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John Beckles v Harry Lawson
John Beckles v Harry Lawson
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: ohyeah445
Harry Lawson
Harry Lawson's Last Concert
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Chanelle Arneson
Harry Lawson (Broughty Ferry)
Harry Lawson (Broughty Ferry)
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: jaime anderson
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: NJB
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: united kingdom boxing union UKBU
Ian Smith & John Lawson Entertain 2016
Ian Smith & John Lawson Entertain 2016
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: sam kelly
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: James Sero
Dedric Lawson (2016) Mixtape @ The Real Deal In The Rock
Dedric Lawson (2016) Mixtape @ The Real Deal In The Rock
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Courtside Films
Magical Realism: Recommendations and TBR
Magical Realism: Recommendations and TBR
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Jen Campbell
Harry and Paul - 40 Minutes - Margaret Thatcher
Harry and Paul - 40 Minutes - Margaret Thatcher
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: smtm: Entertainment
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: HoneyBeeeeez
FITTING PUTER AVEC JOHN LAWSON
FITTING PUTER AVEC JOHN LAWSON
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: GOLF REVE REALITE
HARRY LAWSON
HARRY LAWSON
Published: 2013/02/08
Channel: Nick Perdue
Zara Larsson, MNEK - Never Forget You
Zara Larsson, MNEK - Never Forget You
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: ZaraLarssonMusicVEVO
November 1, 1961 - President John F. Kennedy greets his guests, former President and Mrs. Truman
November 1, 1961 - President John F. Kennedy greets his guests, former President and Mrs. Truman
Published: 2015/10/31
Channel: HelmerReenberg
House of Lies Improv | Live with Kristen Bell, Don Cheadle, Ben Schwartz, Josh Lawson & More
House of Lies Improv | Live with Kristen Bell, Don Cheadle, Ben Schwartz, Josh Lawson & More
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: SHOWTIME
Harry Lawson  - The First Coventry Vehicle
Harry Lawson - The First Coventry Vehicle
Published: 2010/04/27
Channel: Coventry Transport Museum Online
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: manfocused
Brotherly Love - Elgar
Brotherly Love - Elgar's Creole Orchestra (1926)
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Atticus Jazz
Munchkin: Felicia Day, Steve Jackson and Sandeep Parikh join Wil Wheaton on TableTop, Episode 5
Munchkin: Felicia Day, Steve Jackson and Sandeep Parikh join Wil Wheaton on TableTop, Episode 5
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: Geek & Sundry
John Lawson
John Lawson's Circus Tywyn
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Daniel Wyre
Harry Lawson
Harry Lawson
Published: 2007/12/03
Channel: badboy241
Grand Master Harry Lawson
Grand Master Harry Lawson
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Tara Porter
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: BroadwayTVArchive
Preacher Lawson: Standup Delivers Cool Family Comedy - America
Preacher Lawson: Standup Delivers Cool Family Comedy - America's Got Talent 2017
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: America's Got Talent
Karla Potter   Meet Harry Lawson
Karla Potter Meet Harry Lawson
Published: 2011/07/15
Channel: 98WSIX
John Lawson on Fetishes, Anchorman 2, & Accents I The Feed
John Lawson on Fetishes, Anchorman 2, & Accents I The Feed
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: SBS VICELAND
Jamie Lawson with Ed Sheeran - Can
Jamie Lawson with Ed Sheeran - Can't See Straight [Acoustic]
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Jamie Lawson
Audiobook GENRES: Spy fiction Thriller Espionage #2 by Mark
Audiobook GENRES: Spy fiction Thriller Espionage #2 by Mark
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: omar hilker
Henry McCabe Voice-mail, Non-human Growling - David Paulides
Henry McCabe Voice-mail, Non-human Growling - David Paulides
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Abrahamic Faith
GRANDMASTER LAWSON--PALGWE YI JANG
GRANDMASTER LAWSON--PALGWE YI JANG
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Thicky Smallz
Free Energy Generator, William and Robert Lawson Permanent Magnet Motor
Free Energy Generator, William and Robert Lawson Permanent Magnet Motor
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Mario Gudec
Tony and Jordan: Identical Twins Dazzle With Magic - America
Tony and Jordan: Identical Twins Dazzle With Magic - America's Got Talent 2017
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: America's Got Talent
DANNY CASTLE - THE ECLIPSE!! (LISTEN)
DANNY CASTLE - THE ECLIPSE!! (LISTEN)
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Hensley
Harry Lawson-Gill Market Bosworth hunt
Harry Lawson-Gill Market Bosworth hunt
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: Amy Gill
Goldie, Amy, Orlando and John talk dating fails - The Graham Norton Show 2017: Preview - BBC One
Goldie, Amy, Orlando and John talk dating fails - The Graham Norton Show 2017: Preview - BBC One
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: BBC
Is Nigella Lawson A Goddess? Russell Brand The Trews Ep28
Is Nigella Lawson A Goddess? Russell Brand The Trews Ep28
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Russell Brand
Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Capital FM
Jon Lawson
Jon Lawson
Published: 2012/03/09
Channel: Josh Barrows
William and Harry lay flowers for Princess Diana at Kensington Palace - BBC News
William and Harry lay flowers for Princess Diana at Kensington Palace - BBC News
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: BBC News
Roan Kearsey-Lawson, & Harry Cook
Roan Kearsey-Lawson, & Harry Cook's, Blew Tubes, (Blue Tubes), Live at the 144Club
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: Roan Kearsey-Lawson
Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran's New Tattoo
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: TheEllenShow
James Bay - Let It Go
James Bay - Let It Go
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: JamesBayVEVO
Debate: Cristiano vs Ateo - William Lane Craig vs Sam Harris - Cristiano Humilla al Ateo Sam Harris
Debate: Cristiano vs Ateo - William Lane Craig vs Sam Harris - Cristiano Humilla al Ateo Sam Harris
Published: 2013/04/13
Channel: Christian Philosophy3,14
Jason and Max Playing an Instrument June 13 2015 John Lawson Park
Jason and Max Playing an Instrument June 13 2015 John Lawson Park
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: JasonJoan Arnold
Ada Performs "So Ala Temen" By Cardinal Rex Lawson
Ada Performs "So Ala Temen" By Cardinal Rex Lawson
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: projectfametv
Africa: Expanding Legal Horizon, Session 5: Arbitration - Enforcement of Awards
Africa: Expanding Legal Horizon, Session 5: Arbitration - Enforcement of Awards
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Brick Court
America
America's Got Talent 2017 Mandy Harvey Deaf Singer Songwriter Inspires Simon & All to Try Full
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Anthony Ying
Lecture 12: Mechanics of Expository Preaching - Dr. Steven Lawson
Lecture 12: Mechanics of Expository Preaching - Dr. Steven Lawson
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: The Master's Seminary
Wasn
Wasn't Expecting That - Jamie Lawson (Cover)
Published: 2011/02/05
Channel: Harry Hudson-Taylor
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Not to be confused with Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet.

Henry John Lawson, also known as Harry Lawson,[1] (1852–1925) was a British bicycle designer, racing cyclist, motor industry pioneer, and fraudster. As part of his attempt to create and control a British motor industry Lawson formed and floated The Daimler Motor Company Limited in London in 1896. It later began manufacture in Coventry. Lawson organised the 1896 Emancipation Day drive now commemorated annually by the London to Brighton car run on the same course.

Lawson's rear-driving Safety 1877
Lawson's Safety 1878
Lawson's bicycle 1879

Early years[edit]

The son of a brass turner, Lawson designed several types of bicycle in the 1870s. His efforts were described as the "first authentic design of safety bicycle employing chain-drive to the rear wheel which was actually made", and has been ranked alongside John Kemp Starley as an inventor of the modern bicycle.[2][3][4]

Motor promotor[edit]

Lawson saw great opportunities in the creation of a motor car industry in Britain, and sought to enrich himself by garnering important patents and shell companies.

In 1895, as one of many attempts to promote his schemes and lobby Parliament for the elimination of the Red Flag Act, Lawson and Frederick Simms founded the Motor Car Club of Britain.

Lawson and the Motor Car Club organised the first London to Brighton run, the "Emancipation Run", which was held on 14 November 1896 to celebrate the relaxation of the Red Flag Act, which eased the way for the start of the development of the British motor industry.[5]

Lawson attempted to monopolise the British automobile industry through the acquisition of foreign patents. He acquired exclusive British rights to manufacture De Dion-Bouton and Bollée vehicles. He founded a succession of promotional companies including: The British Motor Syndicate — not to be confused with British Automobile Commercial Syndicate Limited. (BMS was the first of many of Lawson's schemes to collapse in 1897. Lawson also founded British Motor Company, British Motor Traction Company, The Great Horseless Carriage Company, Motor Manufacturing Company, and of E. J. Pennington, forming Anglo-American Rapid Vehicle Company. With his one great success, The Daimler Motor Company Limited, he bought in the rights of Gottlieb Daimler though this company too was to be reorganised in 1904. After a succession of business failures British Motor Syndicate was reorganised and renamed British Motor Traction Company in 1901, led by Selwyn F. Edge.

Legal problems[edit]

Many of Lawson's patents were not as defining as he had hoped, and from 1901 a series of legal cases saw the value in his holdings eroded. Lawson's patent rights were subsequently eroded through successful lawsuits by Automobile Mutual Protective Association. In 1904 Lawson was tried in court for fraudulently obtaining money from his shareholders and, after representing himself in court, he was found guilty and sentenced to one year's hard labour.[6] [note 1]

Lawson was completely out of the automobile industry by 1908[7] and disappeared from the public gaze for some years.

He reappeared as a director of Blériot Manufacturing Aircraft Company Ltd., the English branch of Louis Blériot's aircraft company. Lawson secretly acquired control of the company just before a public subscription to help expand its war effort. But the company soon found itself in breach of its contract with Blériot. When this came to light, the company was wound up and its director found guilty of fraud and dishonesty.[8]

He retired from the public gaze and died at his home in Harrow, London in 1925.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lawson was born in the City of London where his father was a Calvinistic Methodist minister and noted Puritan preacher. H. O. Duncan (1862—1946) was a journalist and successful racing cyclist and Commercial Manager of Lawson’s British Motor Syndicate. After Lawson’s death he describes Lawson in his ‘monumental’ two-volume book:
    "He was neither a greedy man nor an egoist. On the contrary he was always fair and extremely generous. He paid largely and was most liberal in the golden days of his success. A cheque was always ready to be handed over with a kindly smile to friends who assisted him with his dealings or company-promoting schemes. Lawson was a clever man. Perhaps his greatest misfortune was in not being supported properly in his business by others equally intelligent." (Duncan, Herbert Osbaldeston The World on Wheels, thrilling true tales of the Cycle & Automobile Industry, vol 2. Self-published, 1926)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'Henry John Lawson' Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Storey, Richard (2004). Lawson, Henry John (1852–1925). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 
  3. ^ "Lawson's 'Bicyclette', 1879". The Science Museum. Retrieved 2015-01-03. Patented by Henry Lawson in 1879, this bicycle represents the first step in the evolution of the modern safety cycle. Although like the ordinary or penny-farthing bicycle, the front wheel remained larger than the rear, the difference in size was not so exaggerated, making it lower, and therefore safer than its forerunner. Lawson's Bicyclette also featured the innovation of a chain drive to the rear wheel. 
  4. ^ Tony Hadland and Hans-Erhard Lessing (2014). Bicycle Design, An Illustrated History. MIT Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-262-02675-8. Lawson's 1879 Bicyclette. 
  5. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7. 
  6. ^ "Central Criminal Court, Dec. 17. The Hooley-Lawson Case: Verdict". The Times. 19 December 1904. 
  7. ^ "Winding Up Of An Aircraft Company., In Re Bleriot Manufacturing Aircraft Company (Limited)". The Times. 20 January 1916. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flink, James J. (1988), The Automobile Age, MIT Press 

Further reading[edit]

  • Saul, S. B. (December 1962), "The Motor Industry in Britain to 1914", Business History (5), pp. 22–38 

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