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Hawaii County Police 85th Recruit Class (Jun 15, 2017)
Hawaii County Police 85th Recruit Class (Jun 15, 2017)
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County fair
Hawaii County fair
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Nainoa Kalaola
Hawaii County Police Recruits
Hawaii County Police Recruits
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Big Island Video News
2017 Kailua Kona Hawaii County Fair Phantom 4 footage
2017 Kailua Kona Hawaii County Fair Phantom 4 footage
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Island Forged
Hawaii County Trash Fee Increase (Dec. 4, 2017)
Hawaii County Trash Fee Increase (Dec. 4, 2017)
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii
Hawaii's Big Island Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: BookingHunterTV
Hawaii County Police 85th Recruit Class (6/15/17)
Hawaii County Police 85th Recruit Class (6/15/17)
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Hawaii247com
Hawaii County Police Week 2015
Hawaii County Police Week 2015
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Mass Transit Shake-Up (Apr. 25, 2017)
Hawaii County Mass Transit Shake-Up (Apr. 25, 2017)
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Eyes Better Sweet Potato (Nov. 1, 2017)
Hawaii County Eyes Better Sweet Potato (Nov. 1, 2017)
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County bus stolen, involved in crash
Hawaii County bus stolen, involved in crash
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: KHON2 News
Flooding Update from Hawaii County Civil Defense (Dec. 2, 2016)
Flooding Update from Hawaii County Civil Defense (Dec. 2, 2016)
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
Visiting Amazing Hilo, Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States
Visiting Amazing Hilo, Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: WORLD ZOOS
FLYING TO HAWAII -  World Flight Episode 64
FLYING TO HAWAII - World Flight Episode 64
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: FunForLouis
2017 Kailua Kona Hawaii County Fair Better Quality
2017 Kailua Kona Hawaii County Fair Better Quality
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Island Forged
State of Hawaii Sheriff
State of Hawaii Sheriff's
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Mitch Lupo
Hawaii County To Open Railroad Avenue
Hawaii County To Open Railroad Avenue
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Band Sounds Off On Council
Hawaii County Band Sounds Off On Council
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Police in Merrie Monarch Parade
Hawaii County Police in Merrie Monarch Parade
Published: 2008/04/09
Channel: hiloliving
Ignacio Effects In Puna - Hawaii County Civil Defense Message
Ignacio Effects In Puna - Hawaii County Civil Defense Message
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Civil Defense Hurricane Madeline Update (Aug. 29, 2016)
Hawaii County Civil Defense Hurricane Madeline Update (Aug. 29, 2016)
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Council Proposes Budget Changes (Jun. 5, 2017)
Hawaii County Council Proposes Budget Changes (Jun. 5, 2017)
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Big Island Video News
Gabriel Low Hawaii County Fair
Gabriel Low Hawaii County Fair
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Adam Low
Homeless Emergency Discussed With Hawaii County Official (Aug. 4, 2017)
Homeless Emergency Discussed With Hawaii County Official (Aug. 4, 2017)
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Big Island Video News
State Lawmakers Address Hawaii County Council (Nov. 1, 2017)
State Lawmakers Address Hawaii County Council (Nov. 1, 2017)
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: Big Island Video News
GMO debate in Hawaii County - TIMELINE
GMO debate in Hawaii County - TIMELINE
Published: 2013/07/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Civil Defense: No Tsunami Threat To Hawaii (Sept. 7, 2017)
Hawaii County Civil Defense: No Tsunami Threat To Hawaii (Sept. 7, 2017)
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Big Island Video News
BJ Penn and Hawaii County Mayor Billy Kenoi visit Pahoa town in state of emergency
BJ Penn and Hawaii County Mayor Billy Kenoi visit Pahoa town in state of emergency
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: BJ Penn Hawaii News
Hawaii County Band 4th July 2017
Hawaii County Band 4th July 2017
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Andrew Nisbet
Kohala Kai trail controversy in Hawaii County
Kohala Kai trail controversy in Hawaii County
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: Big Island Video News
Mayor William P. "Billy" Kenoi (Hawaii County/Hilo, HI) Message to Congress
Mayor William P. "Billy" Kenoi (Hawaii County/Hilo, HI) Message to Congress
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: United States Conference of Mayors
2014 General Assembly, Billy Kenoi - County of Hawaii Mayor
2014 General Assembly, Billy Kenoi - County of Hawaii Mayor
Published: 2014/05/09
Channel: HGEA808
Hawaii County police arrest suspect in Kailua-Kona shooting
Hawaii County police arrest suspect in Kailua-Kona shooting
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: KHON2 News
Hawaii County Fire Department - Engine Co.20 - H.O.V.E.
Hawaii County Fire Department - Engine Co.20 - H.O.V.E.
Published: 2013/03/17
Channel: Kaiwa Punihaole
Mayor Billy Kenoi apologizes to Hawaii County Council
Mayor Billy Kenoi apologizes to Hawaii County Council
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Flood Advisory - Hawaii County Civil Defense (Sept. 2)
Flood Advisory - Hawaii County Civil Defense (Sept. 2)
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
Public Supports Hawaii County Styrofoam Bill (Feb. 21, 2017)
Public Supports Hawaii County Styrofoam Bill (Feb. 21, 2017)
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Parks & Rec Update (Feb. 7, 2017)
Hawaii County Parks & Rec Update (Feb. 7, 2017)
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Council Supports La Ho
Hawaii County Council Supports La Ho'i Ho'i Ea (council discussion)
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Police, Firefighter of the Year
Hawaii County Police, Firefighter of the Year
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Big Island Video News
AVERAGE JOES BAND HILO @ HAWAII COUNTY FAIR 9-22-17
AVERAGE JOES BAND HILO @ HAWAII COUNTY FAIR 9-22-17
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: shredboy808
Hawaii County Talks Vacation Rental Rules (Nov. 1, 2017)
Hawaii County Talks Vacation Rental Rules (Nov. 1, 2017)
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Big Island Video News
Hawaii County Reentry Program
Hawaii County Reentry Program
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: Reentry1000
Public testimony Hawaii County Council June 4 2014
Public testimony Hawaii County Council June 4 2014
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: Occupy Hawaii
Big Island mayor apologizes at Hawaii County Council meeting
Big Island mayor apologizes at Hawaii County Council meeting
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: KHON2 News
Maui v. Monsanto: Hawaii County Voters Defy Agri-Giant
Maui v. Monsanto: Hawaii County Voters Defy Agri-Giant's Spending to OK Landmark Ban on GMO Crops
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Democracy Now!
GMO prohibition testimony at Hawaii County Council (7/2) - Kealoha Sugiyama
GMO prohibition testimony at Hawaii County Council (7/2) - Kealoha Sugiyama
Published: 2013/07/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
2016 Hawaii County Mayoral Candidate Forum
2016 Hawaii County Mayoral Candidate Forum
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Community Enterprises
Hawaii County Council Organizes (Dec. 5, 2016)
Hawaii County Council Organizes (Dec. 5, 2016)
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Big Island Video News
Get 2 Know: Hawaii County mayoral candidates Wally Lau, Harry Kim
Get 2 Know: Hawaii County mayoral candidates Wally Lau, Harry Kim
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: KHON2 News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Hawaii County, Hawaii
Shipman House, Hilo.jpg
Seal of Hawaii County, Hawaii
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Hawaii County
Location in the U.S. state of Hawaii
Map of the United States highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location in the U.S.
Founded 1905
Government
• Mayor

Harry Kim
Seat Hilo
Largest city Hilo
Area
 • Total 5,086.70 sq mi (13,174 km2)
 • Land 4,028.02 sq mi (10,433 km2)
 • Water 1,058.69 sq mi (2,742 km2), ?%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 198,449
 • Density 46/sq mi (17.7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian: UTC-10
Website co.hawaii.hi.us

Hawaiʻi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. It is coterminous with the Island of Hawaiʻi, often called the "Big Island" to distinguish it from the state as a whole. As of the 2010 Census the population was 185,079. The county seat is Hilo. There are no incorporated cities in Hawaiʻi County (see Hawaii Counties). The Hilo Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Hawaiʻi County. Hawaiʻi County has a mayor-council form of government. Hawaii County is the largest county in the state, in terms of geography.

The current Mayor of Hawaii County is Harry Kim, who took office in 2016. Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member Hawaii County Council.

Hawaii County is one of seven counties in the United States to share the same name as the state they are located in (the other six counties are Arkansas County, Idaho County, Iowa County, New York County, Oklahoma County, and Utah County).[1]

Geography[edit]

Hawaiʻi County has a total area of 5,086.70 square miles (13,174.5 km2); 4,028.02 square miles (10,432.5 km2) is land and 1,058.69 square miles (2,742.0 km2) is water[2] (mostly all off the ocean shoreline but counted in the total area by the U.S. Census Bureau). The county's land area comprises 62.7 percent of the state's land area. It is the highest percentage by any county in the United States. (Delaware's Sussex County comes in second at 48.0 percent, while Rhode Island's Providence County is third at 39.55 percent.)

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent county[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Lehua blossoms (ʻōhiʻa lehua), Hawaiʻi
Green turtle on an old lava flow and Hawaiian temple at background in Kona

As of 2010, the island had a resident population of 185,079[3] There were 64,382 households residing in the county. The population density was 17.7/km² (45.9/mi²). There were 82,324 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (20/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 34.5% White, 0.7% African American, 22.6% Asian, 12.4% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and 29.2% from two or more races; 11.8% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. The largest ancestry groups were:

  • Japan 9.8% Japanese
  • Germany 9.6% German
  • Philippines 8.6% Filipino
  • Hawaii 8.5% Native Hawaiian
  • Portugal 8.3% Portuguese
  • Republic of Ireland 6.9% Irish
  • England 5.7% English
  • Puerto Rico 5.1% Puerto Rican
  • Mexico 3.2% Mexican
  • France 2.5% French
  • Italy 2.2% Italian
  • Spain 1.9% Spanish
  • Scotland 1.7% Scottish
  • Northern Ireland 1.5% Scotch-Irish
  • Sweden 1.5% Swedish
  • Poland 1.1% Polish
  • Netherlands 1.1% Dutch
  • Norway 1.0% Norwegian

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Hawaii County vote
by party in presidential elections
[4]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 26.98% 17,501 63.61% 41,259 9.41% 6,107
2012 23.25% 14,753 74.42% 47,224 2.33% 1,477
2008 22.22% 14,866 75.94% 50,819 1.84% 1,231
2004 38.18% 22,032 60.86% 35,116 0.96% 554
2000 33.52% 17,050 56.37% 28,670 10.10% 5,140
1996 27.60% 13,516 55.66% 27,262 16.74% 8,199
1992 30.36% 15,460 50.52% 25,725 19.11% 9,731
1988 41.00% 17,125 57.68% 24,091 1.32% 552
1984 52.90% 20,707 45.64% 17,866 1.46% 570
1980 39.73% 14,247 49.16% 17,630 11.11% 3,984
1976 48.37% 15,366 50.24% 15,960 1.38% 439
1972 59.09% 16,832 40.91% 11,652
1968 37.41% 9,625 61.49% 15,819 1.10% 283
1964 19.87% 4,962 80.13% 20,011
1960 51.46% 12,251 48.54% 11,557

County government[edit]

Executive authority is vested in the Mayor of Hawaii County who is elected for a four-year term. Since 2004, the election by the voters has been on a non-partisan basis. In 2016, Harry Kim was elected Mayor, succeeding Billy Kenoi who had served a two-term limit.[5] Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member County Council. Each member represents a geographical region of the island, which closely correlates to one of the nine tax map districts of Hawaiʻi County. Members of the County Council are elected on a non-partisan basis to two-year terms, with the latest election occurring in November 2010.

Administrative districts were originally based on the traditional land divisions called Moku of Ancient Hawaii. Some more heavily populated districts have since been split into North and South districts to make them more comparable on a population basis.

The number following each district is the Tax Map Key (TMK) number, used to locate state property information. They are assigned in a counter-clockwise order beginning on the eastern side of the island.[6]

Nr. District Area
mi²
Population
2000
moku Map
1 Puna 499.45 31335 Puna District subdivision of Hawaii County
2 South Hilo 394.38 47386 Hilo
3 North Hilo 370.65 1720 Hilo
4 Hamakua 580.50 6108 Hāmākua
5 North Kohala 132.92 6038 Kohala
6 South Kohala 351.72 13131 Kohala
7 North Kona 489.01 28543 Kona
8 South Kona 335.38 8589 Kona
9 Kaʻū 922.22 5827 Kaʻū
  Hawaiʻi County 4028.02 148677 6 moku

County council districts do not directly match the property tax districts because of the variation in the population density of voters in urban areas to rural areas; Hilo & Kailua (Kailua-Kona) towns are densely populated areas, while other districts such as Kaʻū, Puna, Hāmakua, and North & South Kohala are more sparsely populated.[7]

Several government functions are administered at the county level that are at the state or municipal level in other states. For example, the county has its own office of liquor control.[8]

State government[edit]

Hawaii Department of Public Safety previously operated the Kulani Correctional Facility in Hawaii County, on the Island of Hawaii.[9] In 2009, the Hawaii Department of Public Safety announced that Kulani Correctional Facility would close.[10]

Localities[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 46,843
1910 55,382 18.2%
1920 64,895 17.2%
1930 73,325 13.0%
1940 73,276 −0.1%
1950 68,350 −6.7%
1960 61,332 −10.3%
1970 63,468 3.5%
1980 92,053 45.0%
1990 120,317 30.7%
2000 148,677 23.6%
2010 185,079 24.5%
Est. 2016 198,449 [11] 7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Historical Population 1900-90[13]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the County's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 State of Hawaii 8,115
2 Hawaii County 2,745
3 United States Government 1,364
4 Hilton Waikoloa Village 984
5 Wal-Mart 852
6 KTA Super Stores 800
7 Mauna Kea Beach Hotel 685
8 The Fairmont Orchid 577
9 Four Seasons Resort Hualalai 562
10 Hapuna Beach Prince Hotel 487

Sister cities[edit]

Hawaii County has 10 sisters:[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  4. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Office of the Mayor". official web site. County of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  6. ^ Hawaii County: 2000[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Hawaiʻi County Council". official web site. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  8. ^ "Office of Liquor Control". Hawaii County web site. Archived from the original on November 23, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Kulani Correctional Facility." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on September 30, 2010.
  10. ^ "Closure of Kulani Saves $2.8M Annually; Facility to Help At-Risk Youth." Hawaii Department of Public Safety. July 2009. Retrieved on September 30, 2010.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ U.S. Decennial Census
  13. ^ Hawaii Historical Population 1900-1990
  14. ^ County of Hawaii CAFR Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ State of Hawaii’s Sister States/Cities A Report to the Hawaii State Legislature 2006
  16. ^ "Hula and economy bind Hawaii, Shibukawa sister cities". Big Island Video News. Retrieved 2015-05-02. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°35′N 155°30′W / 19.583°N 155.500°W / 19.583; -155.500

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