|City of Gustine|
|— City —|
|Merced County and the state of California|
|• Total||1.551 sq mi (4.017 km2)|
|• Land||1.551 sq mi (4.017 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|• Density||3,600/sq mi ( 1,400/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1658690|
Gustine is a city in Merced County, California, United States. Gustine is located 29 miles (47 km) west of Merced, at an elevation of 98 feet (30 m). As of the United States 2010 Census, the city population was 5,520, up from 4,698 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Gustine had a population of 5,520. The population density was 3,559.1 people per square mile (1,374.2/km²). The racial makeup of Gustine was 3,875 (70.2%) White, 73 (1.3%) African American, 54 (1.0%) Native American, 95 (1.7%) Asian, 8 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,191 (21.6%) from other races, and 224 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,769 persons (50.2%).
The Census reported that 5,520 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,879 households, out of which 757 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,025 (54.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 227 (12.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 118 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 98 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 437 households (23.3%) were made up of individuals and 234 (12.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 1,370 families (72.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.50.
The population was spread out with 1,577 people (28.6%) under the age of 18, 481 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 1,352 people (24.5%) aged 25 to 44, 1,319 people (23.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 791 people (14.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
There were 2,087 housing units at an average density of 1,345.6 per square mile (519.5/km²), of which 1,197 (63.7%) were owner-occupied, and 682 (36.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 12.2%. 3,348 people (60.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,172 people (39.3%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the United States 2000 Census, there were 4,698 people, 1,683 households, and 1,216 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,970.5 people per square mile (1,148.0/km²). There were 1,763 housing units at an average density of 1,114.7 per square mile (430.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.26% White, 0.72% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 1.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 18.97% from other races, and 5.49% from two or more races. 35.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Gustine is home to a relatively high concentration of ethnic Portuguese-Americans. Most can trace their ancestry back to the Azores, but the Portuguese-speaking community also welcomes many families from mainland Portugal and Brazil. This is shown by a large turnout in the yearly OLM (Our Lady of Miracles) Portuguese Festa when over 20,000 people from around Gustine and far away come to visit.
There were 1,683 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,824, and the median income for a family was $45,583. Males had a median income of $35,920 versus $22,149 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,821. About 11.5% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.
Much of the town's income has traditionally come from dairy production and processing; Gustine is the home of a Golden Valley Cheese factory and formerly a Carnation processing plant. In addition, Morningstar Distributing, Hillview Packing, Pusateri Nut Company, and Ingomar Tomato Plant, and Wolfsens' Meat and Sausage are significant businesses in the area. As agricultural land becomes covered by housing developments, Gustine is becoming a bedroom community to the San Francisco Bay Area, a 1½ hour commute away.
In the state legislature Gustine is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Anthony Cannella, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Adam Gray. Federally, Gustine is located in California's 16th congressional district and is represented by Democrat Jim Costa.
Gustine was established in the early 1900s as a station on the Southern Pacific Railroad and named after Sara Miller, nicknamed "Gussie", the daughter of Henry Miller, the "Cattle King", an early California land baron and Agricultural pioneer. Little Sara, always getting "gussied up" with fancy clothes, was killed when she was thrown from her horse when she was eight years old. Miller is not to be confused with Henry Miller, the American novelist and painter. The first post office opened in 1907. The city was incorporated in 1915.
Gustine is home to the nation’s largest FESTA which is steeped in Portuguese tradition. Gustine, California is located in the heart of the Central Valley and is situated approximately 15 miles north of Santa Nella, and about six miles east of Interstate 5 on Highway 140.
The nearby San Luis National Wildlife Refuge (formerly Kesterson Wildlife Refuge), experienced an accumulation of selenium due to its location at the terminus of the incomplete San Luis Drain. Wildlife in this region developed a number of deformities, drawing the attention of news media and leading to the closure of the refuge.
Gustine is served by the Gustine Unified School District (GUSD) a unified K–12 public school district, and by the Our Lady of Miracles Catholic School (K-8). There are six schools in the GUSD: Gustine Elementary School (GES), Romero Elementary School (RES), Gustine Intermediate School (GIS), Gustine Middle School (GMS), Gustine High School (GHS), and Pioneer High School (PHS), a continuation school. As of the 2009/2010 School Year, PHS and GHS are co-located on the GHS campus. For the 2012/2013 school year GIS was created; it shares a site with GES. For the 2013/2014 school year, GIS will be eliminated as an administrative entity.
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