Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
02/27/70 Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., speaks out in favor of freedom-of-choice school a...
02/27/70 Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., speaks out in favor of freedom-of-choice school a...
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: nutty.archives
Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Comments on Apple Blossom
Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Comments on Apple Blossom
Published: 2008/05/06
Channel: WCTSUTV
10/04/66 Statement by Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., about forced desegregation of schools and hos...
10/04/66 Statement by Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., about forced desegregation of schools and hos...
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: nutty.archives
07/06/66 U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., comments on his campaign to win a special election fo...
07/06/66 U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., comments on his campaign to win a special election fo...
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: nutty.archives
Harry F. Byrd by a 4th grader
Harry F. Byrd by a 4th grader
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Betty Tabony
02/08/71 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., discusses deficit spending
02/08/71 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., discusses deficit spending
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: nutty.archives
Berryville in Clarke County, home of Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Berryville in Clarke County, home of Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: nutty.archives
03/27/69 United States Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., expresses opposition to President Richard M....
03/27/69 United States Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., expresses opposition to President Richard M....
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: nutty.archives
12/10/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., approves of the Geneva Protocol to ban germ and gas warfare
12/10/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., approves of the Geneva Protocol to ban germ and gas warfare
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: nutty.archives
10/15/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., announces that he will support the nomination of Judge Cle...
10/15/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., announces that he will support the nomination of Judge Cle...
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: nutty.archives
Harry F. Byrd, Jr School of Business Commercial
Harry F. Byrd, Jr School of Business Commercial
Published: 2008/04/26
Channel: dknowlesjr
State Senator William Hopkins offers opinion about why Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., did not ent...
State Senator William Hopkins offers opinion about why Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., did not ent...
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: nutty.archives
05/12/69 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., talks about his support of Job Corps Centers closings
05/12/69 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., talks about his support of Job Corps Centers closings
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: nutty.archives
04/07/70 U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., comments on Carswell nomination
04/07/70 U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., comments on Carswell nomination
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: nutty.archives
Living History  Makers: Colgate Darden on Harry Byrd
Living History Makers: Colgate Darden on Harry Byrd
Published: 2011/04/29
Channel: LibraryofVa
11/06/67 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., speaks at meeting of General Electric Management Club
11/06/67 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., speaks at meeting of General Electric Management Club
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: nutty.archives
2017 Business Symposium at the Harry F. Byrd Jr. School of Business
2017 Business Symposium at the Harry F. Byrd Jr. School of Business
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: ShenandoahUniversity
06/02/69 Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., advocates for continued control of Okinawa by the...
06/02/69 Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., advocates for continued control of Okinawa by the...
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: nutty.archives
07/06/62 Virginia State Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., and others smile for cameras
07/06/62 Virginia State Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., and others smile for cameras
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: nutty.archives
10/26/62 State Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., tells the Virginia Automotive Wholesalers that 40,00...
10/26/62 State Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., tells the Virginia Automotive Wholesalers that 40,00...
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: nutty.archives
US Senator Harry F Byrd and General Miles Reber enter Panzer Kaserne Headquarters...HD Stock Footage
US Senator Harry F Byrd and General Miles Reber enter Panzer Kaserne Headquarters...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/05
Channel: CriticalPast
10/22/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., calls for reduction in government spending
10/22/69 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., calls for reduction in government spending
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: nutty.archives
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 1
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 1
Published: 2008/02/29
Channel: WCTSUTV
05/09/67 Virginias Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., states why he voted against proposal
05/09/67 Virginias Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., states why he voted against proposal
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: nutty.archives
09/04/69 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr. speaks out in support for the Navys newest nuclear-powered air...
09/04/69 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr. speaks out in support for the Navys newest nuclear-powered air...
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: nutty.archives
11/30/58 Virginia State Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., discusses the relationship between the United ...
11/30/58 Virginia State Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., discusses the relationship between the United ...
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: nutty.archives
02/21/63 State Senator Harry F. Byrd delivers a speech before combined Roanoke City and County ...
02/21/63 State Senator Harry F. Byrd delivers a speech before combined Roanoke City and County ...
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: nutty.archives
08/06/63 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., discusses taxes, nuclear testing, and future candidacy at ...
08/06/63 Senator Harry F. Byrd, Jr., discusses taxes, nuclear testing, and future candidacy at ...
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: nutty.archives
02/21/63  State Senator Harry F. Byrd says that Virginia is ahead of all southern states except...
02/21/63 State Senator Harry F. Byrd says that Virginia is ahead of all southern states except...
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: nutty.archives
02/11/71 Virginia Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., introduces resolution to study the nations welfare p...
02/11/71 Virginia Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., introduces resolution to study the nations welfare p...
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: nutty.archives
11/30/58 Interview with Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., on Fidel Castro
11/30/58 Interview with Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., on Fidel Castro
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: nutty.archives
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 2
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 2
Published: 2008/02/29
Channel: WCTSUTV
The hearse of Harry Flood Byrd, Sr., leaves the Virginia State Capitol
The hearse of Harry Flood Byrd, Sr., leaves the Virginia State Capitol
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: nutty.archives
03/04/67 Senator Harry Byrd Jr. talks about his experiences during several trips to Cuba
03/04/67 Senator Harry Byrd Jr. talks about his experiences during several trips to Cuba
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: nutty.archives
08/06/63 Harry Byrd, Jr., speaks in Roanoke
08/06/63 Harry Byrd, Jr., speaks in Roanoke
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: nutty.archives
Centeraisle Presentation Honoring Harry Byrd Jr. in House of Delegates
Centeraisle Presentation Honoring Harry Byrd Jr. in House of Delegates
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Del. Mark Berg
11/30/58 Virginia State Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., evaluates the leadership abilities of Fidel Castro
11/30/58 Virginia State Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., evaluates the leadership abilities of Fidel Castro
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: nutty.archives
Harry Flood Byrd Sr. and Massive Resistance
Harry Flood Byrd Sr. and Massive Resistance
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Social Justice Connections LLC
02/23/71 Senator Harry F. Byrd opposes raising national debt ceiling
02/23/71 Senator Harry F. Byrd opposes raising national debt ceiling
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: nutty.archives
03/04/67 Senator Byrd gives interview on current events to station
03/04/67 Senator Byrd gives interview on current events to station
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: nutty.archives
02/04/70 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., find report on government size
02/04/70 Senator Harry Byrd, Jr., find report on government size
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: nutty.archives
Kelani has gained so much from the Harry F.  Byrd School of Business
Kelani has gained so much from the Harry F. Byrd School of Business
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: The Shenandoah Fund
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 3
The Entrepreneur Boot Camp, Part 3
Published: 2008/02/29
Channel: WCTSUTV
Disney Animator Floyd Norman Shares Insights
Disney Animator Floyd Norman Shares Insights
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: ShenandoahUniversity
03/30/66 Senator Byrd announces candidacy
03/30/66 Senator Byrd announces candidacy
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: nutty.archives
12/11/56 Virginia gubernatorial candidate J. Lindsay Almond speaks on Harry F. Byrd and Democra...
12/11/56 Virginia gubernatorial candidate J. Lindsay Almond speaks on Harry F. Byrd and Democra...
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: nutty.archives
1969 Senator Harry Byrd comments on Russian launch
1969 Senator Harry Byrd comments on Russian launch
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: nutty.archives
Jim Youngblood Explains the Value of a MBA from Shenandoah University
Jim Youngblood Explains the Value of a MBA from Shenandoah University
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: ShenandoahUniversity
Harry F. Byrd Middle School 2010 Graduation
Harry F. Byrd Middle School 2010 Graduation
Published: 2010/06/19
Channel: cybrsufr
12/15/65 Rep. Caldwell praises Robinsons election to state senate seat held by Byrd
12/15/65 Rep. Caldwell praises Robinsons election to state senate seat held by Byrd
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: nutty.archives
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Harry F. Byrd Jr.
Hbyrdjr.jpg
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
November 12, 1965 – January 3, 1983
Preceded by Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Succeeded by Paul S. Trible Jr.
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 24th district
In office
January 8, 1958 – November 12, 1965
Preceded by George S. Aldhizer II
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 25th district
In office
January 14, 1948 – January 8, 1958
Preceded by Burgess E. Nelson
Succeeded by Edward O. McCue Jr.
Personal details
Born Harry Flood Byrd Jr.
(1914-12-20)December 20, 1914
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Died July 30, 2013(2013-07-30) (aged 98)
Winchester, Virginia
Political party Democratic (Before 1970)
Independent Democrat (1970–2013)
Spouse(s) Gretchen Bigelow Thomson (1941–1989)
Relations

Harry Flood Byrd, Sr. (father)

James M. Thompson (brother-in-law)
Children Harry, III
Thomas
Beverley
Military service
Years of service 1941–1945
Battles/wars World War II

Harry Flood Byrd Jr. (December 20, 1914 – July 30, 2013) was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and then represented Virginia in the United States Senate, for an aggregate of thirty-six years in elected public office. He was the first independent in the history of the U.S. Senate to be elected by a majority of the popular vote.

Family, education, and newspaper career[edit]

Byrd was born December 20, 1914 in Winchester, Virginia, the eldest child of Harry F. Byrd Sr. and wife Anne Byrd (née Beverley). His siblings included a sister, Westwood ("Westie") and two brothers, Richard Evelyn (Dick) and Beverley.[1] He was a member of one of the First Families of Virginia, including his uncle Richard E. Byrd, a pilot and polar explorer. On August 9, 1941 Byrd married Gretchen Thompson. They had two sons, Harry and Thomas, and a daughter Beverley.[2]

In 1931, at the urging of his father, Byrd enrolled at Virginia Military Institute; two years later he transferred to the University of Virginia, where he became a member of the St. Anthony Hall fraternity. He left the University in 1935 to shore up his father's newspaper, The Winchester Star. He also gave up an opportunity to join a global business in Paris. The Star had been without a full-time editor since his father had left to represent Virginia in the United States Senate in 1933. Upon his joining the paper, his father warned him, "If you make too many mistakes, you're gone." Within a year his son became editor and publisher while his father retained financial control and advised him on editorials.[3]

Byrd later assumed membership and then leadership roles on the paper's board of directors, dedicating 78 years to the enterprise in one capacity or another. Early in his career he also learned the business under the tutelage of John Crown at the Harrisonburg Daily News Record. Byrd was the publisher of that newspaper from 1936 to 1941 and again from 1946 to 1981, and was a member of its board until his death. He later became owner, until 1987, of the Page Shenandoah Newspaper Corporation, which published The Page News and Courier in Luray and The Shenandoah Valley Herald in Woodstock. He retired as Chairman of the Byrd newspapers in 2001, and his son Thomas succeeded him; indeed, the company has been owned by the family for more than 100 years.[4]

Shortly after his marriage, he volunteered for the United States Navy during World War II and served initially in Navy Public Relations; he requested transfer to a combat position and was assigned to the Central Pacific as an Executive Officer with a bombing squadron of Consolidated PB2Y Coronados until 1946.[5] While in the Navy he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander.[4]

After the war, Byrd oversaw the construction of a new facility for the Star. He also became a director of the Associated Press and later served as its Vice-President.[6]

He was a member of the Virginia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.

Virginia state Senator[edit]

Byrd represented the third consecutive generation of his family to enter politics. His grandfather Richard Evelyn Byrd, Sr. served as the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, and Byrd had a most effective political mentor in his father, who served as a Virginia state senator, Governor of Virginia and United States senator. He began accompanying his father on trips during the elder's governorship, and once remarked that "I was in every county and city in the state by the time I was thirteen years old."[7] In time Byrd became a key member in his father's statewide political network, known as the Byrd Organization.[8]

The father's hallmark, and that of his organization, became Byrd's as well - an insistence upon fiscal restraint on the part of government, referred to as the policy of "pay-as-you-go". Byrd reflected this populist political legacy when he stated, "I am convinced we have too many laws, too much government regulation, much too much government spending. The very wealthy can take care of themselves, the very needy are taken care of by the government. It is Middle America, the broad cross section, the people who work and to whom the government must look for taxes - it is they who have become the forgotten men and women."[4]

Byrd served in the Senate of Virginia from 1948 to November 1965. There he was Chairman of the General Laws Committee. As a major player in the Byrd Organization, in 1956 he provided strong integral support of legislation known as the Stanley plan,[9] the Virginia legislature's arm of the Massive Resistance movement led by Byrd's father, and was arguably the nadir of the political careers of both.[2] This movement opposed the desegregation of public schools required by the U. S. Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.[10] Three years after its enactment, the Stanley plan and Massive Resistance were invalidated by the courts; nevertheless, the racially based school closures and funding disruptions directed by the Stanley plan persisted in some localities until 1964.[2]

The Byrd Organization then began its decline, and Byrd made no plan or significant effort to reverse it.[11] Indeed, Byrd from the outset was intent on forging his own political path which later resulted in distinct and historic decisions. In the state senate, he shepherded to passage very notable legislation, called the Automatic Income Reduction Act, which guaranteed a tax rebate or credit to citizens whenever the general fund surplus exceeded certain levels. In just three years tens of millions of dollars were returned to Virginia taxpayers.[4] Also in 1965, redistricting occurred, and Byrd's former 24th senatorial district (which included Clarke, Frederick and Shenandoah counties and Winchester City) became the 21st District (adding Loudoun County), so after Byrd's state resignation to succeed his father in the U.S. Senate, Republican J. Kenneth Robinson of Winchester won the state senate seat.[12]

U.S. Senator[edit]

In November 1965, Byrd's father resigned from the U.S. Senate for health reasons, and at the father's suggestion, Virginia Governor Albertis S. Harrison Jr. appointed Byrd to succeed his father.[13] He later won a special election in 1966 as a Democrat, to serve out the remainder of his father's term, beating his primary opponent, Democrat Army Boothe, by 8225 votes, under 1%.

In 1970 Byrd broke with the Democratic Party, when asked to sign an oath to support the party's yet-to-be-determined presidential nominee for the 1972 campaign. He rejected this demand, saying, "The Democratic National Committee is within its rights to require such an oath. I do not contest this action. I cannot, and will not, sign an oath to vote for an individual whose identity I do not know and whose principles and policies are thus unknown. To sign such a blank check would be, I feel, the height of irresponsibility and unworthy of a member of the United States Senate... I would rather be a free man than a captive senator." He then ran for re-election to the Senate as an independent. He was widely popular in the state and won the senate seat, with an electoral majority of 54% against candidates from both major parties; he thus became the first independent to win a statewide election in Virginia, and also the first independent to win a U.S. Senate seat by a majority vote.[4] Byrd's move is said to have influenced Virginia political power for more than twenty years.[2]

He continued to caucus with the Democrats, and extended his Democratic seniority. But like his father, Byrd had a very conservative voting record and was a strong supporter of federal fiscal discipline, as he had been at the state level. In fact he authored, and Congress passed, a floor amendment stating, "Beginning with fiscal year 1981, the total budget outlays of the Federal Government should not exceed its receipts." Consistent with this fiscal policy, Byrd was a minimalist as a producer of legislation - believing less was more.[4]

Byrd easily won reelection in 1976 against Democrat Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr. He thereby became the first senator to win election and re-election as an independent.[4] The Republicans did not run a candidate that year and concentrated on carrying Virginia in the presidential election, which they did by the narrowest of margins, for Gerald R. Ford Jr.[2]

Byrd's committee assignments in the senate included the Finance Committee and Armed Services Committee.[2] Even as a senator, Byrd contributed regular editorial content to his newspapers, blending journalism and politics.

In a 1982 interview with the Washington Post, Byrd maintained that his earlier resistance to school desegregation, including the closure of schools, was justified and helped prevent racial violence.[14]

Byrd did not run for reelection in 1982 and returned full-time to his home in Winchester; he and his father had held the "Byrd seat" in the senate for fifty consecutive years. He was succeeded by U.S. Representative Paul S. Trible, who served one term.[4]

Retirement[edit]

Even with his formal retirement from the Senate, Byrd retained his interest, and his independence, in politics; he endorsed Marshall Coleman, the Republican nominee for Governor of Virginia in 1989.[15] He publicly supported Democratic Governor Mark Warner in 2004, although Warner sought to raise taxes and faced conservative opposition.[16] He endorsed Mitt Romney, the Republican candidate in the 2012 presidential election.[17]

Byrd enjoyed retirement to his home "Courtfield" in Winchester, and time spent with his nine grandchildren and later his twelve great grandchildren. Byrd's wife of 48 years, Gretchen, died in 1989. He continued to serve as Chairman of the Board of the Star for almost twenty years. In 2003 he was named to the Virginia Communications Hall of Fame in 2003. Byrd became a lecturer at Shenandoah University, and in 1984 the business program was renamed the Harry F. Byrd Jr. School of Business. In 2007 Byrd completed a literary work, Double Trouble: Vignettes From A Life of Politics and Newspapering.[4] On October 20, 2009, with the death of retired U.S. Senator Clifford P. Hansen, a Wyoming Republican, Byrd became the oldest living former senator until his death at the age of 98.

Byrd appeared in the PBS special "Chasing Churchill: In Search of My Grandfather".[18] A show by Winston Churchill's granddaughter, Celia Sandys, in which she travels the world retracing the steps of Churchill and meeting the people he used to know.[19] Byrd recalled experiences he had when Churchill visited his family's home in Virginia and stayed with them for a week.

Death[edit]

Byrd died of heart disease on July 30, 2013 in Winchester, Virginia at "Courtfield". At the time Byrd was the 8th oldest individual to have served in the Senate.[20] A tribute published shortly thereafter observed, "The elder Byrd and his son shared a name, a tradition, many political views and an abiding love of Virginia. They also shared a character articulated by none so well as the late Sen. Everett Dirksen, Republican of Illinois: 'There are gentle men in whom gentility finally destroys whatever of iron there was in their souls. There are iron men in whom the iron corroded whatever gentility they possessed. There are men—not many to be sure—in whom the gentility and the iron were preserved in proper balance, each of these attributes to be summoned up as the occasion requires. Such a man was Harry Byrd.'”[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hatch, p.429.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 31, 2013, "Harry F. Byrd Jr. (1914-2013)"
  3. ^ Heinemann, p.107-108.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Winchester Star, July 31, 2013, "Former U.S. Sen. Byrd Jr. Dies"
  5. ^ Hatch, p.473.
  6. ^ Hatch, p.484-485.
  7. ^ Heinemann, pp.13,107.
  8. ^ Heinemann, p.321.
  9. ^ Washington Post, September 8, 1956, "Va. Assembly Hears Backers of Stanley Plan"
  10. ^ Heinemann, pp.337-347.
  11. ^ Heinemann, pp.409-420.
  12. ^ Clerk of the House of Delegates, The General Assembly of Virginia 1962-1981 (Richmond, 1983)at p. 92
  13. ^ Heinemann, p.418.
  14. ^ "Former senator Harry Byrd Jr. of Virginia dies". USA Today. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Former Sen. Byrd Endorses Coleman's Bid". Richmond Times. October 17, 1989. 
  16. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Becker, Jo (February 7, 2004). "Va. Tax Plan Gains Momentum; 2 Senior Fiscal Conservatives Emphasize Need for Increases". 
  17. ^ Zito, Salena. "Byrd's-eye view of Dems dim". TribLive. 
  18. ^ Chasing Churchill: In Search of My Grandfather on IMDb
  19. ^ "Celia Sandys presents PBS documentary". Celiasandys.com. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  20. ^ Ostermeier, Eric (July 31, 2013). "Harry Byrd’s Death Leaves 167 Living Ex-Senators". Smart Politics. 
  21. ^ Richmond Times-Dispatch, August 11, 2013, Frank B. Atkinson, "Gentility and Iron, The Legacy of Harry F. Byrd Jr."

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hatch, Alden (1969). The Byrds of Virginia. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 
  • Heinemann, Ronald L. (1996). Harry Byrd of Virginia. University Press of Virginia. 

Works[edit]

  • Byrd, Harry F. (2007). Double Trouble: Vignettes From A Life of Politics and Newspapering. R.R. Donnelly. 

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Harry Byrd
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
1965–1983
Served alongside: Willis Robertson, William Spong, William Scott, John Warner
Succeeded by
Paul Trible
Party political offices
Preceded by
Harry Byrd
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia
(Class 1)

1966
Succeeded by
George Rawlings
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Clifford Hansen
Oldest Living United States Senator
(Sitting or Former)

October 20, 2009 – July 30, 2013
Succeeded by
Edward Brooke

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license