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John Beckles v Harry Lawson
John Beckles v Harry Lawson
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: ohyeah445
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: NJB
Harry Lawson
Harry Lawson's Last Concert
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Chanelle Arneson
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: manfocused
Harry Lawson (Broughty Ferry)
Harry Lawson (Broughty Ferry)
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: jaime anderson
HARRY LAWSON
HARRY LAWSON
Published: 2013/02/08
Channel: Nick Perdue
Harry Lawson  - The First Coventry Vehicle
Harry Lawson - The First Coventry Vehicle
Published: 2010/04/27
Channel: Coventry Transport Museum Online
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: BroadwayTVArchive
Obama Ran Pedophile Ring Out of Whitehouse?
Obama Ran Pedophile Ring Out of Whitehouse?
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: daryl lawson
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: James Sero
Magical Realism: Recommendations and TBR
Magical Realism: Recommendations and TBR
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Jen Campbell
Listen to Revolting Youth: Episode 1 Audiobook by H.J. Lawson, narrated by RJ Walker
Listen to Revolting Youth: Episode 1 Audiobook by H.J. Lawson, narrated by RJ Walker
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: Jefferey Pogue
The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas - Ron Howard Studio Tour Universal Studios
The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas - Ron Howard Studio Tour Universal Studios
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: Cow Missing
Harry and Paul - 40 Minutes - Margaret Thatcher
Harry and Paul - 40 Minutes - Margaret Thatcher
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: smtm: Entertainment
Grand Master Harry Lawson
Grand Master Harry Lawson
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Tara Porter
Harry Lawson-Gill Market Bosworth hunt
Harry Lawson-Gill Market Bosworth hunt
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: Amy Gill
Rescate 137 Pres; Bruton Music(Selection Tracks of a Music Library)
Rescate 137 Pres; Bruton Music(Selection Tracks of a Music Library)
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Rescate 137
Jennifer Lawrence Wanted Seth to Ask Her Out When She Hosted SNL - Late Night with Seth Meyers
Jennifer Lawrence Wanted Seth to Ask Her Out When She Hosted SNL - Late Night with Seth Meyers
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Late Night with Seth Meyers
Andy Kirk - The Lady Who Swings The Band
Andy Kirk - The Lady Who Swings The Band
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Mr. Rug Cutter
Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran's New Tattoo
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: TheEllenShow
Controversial Finish to the 1908 Olympic Marathon
Controversial Finish to the 1908 Olympic Marathon
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: zatopek5000
David Aldridge & Rick Fox Talk About Rudy Gay to Spurs & Other Deals | LIVE 7-6-17
David Aldridge & Rick Fox Talk About Rudy Gay to Spurs & Other Deals | LIVE 7-6-17
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: Sports Warehouse
Taylor Swift - Style
Taylor Swift - Style
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: TaylorSwiftVEVO
FITTING PUTER AVEC JOHN LAWSON
FITTING PUTER AVEC JOHN LAWSON
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: GOLF REVE REALITE
Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (trailer)
Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (trailer)
Published: 2009/05/13
Channel: Humanoidity
2013 Penny Hardaway HoopFest Recap - Jahlil Okafor, Jabari Parker, Dedric Lawson
2013 Penny Hardaway HoopFest Recap - Jahlil Okafor, Jabari Parker, Dedric Lawson
Published: 2013/01/14
Channel: CityLeagueHoopsTV
Native Son - 1986 (BETTER QUALITY) Victor Love
Native Son - 1986 (BETTER QUALITY) Victor Love
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: manfocused
Calvin Harris - Sweet Nothing ft. Florence Welch
Calvin Harris - Sweet Nothing ft. Florence Welch
Published: 2012/09/20
Channel: CalvinHarrisVEVO
Janet McTeer & Imelda Staunton /  Leave Me This Way (1993) /p8/8 end
Janet McTeer & Imelda Staunton / Leave Me This Way (1993) /p8/8 end
Published: 2010/11/01
Channel: penthesilearu2
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: united kingdom boxing union UKBU
Charlie Zombie bit my finger...OFF!
Charlie Zombie bit my finger...OFF!
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Michael Aaron Milligan
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: HoneyBeeeeez
Emmylou Harris - At The Ryman (Complete Album) - (1991).
Emmylou Harris - At The Ryman (Complete Album) - (1991).
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: mrblindfreddy9999
Collider Video
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Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Man Cave Reviews
Jamie Lawson Talks Ed Sheeran And One Direction | Lorraine
Jamie Lawson Talks Ed Sheeran And One Direction | Lorraine
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Lorraine
John Lawson
John Lawson's Circus Tywyn
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Daniel Wyre
"Ragtime" - RAGTIME - Belmont University Musical Theatre
"Ragtime" - RAGTIME - Belmont University Musical Theatre
Published: 2009/01/08
Channel: Erik J. Christensen
Ed Sheeran- The A team Lyrics
Ed Sheeran- The A team Lyrics
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: 12,098,413 views
Mathematical Magician Leaves The Judges Speechless on America
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Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: YouTube Got Talent
#8 - The Six Shooter - Red Lawson
#8 - The Six Shooter - Red Lawson's Revenge - October 25, 1953
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: OldTimeRadio78
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Mermaid Movies Top 15 (Video Clips from Each Movie)
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Mermaid Petronella
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Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: LeakyCon
Sahara (1943)
Sahara (1943)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment
Clean Bandit - Symphony feat. Zara Larsson [Official Video]
Clean Bandit - Symphony feat. Zara Larsson [Official Video]
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Clean Bandit
The Best Jazz Songs of All Time - Vol 1: Jazz Day, Ain
The Best Jazz Songs of All Time - Vol 1: Jazz Day, Ain't Misbehavin', Body and Soul...
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: HALIDONMUSIC
Henry Richardson: Teen Bewilders The Judges With Clever Card Trick - America
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Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: America's Got Talent
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Published: 2011/04/18
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Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Capital FM
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Published: 2013/10/31
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Calum Scott - Dancing On My Own
Calum Scott - Dancing On My Own
Published: 2016/06/15
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet.

Henry John Lawson, also known as Harry Lawson,[1] (1852–1925) was a British bicycle designer, racing cyclist, motor industry pioneer, and fraudster. As part of his attempt to create and control a British motor industry Lawson formed and floated The Daimler Motor Company Limited in London in 1896. It later began manufacture in Coventry. Lawson organised the 1896 Emancipation Day drive now commemorated annually by the London to Brighton car run on the same course.

Lawson's rear-driving Safety 1877
Lawson's Safety 1878
Lawson's bicycle 1879

Early years[edit]

The son of a brass turner, Lawson designed several types of bicycle in the 1870s. His efforts were described as the "first authentic design of safety bicycle employing chain-drive to the rear wheel which was actually made", and has been ranked alongside John Kemp Starley as an inventor of the modern bicycle.[2][3][4]

Motor promotor[edit]

Lawson saw great opportunities in the creation of a motor car industry in Britain, and sought to enrich himself by garnering important patents and shell companies.

In 1895, as one of many attempts to promote his schemes and lobby Parliament for the elimination of the Red Flag Act, Lawson and Frederick Simms founded the Motor Car Club of Britain.

Lawson and the Motor Car Club organised the first London to Brighton run, the "Emancipation Run", which was held on 14 November 1896 to celebrate the relaxation of the Red Flag Act, which eased the way for the start of the development of the British motor industry.[5]

Lawson attempted to monopolise the British automobile industry through the acquisition of foreign patents. He acquired exclusive British rights to manufacture the De Dion-Bouton and Bollée vehicles. He founded a succession of promotional companies including: the British Motor Syndicate — not to be confused with British Automobile Commercial Syndicate Limited. (BMS was the first of many of Lawson's schemes to collapse in 1897. Lawson also founded the British Motor Company, British Motor Traction Company, The Great Horseless Carriage Company, Motor Manufacturing Company, and of E. J. Pennington, forming the Anglo-American Rapid Vehicle Company. With his one great success, The Daimler Motor Company Limited, he bought in the rights of Gottlieb Daimler though this company too was to be reorganised in 1904. After a succession of business failures the British Motor Syndicate was reorganized and renamed the British Motor Traction Company in 1901, led by Selwyn F. Edge.

Legal problems[edit]

Many of Lawson's patents were not as defining as he had hoped, and from 1901 a series of legal cases saw the value in his holdings eroded. Lawson's patent rights were subsequently eroded through successful lawsuits by the Automobile Mutual Protective Association. In 1904 Lawson was tried in court for fraudulently obtaining money from his shareholders and, after representing himself in court, he was found guilty and sentenced to one year's hard labour.[6] [note 1]

Lawson was completely out of the automobile industry by 1908[7] and disappeared from the public gaze for some years.

He reappeared as a director of the Blériot Manufacturing Aircraft Company Ltd., the English branch of Louis Blériot's aircraft company. Lawson secretly acquired control of the company just before a public subscription to help expand its war effort. But the company soon found itself in breach of its contract with Blériot. When this came to light, the company was wound up and its director found guilty of fraud and dishonesty.[8]

He retired from the public gaze and died at his home in Harrow, London in 1925.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lawson was born in the City of London where his father was a Calvinistic Methodist minister and noted Puritan preacher. H O Duncan (1862—1946) was a journalist and successful racing cyclist and Commercial Manager of Lawson’s British Motor Syndicate. After Lawson’s death he describes Lawson in his ‘monumental’ two-volume book:
    "He was neither a greedy man nor an egoist. On the contrary he was always fair and extremely generous. He paid largely and was most liberal in the golden days of his success. A cheque was always ready to be handed over with a kindly smile to friends who assisted him with his dealings or company-promoting schemes. Lawson was a clever man. Perhaps his greatest misfortune was in not being supported properly in his business by others equally intelligent." (Duncan, Herbert Osbaldeston The World on Wheels, thrilling true tales of the Cycle & Automobile Industry, vol 2. Self-published, 1926)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'Henry John Lawson' Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Storey, Richard (2004). Lawson, Henry John (1852–1925). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 
  3. ^ "Lawson's 'Bicyclette', 1879.". The Science Museum. Retrieved 2015-01-03. Patented by Henry Lawson in 1879, this bicycle represents the first step in the evolution of the modern safety cycle. Although like the ordinary or penny-farthing bicycle, the front wheel remained larger than the rear, the difference in size was not so exaggerated, making it lower, and therefore safer than its forerunner. Lawson's Bicyclette also featured the innovation of a chain drive to the rear wheel. 
  4. ^ Tony Hadland and Hans-Erhard Lessing (2014). Bicycle Design, An Illustrated History. MIT Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-262-02675-8. Lawson's 1879 Bicyclette. 
  5. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7. 
  6. ^ "Central Criminal Court, Dec. 17. The Hooley-Lawson Case: Verdict". The Times. 19 December 1904. 
  7. ^ "Winding Up Of An Aircraft Company., In Re Bleriot Manufacturing Aircraft Company (Limited)". The Times. 20 January 1916. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flink, James J. (1988), The Automobile Age, MIT Press 

Further reading[edit]

  • Saul, S. B. (December 1962), "The Motor Industry in Britain to 1914", Business History (5), pp. 22–38 

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