and Michigan Canal"
Illinois Adventure #1507 "Illinois and Michigan Canal"
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: WTVP
Phoenix Bar and Nightclub - Elk Grove Village, Illinois
Phoenix Bar and Nightclub - Elk Grove Village, Illinois
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Default Name
Peoria, Illinois - Unravel Travel TV
Peoria, Illinois - Unravel Travel TV
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Unravel Travel TV
Susan Szymanski - Former Village Clerk of Franklin Park Illinois
Susan Szymanski - Former Village Clerk of Franklin Park Illinois
Published: 2009/02/09
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Illinois Adventure #1203 "Ronald Reagan Birthplace"
Illinois Adventure #1203 "Ronald Reagan Birthplace"
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: WTVP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Old Kaskaskia Village
Old Kaskaskia Village from W.jpg
Old Kaskaskia Village site, seen from the west. In the background left of center is the Sulphur Springs Hotel. The Illinois River is about 1,000 feet (300 m) south (right) of the road at left.
Nearest city Ottawa, Illinois
Built 1673
NRHP reference # 66000324
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL July 19, 1964[2]

The Grand Village of the Illinois, also called Old Kaskaskia Village, is a site significant for being the best documented historic Native American village in the Illinois River valley. It was a large agricultural village of Native Americans of the Illinois confederacy, located on the north bank of the Illinois River near the present town of Utica, Illinois. French explorers Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette came across it in 1673. The Kaskaskia, a tribe of the Illiniwek people (and later, other Illiniwek tribes) lived in the village. It grew rapidly after a mission and fur trading post were established there in 1675, to a population of about 6,000 people in about 460 houses.[3] Around 1691 the Kaskaskia and other Illiniwek moved further south, abandoning the site due to pressure from an Iroquois invasion from the northeast.[3]

The historic site is owned by the U.S. state of Illinois. The state has conducted archaeological excavations there. The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[2]

A prominent local landmark, Starved Rock, stands on the south bank of the river directly opposite the Grand Village site. Explorer La Salle founded a fort there to be near this village. Starved Rock is also a National Historic Landmark and is included in Starved Rock State Park.

History[edit]

Archeological evidence indicates that the Illini of the Grand Village were well adapted to their environment. They grew corn, beans, and squash in the rich alluvial soil. In 1673, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet visited the village, which at that time contained approximately 1,000 people. The French were returning from their expedition to chart the Mississippi River. Although terminally ill, Marquette returned to the Grand Village in early 1675 to celebrate Mass, and founded the mission of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin.[4][5] The French called the village both the Grand Village du Kaskaskia and La Vantum.

The Native Americans of the Eastern Woodland culture were severely affected by epidemic infectious diseases brought to North America from Europe, as they had no natural immunity. In addition, the introduction of guns increased the fatalities in intertribal conflicts. The fur trade became a source of competition and conflict between tribes. Members of the Illini Confederacy appear to have responded to increasing pressures by banding together. Reports from La Salle and others in the 1680s indicate that the Grand Village of the Illini temporarily increased in size during that decade to 400 cabins housing as many as 6,000 people. This village proved to be unsustainable in size. La Salle and Henri de Tonti also established Fort Saint Louis on the butte now called Starved Rock across the river, where a village near the rock's base called Hotel Plaza developed.

The inhabitants of the Grand Village largely dispersed under pressure from invading Iroquois bands (see, Beaver Wars). Many likely moved to the regions around Peoria (see, Fort Pimiteoui), Cahokia, and Kaskaskia, Illinois. These three towns were named after constituent tribes of the Illinois Confederacy.

Folklore[edit]

Later English speaking European pioneers did not have a clear idea what had happened to the people of the Grand Village. After the villagers dispersed, a tale was repeated in local folklore that members of the Illini Confederacy had been pinned by tribal enemies to a last stand atop Starved Rock. Hopelessly surrounded, the brave villagers refused to surrender and supposedly perished of starvation. It was said that this was how "Starved Rock" got its name.

Tonti[edit]

In one tale, attributed to the French and Indians, the explorer Henri de Tonti cached a hoard of gold on or near the canyons and bluffs of Starved Rock to secrete it from a French Canadian governor who had dismissed him. Later in 1704 when he was dying of yellow fever, Tonti described the treasure's location to the priest who was giving him last rites. As the story goes, the priest mentioned this revelation to third parties, but did not describe the secret location, and this key piece of information was lost when the priest died in an Illinois River canoe accident.

Pontiac[edit]

Another narrative centers on the death, in 1769, of Pontiac at the hands of an unnamed member of the Illini Confederacy. According to this story, the Pottawatomi, who were closely allied to Pontiac's kinfolk, made war on the Illini, forcing many of them to take refuge on the bluff that would become known as "Starved Rock." The Illini supposedly starved as their blufftop refuge was besieged.

Today[edit]

The site of the Grand Village of the Illinois was acquired by the state of Illinois in 1991 as a non-operating site of the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. As of 2018, it is not open to the public.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Old Kaskaskia Village". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  3. ^ a b "Old Kaskaskia Village Site". Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. National Park Service. 2005-03-22. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  4. ^ http://www.historymuseum.ca/virtual-museum-of-new-france/the-explorers/jacques-marquette-1673-1694/
  5. ^ http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/post/htmls/soc_french.html

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