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Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga's FULL Pepsi Zero Sugar Super Bowl LI Halftime Show | NFL
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: NFL
Young Thug "Halftime"
Young Thug "Halftime"
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: Young Thug
Flatbush Zombies - Half-Time (feat. A$AP Twelvyy)
Flatbush Zombies - Half-Time (feat. A$AP Twelvyy)
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: FROAT
Doe B "Half Time" [Official Audio]
Doe B "Half Time" [Official Audio]
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Hustle Gang
Super Bowl 48 Bruno Mars-Full Performance Halftime Show HD
Super Bowl 48 Bruno Mars-Full Performance Halftime Show HD
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: NBA MLB
Katy Perry
Katy Perry's FULL Pepsi Super Bowl XLIX Halftime Show! | Feat. Missy Elliott & Lenny Kravitz | NFL
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: NFL
Young Thug - Halftime (Lyrics)
Young Thug - Halftime (Lyrics)
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: LootbenjiTV
Coldplay
Coldplay's FULL Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show feat. Beyoncé & Bruno Mars! | NFL
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: NFL
Billy Gardell - Halftime
Billy Gardell - Halftime
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Kristina V
Beyoncé & Bruno Mars Crash the Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show | NFL
Beyoncé & Bruno Mars Crash the Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show | NFL
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: NFL
YING YANG TWINS "HALFTIME" (NEW ORLEANS SAINTS THEME SONG!)
YING YANG TWINS "HALFTIME" (NEW ORLEANS SAINTS THEME SONG!)
Published: 2010/01/24
Channel: colliparktv
Beyonce - Super Bowl 2013 Halftime Show HD 1080p
Beyonce - Super Bowl 2013 Halftime Show HD 1080p
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: TheVideoSelection
15 Best Super Bowl Halftime Shows
15 Best Super Bowl Halftime Shows
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Nexus
Janet Jackson & Justin Timberlake (Superbowl Halftime Performance)
Janet Jackson & Justin Timberlake (Superbowl Halftime Performance)
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: Joey Coco
NaS - Halftime (complete with lyrics)
NaS - Halftime (complete with lyrics)
Published: 2008/02/08
Channel: philbo67
Beyonce Superbowl Halftime Show (CBS) (NFL)
Beyonce Superbowl Halftime Show (CBS) (NFL)
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: NPE Online
Ying Yang Twins - Halftime Stand Up and Get Crunk
Ying Yang Twins - Halftime Stand Up and Get Crunk
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: Radial by The Orchard
LADY GAGA ILLUMINATI SUPER BOWL HALF TIME RITUAL CEREMONY EXPOSED
LADY GAGA ILLUMINATI SUPER BOWL HALF TIME RITUAL CEREMONY EXPOSED
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: The Vigilant Christian
Amy Winehouse - Half Time
Amy Winehouse - Half Time
Published: 2011/12/11
Channel: Prollepse
Ying Yang Twins feat Homebwoi-Halftime (Stand Up and Get Crunk)
Ying Yang Twins feat Homebwoi-Halftime (Stand Up and Get Crunk)
Published: 2010/02/16
Channel: dskjhgr
America
America's Cup Bermuda - O'pen BIC Halftime Show
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: BIC Sport
The Halftime Speech
The Halftime Speech
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: LifeAccordingToJimmy
Paul McCartney - Super Bowl Halftime Show 2005 - Full Show (HD)
Paul McCartney - Super Bowl Halftime Show 2005 - Full Show (HD)
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: MusicNic
Prince Performs “Purple Rain” During Downpour | Super Bowl XLI Halftime Show | NFL
Prince Performs “Purple Rain” During Downpour | Super Bowl XLI Halftime Show | NFL
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: NFL
Jack U - Clippers Half Time Performance ft. Kai, Fly Boi Keno, Dinky, Marawa the Amazing and more
Jack U - Clippers Half Time Performance ft. Kai, Fly Boi Keno, Dinky, Marawa the Amazing and more
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: Jack Ü
Lady Gaga Interview on Her Superbowl Halftime Show | GMA
Lady Gaga Interview on Her Superbowl Halftime Show | GMA
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Good Morning America
2018 NBA PLAYOFFS SIMULATED IN NBA2K17!?!
2018 NBA PLAYOFFS SIMULATED IN NBA2K17!?!
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Halftime Productions
Ellen
Ellen's Halftime Game
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: TheEllenShow
The Halftime Speech 2
The Halftime Speech 2
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: LifeAccordingToJimmy
BILLY LYNN
BILLY LYNN'S LONG HALFTIME WALK - Official Trailer #2 (HD)
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Sony Pictures Entertainment
The Halftime Show-Super Bowl XXXV(2001)
The Halftime Show-Super Bowl XXXV(2001)
Published: 2008/05/06
Channel: nibelungenstar
CRAZY Dunks At Halftime Of Celebrity Game Ft. Jordan Kilganon And Crew!
CRAZY Dunks At Halftime Of Celebrity Game Ft. Jordan Kilganon And Crew!
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: NBA
Nas - Halftime Uncensored HQ
Nas - Halftime Uncensored HQ
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: McJosh313
Sofie Dossi Halftime Show NCAA Final Four
Sofie Dossi Halftime Show NCAA Final Four
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Mysterio Promotions
BILLY LYNN
BILLY LYNN'S LONG HALFTIME WALK - Teaser Trailer (HD)
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Sony Pictures Entertainment
Kevin Hart
Kevin Hart's Half Time House Party 2017
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: LOL Network
NUMBERJACKS | Half Time | S2E10
NUMBERJACKS | Half Time | S2E10
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Numberjacks
Jabbawockeez at NBA Finals 2017 Game 5 HalfTime | FULL performance
Jabbawockeez at NBA Finals 2017 Game 5 HalfTime | FULL performance
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: OFrazK
Elzhi - Halftime
Elzhi - Halftime
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: ElzhiVEVO
Beyoncé - Super Bowl Halftime Show 2013 (Full + Playlist)
Beyoncé - Super Bowl Halftime Show 2013 (Full + Playlist)
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Irineu Damo - Traduções
Madonna Super Bowl Half Time Show HD (2012) Very High Quality
Madonna Super Bowl Half Time Show HD (2012) Very High Quality
Published: 2012/04/21
Channel: TheKarlsruheprotest
Flo Rida – 2017 NBA Finals halftime performance (Game 3)
Flo Rida – 2017 NBA Finals halftime performance (Game 3)
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Flo Rida
NBA 2K17 My Team - No Halftime Report! FA Shaq Cavs Theme! PS4 Pro 4K
NBA 2K17 My Team - No Halftime Report! FA Shaq Cavs Theme! PS4 Pro 4K
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Chris Smoove
Beyoncé Super Bowl 2013 Halftime Show Full HD
Beyoncé Super Bowl 2013 Halftime Show Full HD
Published: 2013/03/25
Channel: matteodc8
EPIC HALFTIME CHALLENGE
EPIC HALFTIME CHALLENGE
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Theo Baker
Our music in Billy Lynn
Our music in Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk Official Teaser
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Scala & Kolacny Brothers
The Rap Game: Football Game Halftime Performances (Season 3, Episode 9) | Lifetime
The Rap Game: Football Game Halftime Performances (Season 3, Episode 9) | Lifetime
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Lifetime
Raptors Halftime Show - DJ Jazzy Jeff, Skratch Bastid, Hedspin & Four Color Zack
Raptors Halftime Show - DJ Jazzy Jeff, Skratch Bastid, Hedspin & Four Color Zack
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: SkratchBastidTV
Eric Church Thanksgiving Halftime Performance in Dallas | LIVE 11-24-16
Eric Church Thanksgiving Halftime Performance in Dallas | LIVE 11-24-16
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Sam's Secret Collection
U2  Superbowl Half time show 03/02/2002 New Orleans
U2 Superbowl Half time show 03/02/2002 New Orleans
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: u2lexxie
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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In several team sports, matches are played in two halves. Half-time (also written halftime or half time) is the name given to the interval between the two halves of the match. Typically, after half-time teams swap ends of the field of play, in order to reduce any advantage that may be gained from wind or a slope to the playing surface, for example.

While it exists mainly to allow competitors to rest briefly and recover from the play of the first half, half-time also serves a number of other purposes. It also serves as an intermission for spectators, and it often features entertainment, such as cheerleading performances, tifos, performances by school marching bands (particularly in high school and collegiate sports in North America), or concerts featuring popular music acts (particularly in major events, such as the Super Bowl). On games that are broadcast on television and radio, it also provides broadcasters with an opportunity to give a recap of the first half of the game, air highlights of other games in progress, air commercials and other advertisements, provide analysis on the game, or air game-related festivities (such as an aforementioned half-time performance). In the NFL (National Football League), halftime is usually around 12 minutes. Although major events like the Super Bowl have around 30 minutes of halftime featuring a musical performance.

History[edit]

The origin of changing ends at half-time lies in the early English public school football games. One early use of a fixed half-time, and it is suggested the origin of the practice, was to allow for two football teams each used to a different set of rules to play half of the game by familiar rules, and half by the opposition rules. This was practised notably between followers of Eton-rules football (closer to modern association football) and Rugby-rules football (closer to modern rugby Rugby union). This use of half-time was unnecessary after the standardisation of football rules in 1863 (see Laws of the Game) but is still used for the now-rare contests between teams playing different codes of football. Changing ends at half-time (if no goals had been scored) was part of the following schools' codes: Brighton, Eton, Rossall, Sheffield, and Winchester. Other schools changed every time that side scored (Cheltenham, FA, Harrow, Marlborough, Rugby, Shrewsbury, Uppingham schools)[1] The 1863 Cambridge Rules state: "In a match when half the time agreed upon has elapsed, the side shall change goals when the ball is next out of play".

Overview[edit]

One benefit of half-time in a field game is to allow teams to swap their positions on the field in order that the effects of the natural conditions such as sunlight and wind direction are experienced fairly by both teams. In some sports this is achieved without the need for half-time: for example, in cricket fielding positions of players are rotated after a set passage of play. In other sports no such provision is necessary, for example in baseball, where playing positions do not change and both teams occupy the same locations on the field of play, though there is frequent rotation of players in the ordinary course of play.

Half-time for spectators offers the opportunity to visit the toilet, get some food or drink, or just exercise cramped limbs, without the fear of missing any of the action. A half-time show may be put on for the spectators to keep their attention, most famously in the case of the American football Super Bowl. As many spectators at the ground may be otherwise occupied using stadium facilities it might be inferred that the scale and spectacle of half-time entertainment is more directly related to the size of the potential television audience.

In many sports that are televised, half-time offers the opportunity to advertise, a valuable source of revenue for television companies. In addition, it allows analysis of the game so far by pundits; controversial incidents or exceptional play may be highlighted at this time. It also allows viewers to catch up with any action that they may have missed. Half-time has spawned one of the most enduring clichés to describe football: that "it's a game of two halves."[2]

List of team sports[edit]

With half-time[edit]

Sport Length of half-time Length of a half
American football 12 (professional) or 20 (college) minutes[3] Two 15 minute quarters. Each half is 30 minutes. In IFAF, two 12-minute quarters, with each half at 24 minutes.
Association football 15 minutes 45 minutes plus injury time
Australian rules football 20 minutes Two periods (quarters) of 20 minutes plus stoppage time
Bandy ≤20 minutes[4] 45 minutes plus injury time, replacement time etc.[4]
Basketball 15 minutes Two periods (quarters) of 10 (FIBA, WNBA, WNBL, NBL) or 12 minutes each (NBA) or one period (halves) of 20 minutes (U. S. college basketball).
Canoe Polo 1–3 minutes 7–10 minutes
Field hockey 10 minutes 35 minutes
Gaelic football 12 minutes 30 or 35 minutes
Handball 10 minutes 30 minutes
Hurling 12 minutes 30 or 35 minutes
Lacrosse 12 minutes in NLL only Two periods (quarters) of 15 minutes each in NLL
Netball 5 minutes Two periods (quarters) of 15 minutes each
Rugby league 10 minutes 40 minutes
Rugby union 10-15 minutes 40 minutes
Rugby sevens (union) 1 minute (2 minutes in competition finals) 7 minutes (10 minutes in competition finals)
Shinty 15 minutes 45 minutes

With intervals other than half-time[edit]

No half-time or equivalent[edit]

(other than to allow movement of players in the natural course of play and/or TV commercials)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Football, The First Hundred Years: The Untold Story. Adrian Harvey. Routledge, Abingdon, 2005 p. 184
  2. ^ It's a Game of Two Halves Independent, 16 December 2007, accessed 19 September 2009
  3. ^ College football gets uniform instant replay system USA Today, 5 May 2006
  4. ^ a b "Bandy Playing Rules: Rule 4. Playing time" (PDF). Federation of International Bandy. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 

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