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Hal Ashby - A Man Out of Time
Hal Ashby - A Man Out of Time
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: supreme wizard of jahanism
Seth Rogen on Hal Ashby
Seth Rogen on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: IndieWire
Jeff Bridges: Working with Hal Ashby
Jeff Bridges: Working with Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: Oscars
Yusuf on meeting Hal Ashby
Yusuf on meeting Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: Oscars
Hal Ashby winning a Film Editing Oscar®
Hal Ashby winning a Film Editing Oscar®
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Oscars
Shampoo | From Above | Hal Ashby
Shampoo | From Above | Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: ReplicaPropStore RPS
TFM364 CLIP Actors on Hal Ashby
TFM364 CLIP Actors on Hal Ashby
Published: 2009/02/08
Channel: TFMAlex
Being Hal Ashby
Being Hal Ashby
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: Movie Geeks United!
Destroying The Tone Of Your Movie - Being There
Destroying The Tone Of Your Movie - Being There's Credit Sequence
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Georg Rockall-Schmidt
HAL ASHBY TRIBUTE
HAL ASHBY TRIBUTE
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: SPANISH FILMS
"Once I Was The Hal Ashby Story"FuLL"English"Movie
"Once I Was The Hal Ashby Story"FuLL"English"Movie
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Samarec L.basiaa
HAL ASHBY FILMS
HAL ASHBY FILMS
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: SPANISH FILMS
The Last Detail | Pissing Around | Hal Ashby
The Last Detail | Pissing Around | Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: ReplicaPropStore RPS
Jon Voight on Hal Ashby
Jon Voight on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
HAROLD AND MAUDE [1971 TRAILER]
HAROLD AND MAUDE [1971 TRAILER]
Published: 2009/07/27
Channel: W. David Lindholm
Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby's Endings
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Aaron Hunter
Beverly Hills Buntz pilot episode directed by Hal Ashby
Beverly Hills Buntz pilot episode directed by Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Michael Dare
Being There - Original Theatrical Trailer
Being There - Original Theatrical Trailer
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: Warner Bros.
The American New Wave: Hal Ashby in the
The American New Wave: Hal Ashby in the '70s
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Faboolis
Cameron Crowe on Hal Ashby
Cameron Crowe on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
The Last Detail | Badass | Hal Ashby
The Last Detail | Badass | Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: ReplicaPropStore RPS
Haskell Wexler on Hal Ashby
Haskell Wexler on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
Anatomy of a Gag: BEING THERE
Anatomy of a Gag: BEING THERE
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: criterioncollection
The sluggers wife Hal Ashby,1985
The sluggers wife Hal Ashby,1985
Published: 2013/08/25
Channel: Rafa Zozobra
Judd Apatow on Hal Ashby
Judd Apatow on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
The Landlord (1970) Trailer
The Landlord (1970) Trailer
Published: 2011/09/11
Channel: Night Of The Trailers
Shampoo | My Hairdresser | Hal Ashby
Shampoo | My Hairdresser | Hal Ashby
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: ReplicaPropStore RPS
Diablo Cody on Hal Ashby
Diablo Cody on Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
Being There Trailer 1979
Being There Trailer 1979
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Video Detective
Once I Was: The Hal Ashby Story 2017 Full Movie HD Up SCR
Once I Was: The Hal Ashby Story 2017 Full Movie HD Up SCR
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Carol J. Ayers
Yusuf on singing and Hal Ashby
Yusuf on singing and Hal Ashby
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Oscars
Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby's SHAMPOO (Pink Moon, Nick Drake)
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: St. Germain
Book | Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel
Book | Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Marcelino Carlton
Teaser Coming Home de Hal Ashby
Teaser Coming Home de Hal Ashby
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Institut Lumiere
Hal Ashby Presentation
Hal Ashby Presentation
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: Ariana Garcia
Vietnam Film. Coming Home. 1978 Lukes Speech (Jon Voight)
Vietnam Film. Coming Home. 1978 Lukes Speech (Jon Voight)
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: mike ashworth
Shampoo Trailer 1975
Shampoo Trailer 1975
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: Video Detective
Coming Home 1978 -- OPENING TITLE SEQUENCE
Coming Home 1978 -- OPENING TITLE SEQUENCE
Published: 2012/10/02
Channel: MovieTitleScreens
04 - Coming Home (Hal Ashby, 1978), For What It
04 - Coming Home (Hal Ashby, 1978), For What It's Worth (Buffalo Springfield, 1967)
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Patrick Peccatte
Coming Home Official Trailer #1 - Bruce Dern Movie (1978) HD
Coming Home Official Trailer #1 - Bruce Dern Movie (1978) HD
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: Movieclips Trailer Vault
MGU Interview: Haskell Wexler on Hal Ashby
MGU Interview: Haskell Wexler on Hal Ashby
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Movie Geeks United!
Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Katelyn Hall
Rolling Stones - Under My Thumb LIVE HD Tempe, Arizona
Rolling Stones - Under My Thumb LIVE HD Tempe, Arizona '81
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: Ronald Rock
Coming Home (Hal Ashby, 1978)
Coming Home (Hal Ashby, 1978)
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: KINO PANORAMA
Hal Ashby Interviews Conversations With Filmmakers Series
Hal Ashby Interviews Conversations With Filmmakers Series
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Ts'ai Lun
Bound for Glory (1976) Trailer
Bound for Glory (1976) Trailer
Published: 2009/12/21
Channel: Danios12345
Rolling Stones - Introducing the band LIVE HD East Rutherford, New Jersey
Rolling Stones - Introducing the band LIVE HD East Rutherford, New Jersey '81
Published: 2014/08/03
Channel: Ronald Rock
Hal Ashby and the Long Shot - Take One
Hal Ashby and the Long Shot - Take One
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Aaron Hunter
Hal Ashby possessed Me
Hal Ashby possessed Me
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: Isaiah MacMenami
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby still.JPG
Ashby directing Bound for Glory (1976)
Born William Hal Ashby
(1929-09-02)September 2, 1929
Ogden, Utah, U.S.
Died December 27, 1988(1988-12-27) (aged 59)
Malibu, California, U.S.
Occupation Film director, editor
Years active 1956–1988
Spouse(s) Joan Marshall

Hal Ashby (September 2, 1929 – December 27, 1988)[1] was an American film director and editor[2][3] associated with the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking.

Before his career as a director Ashby edited films for Norman Jewison, notably The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming (1966), which earned Ashby an Oscar nomination for Best Editing, and In the Heat of the Night (1967), which earned him his only Oscar for the same category.

Ashby received a third Oscar nomination, this time for Best Director for Coming Home (1978). Other films directed by Ashby include The Landlord (1970), Harold and Maude (1971), The Last Detail (1973), Shampoo (1975), Bound for Glory (1976) and Being There (1979).

Early years[edit]

Born William Hal Ashby in Ogden, Utah, he grew up in a Mormon household, the son of Eileen Ireta (Hetzler) and James Thomas Ashby, a dairy owner.[4][5] His tumultuous childhood as part of a dysfunctional family included the divorce of his parents, his father's suicide, and dropping out of high school; studio biographies concealed the latter fact, fallaciously asserting that Ashby graduated from Utah State University to ensure that he fit into the same social milieu as college-educated peers like Francis Ford Coppola and Martin Scorsese. Ashby was married and divorced by the time he was 19.

Hollywood career[edit]

As Ashby was entering adult life, he moved from Utah to California, where he pursued a bohemian lifestyle and gradually became an assistant film editor. He edited the black comedy The Loved One which was released in 1965. After being nominated for the Academy Award for Film Editing in 1967 for The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, his big break occurred in 1968 when he won the award for In the Heat of the Night. Ashby has often stated that film editing provided him with the best film school background outside of traditional university study and he carried the techniques learned as an editor with him when he began directing.

At the urging of producer Norman Jewison, Ashby directed his first film, The Landlord, in 1970. While his birth date placed him squarely within the realm of the prewar generation, the filmmaker—a habitual marijuana smoker since 1950—eagerly embraced the hippie lifestyle, adopting vegetarianism and growing his hair long before it became de rigueur. He also married actress Joan Marshall that year. While they remained married until his death in 1988, the two had separated by the mid-seventies, with Marshall never forgiving Ashby, along with Warren Beatty and Robert Towne, for dramatizing certain unflattering elements of her life in Shampoo.

Over the next 16 years, Ashby directed several acclaimed and popular films, many were about outsiders and adventurers traversing the pathways of life. They included the off-beat romance Harold and Maude (1971), The Last Detail (1973), and the social satire Being There (1979), with Peter Sellers, giving the star a well-received role after many felt he had lapsed into self-parody. Ashby's greatest commercial success was the aforementioned Warren Beatty vehicle Shampoo (1975), about a sex-obsessed hair dresser. Bound for Glory (1976), a muted biography of Woody Guthrie starring David Carradine, was the first film to utilize the Steadicam.

Aside from Shampoo, Ashby's most commercially successful film was the Vietnam War drama Coming Home (1978). Starring Jane Fonda and Jon Voight, both in Academy Award-winning performances, it was for this film that Ashby earned his only Best Director nomination from the Academy for his work. Arriving in the post-Jaws and Star Wars era, Coming Home was one of the last films to encapsulate the ethos of the New Hollywood era from a production standpoint, earning nearly $15 million in returns and rentals on a modest $3 million budget.

Decline[edit]

Because of his critical success and dependable profitability, shortly after the success of Coming Home, Ashby was able to form a production company, Northstar, under the auspices of Lorimar. After Being There (his last film to achieve widespread attention), Ashby became more reclusive, often retreating to his home in the gated Malibu Colony neighborhood. Later, it was widely rumored in a likely whisper campaign from Lorimar (whose executives clashed with the director) that Ashby had become dependent upon cocaine, a drug that he only used intermittently since the production of Bound for Glory. As a consequence of these rumors, he slowly became unemployable. Eva Gardos, an editor who worked with Ashby during the period, has claimed that his drug intake was largely confined to "lots of marijuana smoking" and occasional psilocybin use.

The productions of Second-Hand Hearts and Lookin' to Get Out—the latter a Las Vegas caper that reunited him with Voight and featured Voight's young daughter, Angelina Jolie—were plagued by the increasingly strained relationship between Ashby and Lorimar. Filmed in 1979, Second-Hand Hearts only received a poorly-reviewed limited release in 1981 before being pulled from circulation for nearly thirty years. Belatedly released in October 1982, Lookin' to Get Out earned a little under $1 million in returns and rentals on an estimated $17 million budget. During this period, Lorimar executives grew less tolerant of his increasingly perfectionist production (811,000 feet of film were used shooting Lookin' to Get Out) and editing techniques; a montage in the latter film set to The Police's "Message in a Bottle" that ultimately proved to be logistically infeasible due to a Lorimar agreement with the American Federation of Musicians took six months to perfect. Initially set to helm Tootsie after two years of laborious negotiations and Ashby-directed wig and makeup tests, Lorimar executives succeeded in blocking him from working on the film because part of the preproduction period overlapped with final work on the long-gestating Lookin' to Get Out, which was eventually recut by the studio when Ashby's work proved to be unsatisfactory. (Decades later, Ashby's cut was rediscovered and released on DVD in 2009.) As Dustin Hoffman had not offered a "formal commitment" to the production at the time of Ashby's dismissal, the director forfeited his $1.5 million fee.

A longtime Rolling Stones fan, Lorimar executives improbably allowed Ashby to film the group's 1981 American tour documentary, Let's Spend the Night Together, in the immediate aftermath of the Tootsie farrago. The occupational hazards of the road may have proved to be too much for Ashby, who collapsed before the final filmed concert at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona on December 13, 1981. Although Jeff Wexler claimed that Ashby was "partying way beyond his capabilities with the Stones," Caleb Deschanel has asserted that Ashby (who directed the concert shoot on a gurney) simply had the flu. The film was well-received but gained little traction during a limited theatrical release. In September 1983, Ashby directed Solo Trans, a Neil Young concert video that was released the following year.

The Slugger's Wife, with a screenplay written by Neil Simon, continued the losing streak. Ostensibly a commercially-minded romantic comedy, the film reportedly horrified Simon when he viewed Ashby's rough cut of the first reel, sequenced as an impressionistic mood piece with the first half-hour featuring minimal dialogue. Remaining defiant in his squabbles with producers and Simon, Ashby (whose cocaine use had accelerated throughout the laborious shoot) was eventually fired in the final stages of production; the completed film was a critical and commercial failure. While the Oliver Stone-written 8 Million Ways to Die fared similarly at the box office, Ashby's post-production process was considered to be such a liability by this juncture that he was fired by the production company on the final day of principal photography.

Death[edit]

Attempting to turn a corner in his declining career, Ashby stopped using drugs, trimmed his hair and beard, and began to frequently attend Hollywood parties wearing a navy blue blazer so as to suggest that he was once again employable. Despite these efforts, he could only find work as a television director, helming one of three pilots for Beverly Hills Buntz, an unsuccessful Dennis Franz vehicle that purloined the premise of Beverly Hills Cop. He also worked on Jake's Journey, a collaboration in the Arthurian sword and sorcery vein with Graham Chapman of Monty Python.

Longtime friend Warren Beatty advised Ashby to seek medical care after he complained of various ailments, including undiagnosed phlebitis; he was soon diagnosed with pancreatic cancer that rapidly spread to his lungs, colon, and liver. Ashby died on December 27, 1988 at his home in Malibu, California.

Acclaim and influence[edit]

The Last Detail, Bound for Glory, Coming Home, and Being There were all nominated for the Palme d'Or.

American songwriter and guitarist Guthrie Thomas, who coordinated the music in Bound for Glory and acted in the film, called Ashby "one of the finest motion picture directors of the 20th century."

For the 2012 Sight & Sound Directors Top Ten poll Niki Caro, Cyrus Frisch, and Wanuri Kahiu voted for Harold and Maude,[6] with Frisch describing the film as "an encouragement to think beyond the obvious!"[7]

Archives[edit]

The moving image collection of Hal Ashby is held at the Academy Film Archive. The material at the Academy Film Archive is also complemented by material in the Hal Ashby papers at the Academy’s Margaret Herrick Library.[8]

Filmography (as director)[edit]

Year Film Academy Award Wins Academy Award Nominations
1970 The Landlord 0 1
1971 Harold and Maude 0 0
1973 The Last Detail 0 3
1975 Shampoo 1 4
1976 Bound for Glory 2 6
1978 Coming Home 3 8
1979 Being There 1 2
1981 Second-Hand Hearts 0 0
1982 Lookin' to Get Out 0 0
1983 Let's Spend the Night Together 0 0
1984 Solo Trans 0 0
1985 The Slugger's Wife 0 0
1986 8 Million Ways to Die 0 0
1987 Beverly Hills Buntz (TV) 0 0
1988 Jake's Journey (TV) 0 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ashby, Hal". Who was who in America : with world notables, v. XI (1993–1996). New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who. 1996. p. 9. ISBN 0837902258. 
  2. ^ Glenn Collins (December 28, 1988). "Hal Ashby, 59, an Oscar Winner Whose Films Included 'Shampoo'". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ Rodger Jacobs (September 25, 2009). "Hal Ashby: Hollywood Rebel". PopMatters. 
  4. ^ "Hal Ashby". Filmreference.com. 
  5. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/155205190/Being-Hal-Ashby
  6. ^ Harold and Maude: 224th in directors poll
  7. ^ Cyrus Frisch votes in the directors poll
  8. ^ "Hal Ashby Collection". Academy Film Archive. 

External links[edit]

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