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Psychology 6th hr- Gross Goodie Commercial
Psychology 6th hr- Gross Goodie Commercial
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: TheaterGirl112
Dismissing an employee for gross misconduct | Co-operatives UK
Dismissing an employee for gross misconduct | Co-operatives UK
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Co-operatives UK
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ALARMING REPORT! Just In! Total Gross Radiation Reaches Fatal Levels!
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Higher Truth Channel
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Wenn Rettungskräfte angegriffen werden ║HR ║
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: Der Feuerwehrmann
Woman Addicted to Exercise Works out 8 Hours a Day
Woman Addicted to Exercise Works out 8 Hours a Day
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: The Doctors
Der  Raschler in Aktion
Der Raschler in Aktion
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: hr.gross
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
Published: 2009/11/02
Channel: FirmenABC
24 HOUR BOX FORT CHALLENGE!📦 Attacked By Raccoons, Fire & More!! (Box Fort Challenge)
24 HOUR BOX FORT CHALLENGE!📦 Attacked By Raccoons, Fire & More!! (Box Fort Challenge)
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Papa Jake
Empire HR - Disciplinary Hearing
Empire HR - Disciplinary Hearing
Published: 2011/01/14
Channel: EmpireTVChannel
AM2C Meat Separator
AM2C Meat Separator
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Robert Seijffert
Florian Schroeder macht sich
Florian Schroeder macht sich's mal schnell groß! Über die DDR, iPhone und Erziehung - Comedy Tower
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: hrfernsehen
HR Sommertour in Groß-Zimmern
HR Sommertour in Groß-Zimmern
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: keepingupwithanni
Gross Evolution   Human Resources
Gross Evolution Human Resources
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Mite Vaughn
Führungskräfte heißen so, weil sie Kräfte führen Audiobook by Oliver Groß
Führungskräfte heißen so, weil sie Kräfte führen Audiobook by Oliver Groß
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Brady Anders
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
Published: 2013/10/06
Channel: HireLevel powered by Extra Help
Kaffeemaschine
Kaffeemaschine
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: hr.gross
Der Raschler
Der Raschler
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: hr.gross
Cartoon | An HOUR With Oddbods | Funny Cartoons For Children
Cartoon | An HOUR With Oddbods | Funny Cartoons For Children
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Oddbods - Official Channel
Working 24 Hours Straight at Chick-fil-A | Bon Appetit
Working 24 Hours Straight at Chick-fil-A | Bon Appetit
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Bon Appétit
'US commits gross HR abuses in Bahrain' - Press TV News
Published: 2012/06/06
Channel: PressTV Mobile
Uchumi fires CEO, Human Resource boss for gross misconduct
Uchumi fires CEO, Human Resource boss for gross misconduct
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Kenya CitizenTV
How did I do in school? | Motivational speech | [Gross Gore]
How did I do in school? | Motivational speech | [Gross Gore]
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Gross Gore
Landhotels: "Farmerhaus-Lodge" in Groß-Umstadt Odenwald
Landhotels: "Farmerhaus-Lodge" in Groß-Umstadt Odenwald
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: OdenwaldTV
Garmin Vivoactive HR VS Forerunner 235 [deutsch]
Garmin Vivoactive HR VS Forerunner 235 [deutsch]
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: FitnessBox
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MHp3rd# Das Blutfest der Groß Jaggi's (Hr.+4)
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: Fataliskiller53
Drehzahl
Drehzahl
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: hr.gross
24 HOUR BOX FORT PRISON ESCAPE!! 📦🚔
24 HOUR BOX FORT PRISON ESCAPE!! 📦🚔
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Papa Jake
Travis Scott - goosebumps ft. Kendrick Lamar
Travis Scott - goosebumps ft. Kendrick Lamar
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: TravisScottVEVO
Mit Leib und Seele (W.Groß am Piano feat.  H.R.Kunze)
Mit Leib und Seele (W.Groß am Piano feat. H.R.Kunze)
Published: 2014/06/17
Channel: joemjoam4
DRUGA NAJGORA IGRA KOJU SAM IKADA IGRAO - Fly Simulator
DRUGA NAJGORA IGRA KOJU SAM IKADA IGRAO - Fly Simulator
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: HCL.hr
ازاى تجيب ال Gross Salary من ال Net Salary
ازاى تجيب ال Gross Salary من ال Net Salary
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Medhat Ouf
Monster Hunter Tri Ultimate [GER][Deutsch][HR] - Folge 54: Groß Baggi+ - MHTU~
Monster Hunter Tri Ultimate [GER][Deutsch][HR] - Folge 54: Groß Baggi+ - MHTU~
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: SchonWer Let's Plays
Dr. Axel Jockwer, Blackroll / Wie man gute Ideen groß macht?
Dr. Axel Jockwer, Blackroll / Wie man gute Ideen groß macht?
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: C-HR Festival
Soundmachine
Soundmachine
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: hr.gross
Friberg calls out Flusha Armstrong! Gross Gore Perm Ban, S1mple leaves Liquid, Bondik to HR, Roca!
Friberg calls out Flusha Armstrong! Gross Gore Perm Ban, S1mple leaves Liquid, Bondik to HR, Roca!
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: CSGO News And More
What Is CTC And Gross Salary?
What Is CTC And Gross Salary?
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: tell sparky
LIVING AS MY SIM FOR 24 HOURS CHALLENGE
LIVING AS MY SIM FOR 24 HOURS CHALLENGE
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Gloom
Putting the human back into human resources | Mary Schaefer | TEDxWilmington
Putting the human back into human resources | Mary Schaefer | TEDxWilmington
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: TEDx Talks
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How to set up BMW K 1300S
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Wall Touch
Adele - Hello
Adele - Hello
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: AdeleVEVO
Diversity in ETS – Steven Gross
Diversity in ETS – Steven Gross
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Unilever
(SECURITY CHASE) Bad Kids Driving Parents Car - 24 Hour Fort Challenge Overnight In Smyths Toys
(SECURITY CHASE) Bad Kids Driving Parents Car - 24 Hour Fort Challenge Overnight In Smyths Toys
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Toys AndMe
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: EdLabor Democrats
Rammstein - Keine Lust (Official Video)
Rammstein - Keine Lust (Official Video)
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Rammstein Official
GROSS FOOD CHALLENGE WITH ASHLEY
GROSS FOOD CHALLENGE WITH ASHLEY
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: Life with Athena
Lorde - Green Light
Lorde - Green Light
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: LordeVEVO
Gross Stuff is Everywhere at Work by The HR Trove
Gross Stuff is Everywhere at Work by The HR Trove
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: The HR Trove
Jim Croce - Time in a bottle - 1973
Jim Croce - Time in a bottle - 1973
Published: 2011/01/20
Channel: Guy Van Nimmen
Van Halen - Runnin With The Devil - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
Van Halen - Runnin With The Devil - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
Published: 2014/07/20
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Great White - House Of Broken Love - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross(part 1)
Great White - House Of Broken Love - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross(part 1)
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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H.R. Gross
H.R. Gross.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1975
Preceded by John W. Gwynne
Succeeded by Chuck Grassley
Personal details
Born Harold Royce Gross
(1899-06-30)June 30, 1899
Arispe, Iowa
Died September 22, 1987(1987-09-22) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Hazel Webster
Children 2

Harold Royce (H. R.) Gross (June 30, 1899 – September 22, 1987) was a Republican United States Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district for thirteen terms. The role he played on the House floor, objecting to spending measures and projects that he considered wasteful, prompted Time magazine to label him "the useful pest."[1]

Personal background[edit]

Gross was born on his parents' 240-acre (0.97 km2) farm near Arispe, in Union County, Iowa.[2] He was educated in the rural schools. In 1916, after completing his sophomore year in high school in Creston, Iowa, he concealed his youth in order to enlist in the military service, where he first served with the First Iowa Field Artillery in the Pancho Villa Expedition.[3] During World War I he served in France with the United States Army from 1917–1919.[2] After the war, he briefly attended Iowa State College in its electrical engineering program, before transferring to the University of Missouri School of Journalism in Columbia.[3]

He was a newspaper reporter and editor for various newspapers from 1921 to 1935. One such newspaper was the publication of the Iowa Farmer's Union, the Iowa Union Farmer, which he edited from 1929 to 1935.[3] He began as a radio news commentator for WHO (AM) in Des Moines, Iowa in 1935. One of his fellow on-air broadcasters at WHO was a young Ronald Reagan.

He met Hazel Webster while he was a newspaper reporter covering the Iowa statehouse and she was the secretary to the Iowa Attorney General.[3] They were married in 1929.[3] H. R. and Hazel Gross raised two children, Phillip and Alan.[2]

1940 run for Governor of Iowa[edit]

In 1940, Gross challenged Iowa's sitting Governor, George A. Wilson, in the Republican primary, running what newspapers called a "sight-unseen" campaign. Gross confined his campaign to radio addresses, declined all personal appearance invitations, and made no platform speeches.[4] He lost the primary by only 15,781 votes out of over 330,000 cast, in the closest primary race in Iowa in nearly thirteen years.[5] His campaign was haunted by a statement he had made seven years earlier, while writing and speaking for the Farmers' Holiday Association, that appeared to approve of an episode of mob violence against a judge to stop a foreclosure.[6]

Following his defeat, Gross joined an Ohio radio station and later moved to Indiana.[5] After World War II, he returned to Iowa and became a radio newscaster at KXEL in Waterloo, Iowa.[5]

Congressional elections and re-elections[edit]

In 1948, Gross ran against an incumbent House member of his own party, Republican John W. Gwynne. He wrested the nomination away from Gwynne in the Republican primary without the help of the party organization.[2] In a 1948 general election in which Democratic President Harry S. Truman surprisingly carried Iowa and Iowa Democrat Guy Gillette ousted Republican George A. Wilson from the U.S. Senate, Gross won his first of many landslide victories. In his most narrow victory, he was the only Republican member of Iowa's U.S. House delegation to survive the 1964 Democratic landslide. He was re-elected twelve times before choosing to retire rather than run in the 1974 election. He served continuously from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1975.

Fiscal conservatism[edit]

In the words of his successor, Charles Grassley, Gross earned "a legendary reputation as watchdog of the Treasury."[2] He rarely missed a roll call vote and often remained in the House chamber between roll call votes, listening carefully to speeches and scrutinizing the details of pending bills, especially spending bills.[1] He denounced, among other things, the Marshall Plan,[7] the funeral of President John F. Kennedy (including the appropriation for fuel for the eternal flame),[2][7] the size of the White House security detail,[7] the Peace Corps,[7] the U.S. Space Program,[7] and foreign aid.[8]

Gross also refused to go on taxpayer-funded congressional junkets. As Ed Rollins recalled, "When he retired, his fellow members chipped in and bought him and his wife Hazel, who managed his office for no pay, a round-the-world trip. With tears in his eyes he took one last shot at his pals. 'Wherever we go, I am sure I'll see you all on your taxpayers' junkets!'"[9]

In the early 1960s he took an early stand against the practice of retired service personnel getting a military pension and another federal paycheck. He opposed restoring former President Dwight D. Eisenhower to his generalship unless Congress stipulated that he would only receive his Presidential pension and not a general's salary also.[1][2] Gross admitted to having only one regret about his entire career: voting "present" rather than "nay" on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, explaining that the Vietnam War ended up costing too much.[7]

Libertarian theorist Murray Rothbard hailed Gross in the Libertarian Forum, pointing out that the congressman had the best voting record from a libertarian standpoint. Before Gross' retirement from Congress, Rothbard had written "It is pleasant to take this opportunity to hail the Grand Old Man of the Old Right H.R. Gross of Iowa, a marvelous and flinty character almost out of the storybooks"[10]

Independence[edit]

Gross was also known for his independence, so much so that then-House Minority Leader Gerald Ford remarked that "there are three parties in the House: Democrats, Republicans, and H.R. Gross."[7] Shaking off the Eisenhower Administration's pressure to support a foreign-aid economic-development measure, Gross quipped, "I took my last marching orders in 1916–19."[11]

Gross's personal lifestyle reflected his fiscally conservative views. He lived frugally and rarely attended any parties or social functions common to the life of a congressman. Gross was remembered as an outsider who preferred to sit in his townhouse and watch professional wrestling on TV.[1][7]

In 1966, at the height of the Vietnam War, with many American soldiers dying, an extravagant White House ball ran on until 3am. Disgusted by this callousness, Gross recited Alfred Noyes' poem The Victory Ball in Congress in protest; the poem condemns the hedonism of a British Armistice ball and contains the line "under the dancing feet are the graves".[12]

However, even his targets could speak warmly of Gross. Longtime House Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Vinson, whose defense spending bills often incurred Gross's criticisms, said of Gross that "there is really no good debate unless the gentleman from Iowa is in it."[1]

H.R. 144[edit]

When Gross was in Congress, a special exception was made to the practice that bills offered in the House were numbered consecutively. The number H.R. 144 was reserved each session for one of Representative Gross's bills (because 144 equals one gross, making its title the arithmetical equivalent to his name).[13]

Death[edit]

He was a resident of Arlington, Virginia, until his death in a Washington, D.C. Veterans Hospital on September 22, 1987, due to complications from Alzheimer's disease.[2] He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Hazel Gross, his wife of 58 years,[2] died March 18, 1999, in Washington, D.C.[7] She was 97 years old.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Useful Pest", Time, 1962-06-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i ""H.R. Gross is Dead; Iowa Congressman", New York Times, 1987-09-24.
  3. ^ a b c d e Frank Nye Jr., "H.R. Gross Puts New Thoughts in Political Minds," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1940-05-28, at 20.
  4. ^ "Talk of Demos' 'Fifth Column' is Not Heeded," Mason City Globe-Gazette, 1940-06-01, at 1.
  5. ^ a b c "Gross Back in Political Race," Iowa City Press-Citizen, 1948-04-02 at 4.
  6. ^ "Reflections on the Side by Ed," The Oxford Mirror, 1940-05-16, at 1; Editorial, "Iowa Still Republican," Oelwein Daily Register, 1940-06-05, at 2.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bill Kauffman, "The Eternal Flamethrower," The American Enterprise, 1999-11 (reprinted on the Arlington Cemetery website, accessed 2008-05-31).
  8. ^ "Hatchet Job," Time Magazine, 1968-07-26.
  9. ^ CNN: Commentary: What Congress needs is a pest
  10. ^ https://mises.org/journals/lf/1973/1973_12.pdf
  11. ^ "Foreign-Aid Pasting," Time Magazine, 1957-07-29.
  12. ^ Sidey, Hugh. "The Pecksniffs Squeeze the Fun from a Joyless Bunch", Life, 17 June 1966, p. 42.
  13. ^ "Cramming for Capitol Hill," Time Magazine, 1972-12-18.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John W. Gwynne
U.S. Congressman for the 3rd District of Iowa
1949–1975
Succeeded by
Chuck Grassley

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