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Psychology 6th hr- Gross Goodie Commercial
Psychology 6th hr- Gross Goodie Commercial
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: TheaterGirl112
ALARMING REPORT!  Just In!  Total Gross Radiation  Reaches Fatal Levels!
ALARMING REPORT! Just In! Total Gross Radiation Reaches Fatal Levels!
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Higher Truth Channel
Somalia blasts Eritrea tyrant for gross HR abuses, Djibouti POWs, backs COI Report
Somalia blasts Eritrea tyrant for gross HR abuses, Djibouti POWs, backs COI Report
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Nirayo Tesfai
10 Weirdest Japanese Game Shows That Actually Exist
10 Weirdest Japanese Game Shows That Actually Exist
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Facts Verse
Dismissing an employee for gross misconduct | Co-operatives UK
Dismissing an employee for gross misconduct | Co-operatives UK
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Co-operatives UK
Working 24 Hours Straight at Chick-fil-A | Bon Appetit
Working 24 Hours Straight at Chick-fil-A | Bon Appetit
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Bon Appétit
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
Published: 2013/10/06
Channel: HireLevel powered by Extra Help
Travis Scott - goosebumps ft. Kendrick Lamar
Travis Scott - goosebumps ft. Kendrick Lamar
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: TravisScottVEVO
Empire HR - Disciplinary Hearing
Empire HR - Disciplinary Hearing
Published: 2011/01/14
Channel: EmpireTVChannel
Carlee Gross New Song Snippet(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Carlee Gross New Song Snippet(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Diversity in ETS – Steven Gross
Diversity in ETS – Steven Gross
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Unilever
Gross Stuff is Everywhere at Work by The HR Trove
Gross Stuff is Everywhere at Work by The HR Trove
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: The HR Trove
Gross Evolution   Human Resources
Gross Evolution Human Resources
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Mite Vaughn
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: EdLabor Democrats
72 hr food treatment for parasites
72 hr food treatment for parasites
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Lee Bracker
'US commits gross HR abuses in Bahrain' - Press TV News
Published: 2012/06/06
Channel: PressTV Mobile
Excel Magic Trick 722: Calculate Gross Pay For Week From Time Values In Range & Hourly Wage
Excel Magic Trick 722: Calculate Gross Pay For Week From Time Values In Range & Hourly Wage
Published: 2010/09/17
Channel: ExcelIsFun
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
Published: 2009/11/02
Channel: FirmenABC
Der Raschler
Der Raschler
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: hr.gross
Running Thermal Fluid Heater Plant
Running Thermal Fluid Heater Plant
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: Urjex Boilers Pvt. Ltd.
AM2C Meat Separator
AM2C Meat Separator
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Robert Seijffert
Between Two Yoga Balls: Laura Gross
Between Two Yoga Balls: Laura Gross
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Buchanan Edwards
Kaffeemaschine
Kaffeemaschine
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: hr.gross
BROKE BACK MICHAEL by Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
BROKE BACK MICHAEL by Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Der  Raschler in Aktion
Der Raschler in Aktion
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: hr.gross
Lucas opposes H.R. 2112 Adjusted Gross Income Amendment
Lucas opposes H.R. 2112 Adjusted Gross Income Amendment
Published: 2011/06/21
Channel: House Agriculture Committee
Gross Pay vs. Net Pay: What
Gross Pay vs. Net Pay: What's the Difference?
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Gusto
Soundmachine
Soundmachine
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: hr.gross
Drehzahl
Drehzahl
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: hr.gross
ازاى تجيب ال Gross Salary من ال Net Salary
ازاى تجيب ال Gross Salary من ال Net Salary
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Medhat Ouf
How to set up BMW K 1300S
How to set up BMW K 1300S
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Wall Touch
Simone e Simaria Perguntam COMO DAR A RODA Altas Horas
Simone e Simaria Perguntam COMO DAR A RODA Altas Horas
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Caldeirao da Vida
I CAME HOME TO THIS...
I CAME HOME TO THIS...
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Logan Paul Vlogs
Greenberry Gross
Greenberry Gross
Published: 2013/06/24
Channel: Dame Phillips
Music Lessons taught on Skype by Mike & Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Music Lessons taught on Skype by Mike & Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
GROSS FOOD CHALLENGE WITH ASHLEY
GROSS FOOD CHALLENGE WITH ASHLEY
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: Life with Athena
Adele - Hello
Adele - Hello
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: AdeleVEVO
Relocation Gross Up & Tax Issues -- First Time Home Buyer Tax Credit Lost
Relocation Gross Up & Tax Issues -- First Time Home Buyer Tax Credit Lost
Published: 2009/10/21
Channel: ReloTax1
OLD SCHOOL METALHEAD?? Learn Metallica - Seek And Destroy -Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross
OLD SCHOOL METALHEAD?? Learn Metallica - Seek And Destroy -Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
24 HOUR BOX FORT IN THE FORREST SURVIVAL CHALLENGE! 📦🌲 Coyotes, DIY Gear & More!
24 HOUR BOX FORT IN THE FORREST SURVIVAL CHALLENGE! 📦🌲 Coyotes, DIY Gear & More!
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Papa Jake
Lorde - Green Light
Lorde - Green Light
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: LordeVEVO
GROSS GORE SPEAKS ABOUT HIS TWITCH BAN
GROSS GORE SPEAKS ABOUT HIS TWITCH BAN
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: JamZ Official
The Knack - My Sharona - CVT Guitar Solo Lesson by Mike Gross
The Knack - My Sharona - CVT Guitar Solo Lesson by Mike Gross
Published: 2014/11/01
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Avenged Sevenfold - Heretic - Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
Avenged Sevenfold - Heretic - Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Mr. Big - To Be With You - Guitar SOLO Lesson by Mike Gross
Mr. Big - To Be With You - Guitar SOLO Lesson by Mike Gross
Published: 2014/05/01
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
The Walking Dead 7x01: Glenn
The Walking Dead 7x01: Glenn's Death Scene [HD]
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Jesus
MOTLEY CRUE - WILDSIDE - Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
MOTLEY CRUE - WILDSIDE - Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross - How To Play - Tutorial
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
ROY CLARK - MALAGUENA - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross(part 1)
ROY CLARK - MALAGUENA - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross(part 1)
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Bow Wow Wow - I Want Candy - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross
Bow Wow Wow - I Want Candy - CVT Guitar Lesson by Mike Gross
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: MIKE GROSS ROCKINGUITARLESSONS1
Paycheck "What If" and Gross Up Calculator Demo Video
Paycheck "What If" and Gross Up Calculator Demo Video
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: IntegrityDataGPHRP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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H.R. Gross
H.R. Gross.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1975
Preceded by John W. Gwynne
Succeeded by Chuck Grassley
Personal details
Born Harold Royce Gross
(1899-06-30)June 30, 1899
Arispe, Iowa
Died September 22, 1987(1987-09-22) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Hazel Webster
Children 2

Harold Royce (H. R.) Gross (June 30, 1899 – September 22, 1987) was a Republican United States Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district for thirteen terms. The role he played on the House floor, objecting to spending measures and projects that he considered wasteful, prompted Time magazine to label him "the useful pest."[1]

Personal background[edit]

Gross was born on his parents' 240-acre (0.97 km2) farm near Arispe, in Union County, Iowa.[2] He was educated in the rural schools. In 1916, after completing his sophomore year in high school in Creston, Iowa, he concealed his youth in order to enlist in the military service, where he first served with the First Iowa Field Artillery in the Pancho Villa Expedition.[3] During World War I he served in France with the United States Army from 1917–1919.[2] After the war, he briefly attended Iowa State College in its electrical engineering program, before transferring to the University of Missouri School of Journalism in Columbia.[3]

He was a newspaper reporter and editor for various newspapers from 1921 to 1935. One such newspaper was the publication of the Iowa Farmer's Union, the Iowa Union Farmer, which he edited from 1929 to 1935.[3] He began as a radio news commentator for WHO (AM) in Des Moines, Iowa in 1935. One of his fellow on-air broadcasters at WHO was a young Ronald Reagan.

He met Hazel Webster while he was a newspaper reporter covering the Iowa statehouse and she was the secretary to the Iowa Attorney General.[3] They were married in 1929.[3] H. R. and Hazel Gross raised two children, Phillip and Alan.[2]

1940 run for Governor of Iowa[edit]

In 1940, Gross challenged Iowa's sitting Governor, George A. Wilson, in the Republican primary, running what newspapers called a "sight-unseen" campaign. Gross confined his campaign to radio addresses, declined all personal appearance invitations, and made no platform speeches.[4] He lost the primary by only 15,781 votes out of over 330,000 cast, in the closest primary race in Iowa in nearly thirteen years.[5] His campaign was haunted by a statement he had made seven years earlier, while writing and speaking for the Farmers' Holiday Association, that appeared to approve of an episode of mob violence against a judge to stop a foreclosure.[6]

Following his defeat, Gross joined an Ohio radio station and later moved to Indiana.[5] After World War II, he returned to Iowa and became a radio newscaster at KXEL in Waterloo, Iowa.[5]

Congressional elections and re-elections[edit]

In 1948, Gross ran against an incumbent House member of his own party, Republican John W. Gwynne. He wrested the nomination away from Gwynne in the Republican primary without the help of the party organization.[2] In a 1948 general election in which Democratic President Harry S. Truman surprisingly carried Iowa and Iowa Democrat Guy Gillette ousted Republican George A. Wilson from the U.S. Senate, Gross won his first of many landslide victories. In his most narrow victory, he was the only Republican member of Iowa's U.S. House delegation to survive the 1964 Democratic landslide. He was re-elected twelve times before choosing to retire rather than run in the 1974 election. He served continuously from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1975.

Fiscal conservatism[edit]

In the words of his successor, Charles Grassley, Gross earned "a legendary reputation as watchdog of the Treasury."[2] He rarely missed a roll call vote and often remained in the House chamber between roll call votes, listening carefully to speeches and scrutinizing the details of pending bills, especially spending bills.[1] He denounced, among other things, the Marshall Plan,[7] the funeral of President John F. Kennedy (including the appropriation for fuel for the eternal flame),[2][7] the size of the White House security detail,[7] the Peace Corps,[7] the U.S. Space Program,[7] and foreign aid.[8]

Gross also refused to go on taxpayer-funded congressional junkets. As Ed Rollins recalled, "When he retired, his fellow members chipped in and bought him and his wife Hazel, who managed his office for no pay, a round-the-world trip. With tears in his eyes he took one last shot at his pals. 'Wherever we go, I am sure I'll see you all on your taxpayers' junkets!'"[9]

In the early 1960s he took an early stand against the practice of retired service personnel getting a military pension and another federal paycheck. He opposed restoring former President Dwight D. Eisenhower to his generalship unless Congress stipulated that he would only receive his Presidential pension and not a general's salary also.[1][2] Gross admitted to having only one regret about his entire career: voting "present" rather than "nay" on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, explaining that the Vietnam War ended up costing too much.[7]

Libertarian theorist Murray Rothbard hailed Gross in the Libertarian Forum, pointing out that the congressman had the best voting record from a libertarian standpoint. Before Gross' retirement from Congress, Rothbard had written "It is pleasant to take this opportunity to hail the Grand Old Man of the Old Right H.R. Gross of Iowa, a marvelous and flinty character almost out of the storybooks"[10]

Independence[edit]

Gross was also known for his independence, so much so that then-House Minority Leader Gerald Ford remarked that "there are three parties in the House: Democrats, Republicans, and H.R. Gross."[7] Shaking off the Eisenhower Administration's pressure to support a foreign-aid economic-development measure, Gross quipped, "I took my last marching orders in 1916–19."[11]

Gross's personal lifestyle reflected his fiscally conservative views. He lived frugally and rarely attended any parties or social functions common to the life of a congressman. Gross was remembered as an outsider who preferred to sit in his townhouse and watch professional wrestling on TV.[1][7]

In 1966, at the height of the Vietnam War, with many American soldiers dying, an extravagant White House ball ran on until 3am. Disgusted by this callousness, Gross recited Alfred Noyes' poem The Victory Ball in Congress in protest; the poem condemns the hedonism of a British Armistice ball and contains the line "under the dancing feet are the graves".[12]

However, even his targets could speak warmly of Gross. Longtime House Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Vinson, whose defense spending bills often incurred Gross's criticisms, said of Gross that "there is really no good debate unless the gentleman from Iowa is in it."[1]

H.R. 144[edit]

When Gross was in Congress, a special exception was made to the practice that bills offered in the House were numbered consecutively. The number H.R. 144 was reserved each session for one of Representative Gross's bills (because 144 equals one gross, making its title the arithmetical equivalent to his name).[13]

Death[edit]

He was a resident of Arlington, Virginia, until his death in a Washington, D.C. Veterans Hospital on September 22, 1987, due to complications from Alzheimer's disease.[2] He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Hazel Gross, his wife of 58 years,[2] died March 18, 1999, in Washington, D.C.[7] She was 97 years old.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Useful Pest", Time, 1962-06-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i ""H.R. Gross is Dead; Iowa Congressman", New York Times, 1987-09-24.
  3. ^ a b c d e Frank Nye Jr., "H.R. Gross Puts New Thoughts in Political Minds," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1940-05-28, at 20.
  4. ^ "Talk of Demos' 'Fifth Column' is Not Heeded," Mason City Globe-Gazette, 1940-06-01, at 1.
  5. ^ a b c "Gross Back in Political Race," Iowa City Press-Citizen, 1948-04-02 at 4.
  6. ^ "Reflections on the Side by Ed," The Oxford Mirror, 1940-05-16, at 1; Editorial, "Iowa Still Republican," Oelwein Daily Register, 1940-06-05, at 2.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bill Kauffman, "The Eternal Flamethrower," The American Enterprise, 1999-11 (reprinted on the Arlington Cemetery website, accessed 2008-05-31).
  8. ^ "Hatchet Job," Time Magazine, 1968-07-26.
  9. ^ CNN: Commentary: What Congress needs is a pest
  10. ^ https://mises.org/journals/lf/1973/1973_12.pdf
  11. ^ "Foreign-Aid Pasting," Time Magazine, 1957-07-29.
  12. ^ Sidey, Hugh. "The Pecksniffs Squeeze the Fun from a Joyless Bunch", Life, 17 June 1966, p. 42.
  13. ^ "Cramming for Capitol Hill," Time Magazine, 1972-12-18.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John W. Gwynne
U.S. Congressman for the 3rd District of Iowa
1949–1975
Succeeded by
Chuck Grassley

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