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Haleakala National Park
Haleakala National Park
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: GoTraveler
Best View in Maui! Haleakala National Park
Best View in Maui! Haleakala National Park
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Yellow Productions
Haleakala National Park - Maui, Hawaii - PureAmerica
Haleakala National Park - Maui, Hawaii - PureAmerica
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: PrimoMedia - Chris Biela
Mount Haleakala Sunrise, 4 Tips For Visiting Like A Pro!
Mount Haleakala Sunrise, 4 Tips For Visiting Like A Pro!
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: Trevor Morrow
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii | Sunrise Timelapse
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii | Sunrise Timelapse
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: CIRCA3
Visiting the Haleakala National Park with a Ford Mustang
Visiting the Haleakala National Park with a Ford Mustang
Published: 2013/01/09
Channel: VolkscomCOM
A Quick Trip to Haleakalā National Park
A Quick Trip to Haleakalā National Park
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: David Clark
Vlog: Haleakala National Park
Vlog: Haleakala National Park
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Christine Kobzeff
Haleakala National Park
Haleakala National Park
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: Hoosier Tim's Travel Videos
Haleakalā, Maui, Hawaii: Drive to the Top of the Crater
Haleakalā, Maui, Hawaii: Drive to the Top of the Crater
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: Nō Ka 'Oi Drone Guys
Ep 14 - Maui, Hawaii, Haleakala National Park
Ep 14 - Maui, Hawaii, Haleakala National Park
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Andrew Bene
Hike to Swim under Waterfalls! Maui Haleakala National Park
Hike to Swim under Waterfalls! Maui Haleakala National Park
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Little Birdie Travel
Haleakalā National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Yi 4K +
Haleakalā National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Yi 4K +
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Siwei Gao
Epic Sunset Above the Clouds - Haleakala National Park  Maui
Epic Sunset Above the Clouds - Haleakala National Park Maui
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: bradscottphotography
DJI Mavic Drone Waterfall Hawaii Hana, Haleakala National Park, Maui
DJI Mavic Drone Waterfall Hawaii Hana, Haleakala National Park, Maui
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: OlegYanaProductions
Haleakala National Park: Sliding Sands Trail
Haleakala National Park: Sliding Sands Trail
Published: 2010/12/24
Channel: Daniel Staniforth
Haleakala Sunrise in HD
Haleakala Sunrise in HD
Published: 2010/09/08
Channel: yeahitsmetony
Hiking Into the Crater Haleakala National Park
Hiking Into the Crater Haleakala National Park
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: John Coffey
Haleakala National Park Drive - Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park Drive - Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Mushu909
Seven Sacred Pools - Haleakalā National Park‎ Maui Hawaii
Seven Sacred Pools - Haleakalā National Park‎ Maui Hawaii
Published: 2009/11/25
Channel: Tom Hall
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2015/02/21
Channel: The Oregonian
Haleakala National Park (Pipiwai Trail) Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park (Pipiwai Trail) Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: Jason Cascio
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2011/01/27
Channel: Maui Hi
Haleakalā National Park Sunrise Time Lapse
Haleakalā National Park Sunrise Time Lapse
Published: 2017/12/10
Channel: DJ Tree
Campsite at Haleakala National Park
Campsite at Haleakala National Park
Published: 2012/01/21
Channel: Jay Dylan
Haleakala National Park
Haleakala National Park
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Frommer's Guides
haleakala national park, maui
haleakala national park, maui
Published: 2007/02/02
Channel: bethfromabove
Haleakala National Park, Maui
Haleakala National Park, Maui
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Maui
Haleakala National Park.3gp
Haleakala National Park.3gp
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: xguyxtyx
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Abe Gbane
Haleakala National Park - Maui, Hawaii
Haleakala National Park - Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: Sleeves
Haleakalā National Park Sunrise
Haleakalā National Park Sunrise
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: HsuChaoHsun
Waimoku Falls, Haleakala National Park, Maui
Waimoku Falls, Haleakala National Park, Maui
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: Mattias Blomqvist
8K Test - Haleakala National Park 360 Video
8K Test - Haleakala National Park 360 Video
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: 360 Labs
Haleakalā National Park @ Maui
Haleakalā National Park @ Maui
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Jie Zhang
Haleakala National Park
Haleakala National Park
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Trevor Hughes
Sunset at Maui
Sunset at Maui's Haleakala National Park (10,023 ft. above sea level), Hawaii
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Mayank Patel
HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK
HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK
Published: 2009/09/13
Channel: Christian Bevington
Haleakalā National Park, Maui at Sunset
Haleakalā National Park, Maui at Sunset
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Maui
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii - By Lari Short Stories
Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii - By Lari Short Stories
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Lari Short Stories
Haleakala National Park in 64 Seconds
Haleakala National Park in 64 Seconds
Published: 2012/08/06
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Haleakala National Park Coast
Haleakala National Park Coast
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Katie Naumann
Haleakala National Park & Crater Maui Hawaii
Haleakala National Park & Crater Maui Hawaii
Published: 2012/04/18
Channel: TheLightHouseLady
Sunset on Haleakalā National Park, Maui
Sunset on Haleakalā National Park, Maui
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Brock Haroldson
The Road to Hana, Maui & Haleakalā National Park
The Road to Hana, Maui & Haleakalā National Park
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Keith Knittel
Haleakala National Park Commercial
Haleakala National Park Commercial
Published: 2013/03/19
Channel: erikarimar
Haleakala National Park
Haleakala National Park
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: sandb
HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK SUNRISE - MAUI HAWAII
HALEAKALA NATIONAL PARK SUNRISE - MAUI HAWAII
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: TECTONIC MEDIA
Winter Weather on Haleakalā: Video Courtesy Haleakalā National Park
Winter Weather on Haleakalā: Video Courtesy Haleakalā National Park
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Maui Now
Haleakalā National Park
Haleakalā National Park
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Michaelle Ivealis
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Haleakalā National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Haleakalā 2017(3).jpg
Map showing the location of Haleakalā National Park
Map showing the location of Haleakalā National Park
Location within Hawaii
Location Maui County, Hawaii, United States
Nearest city Pukalani
Coordinates 20°43′0″N 156°10′0″W / 20.71667°N 156.16667°W / 20.71667; -156.16667Coordinates: 20°43′0″N 156°10′0″W / 20.71667°N 156.16667°W / 20.71667; -156.16667
Area 33,265 acres (134.62 km2)[1]
Established July 1, 1961
Visitors 1,263,558 (in 2016)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
Website Haleakalā National Park
Location of Haleakalā National Park in the southeastern part of Maui Island
Detail map of Haleakalā National Park

Haleakalā National Park is a national park located on the island of Maui in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi. The park covers an area of 33,265 acres (134.62 km2),[1] of which 19,270 acres (77.98 km2) is a wilderness area.[3]

History[edit]

It was originally created as part of the Hawaii National Park along with the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaiʻi in 1916. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was made into a separate national park in 1961. The park area was designated an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980.[4] The name Haleakalā is Hawaiian for "house of the sun." According to a local legend, the demigod Maui imprisoned the sun here in order to lengthen the day.[5] The Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 was proposed to observe the Hawaiian spelling, but it did not become law.[6]

The park features the dormant Haleakalā (East Maui) Volcano, which last erupted sometime between 1480 and 1600 AD.[7] The park is divided into two distinct sections: the summit area and the coastal Kipahulu area.

Haleakala National Park superintendents[8]:

  • 1961—1963 — John W. Stratton
  • 1963—1967 — Neal G. Guse
  • 1967—1969 — Forrest M. Benson, Jr.
  • 1969—1970 — Lynn H. Thompson
  • 1971—1974 — Russell Cahill
  • 1974—1987 — Hugo H. Huntzinger
  • 1987—1988 — Peter G. Sanchez
  • 1988— ? — Donald W. Reeser

Summit[edit]

Visitor center view at 9,740 feet (2,970 m)

An extremely winding but well maintained road leads up the mountain. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. This part of the park is accessed by Hawaii state road 378. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities.

The main feature of this part of the park is undoubtedly the famous Haleakalā Crater. It is huge: 6.99 miles (11.25 km) across, 2.0 mi (3.2 km) wide, and some 2,600 ft (790 m) deep. The interior of the crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including large cinder cones. Two main trails lead into the crater from the summit area: the Halemau'u and Sliding Sands trails. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins (which need to be reserved through the park first).

Each morning, visitors come to the summit of the volcano to watch the spectacular sunrise. More visitors come each afternoon to watch the equally amazing sunset. In either case conditions can be extremely cold. One attraction of the park is Hosmer's Grove, a unique forest of alien trees including deodar (Cedrus deodara) from the Himalayas, sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) from Japan, eucalyptus from Australia, and several species from North America (pine, spruce, cypress, fir, and others). Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not very common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees).

The park is known for its unique volcanic features, its long scenic drive with numerous overlooks, and the unusually clear views of the night sky available. Haleakalā is one of the best places in the United States for amateur astronomy, and binoculars and telescopes are available for rent from many local merchants. Nēnē (Hawaiian geese, Branta sandvicensis) can also be seen in their natural habitat in Haleakalā Crater. Although nēnē died out entirely in the park, in 1946 they were re-introduced with the help of the Boy Scouts, who carried young birds into the crater in their backpacks.[9]

Kipahulu[edit]

Kipahulu region, Haleakalā National Park

The second section of the park is the Kipahulu section. Visitors cannot drive directly to this section from the summit area; they must take a winding coastal road that travels around the windward coast of the island. This part of the park lies within the lower part of Kipahulu Valley. It is separated from the summit area of the park by the upper portion of the valley. This area is designated the Kipahulu Valley Biological Reserve and is closed to the public to preserve the native plant and animal species in this fragile rainforest.

This section of the park features more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the gulch called ʻOheʻo. These pools contain rare native freshwater fish. Visitors may choose to swim in these pools, or they may choose to hike a trail that takes visitors up to the base of Waimoku Falls.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Due to Hawaii's volcanic origin and isolation, all of the native plants and animals on all the islands evolved from pioneers, which arrived carried by the wind, waves or wings of birds or arrived themselves naturally the same way. Before the arrival of humans, a new species arrived in Hawaii every 10,000 to 100,000 years. Eventually, they evolve into endemic species, unique to the islands. More endangered species live in Haleakalā National Park than any other national park in the United States.[10] Once traveling to this part of the island became more frequent, native species were destroyed. One example is the ʻāhinahina (Haleakalā silversword, Argyroxiphium sandwicense macrocephalum), which used to cover Haleakala Mountain to a degree where the mountain looked as if it were covered with snow.[11] Other endangered species include the endangered Haleakalā schiedea (Schiedea haleakalensis).[12]

The park is home to many tardigrade (water bear) species surviving in the extreme environment near the mountain summit. In the 1980s, local biologist Sam Gon III discovered 31 tardigrade species here and considers Haleakalā the "richest place on Earth for tardigrades".[13]

Haleakala Observatory[edit]

Haleakala Observatory viewed from the Haleakala visitor center

Haleakala Observatory is an important observation site located near the visitor center. It is above the tropical inversion layer and so experiences excellent viewing conditions and very clear skies. For over 40 years, the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, conducting dedicated astrophysical experiments. Due to the aforementioned location of the observatory, most of these programs could not be accomplished anywhere else in the world. One of its missions, the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS), is to track satellites and debris orbiting the Earth. The buildings are on a gated road just past the summit.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-02-08. 
  3. ^ "The National Parks: Index 2009–2011". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  4. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information: United States of America: Hawaiian Islands". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  5. ^ Westervelt, WD (1910). "Legends of Maui: A Demi-God of Polynesia and His Mother Hina". sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  6. ^ Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (S.939)
  7. ^ "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790". 1999-10-04. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  8. ^ Historic Listing of National Park Service Officials: Superintendents of National Park System Areas, Hawaii. Last Modified: 2000.
  9. ^ Hurley, Timothy (2002-07-13). "Maui's Boy Scouts mark 40-year link to nene". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  10. ^ "Issues". Friends of Haleakala National Park. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  11. ^ "Silverswords of Hawaii". Hawaii Guide. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  12. ^ Shiedea haleakalensis. The Nature Conservancy.
  13. ^ Wianecki, Shannon (2016-08-21). "Hawaii's mysterious water bears". BBC. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  14. ^ Maui Space Surveillance Site (MSSS)

External links[edit]

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