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Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
Published: 2013/05/24
Channel: John Sealand
Röchling - Standortportrait Haren
Röchling - Standortportrait Haren
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Röchling - Competence in Plastics
Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: Rtv Mediaproductie
ME AND MY DRUMMER - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
ME AND MY DRUMMER - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
COMA - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
COMA - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Thank You HAREN, Germany
Thank You HAREN, Germany
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Ij Marquez
Maritime Meile Haren
Maritime Meile Haren
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: GD2 Media
Antreten zum Festumzug Schützenfest Emmeln (Haren/Niedersachsen) 09. Juni 2013
Antreten zum Festumzug Schützenfest Emmeln (Haren/Niedersachsen) 09. Juni 2013
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: John Sealand
Best places to visit
Best places to visit
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Best places to visit
Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern - Urlaub beginnt genau hier!
Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern - Urlaub beginnt genau hier!
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: Mov(e)motions
Unterwegs auf der Ems bei Haren
Unterwegs auf der Ems bei Haren
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: John Sealand
MR. BUKIT - Waiting (Live at "Haren rockt!" - April 2015)
MR. BUKIT - Waiting (Live at "Haren rockt!" - April 2015)
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Harlem Shake (Original Army Edition)
Harlem Shake (Original Army Edition)
Published: 2013/02/10
Channel: Kenneth Håkonsen
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: John Sealand
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: RonexR
THE ANTI-D
THE ANTI-D's - Thrill Of Curiosity (Live at "Haren rockt"/Germany - April 2016)
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Germany Haren
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Germany Haren
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Favorite Resorts
Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: John Sealand
Rainbow---Regenbogen in Haren (Ems)---Germany/Lower Saxony
Rainbow---Regenbogen in Haren (Ems)---Germany/Lower Saxony
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: John Sealand
Waterplayground @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Waterplayground @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Mov(e)motions
"Eindelijk op weg" 10a
"Eindelijk op weg" 10a's photos around Haren, Germany
Published: 2011/02/16
Channel: TripAdvisorTRIPWOW2
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Katholischen Kirche (Plenum)
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Katholischen Kirche (Plenum)
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: DennisWubs
Joe Undercover Haren Part 7
Joe Undercover Haren Part 7
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Alle Rutschen / All Water Slides Schloss Dankern (2016 Version) Onride
Alle Rutschen / All Water Slides Schloss Dankern (2016 Version) Onride
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: tuberides1
Joe Undercover Haren Part 6
Joe Undercover Haren Part 6
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Body² Racer from Aquarena @ Schloss Dankern, Haren
Body² Racer from Aquarena @ Schloss Dankern, Haren
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Mov(e)motions
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Xtremerides
All Onslides Spassbad Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Duitsland
All Onslides Spassbad Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Duitsland
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: Xtremerides
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Xtremerides
Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: John Sealand
Joe Undercover Haren Part 4
Joe Undercover Haren Part 4
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Gymnasium Haren
Gymnasium Haren
Published: 2010/04/12
Channel: gymharen1
Procol Harum - A Whiter Shade of Pale, live in Denmark 2006
Procol Harum - A Whiter Shade of Pale, live in Denmark 2006
Published: 2011/04/21
Channel: Widespreadpanic41
Conamaro - Haren Rütenbrock Kanal
Conamaro - Haren Rütenbrock Kanal
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: Conamaro Valkkruiser
HVOB @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
HVOB @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: NudaVeritas
Trichterrutsche Aqua Bowl @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Trichterrutsche Aqua Bowl @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Mov(e)motions
Baggerpark Haren(Ems) 04.09.2015
Baggerpark Haren(Ems) 04.09.2015
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: Sebastian Neininger
Bergfilm @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Bergfilm @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: NudaVeritas
Laserlight Mission - Interactive Laser Game / Maze
Laserlight Mission - Interactive Laser Game / Maze
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Laserlight Showdesign
Right-angled
Right-angled 'TILL DEYMANN' Spotted leaving a Lock in Groningen - #535NL
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: ShipSpotting Nederland
BLOODLIGHTS - New England (Live @ Rüt
BLOODLIGHTS - New England (Live @ Rüt'n'Rock Festival Germany - August 2013)
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Iron Maiden   Live at Rock am Ring 2014   Full uncut show
Iron Maiden Live at Rock am Ring 2014 Full uncut show
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: The Ultimatefly
'ROLF-HEIN' Spotted when it Suddenly began to rain
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: ShipSpotting Nederland
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: John Sealand
Haren Emsland: Glocke 1 der Katholischen Kirche
Haren Emsland: Glocke 1 der Katholischen Kirche
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: DennisWubs
Flugplatz Dankern. Flight in autumn with VIPER TRIKE
Flugplatz Dankern. Flight in autumn with VIPER TRIKE
Published: 2013/09/14
Channel: Kanton Thomas
Haren Emsland: Glocke 2 der Katholischen Kirche
Haren Emsland: Glocke 2 der Katholischen Kirche
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: DennisWubs
Emswiesen in Haren (Ems)
Emswiesen in Haren (Ems)
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Gerd Bruns
Turborutsche :: Speed Slide | Topas Spaßbad Schloss Dankern (Haren/Ems)
Turborutsche :: Speed Slide | Topas Spaßbad Schloss Dankern (Haren/Ems)
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Rutscherlebnis.de
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche (Plenum)
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche (Plenum)
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: DennisWubs
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Haren, Germany
View towards the town centre of Haren
View towards the town centre of Haren
Coat of arms of Haren, Germany
Coat of arms
Haren, Germany   is located in Germany
Haren, Germany
Haren, Germany
Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Emsland
Government
 • Mayor Markus Honnigfort (CDU)
Area
 • Total 208.76 km2 (80.60 sq mi)
Elevation 9-15 m (−40 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 23,545
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 49733
Dialling codes 05932
Vehicle registration EL
Website www.haren.de

Haren (Polish: 1945–1948 Maczków) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany in the district of Emsland.

History[edit]

Haren was first mentioned in the Middle Ages (around 890) in a registry of the Corvey Abbey. Around 1150 the settlement of Neuharen ("New Haren") was founded, while the nearby Altharen ("Old Haren") formed around a local castle, belonging to the bishop of Munster, who bought it around 1252 from Duchess Jutta von Ravensberg. At the end of the Thirty Years War Haren was almost completely destroyed, but soon recovered and became a notable trading port at the Ems River. The inhabitants of Haren were in large part tradesmen and sailors, transporting grain and other commodities down the Ems River.

During the Napoleonic epoch in 1803 the town was given to the Duke of Arenberg as a compensation for the lands on the other side of the river. However, already in 1810 the town was directly incorporated into the French Empire. At the Congress of Vienna Haren, together with the entire Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen, was assigned to the Kingdom of Hanover, which in turn in 1866 became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following the Franco-Prussian War a large prisoner of war camp was set up in the vicinity. The French prisoners built, among other facilities, the Haren-Rütenbrock canal, thanks to which turf started to be produced in the area. Despite all the changes, until 1913 both settlements were directly administered by the church. Only then did the German government take over the administrative area of Meppen, to which Haren belonged.

By 1935 there were 205 ships of various sizes registered in Haren. While some of them were mobilised and lost at sea during World War II, Haren remains a notable port of registry for German ships. Altharen and Neuharen were finally united in October 1956 and in December 1965 Haren received city rights.

Polish enclave[edit]

Polish servicewoman near Haren

At the end of World War II there were over 3 million Polish citizens in Germany, most of them displaced persons (DPs) who got there either as slave labourers, prisoners of German concentration camps or prisoners of war. As the political situation in Communist-controlled Poland was uncertain, the Allied authorities decided to create a Polish enclave in Germany that would serve both as a resettlement camp, local cultural centre and a station from which the DPs could further be dispatched to Poland or various western states. As Haren lay in the occupation zone administered by the Polish I Corps (and more specifically the Polish 1st Armoured Division), it was chosen as the most appropriate centre of a Polish enclave in Germany.

On 19 May 1945, the Polish 1st Armoured Division, a unit attached to the British Army moved all of the thousand families of Haren out to surrounding communities. Over 4000 Poles from Labor camps and prisoner-of-war camps in Northern Germany moved into the town.[2] Many of them had been members of the Polish Home Army, men and women, who had fought in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Initially the new Polish enclave was named Lwów, after the city in South-Eastern Poland by then occupied and later annexed by the Soviet Union. However, under Soviet pressure the name was then changed to Maczków, in honour of General Stanislaw Maczek, the commanding officer of the Armoured Division and the local Allied occupation forces.[2] The streets in the town were renamed to Polish, either honouring various military units (Legionów Str., Artyleryjska Str.) or named after streets in Warsaw (Ujazdowskie Avenue).

During the next months, a Polish town with a Polish mayor, a Polish school, a folk high school, a Polish fire brigade and a Polish rectory were established. The latter registered 289 weddings and 101 funerals. 479 Poles have birth certificates showing Maczków as place of birth. As there were hundreds of thousands of Poles in the area administered by the 1st Armoured Division, "Maczków" also served as a cultural centre: newspapers were being published there on a daily basis (Dziennik and Defilada eventually reaching 90 thousand copies), a theatre was opened (led by Leon Schiller) and concert halls were active. Among the most notable events held in the Polish enclave was a 1947 concert by Benjamin Britten and Lord Yehudi Menuhin.

In the Autumn of 1946 the Polish forces stationed in North-Western Germany started to be demobilised and ferried back to the United Kingdom. Also the civilian inhabitants started to return to Poland or move to other European states. Eventually by the end of 1948 the town was returned to the original inhabitants (and renamed back to Haren).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Haren is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
  2. ^ a b Karl Forster. "Haren - Lwów - Maczków - Haren; Eine polnische Stadt in Deutschland (A Polish city in Germany)". polen-news.de (in German). Deutsch-Polnische Gesellschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 

External links[edit]

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