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Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
Haren (Lower-Saxony/Germany) City Centre ----Haren (Niedersachsen) Stadtzentrum
Published: 2013/05/24
Channel: John Sealand
Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
Schlagertreff 2012 ( Haren - Germany )
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: Rtv Mediaproductie
Röchling - Standortportrait Haren
Röchling - Standortportrait Haren
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Röchling - Competence in Plastics
My APARTMENT TOUR || Haren Germany
My APARTMENT TOUR || Haren Germany
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: Putri Daris Suci
Thank You HAREN, Germany
Thank You HAREN, Germany
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Ij Marquez
Ein paar Bilder aus Haren
Ein paar Bilder aus Haren
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Gerd Bruns
Haren (Ems), am 11 03 2017
Haren (Ems), am 11 03 2017
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Gerd Bruns
ME AND MY DRUMMER - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
ME AND MY DRUMMER - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Sportanglerverein Haren (Ems) e.V.
Sportanglerverein Haren (Ems) e.V.
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Gerd Bruns
Unterwegs auf der Ems bei Haren
Unterwegs auf der Ems bei Haren
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: John Sealand
BBC HAREN
BBC HAREN
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: alaricdogface
party-people aus haren
party-people aus haren
Published: 2011/11/10
Channel: luna zobel
Emswiesen in Haren (Ems)
Emswiesen in Haren (Ems)
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Gerd Bruns
Haren an der Ems
Haren an der Ems
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Droneyune 500
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland (Haren, Germany)
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland (Haren, Germany)
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
Xul Zolar @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Xul Zolar @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: NudaVeritas
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
Daniella Menke Intervieuw "Radio Parkstad NL" in Haren Germany
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: RonexR
Hotel Greive (Haren, Germany)
Hotel Greive (Haren, Germany)
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
Golfpark Gut Düneburg (Haren, Germany)
Golfpark Gut Düneburg (Haren, Germany)
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Top Hotels Best Prices
One World.One Company. - Fredrik Haren
One World.One Company. - Fredrik Haren
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: Fredrik Haren
Waterplayground @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Waterplayground @ Topas Ferienzentrum Schloss Dankern, Germany by Aquarena
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Coastervideos
COMA - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
COMA - Live at Neon Fields Festival (Haren/Germany - June 2016)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
Driving from Haren (Lower Saxony,Germany) to Gronau (North Rhine Westphalia,Germany)
Published: 2013/07/27
Channel: John Sealand
Gymnasium Haren
Gymnasium Haren
Published: 2010/04/12
Channel: gymharen1
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Speedbaan Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Xtremerides
Fahrt von Haren Emmeln nach Meppen Nödike
Fahrt von Haren Emmeln nach Meppen Nödike
Published: 2012/06/26
Channel: EenGeesterJung
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Germany Haren
Gut Landegge - Familotel Emsland - Germany Haren
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Favorite Resorts
Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
Fahrt von Haren(Germany) nach Emmer Compascuum(NL)---From Haren to Emmer Compascuum
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: John Sealand
THE ANTI-D
THE ANTI-D's - Thrill Of Curiosity (Live at "Haren rockt"/Germany - April 2016)
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Body² Racer from Aquarena @ Schloss Dankern, Haren
Body² Racer from Aquarena @ Schloss Dankern, Haren
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Coastervideos
Maritime Meile Haren
Maritime Meile Haren
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: GD2 Media
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Glijbaan IJssel Onslide Topas Dankern, Haren/Ems Germany
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: Xtremerides
Rainbow---Regenbogen in Haren (Ems)---Germany/Lower Saxony
Rainbow---Regenbogen in Haren (Ems)---Germany/Lower Saxony
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: John Sealand
Rangleklods @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Rangleklods @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: NudaVeritas
Alle Rutschen / All Water Slides Schloss Dankern (2016 Version) Onride
Alle Rutschen / All Water Slides Schloss Dankern (2016 Version) Onride
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: TUBERIDES
Joe Undercover Haren Part 6
Joe Undercover Haren Part 6
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Conamaro   - Dortmund Ems Kanal  - Datteln bis Haren
Conamaro - Dortmund Ems Kanal - Datteln bis Haren
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: Conamaro Valkkruiser
Joe Undercover Haren Part 4
Joe Undercover Haren Part 4
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Schützenfest in Haren  Ems Teil II. - Antreten bei Balcke.flv
Schützenfest in Haren Ems Teil II. - Antreten bei Balcke.flv
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: MrHeldderWelt
Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
Snowy landscape Haren/Emmeln (Germany)---Schneelandschaft Haren/Emmeln 26 January 2014
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: John Sealand
HVOB @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
HVOB @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: NudaVeritas
Joe Undercover Haren Part 7
Joe Undercover Haren Part 7
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Wo Perfo
Bruhn vs Haren
Bruhn vs Haren
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Randers FC
Bergfilm @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Bergfilm @ Neon Fields Festival 2015, Haren (GER)
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: NudaVeritas
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
Am Schiffahrtsmuseum in Haren Ems 12 April 2014
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: John Sealand
Baggerpark Haren(Ems) 04.09.2015
Baggerpark Haren(Ems) 04.09.2015
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: Sebastian Neininger
Neue Steganlage im neuen Jachthafen Haren (Ems)
Neue Steganlage im neuen Jachthafen Haren (Ems)
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: WSH
BLOODLIGHTS - New England (Live @ Rüt
BLOODLIGHTS - New England (Live @ Rüt'n'Rock Festival Germany - August 2013)
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: Minus Rockcity Meppen
Mais hakselen 2017 | Claas Xerion 4000 + 3800 | Fuhler | Claas Jaguar 940 | Fendt 936 | Haren | NL.
Mais hakselen 2017 | Claas Xerion 4000 + 3800 | Fuhler | Claas Jaguar 940 | Fendt 936 | Haren | NL.
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Mike van den Hardenberg
Haren (Ems) Dankernsee Wakeboard
Haren (Ems) Dankernsee Wakeboard
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Daniel Kl.
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Haren, Germany
View towards the town centre of Haren
View towards the town centre of Haren
Coat of arms of Haren, Germany
Coat of arms
Haren, Germany   is located in Germany
Haren, Germany
Haren, Germany
Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217Coordinates: 52°46′N 07°13′E / 52.767°N 7.217°E / 52.767; 7.217
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Emsland
Government
 • Mayor Markus Honnigfort (CDU)
Area
 • Total 208.76 km2 (80.60 sq mi)
Elevation 9-15 m (−40 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 23,545
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 49733
Dialling codes 05932
Vehicle registration EL
Website www.haren.de

Haren (Polish: 1945–1948 Maczków) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany in the district of Emsland.

History[edit]

Haren was first mentioned in the Middle Ages (around 890) in a registry of the Corvey Abbey. Around 1150 the settlement of Neuharen ("New Haren") was founded, while the nearby Altharen ("Old Haren") formed around a local castle, belonging to the bishop of Munster, who bought it around 1252 from Duchess Jutta von Ravensberg. At the end of the Thirty Years War Haren was almost completely destroyed, but soon recovered and became a notable trading port at the Ems River. The inhabitants of Haren were in large part tradesmen and sailors, transporting grain and other commodities down the Ems River.

During the Napoleonic epoch in 1803 the town was given to the Duke of Arenberg as a compensation for the lands on the other side of the river. However, already in 1810 the town was directly incorporated into the French Empire. At the Congress of Vienna Haren, together with the entire Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen, was assigned to the Kingdom of Hanover, which in turn in 1866 became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following the Franco-Prussian War a large prisoner of war camp was set up in the vicinity. The French prisoners built, among other facilities, the Haren-Rütenbrock canal, thanks to which turf started to be produced in the area. Despite all the changes, until 1913 both settlements were directly administered by the church. Only then did the German government take over the administrative area of Meppen, to which Haren belonged.

By 1935 there were 205 ships of various sizes registered in Haren. While some of them were mobilised and lost at sea during World War II, Haren remains a notable port of registry for German ships. Altharen and Neuharen were finally united in October 1956 and in December 1965 Haren received city rights.

Polish enclave[edit]

Polish servicewoman near Haren

At the end of World War II there were over 3 million Polish citizens in Germany, most of them displaced persons (DPs) who got there either as slave labourers, prisoners of German concentration camps or prisoners of war. As the political situation in Communist-controlled Poland was uncertain, the Allied authorities decided to create a Polish enclave in Germany that would serve both as a resettlement camp, local cultural centre and a station from which the DPs could further be dispatched to Poland or various western states. As Haren lay in the occupation zone administered by the Polish I Corps (and more specifically the Polish 1st Armoured Division), it was chosen as the most appropriate centre of a Polish enclave in Germany.

On 19 May 1945, the Polish 1st Armoured Division, a unit attached to the British Army moved all of the thousand families of Haren out to surrounding communities. Over 4000 Poles from Labor camps and prisoner-of-war camps in Northern Germany moved into the town.[2] Many of them had been members of the Polish Home Army, men and women, who had fought in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Initially the new Polish enclave was named Lwów, after the city in South-Eastern Poland by then occupied and later annexed by the Soviet Union. However, under Soviet pressure the name was then changed to Maczków, in honour of General Stanislaw Maczek, the commanding officer of the Armoured Division and the local Allied occupation forces.[2] The streets in the town were renamed to Polish, either honouring various military units (Legionów Str., Artyleryjska Str.) or named after streets in Warsaw (Ujazdowskie Avenue).

During the next months, a Polish town with a Polish mayor, a Polish school, a folk high school, a Polish fire brigade and a Polish rectory were established. The latter registered 289 weddings and 101 funerals. 479 Poles have birth certificates showing Maczków as place of birth. As there were hundreds of thousands of Poles in the area administered by the 1st Armoured Division, "Maczków" also served as a cultural centre: newspapers were being published there on a daily basis (Dziennik and Defilada eventually reaching 90 thousand copies), a theatre was opened (led by Leon Schiller) and concert halls were active. Among the most notable events held in the Polish enclave was a 1947 concert by Benjamin Britten and Lord Yehudi Menuhin.

In the Autumn of 1946 the Polish forces stationed in North-Western Germany started to be demobilised and ferried back to the United Kingdom. Also the civilian inhabitants started to return to Poland or move to other European states. Eventually by the end of 1948 the town was returned to the original inhabitants (and renamed back to Haren).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Haren is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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