Play Video
1
'US commits gross HR abuses in Bahrain'
::2012/06/06::
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2
Ape Atoll Magic Guide 350k+ xp-hr | Gross Gore Please Watch
Ape Atoll Magic Guide 350k+ xp-hr | Gross Gore Please Watch
::2012/03/11::
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3
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
H.R. 3721, Protecting Older Workers Against Discrimination Act: Jack Gross
::2010/05/05::
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4
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
Der Bohrteufel Inh. Hr. Reinhard Spendier in Gross-Enzersdorf, Niederösterreich
::2009/11/02::
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5
Lucas opposes H.R. 2112 Adjusted Gross Income Amendment
Lucas opposes H.R. 2112 Adjusted Gross Income Amendment
::2011/06/21::
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6
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
HR Tip of the Week- Employee Gross Wages and Deductions
::2013/10/06::
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7
Gross Evolution   Human Resources
Gross Evolution Human Resources
::2012/11/02::
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8
What Are My Favorite Christian/Gospel Bands by Mike Gross?(rockinguitarlessons.com)
What Are My Favorite Christian/Gospel Bands by Mike Gross?(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/11/14::
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9
E minor legato shred riff by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
E minor legato shred riff by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/03/08::
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10
fast A minor shred riff by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
fast A minor shred riff by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/03/08::
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11
How to play Wildside by Motley Crue on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play Wildside by Motley Crue on guitar by Mike Gross
::2014/08/09::
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12
In The Style Of SLIPKNOT On Guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
In The Style Of SLIPKNOT On Guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/11/02::
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13
Custom Video/Tab lessons transcribed by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Custom Video/Tab lessons transcribed by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/10/26::
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14
Van Halen-Runnin With The Devil by Mike Gross(CVT Guitar Lesson for Dominick)
Van Halen-Runnin With The Devil by Mike Gross(CVT Guitar Lesson for Dominick)
::2014/07/19::
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15
2012 Happy Halloween from the HR Team Video 2 @marcusawezog
2012 Happy Halloween from the HR Team Video 2 @marcusawezog
::2012/10/24::
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16
How to play Mother by Pink Floyd(Guitar Solo) by Mike Gross
How to play Mother by Pink Floyd(Guitar Solo) by Mike Gross
::2014/08/21::
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17
Mike Gross Broken Back Update
Mike Gross Broken Back Update
::2014/02/22::
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18
Demo of Swiss Picks by Mike Gross from rockinguitarlessons.com
Demo of Swiss Picks by Mike Gross from rockinguitarlessons.com
::2014/08/06::
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19
How to play using Diatonic Chords by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
How to play using Diatonic Chords by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/07/09::
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20
Mike Gross NEW Guitar Teaching channel-Subscribe
Mike Gross NEW Guitar Teaching channel-Subscribe
::2014/06/30::
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21
Demo of a Vibe Machine from DryBell by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Demo of a Vibe Machine from DryBell by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/07/21::
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22
HOW DID MIKE GROSS BREAK HIS BACK?(ROCKINGUITARLESSONS.COM)
HOW DID MIKE GROSS BREAK HIS BACK?(ROCKINGUITARLESSONS.COM)
::2014/02/19::
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23
Roy Clark-Malaguena on guitar by Mike Gross-CVT Guitar Lesson-part 1
Roy Clark-Malaguena on guitar by Mike Gross-CVT Guitar Lesson-part 1
::2014/08/01::
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24
Why Ye Late ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) Mr Boston Story | RS Highlight | Gross Gore
Why Ye Late ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) Mr Boston Story | RS Highlight | Gross Gore
::2014/08/08::
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25
Roy Clark-Malaguena by Mike Gross on guitar(part 2 CVT Guitar Lesson)
Roy Clark-Malaguena by Mike Gross on guitar(part 2 CVT Guitar Lesson)
::2014/08/01::
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26
Guns N Roses-My Michelle by Mike Gross(CVT Lesson-Part 1) for Jim Betts
Guns N Roses-My Michelle by Mike Gross(CVT Lesson-Part 1) for Jim Betts
::2014/04/14::
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27
ShOuT OuT for BLACK TORA by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
ShOuT OuT for BLACK TORA by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/07/18::
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28
How to play Rescue Me by KXM on guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
How to play Rescue Me by KXM on guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/08/12::
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29
(Horror) Outlast Whistleblower | Gross Gore | Cam/Commentary Reaction
(Horror) Outlast Whistleblower | Gross Gore | Cam/Commentary Reaction
::2014/07/15::
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30
Guitar Lessons with Mike Gross on the internet via Skype(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Guitar Lessons with Mike Gross on the internet via Skype(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/06/25::
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31
Broken Back Update & Rockinguitarlessons.com info by Mike Gross
Broken Back Update & Rockinguitarlessons.com info by Mike Gross
::2014/03/03::
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32
How to tune to Drop C on Guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
How to tune to Drop C on Guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/06/30::
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33
How Do I Figure Out Songs/Ear Training by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
How Do I Figure Out Songs/Ear Training by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2013/12/04::
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34
Lance Gross "How many cross dressing movies do Tyler Perry have in him."
Lance Gross "How many cross dressing movies do Tyler Perry have in him."
::2013/02/17::
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35
How to play Heretic by Avenged Sevenfold on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play Heretic by Avenged Sevenfold on guitar by Mike Gross
::2014/09/03::
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36
Roy Clark- Malaguena on guitar by Mike Gross(CVT Guitar Lesson-part 3)
Roy Clark- Malaguena on guitar by Mike Gross(CVT Guitar Lesson-part 3)
::2014/08/01::
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37
Mike Gross Jammin With Fireman Joe(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Mike Gross Jammin With Fireman Joe(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/02/08::
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38
How to play December by Collective Soul on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play December by Collective Soul on guitar by Mike Gross
::2014/07/27::
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39
Christian & Devin Gross Snippet(rockinguitarlessons.com)
Christian & Devin Gross Snippet(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/05/25::
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40
How to play Last Child by Aerosmith guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
How to play Last Child by Aerosmith guitar by Mike Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/05/22::
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41
How to play Higher by Creed on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play Higher by Creed on guitar by Mike Gross
::2013/11/01::
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42
How to play Believer by Ozzy Osbourne on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play Believer by Ozzy Osbourne on guitar by Mike Gross
::2014/04/23::
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43
Kayla & Christian Gross Sample Cover-Lil Wayne
Kayla & Christian Gross Sample Cover-Lil Wayne's How To Love(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/04/12::
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44
Demo of a Tremelo Effect Pedal from Moeneffects.com by Mike Gross
Demo of a Tremelo Effect Pedal from Moeneffects.com by Mike Gross
::2014/01/18::
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45
Carlee & Preslee Play Time @ Gross Casa(rockinguitarlessons)
Carlee & Preslee Play Time @ Gross Casa(rockinguitarlessons)
::2014/08/13::
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46
How to play Misunderstood by Motley Crue on guitar by Mike Gross
How to play Misunderstood by Motley Crue on guitar by Mike Gross
::2014/06/26::
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47
BROKE BACK MICHAEL by Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
BROKE BACK MICHAEL by Joleen Gross(rockinguitarlessons.com)
::2014/02/28::
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48
Take Guitar-Bass-Vocal lessons on Skype with Mike & Joleen Gross
Take Guitar-Bass-Vocal lessons on Skype with Mike & Joleen Gross
::2014/08/28::
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49
Greenberry Gross
Greenberry Gross
::2013/06/24::
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50
Black Tora-Never Enough-P.2 by Mike Gross(CVT Lesson for Dominick)
Black Tora-Never Enough-P.2 by Mike Gross(CVT Lesson for Dominick)
::2014/06/23::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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H.R. Gross
H.R. Gross.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1975
Preceded by John W. Gwynne
Succeeded by Chuck Grassley
Personal details
Born (1899-06-30)June 30, 1899
Arispe, Iowa
Died September 22, 1987(1987-09-22) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Hazel Webster
Children 2

Harold Royce (H. R.) Gross (June 30, 1899 – September 22, 1987) was a Republican United States Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district for thirteen terms. The role he played on the House floor, objecting to spending measures and projects that he considered wasteful, prompted a national Time magazine to label him "the useful pest."[1]

Personal background[edit]

Gross was born on his parents' 240-acre (0.97 km2) farm near Arispe, in Union County, Iowa.[2] He was educated in the rural schools. In 1916, after completing his sophomore year in high school in Creston, Iowa, he concealed his youth in order to enlist in the military service, where he first served with the First Iowa Field Artillery in the Pancho Villa Expedition.[3] During World War I he served in France with the United States Army from 1917–1919.[2] After the war, he briefly attended Iowa State College in its electrical engineering program, before transferring to the University of Missouri School of Journalism in Columbia.[3]

He was a newspaper reporter and editor for various newspapers from 1921 to 1935. One such newspaper was the publication of the Iowa Farmer's Union, the Iowa Union Farmer, which he edited from 1929 to 1935.[3] He began as a radio news commentator for WHO (AM) in Des Moines, Iowa in 1935. One of his fellow on-air broadcasters at WHO was a young Ronald Reagan.

He met Hazel Webster while he was a newspaper reporter covering the Iowa statehouse and she was the secretary to the Iowa Attorney General.[3] They were married in 1929.[3] H. R. and Hazel Gross raised two children, Phillip and Alan.[2]

1940 run for Governor of Iowa[edit]

In 1940, Gross challenged Iowa's sitting Governor, George A. Wilson, in the Republican primary, running what newspapers called a "sight-unseen" campaign. Gross confined his campaign to radio addresses, declined all personal appearance invitations, and made no platform speeches.[4] He lost the primary by only 15,781 votes out of over 330,000 cast, in the closest primary race in Iowa in nearly thirteen years.[5] His campaign was haunted by a statement he had made seven years earlier, while writing and speaking for the Farmers' Holiday Association, that appeared to approve of an episode of mob violence against a judge to stop a foreclosure.[6]

Following his defeat, Gross joined an Ohio radio station and later moved to Indiana.[5] After World War II, he returned to Iowa and became a radio newscaster at KXEL in Waterloo, Iowa.[5]

Congressional elections and re-elections[edit]

In 1948, Gross ran against an incumbent House member of his own party, Republican John W. Gwynne. He wrested the nomination away from Gwynne in the Republican primary without the help of the party organization.[2] In a 1948 general election in which Democratic President Harry S. Truman surprisingly carried Iowa and Iowa Democrat Guy Gillette ousted Republican George A. Wilson from the U.S. Senate, Gross won his first of many landslide victories. In his most narrow victory, he was the only Republican member of Iowa's U.S. House delegation to survive the 1964 Democratic landslide. He was re-elected twelve times before choosing to retire rather than run in the 1974 election. He served continuously from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1975.

Fiscal conservatism[edit]

In the words of his successor, Charles Grassley, Gross earned "a legendary reputation as watchdog of the Treasury."[2] He rarely missed a roll call vote and often remained in the House chamber between roll call votes, listening carefully to speeches and scrutinizing the details of pending bills, especially spending bills.[1] He denounced, among other things, the Marshall Plan,[7] the funeral of President John F. Kennedy (including the appropriation for fuel for the eternal flame),[2][7] the size of the White House security detail,[7] the Peace Corps,[7] the U.S. Space Program,[7] and foreign aid.[8]

Gross also refused to go on taxpayer-funded congressional junkets. As Ed Rollins recalled, "When he retired, his fellow members chipped in and bought him and his wife Hazel, who managed his office for no pay, a round-the-world trip. With tears in his eyes he took one last shot at his pals. 'Wherever we go, I am sure I'll see you all on your taxpayers' junkets!'"[9]

In the early 1960s he took an early stand against the practice of retired service personnel getting a military pension and another federal paycheck. He opposed restoring former President Dwight D. Eisenhower to his generalship unless Congress stipulated that he would only receive his Presidential pension and not a general's salary also.[1][2] Gross admitted to having only one regret about his entire career: voting "present" rather than "nay" on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, explaining that the Vietnam War ended up costing too much.[7]

Libertarian theroist Murray Rothbard hailed Gross in the Libertarian Forum, pointing out that the congressman had the best voting record from a libertarian standpoint. Before Gross' retirement from Congress, Rothbard had written "It is pleasant to take this opportunity to hail the Grand Old Man of the Old Right H.R. Gross of Iowa, a marvelous and flinty character almost out of the storybooks"[10]

Independence[edit]

Gross was also known for his independence, so much so that then-House Minority Leader Gerald Ford remarked that "there are three parties in the House: Democrats, Republicans, and H.R. Gross."[7] Shaking off the Eisenhower Administration's pressure to support a foreign-aid economic-development measure, Gross quipped, "I took my last marching orders in 1916–19."[11]

Gross's personal lifestyle reflected his fiscally conservative views. He lived frugally and rarely attended any parties or social functions common to the life of a congressman. Gross was remembered as an outsider who preferred to sit in his townhouse and watch professional wrestling on TV.[1][7]

In 1966, at the height of the Vietnam War, with many American soldiers dying, an extravagant White House ball ran on until 3am. Disgusted by this callousness, Gross recited Alfred Noyes' poem The Victory Ball in Congress in protest; the poem condemns the hedonism of a British Armistice ball and contains the line "under the dancing feet are the graves".[12]

However, even his targets could speak warmly of Gross. Longtime House Armed Services Committee Chairman Carl Vinson, whose defense spending bills often incurred Gross's criticisms, said of Gross that "there is really no good debate unless the gentleman from Iowa is in it."[1]

H.R. 144[edit]

When Gross was in Congress, a special exception was made to the practice that bills offered in the House were numbered consecutively. The number H.R. 144 was reserved each session for one of Representative Gross's bills (because 144 equals one gross, making its title the arithmetical equivalent to his name).[13]

Death[edit]

He was a resident of Arlington, Virginia, until his death in a Washington, D.C. Veterans Hospital on September 22, 1987, due to complications from Alzheimer's disease.[2] He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Hazel Gross, his wife of 58 years,[2] died March 18, 1999, in Washington, D.C.[7] She was 97 years old.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Useful Pest," Time Magazine, 1962-06-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i ""H.R. Gross is Dead; Iowa Congressman", New York Times, 1987-09-24.
  3. ^ a b c d e Frank Nye Jr., "H.R. Gross Puts New Thoughts in Political Minds," Waterloo Daily Courier, 1940-05-28, at 20.
  4. ^ "Talk of Demos' 'Fifth Column' is Not Heeded," Mason City Globe-Gazette, 1940-06-01, at 1.
  5. ^ a b c "Gross Back in Political Race," Iowa City Press-Citizen, 1948-04-02 at 4.
  6. ^ "Reflections on the Side by Ed," The Oxford Mirror, 1940-05-16, at 1; Editorial, "Iowa Still Republican," Oelwein Daily Register, 1940-06-05, at 2.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bill Kauffman, "The Eternal Flamethrower," The American Enterprise, 1999-11 (reprinted on the Arlington Cemetery website, accessed 2008-05-31).
  8. ^ "Hatchet Job," Time Magazine, 1968-07-26.
  9. ^ CNN: Commentary: What Congress needs is a pest
  10. ^ http://mises.org/journals/lf/1973/1973_12.pdf
  11. ^ "Foreign-Aid Pasting," Time Magazine, 1957-07-29.
  12. ^ Sidey, Hugh. "The Pecksniffs Squeeze the Fun from a Joyless Bunch", Life, 17 June 1966, p. 42.
  13. ^ "Cramming for Capitol Hill," Time Magazine, 1972-12-18.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John W. Gwynne
U.S. Congressman for the 3rd District of Iowa
1949–1975
Succeeded by
Chuck Grassley
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