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1
Hotel Greive, Haren, Germany
Hotel Greive, Haren, Germany
::2014/05/24::
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2
Hotel Greive - Haren - Germany
Hotel Greive - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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3
Golfpark Gut Düneburg, Haren, Germany
Golfpark Gut Düneburg, Haren, Germany
::2014/05/24::
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Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
::2012/10/03::
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5
Hotel Restaurant Hagen, Haren, Germany
Hotel Restaurant Hagen, Haren, Germany
::2014/05/24::
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6
EVE Resort  Spa Hotel - Haren - Germany
EVE Resort Spa Hotel - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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Hotel Restaurant Hagen - Haren - Germany
Hotel Restaurant Hagen - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Haren - Germany
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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Landhaus Hubertushof Hotel - Haren - Germany
Landhaus Hubertushof Hotel - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
::2013/05/30::
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Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland, Haren, Germany
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland, Haren, Germany
::2014/05/24::
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"Eindelijk op weg" 10a
"Eindelijk op weg" 10a's photos around Haren, Germany
::2011/02/16::
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13
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
::2012/09/26::
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Golfpark Gut Duneburg Hotel - Haren - Germany
Golfpark Gut Duneburg Hotel - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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15
EVE Resort  Spa, Haren, Germany
EVE Resort Spa, Haren, Germany
::2014/05/24::
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Thank You HAREN, Germany
Thank You HAREN, Germany
::2014/03/10::
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17
TIME-OUT Hotel - Haren - Germany
TIME-OUT Hotel - Haren - Germany
::2014/07/10::
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18
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
::2013/03/20::
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19
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
::2013/03/20::
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20
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
::2013/07/27::
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21
Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
::2013/05/24::
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Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
::2014/01/26::
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Ultimate Cold Water Challenge von Sven und Fabi Haren / Ems the best 2014
Ultimate Cold Water Challenge von Sven und Fabi Haren / Ems the best 2014
::2014/07/20::
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24
thihagod kalum bodhiana.dayasiri.haren pranndu
thihagod kalum bodhiana.dayasiri.haren pranndu
::2014/07/09::
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25
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
::2014/04/13::
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26
Antreten zum Festumzug Schützenfest Emmeln (Haren/Niedersachsen) 09. Juni 2013
Antreten zum Festumzug Schützenfest Emmeln (Haren/Niedersachsen) 09. Juni 2013
::2013/06/09::
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27
19.04.
19.04.'14 Rütenbrock vs Haren Kreispokal Viertelfinale
::2014/04/19::
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28
Gymnasium Haren
Gymnasium Haren
::2010/04/12::
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29
Cold Water Challenge von H&G Hopster OHG Haren
Cold Water Challenge von H&G Hopster OHG Haren
::2014/08/04::
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30
Haren Ems Emsland 8 6 2013 MS
Haren Ems Emsland 8 6 2013 MS
::2013/07/28::
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31
Haren (Ems) Kirmes 2014
Haren (Ems) Kirmes 2014
::2014/08/31::
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32
Break Dance (Welte) - Haren (Ems) Kirmes 2014
Break Dance (Welte) - Haren (Ems) Kirmes 2014
::2014/08/31::
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33
Binnenvaart Masters 2014 - Haren Ems
Binnenvaart Masters 2014 - Haren Ems
::2014/07/06::
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34
Neue Steganlage im neuen Jachthafen Haren (Ems)
Neue Steganlage im neuen Jachthafen Haren (Ems)
::2014/02/12::
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35
Binnenvaart Masters 2013 - Haren (Ems) - Golf Tournament
Binnenvaart Masters 2013 - Haren (Ems) - Golf Tournament
::2013/06/20::
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36
Schützenfest 2013 in Haren-Rütenbrock (Emsland) Teil 1
Schützenfest 2013 in Haren-Rütenbrock (Emsland) Teil 1
::2013/07/21::
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37
Tauchen im Dankernsee Haren
Tauchen im Dankernsee Haren
::2013/05/12::
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Volti-Trainingslager in Haren, März 2013
Volti-Trainingslager in Haren, März 2013
::2013/04/28::
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39
Haren Relschoppers bij Project X - Opsporing Verzocht
Haren Relschoppers bij Project X - Opsporing Verzocht
::2012/11/04::
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40
HAREN Majesteit, een sprookje
HAREN Majesteit, een sprookje
::2012/09/21::
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41
Fahrt von Haren Emmeln nach Meppen Nödike
Fahrt von Haren Emmeln nach Meppen Nödike
::2012/06/26::
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42
IG Metall-Toraktion leitet BR-Wahl bei Aero Ems in Haren ein!
IG Metall-Toraktion leitet BR-Wahl bei Aero Ems in Haren ein!
::2014/03/31::
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43
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche (Plenum)
Haren Emsland: Glocken der Evangelisch Lutherischen Kirche (Plenum)
::2013/10/09::
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44
Harlem Shake (Haren Shake) Olympus PPS
Harlem Shake (Haren Shake) Olympus PPS
::2013/03/01::
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Defensive guru, James Haren, calls for switch
Defensive guru, James Haren, calls for switch
::2014/05/03::
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Cold Water Challenge - Patrick Haren
Cold Water Challenge - Patrick Haren
::2014/05/18::
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47
Schiffsverladung von Rotorblättern im Eurohafen Haren-Meppen
Schiffsverladung von Rotorblättern im Eurohafen Haren-Meppen
::2013/11/28::
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Café Kuffiestoawe aus 49733 Haren (Ems), Branche: Cafés
Café Kuffiestoawe aus 49733 Haren (Ems), Branche: Cafés
::2014/07/08::
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Pro Dachreinigung Neuenhaus Nordhorn Lingen Rheine Meppen Haren Bentheim Osnabrück
Pro Dachreinigung Neuenhaus Nordhorn Lingen Rheine Meppen Haren Bentheim Osnabrück
::2013/06/24::
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slag haren pretpark
slag haren pretpark
::2013/11/10::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Haren, Germany
View towards the town centre of Haren
View towards the town centre of Haren
Coat of arms of Haren, Germany
Coat of arms
Haren, Germany   is located in Germany
Haren, Germany
Haren, Germany
Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Emsland
Subdivisions 12 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Markus Honnigfort (CDU)
Area
 • Total 208.76 km2 (80.60 sq mi)
Elevation 9-15 m (−40 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 23,090
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 49733
Dialling codes 05932
Vehicle registration EL
Website www.haren.de

Haren is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany in the district of Emsland.

History[edit]

Haren was first mentioned in the Middle Ages (around 890) in a registry of the Corvey Abbey. Around 1150 the settlement of Neuharen ("New Haren") was founded, while the nearby Altharen ("Old Haren") formed around a local castle, belonging to the bishop of Munster, who bought it around 1252 from Duchess Jutta von Ravensberg. At the end of the Thirty Years War Haren was almost completely destroyed, but soon recovered and became a notable trading port at the Ems River. The inhabitants of Haren were in large part tradesmen and sailors, transporting grain and other commodities down the Ems River.

During the Napoleonic epoch in 1803 the town was given to the Duke of Arenberg as a compensation for the lands on the other side of the river. However, already in 1810 the town was directly incorporated into the French Empire. At the Congress of Vienna Haren, together with the entire Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen, was assigned to the Kingdom of Hanover, which in turn in 1866 became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following the Franco-Prussian War a large prisoner of war camp was set up in the vicinity. The French prisoners built, among other facilities, the Haren-Rütenbrock canal, thanks to which turf started to be produced in the area. Despite all the changes, until 1913 both settlements were directly administered by the church. Only then did the German government take over the administrative area of Meppen, to which Haren belonged.

By 1935 there were 205 ships of various sizes registered in Haren. While some of them were mobilised and lost at sea during World War II, Haren remains a notable port of registry for German ships. Altharen and Neuharen were finally united in October 1956 and in December 1965 Haren received city rights.

Polish enclave[edit]

Polish servicewoman near Haren

At the end of World War II there were over 3 million Polish citizens in Germany, most of them displaced persons (DPs) who got there either as slave labourers, prisoners of German concentration camps or prisoners of war. As the political situation in Communist-controlled Poland was uncertain, the Allied authorities decided to create a Polish enclave in Germany that would serve both as a resettlement camp, local cultural centre and a station from which the DPs could further be dispatched to Poland or various western states. As Haren lay in the occupation zone administered by the Polish I Corps (and more specifically the Polish 1st Armoured Division), it was chosen as the most appropriate centre of a Polish enclave in Germany.

On 19 May 1945, the Polish 1st Armoured Division, a unit attached to the British Army moved all of the thousand families of Haren out to surrounding communities. Over 4000 Poles from Labor camps and prisoner-of-war camps in Northern Germany moved into the town.[2] Many of them had been members of the Polish Home Army, men and women, who had fought in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Initially the new Polish enclave was named Lwów, after the city in South-Eastern Poland by then occupied and later annexed by the Soviet Union. However, under Soviet pressure the name was then changed to Maczków, in honour of General Stanislaw Maczek, the commanding officer of the Armoured Division and the local Allied occupation forces.[2] The streets in the town were renamed to Polish, either honouring various military units (Legionów Str., Artyleryjska Str.) or named after streets in Warsaw (Ujazdowskie Avenue).

During the next months, a Polish town with a Polish mayor, a Polish school, a folk high school, a Polish fire brigade and a Polish rectory were established. The latter registered 289 weddings and 101 funerals. 479 Poles have birth certificates showing Maczków as place of birth. As there were hundreds of thousands of Poles in the area administered by the 1st Armoured Division, "Maczków" also served as a cultural centre: newspapers were being published there on a daily basis (Dziennik and Defilada eventually reaching 90 thousand copies), a theatre was opened (led by Leon Schiller) and concert halls were active. Among the most notable events held in the Polish enclave was a 1947 concert by Benjamin Britten and Lord Yehudi Menuhin.

In the Autumn of 1946 the Polish forces stationed in North-Eastern Germany started to be demobilised and ferried back to the United Kingdom. Also the civilian inhabitants started to return to Poland or move to other European states. Eventually by the end of 1948 the town was returned to the original inhabitants (and renamed back to Haren).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Haren is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2013 (Tabelle K1020014)
  2. ^ a b (German) Karl Forster. "Haren - Lwów - Maczków - Haren; Eine polnische Stadt in Deutschland (A Polish city in Germany)". polen-news.de. Deutsch-Polnische Gesellschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 

External links[edit]

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