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John Beckles v Harry Lawson
John Beckles v Harry Lawson
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: ohyeah445
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
John Beckles vs Harry Lawson - Light Heavyweight ABA Championship 1987
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: NJB
John Lawson
John Lawson's Circus Tywyn
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Daniel Wyre
Preacher Lawson: Standup Delivers Cool Family Comedy - America
Preacher Lawson: Standup Delivers Cool Family Comedy - America's Got Talent 2017
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: America's Got Talent
Karla Potter   Meet Harry Lawson
Karla Potter Meet Harry Lawson
Published: 2011/07/15
Channel: 98WSIX
Jamie Lawson with Ed Sheeran - Can
Jamie Lawson with Ed Sheeran - Can't See Straight [Acoustic]
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Jamie Lawson
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
John Lawson Vs Idres Mohhamed
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: united kingdom boxing union UKBU
Jamie Lawson - Wasn
Jamie Lawson - Wasn't Expecting That [Official Video]
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: Gingerbread Man Records
Harry Styles and Niall Horan
Harry Styles and Niall Horan's Cheeky Chat with Lorraine on One Direction's Future | Lorraine
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Lorraine
Ian Smith & John Lawson Entertain 2016
Ian Smith & John Lawson Entertain 2016
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: sam kelly
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Harry A. Ironside - Charge That to My Account
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: James Sero
Jason and Max Playing an Instrument June 13 2015 John Lawson Park
Jason and Max Playing an Instrument June 13 2015 John Lawson Park
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: JasonJoan Arnold
Harry Lawson
Harry Lawson
Published: 2007/12/03
Channel: badboy241
Waterfront,Beach fort,Jason,Joan, Arnold John Lawson Park,June 6 2015
Waterfront,Beach fort,Jason,Joan, Arnold John Lawson Park,June 6 2015
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: JasonJoan Arnold
HARRY LAWSON
HARRY LAWSON
Published: 2013/02/08
Channel: Nick Perdue
Jarryd James - Do You Remember (Official Video)
Jarryd James - Do You Remember (Official Video)
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: JarrydJamesVEVO
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Double Trouble (1989) Jackee Harry, Richard Lawson, Dan Hedaya, Harold Sylvester
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: manfocused
Jon Lawson
Jon Lawson
Published: 2012/03/09
Channel: Josh Barrows
James Arthur - Say you won
James Arthur - Say you won't let go (Lyrics Video)
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: JustJamesArthur
Goldie, Amy, Orlando and John talk dating fails - The Graham Norton Show 2017: Preview - BBC One
Goldie, Amy, Orlando and John talk dating fails - The Graham Norton Show 2017: Preview - BBC One
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: BBC
Dedric Lawson (2016) Mixtape @ The Real Deal In The Rock
Dedric Lawson (2016) Mixtape @ The Real Deal In The Rock
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Courtside Films
GRANDMASTER LAWSON--PALGWE YI JANG
GRANDMASTER LAWSON--PALGWE YI JANG
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Thicky Smallz
Dame Maggie Smith talks about being recognised in public - The Graham Norton Show: Episode 6
Dame Maggie Smith talks about being recognised in public - The Graham Norton Show: Episode 6
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: BBC
Jennifer Lawrence & Chris Pratt Insult Each Other | CONTAINS STRONG LANGUAGE!
Jennifer Lawrence & Chris Pratt Insult Each Other | CONTAINS STRONG LANGUAGE!
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: BBC Radio 1
Guest Host Jennifer Lawrence Interviews Kim Kardashian West
Guest Host Jennifer Lawrence Interviews Kim Kardashian West
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Jimmy Kimmel Live
Wasn
Wasn't Expecting That - Jamie Lawson (Cover)
Published: 2011/02/05
Channel: Harry Hudson-Taylor
Roan Kearsey-Lawson, & Harry Cook
Roan Kearsey-Lawson, & Harry Cook's, Blew Tubes, (Blue Tubes), Live at the 144Club
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: Roan Kearsey-Lawson
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Brotherhood of Man - How to Succeed (Daniel Radcliffe) - Letterman May 20, 2011
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: BroadwayTVArchive
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Phil Dunphy Funniest Moments
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: HoneyBeeeeez
Tony and Jordan: Identical Twins Dazzle With Magic - America
Tony and Jordan: Identical Twins Dazzle With Magic - America's Got Talent 2017
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: America's Got Talent
Johnny Lawson in Dale Creasy Jr
Johnny Lawson in Dale Creasy Jr's Nitro Funny Car (Q3) - NHRA Route 66 Nationals - Joliet, Ill 2009
Published: 2009/06/08
Channel: MaxCacklePhotos
BBC RADIO DRAMA: DEAD MAN
BBC RADIO DRAMA: DEAD MAN'S SHOES by Simon Masters
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: Arch Stanton
Edward C. Lawson on "OPRAH WINFREY SHOW" - 1990  - "Free Speech"  - Part 2/6
Edward C. Lawson on "OPRAH WINFREY SHOW" - 1990 - "Free Speech" - Part 2/6
Published: 2011/12/14
Channel: ECL2012
Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran's New Tattoo
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: TheEllenShow
Harry Giles Ultimate Mixtape: Most Versatile Big Man at Duke.. Ever??
Harry Giles Ultimate Mixtape: Most Versatile Big Man at Duke.. Ever??
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Ballislife
Who Do You Think You Are? (Season8xEp4) Larry Lamb
Who Do You Think You Are? (Season8xEp4) Larry Lamb
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: MOVIEclips
Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Ed Sheeran Tattoos Roman Kemp!
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Capital FM
DANNY CASTLE - THE ECLIPSE!! (LISTEN)
DANNY CASTLE - THE ECLIPSE!! (LISTEN)
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Hensley
John F. Kennedy ,James Forrestal, Peter Ruckman & UFO
John F. Kennedy ,James Forrestal, Peter Ruckman & UFO's – Pastor Charles Lawson
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Isaac Bane
TableTop: Dread (Part 1)
TableTop: Dread (Part 1)
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Geek & Sundry
Class of 2016 Top 10 Players - Harry Giles, Thon Maker, Josh Jackson, Jayson Tatum
Class of 2016 Top 10 Players - Harry Giles, Thon Maker, Josh Jackson, Jayson Tatum
Published: 2014/02/02
Channel: CityLeagueHoopsTV
Getting Out of Babylon Again The Reformation We Need Today
Getting Out of Babylon Again The Reformation We Need Today
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Together for the Gospel (T4G)
Africa: Expanding Legal Horizon, Session 5: Arbitration - Enforcement of Awards
Africa: Expanding Legal Horizon, Session 5: Arbitration - Enforcement of Awards
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Brick Court
Martin Freeman Talks Sherlock and Fargo
Martin Freeman Talks Sherlock and Fargo
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: JohnCartney
Ed Sheeran Photograph Lyrics 2017
Ed Sheeran Photograph Lyrics 2017
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Lyrics Official
Charlie Zombie bit my finger...OFF!
Charlie Zombie bit my finger...OFF!
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Michael Aaron Milligan
Sir John Major | Why Britain Should Remain in the EU | Oxford Union
Sir John Major | Why Britain Should Remain in the EU | Oxford Union
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: OxfordUnion
WBC White Collar Challenge - TMAS - Louis Harry Vs Cejay Jones
WBC White Collar Challenge - TMAS - Louis Harry Vs Cejay Jones
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: sharefight
True History of USA & Korea: NWO Scheme Revived
True History of USA & Korea: NWO Scheme Revived
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: daryl lawson
Jarrod Lawson & Chance Hayden • Soul Symphony • Peace House Sessions
Jarrod Lawson & Chance Hayden • Soul Symphony • Peace House Sessions
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: Peace House Sessions
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Not to be confused with Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet.

Henry John Lawson, also known as Harry Lawson,[1] (1852–1925) was a British bicycle designer, racing cyclist, motor industry pioneer, and fraudster. As part of his attempt to create and control a British motor industry Lawson formed and floated The Daimler Motor Company Limited in London in 1896. It later began manufacture in Coventry. Lawson organised the 1896 Emancipation Day drive now commemorated annually by the London to Brighton car run on the same course.

Lawson's rear-driving Safety 1877
Lawson's Safety 1878
Lawson's bicycle 1879

Early years[edit]

The son of a brass turner, Lawson designed several types of bicycle in the 1870s. His efforts were described as the "first authentic design of safety bicycle employing chain-drive to the rear wheel which was actually made", and has been ranked alongside John Kemp Starley as an inventor of the modern bicycle.[2][3][4]

Motor promotor[edit]

Lawson saw great opportunities in the creation of a motor car industry in Britain, and sought to enrich himself by garnering important patents and shell companies.

In 1895, as one of many attempts to promote his schemes and lobby Parliament for the elimination of the Red Flag Act, Lawson and Frederick Simms founded the Motor Car Club of Britain.

Lawson and the Motor Car Club organised the first London to Brighton run, the "Emancipation Run", which was held on 14 November 1896 to celebrate the relaxation of the Red Flag Act, which eased the way for the start of the development of the British motor industry.[5]

Lawson attempted to monopolise the British automobile industry through the acquisition of foreign patents. He acquired exclusive British rights to manufacture De Dion-Bouton and Bollée vehicles. He founded a succession of promotional companies including: The British Motor Syndicate — not to be confused with British Automobile Commercial Syndicate Limited. (BMS was the first of many of Lawson's schemes to collapse in 1897. Lawson also founded British Motor Company, British Motor Traction Company, The Great Horseless Carriage Company, Motor Manufacturing Company, and of E. J. Pennington, forming Anglo-American Rapid Vehicle Company. With his one great success, The Daimler Motor Company Limited, he bought in the rights of Gottlieb Daimler though this company too was to be reorganised in 1904. After a succession of business failures British Motor Syndicate was reorganised and renamed British Motor Traction Company in 1901, led by Selwyn F. Edge.

Legal problems[edit]

Many of Lawson's patents were not as defining as he had hoped, and from 1901 a series of legal cases saw the value in his holdings eroded. Lawson's patent rights were subsequently eroded through successful lawsuits by Automobile Mutual Protective Association. In 1904 Lawson was tried in court for fraudulently obtaining money from his shareholders and, after representing himself in court, he was found guilty and sentenced to one year's hard labour.[6] [note 1]

Lawson was completely out of the automobile industry by 1908[7] and disappeared from the public gaze for some years.

He reappeared as a director of Blériot Manufacturing Aircraft Company Ltd., the English branch of Louis Blériot's aircraft company. Lawson secretly acquired control of the company just before a public subscription to help expand its war effort. But the company soon found itself in breach of its contract with Blériot. When this came to light, the company was wound up and its director found guilty of fraud and dishonesty.[8]

He retired from the public gaze and died at his home in Harrow, London in 1925.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lawson was born in the City of London where his father was a Calvinistic Methodist minister and noted Puritan preacher. H. O. Duncan (1862—1946) was a journalist and successful racing cyclist and Commercial Manager of Lawson’s British Motor Syndicate. After Lawson’s death he describes Lawson in his ‘monumental’ two-volume book:
    "He was neither a greedy man nor an egoist. On the contrary he was always fair and extremely generous. He paid largely and was most liberal in the golden days of his success. A cheque was always ready to be handed over with a kindly smile to friends who assisted him with his dealings or company-promoting schemes. Lawson was a clever man. Perhaps his greatest misfortune was in not being supported properly in his business by others equally intelligent." (Duncan, Herbert Osbaldeston The World on Wheels, thrilling true tales of the Cycle & Automobile Industry, vol 2. Self-published, 1926)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 'Henry John Lawson' Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Storey, Richard (2004). Lawson, Henry John (1852–1925). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 
  3. ^ "Lawson's 'Bicyclette', 1879". The Science Museum. Retrieved 2015-01-03. Patented by Henry Lawson in 1879, this bicycle represents the first step in the evolution of the modern safety cycle. Although like the ordinary or penny-farthing bicycle, the front wheel remained larger than the rear, the difference in size was not so exaggerated, making it lower, and therefore safer than its forerunner. Lawson's Bicyclette also featured the innovation of a chain drive to the rear wheel. 
  4. ^ Tony Hadland and Hans-Erhard Lessing (2014). Bicycle Design, An Illustrated History. MIT Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-262-02675-8. Lawson's 1879 Bicyclette. 
  5. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7. 
  6. ^ "Central Criminal Court, Dec. 17. The Hooley-Lawson Case: Verdict". The Times. 19 December 1904. 
  7. ^ "Winding Up Of An Aircraft Company., In Re Bleriot Manufacturing Aircraft Company (Limited)". The Times. 20 January 1916. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flink, James J. (1988), The Automobile Age, MIT Press 

Further reading[edit]

  • Saul, S. B. (December 1962), "The Motor Industry in Britain to 1914", Business History (5), pp. 22–38 

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