Harris Corporation Logo
|Traded as||NYSE: HRS
S&P 500 Component
|Founder||Alfred S. Harris|
|William M. Brown, Chairman, President and CEO|
|Products||Defense and Communications|
|Revenue||US$5012.0 million (2014)|
|US$795.4 million (2014)|
|US$534.2 million (2014)|
|Total assets||US$4931.2 million (2014)|
|Total equity||US$1825.4 million (2014)|
Number of employees
|Divisions||RF Communications, Integrated Network Solutions, Government Communications Systems|
Harris Corporation is an American communications company and defense contractor that produces wireless equipment, tactical radios, electronic systems, night vision equipment and both terrestrial and spaceborne antennas for use in the government, defense and commercial sectors. Headquartered in Melbourne, Florida, the company has approximately $8 billion of annual revenue and more than 23,000 employees — including 9,000 engineers and scientists.
The company is the largest private-sector employer in Brevard County, Florida (approximately 6000). The company was the parent of Intersil (Harris Semiconductor). Most of the wireless start-ups in South Brevard County were founded and are staffed by former Harris Corporation engineers and technicians. The company's Digital Telephone Systems (DTS) division was sold to Teltronics.
In June 2015, Harris acquired Exelis Inc. and subsequently reorganized the company.
The "Harris Automatic Press Company" was founded by Alfred S. Harris in Niles, Ohio in 1895. The company spent the next 60 years developing lithographic processes and printing presses before acquiring typesetting company Intertype Corporation. In 1957, Harris acquired Gates Radio, a producer of broadcast transmitters and associated electronics gear, but kept the Gates brand name alive by putting the Gates sticker on the back of numerous transmitters that were labeled Harris on the front panels.
In 1960, they merged with Radiation, Inc. of Melbourne, Florida, a developer of antenna, integrated circuit, and modem technology used in the space race. The company headquarters was moved from Cleveland to Melbourne in 1978.
In 1969, Harris Corporation acquired RF Communications and Farinon, furthering its microwave assets. The printing operations were sold off in 1983 and are now known as GSS Printing Equipment. GSS Printing Equipment later acquired Lanier Worldwide, which itself was spun off from Harris Corporation in the late 1990s.[clarification needed]
In 1988, Harris acquired GE’s semiconductor business, which at this time, also incorporated the Intersil and RCA semiconductor businesses. These were combined with Harris' existing semiconductor businesses, which were then spun off in 1999 as an independent company, under the Intersil name.
In 1996, Harris Corporation formed a joint venture with Shenzhen Telecom Company to produce and sell Harris’ digital microwave radios and integrate them with other systems.[clarification needed]
In November 1998, Harris sold its commercial and standard military logic (semiconductor) product lines to Texas Instruments, which included the HC/HCT, CD4000, AC/ACT, and FCT product families. Harris retained production of the Radiation Hardened versions of these products.
In 2005, the corporation spent $870 million on research and development.
In January 2011 Harris re-opened its Calgary, Alberta avionics operation, Harris Canada Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Harris Corporation. The expanded facility's operations include among others the support of the work to be completed under the company's six-year, $273 million (CAD) services contract with the Government of Canada for the CF-18 Avionics Optimized Weapon System Support (OWSS) program.
On December 2012, Harris Corporation sold its broadcast equipment operations to the Gores Group which operates as Harris Broadcast. Harris received $225M for the transaction, exactly half of what it paid seven years earlier for Leitch Technology, its final acquisition for the Broadcast division.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2014)|
|Alfred S. Harris||President||1895–1947|
|George S. Dively||Chairman & CEO||1955–1972|
|Richard B. Tullis||Chairman & CEO||1972–1978|
|Joseph A. Boyd||Chairman & CEO||1978–1987|
|John T. Hartley||Chairman & CEO||1987 – June 1995|
|Phillip W. Farmer||Chairman, CEO & President||July 1995 – January 2003|
|Howard L. Lance||Chairman, CEO & President||February 2003 – October 2011|
|William M. Brown||Chairman, CEO & President||November 2011 – present|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2014)|
The Harris Communication Systems segment serves markets in tactical and airborne radios, night vision technology and defense and public safety networks.
Harris CapRock Communications provides managed communications services in remote and harsh locations for energy, maritime and government customers. It useds a combination of a dozen teleports on six continents and links from more than 60 satellites to connect remote customers.
The Harris Critical Networks segment provides managed services for air traffic management, energy and maritime communications and ground network operation and sustainment as well as Information Technology and engineering services.
The Harris Electronic Systems segment provides products and services in electronic warfare, avionics, wireless technology, C4I, undersea systems and aerostructures.
The Harris Space and Intelligence Systems segment provides capabilities in Earth observation, weather, geospatial monitoring, space protection and intelligence, including sensors and payloads, ground processing and information analytics.
Harris Corporation produces multiple cell-site simulator products, such as the StingRay, and Hailstorm phone trackers (see table below); These platforms masquerade as legitimate cellphone towers duping mobile devices to connect to them instead of real cellular networks, so that all wireless voice and data traffic originating in a given area are intercepted by the systems, enabling Stingray operators to conduct mass surveillance, as well as to pinpoint the location of mobile devices. Originally developed for the U.S. Navy, and later in the global "war on terror" abroad, they've increasingly seen use by domestic police agencies.
These platforms are controversial as they surveil communications of all mobile devices in their vicinity, including those of innocent individuals not suspected of any wrongdoing or crimes. Harris have been criticized by civil rights advocates for requiring local municipalities, police departments and state governments to enter into non-disclosure agreements (NDA) and to hide their usage of these surveillance technologies from citizens and the courts. Such NDA may violate public record and open access laws. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) filed two successful civil lawsuits over denied Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests and violations of the public records laws of Florida.
In September of 2014, as a result of successful litigation, ACLU received documents and emails between Harris Corporation and the Federal Communications Commission relating to FCC approval of Harris' surveillance systems. ACLU then sent a letter to FCC stating, in their view, Harris mislead FCC Office of Engineering and Technology staff during the regulatory review process by falsely claiming the systems were only used in emergency situations and not criminal investigations.
In 2006, Harris employees directly conducted wireless surveillance using StingRay units on behalf the Palm Bay Police Department — where Harris has a campus — in response to a bomb threat against a middle school. The search was conducted without a warrant or Judicial oversight.
In 2015 Santa Clara County pulled-out of contract negotiations with Harris for StingRay units, citing onerous restrictions imposed by Harris on what could be released under public records requests as the reason for exiting negotiations.
|Stingray||2001||$68,479||IMSI-catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata|
|Stingray II||2007||$134,952||IMSI-catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata|
|Kingfish||2003||$25,349||Surveillance transceiver for tracking mobile phones|
|Amberjack||2002||$35,015||Directional antenna used to help track mobile phones; used in conjunction with Stingray, Gossamer and Kingfish|
|Harpoon||2008||$16,000-$19,000||Linear amplifier to boost the signal of a Stingray or Kingfish|
|Hailstorm||?||$169,602||IMSI catcher. Gathers information from mobile phones including location and metadata. Also can intercept content.|
|Gossamer||2001||$19,696||IMSI catcher, smaller than Stingray, can be used for denial-of-service attacks on phones.|
|Triggerfish||1997||$90,000-$102,000||Intercepts mobile conversations in real time. May be obsolete|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
Below is a list of all Harris acquisitions, starting in 1995.
The portable StingRay device impersonates a cellphone tower, electronically fooling all nearby mobile phones — not just the suspect's phone — to send their signals into an LAPD computer. That signal reveals to police the location of phones in real time.
...police were claiming that non-disclosure agreements prevented them from getting a warrant to use the technology.
Police opted not to get warrants authorizing either their use of the stingray or the apartment search. Incredibly, this was apparently because they had signed a nondisclosure agreement with the company that gave them the device.
...Palm Bay Police Department simply borrowed a stingray directly from its manufacturer, the Harris Corporation—located down the road in Melbourne, Florida—to respond to a 2006 bomb threat at a school, absent any judicial oversight.
What happened was, we were in negotiations with Harris, and we couldn't get them to agree to even the most basic criteria we have in terms of being responsive to public records requests
This price list for Harris Corporation wireless surveillance products was published on the website of the City of Miami.
...police didn't comply with the state's public-records law because they did not fully disclose Stingray-related records and allowed Harris Corp. to dictate what information could be made public.