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Guta Saga
Guta Saga
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Gotland - Topic
GOTLAND - GUTA SAGA live @ GLORIA ET MORTE RELEASE PARTY LIVE
GOTLAND - GUTA SAGA live @ GLORIA ET MORTE RELEASE PARTY LIVE
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Gotland - Guta saga - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Gotland - Guta saga - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - GUTA SAGA live @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2013
GOTLAND - GUTA SAGA live @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2013
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Solar Stones of the Goths - Gotland
Solar Stones of the Goths - Gotland
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: Survive the Jive
Gutasagan part III
Gutasagan part III
Published: 2009/08/21
Channel: Motorskallen
Gutasagan chapter II
Gutasagan chapter II
Published: 2009/07/13
Channel: Motorskallen
Making of: Messer im Gotland-Stil
Making of: Messer im Gotland-Stil
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: SINDRI & BROCK - Die Unikatmanufaktur
ChroniC - Mainswitch (Live at Rickys Pub 19/09/2015)
ChroniC - Mainswitch (Live at Rickys Pub 19/09/2015)
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: ChroniC
Gotlandish - We No Speak Español
Gotlandish - We No Speak Español
Published: 2011/06/24
Channel: Frackipan
From Ashes to a New Era (Outro)
From Ashes to a New Era (Outro)
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Gotland - Topic
Gotland "The SpiritLord" live @Dagda Live Club (PV) 25/06/2016
Gotland "The SpiritLord" live @Dagda Live Club (PV) 25/06/2016
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Monica Furiani Photography
Heroic Eternity
Heroic Eternity
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Gotland - Topic
GOTLAND - HEROIC ETERNITY (OFFICIAL VIDEO) [HD]
GOTLAND - HEROIC ETERNITY (OFFICIAL VIDEO) [HD]
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Gotlandmetal
تحميل لعبة : GTA San Andreas الاصلية
تحميل لعبة : GTA San Andreas الاصلية
Published: 2017/12/08
Channel: BULLY Scholarship Edition
RauK - Full metal naked madness
RauK - Full metal naked madness
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: Jonas Johansson
Gamla Uppsala  Sverige Sweden Rootsi
Gamla Uppsala Sverige Sweden Rootsi
Published: 2017/10/28
Channel: Rêne Laforêt
GOTLAND - COURAGE TO DIE (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO) [HD]
GOTLAND - COURAGE TO DIE (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO) [HD]
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: Gotlandmetal
gutasagan-Karin Höghielm
gutasagan-Karin Höghielm
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: Karin Höghielm
ITALIC PAGAN FEST - Chapter II (TRAILER)
ITALIC PAGAN FEST - Chapter II (TRAILER)
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Barbaric Legions
GOTLAND - GLORIA ET MORTE (OFFICIAL VIDEO) [HD]
GOTLAND - GLORIA ET MORTE (OFFICIAL VIDEO) [HD]
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Vikingar Gutalagen
Vikingar Gutalagen
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: Historiska museet
GOTLAND - GLORIA ET MORTE
GOTLAND - GLORIA ET MORTE
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - LIVE AT METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2016
GOTLAND - LIVE AT METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2016
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Barbaric Legions
Gotland
Gotland
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Audiopedia
Intervista Gotland @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Intervista Gotland @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: Barbaric Legions
Slaves Ov the Empire
Slaves Ov the Empire
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Gotland - Topic
Gotland - Gotland @ Patchanka 29-01-2011
Gotland - Gotland @ Patchanka 29-01-2011
Published: 2011/04/01
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - Slaves ov the Empire - live @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
GOTLAND - Slaves ov the Empire - live @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: Barbaric Legions
Intervista Brain Dead @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Intervista Brain Dead @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: Barbaric Legions
Tenebrae In Urbe
Tenebrae In Urbe
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Gotland - Topic
GOTLAND - Tenebrae In Urbe (LIVE AT CAFÈ LIBER)
GOTLAND - Tenebrae In Urbe (LIVE AT CAFÈ LIBER)
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - A NEW REIGN @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2011
GOTLAND - A NEW REIGN @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2011
Published: 2011/11/10
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - TENEBRAE IN URBE (incomplete) live @ GLORIA ET MORTE RELEASE PARTY LIVE
GOTLAND - TENEBRAE IN URBE (incomplete) live @ GLORIA ET MORTE RELEASE PARTY LIVE
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Gotland - Gloria et Morte - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Gotland - Gloria et Morte - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - NEDGANG (FINNTROLL COVER) @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2011
GOTLAND - NEDGANG (FINNTROLL COVER) @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2011
Published: 2011/11/12
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Gotland - Adrianopoli - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Gotland - Adrianopoli - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Gotlandmetal
GOTLAND - SLAVES OV THE EMPIRE live @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2013
GOTLAND - SLAVES OV THE EMPIRE live @ METAL ALLIANCE FEST 2013
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Gotland - Intro + Courage to Die - live @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Gotland - Intro + Courage to Die - live @ Metal Alliance Fest 2012
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Hateworld   Natural Disaster live@Padiglione 14
Hateworld Natural Disaster live@Padiglione 14
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: HateworldThrash
Gotland - Intro+Courage to Die - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Gotland - Intro+Courage to Die - live @ Padiglione 14 - Collegno
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: Gotlandmetal
Download Guta Lag and Guta Saga: The Law and History of the Gotlanders (Routledge Medieval T [P.D.F]
Download Guta Lag and Guta Saga: The Law and History of the Gotlanders (Routledge Medieval T [P.D.F]
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Maria Smiley
Download Stung (Left Behind: The Kids Collection) [P.D.F]
Download Stung (Left Behind: The Kids Collection) [P.D.F]
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Maria Smiley
Download Advertising Design and Typography [P.D.F]
Download Advertising Design and Typography [P.D.F]
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Maria Smiley
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Vitastjerna's dream with the three entwined snakes symbolizing Graip, Gute and Gunfjaun, with her at the bottom of a picture stone from Smiss in När, Gotland.

Gutasaga (Gutasagan) is a saga regarding the history of Gotland before its Christianization. It was recorded in the 13th century and survives in only a single manuscript, the Codex Holm. B 64, dating to ca. 1350, kept at the National Library of Sweden in Stockholm together with the Gutalag, the legal code of Gotland. It was written in the Old Gutnish dialect of Old Norse.[1]

A local creation myth[edit]

The saga begins with Gotland being discovered by a man named Þieluar (Tjalve) (Gutnish: Tjelvar). He was a mythical figure who shows up twice in the Prose Edda and once in Gutasaga. Gotland is under a spell and under water during the day and out of water only during the night, a spell that is broken by Þieluar lighting a fire on the Island. Þieluar's son Hafþi (Havde) and his wife Vitastjerna (Gutnish: Hwitastierna) had three sons named Graip, Gute and Gunfjaun, the ancestors of the Gutes. After Havde's and Vitastjerna's first night together, she had a dream about three snakes entwined in her bosom. This was interpreted as a symbol that all things are connected in circles and that they would have three sons. The subject is depicted on some of the picture stones on Gotland.[2]

The saga says that after his father died, Gute was appointed to be the chief, and shall have given his name to both the island and the Gutnish people. They shared Gotland, where Gute held the midsection, Graip the northern and Gunnfjaun the southern part. Gotland was divided in three parts, a division that was reflected in a division of Gotland into three Tredingar, a division that remained legally to 1747[3] and still remains within the church, which still today retains this division into three Deaneries.

"All things are connected in circles" from Gutasaga

Emigration to southern Europe[edit]

The saga tells of an emigration, that is associated with the historical migration of the Goths during the Migration Period:

over a long time, the people descended from these three multiplied so much that the land couldn't support them all. Then they draw lots, and every third person was picked to leave, and they could keep everything they owned and take it with them, except for their land. … they went up the river Dvina, up through Russia. They went so far that they came to the land of the Greeks. … they settled there, and live there still, and still have something of our language.

That the Goths should have gone "to the land of the Greeks" is consistent with their first appearance in classical sources: Eusebius of Caesarea reported that they devastated "Macedonia, Greece, the Pontus, and Asia" in 263.

The emigration would have taken place in the 1st century AD, and loose contact with their homeland would have been maintained for another two centuries, the comment that the emigrant's language "still has something" in common shows awareness of dialectal separation.[citation needed] The events would have needed to be transmitted orally for almost a millennium before the text was written down.

The mention of the Dvina river is in good agreement with the Wielbark culture. Historically, the Goths followed the Vistula, but during the Viking Age, the Dvina-Dniepr waterway succeeded the Vistula as the main trade route to Greece for the Gutes (or Gotar in standard Old Norse), and it is not surprising that it also replaced the Vistula in the migration traditions.[4]

Entry into the Kingdom of Sweden[edit]

The Gutasaga contains several references to the relationship between Gotland and Sweden, and asserts that it is based on mutual agreements, and notes the duties and obligations of the Swedish King and Bishop in relationship to Gotland. It is therefore not only an effort to write down the history of Gotland, but also an effort to assert Gotland's independence from Sweden.[5]

It gives Awair Strabain as the man who arranged the mutually beneficial agreement with the king of Sweden, and the event would have taken place before the end of the 9th century, when Wulfstan of Hedeby reported that the island was subject to the Swedes. (See Consolidation of Sweden)

Modern Gotland[edit]

Tjelvar and several other names of people from the Gutasaga are used for places, establishments and other Gotland related things like websites. A stone ship in Boge is called Tjelvar's Grave. Boge is also the place for the bay Tjäldersvik and the Tjäldersholm island. The Digerrojr cairn in Garde is also known as to as Graips rojr.[6][7]

In 2011, a competition, hosted by the Swedish Astronomical Society, for naming a newly discovered asteroid in the asteroid belt was held in Visby. It was named 137052 Tjelvar after Tjelvar, the mythological first man to bring fire to the island.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gutasagan ( Project Runeberg)
  2. ^ Enderborg, Bernt. "03) Vitastjärnas dröm" [03) Vitastjärna's dream]. www.guteinfo.com. Guteinfo. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Snöbohm, Alfred Theodor (1871). Gotlands Historia (in Swedish). Bohlin. p. 26. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  4. ^ Gutasagan Gutalagens (Vikingatidens ABC) Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Gutasagan – gutarnas krönika (Välkommen till Gotland
  6. ^ Enderborg, Bernt. "02) Tjelvar upptäckte Gotland" [Tjelvar discovered Gotland]. www.guteinfo.com. Guteinfo. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Olsson, K. "Gotlands Försvarshistoria och Gotlands Trupper". www.tjelvar.se. K Olsson. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Cumming, Robert (3 March 2011). "Tjelvar! Ove och Tommy döpte Gotlands nya asteroid" [Tjelvar! Ove and Tommy named Gotland's new asteroid]. www.popularastronomi.se. Populär Astronomi. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 

External links[edit]

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