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Hawaii
Hawaii's native Hibiscus
Published: 2016/05/17
Channel: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Yellow Hibiscus Meri Pasand | How to Care Yellow Hawaiian Hibiscus | Hawaiian Flower
Yellow Hibiscus Meri Pasand | How to Care Yellow Hawaiian Hibiscus | Hawaiian Flower
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Kitchen Gardening
Endangered Yellow Hibiscus Plant Care and How to Grow and Repot  - Hawaiian Plant - CHINA ROSE
Endangered Yellow Hibiscus Plant Care and How to Grow and Repot - Hawaiian Plant - CHINA ROSE
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Kitchen Garden English
Hawaiian hibiscus flower
Hawaiian hibiscus flower
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: まりん
Hawaiian hibiscus /무궁화
Hawaiian hibiscus /무궁화
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: maonsan
Hawaiian Hibiscus
Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: AngelBug8580
Spring Break Inspired: Hawaiian Hibiscus Nail Art
Spring Break Inspired: Hawaiian Hibiscus Nail Art
Published: 2011/04/06
Channel: YAY NAILS
Louis Vuitton Luggage Tag~ Hawaiian Hibiscus Hotstamp
Louis Vuitton Luggage Tag~ Hawaiian Hibiscus Hotstamp
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: pursejunky
B&BW Candle Review: Hawaiian Hibiscus...
B&BW Candle Review: Hawaiian Hibiscus...
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: Mz.J Brown
From Hawaii (Hawaiian hibiscus)
From Hawaii (Hawaiian hibiscus)
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: StolenSoftware
Bath and Body Works Candle Review: Hawaiian Hibiscus
Bath and Body Works Candle Review: Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: flamingoblush
Hawaiian Hibiscus CP Soap
Hawaiian Hibiscus CP Soap
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Nailed It! Hawaii
Look inspirado en la flor de Hawaiian Hibiscus/Look inspired in Hawaiian Hibiscus :)
Look inspirado en la flor de Hawaiian Hibiscus/Look inspired in Hawaiian Hibiscus :)
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Corazonmexicano0508
Tropical Glow mix "Hawaiian Hibiscus"
Tropical Glow mix "Hawaiian Hibiscus"
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Nail Oracle
How to CREATE paper flower / this time hibiscus
How to CREATE paper flower / this time hibiscus
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: CandyTreeBaltimore Erika
Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower
Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower
Published: 2010/07/18
Channel: Jeni Allen
Hawaiian Hibiscus Nail Art Tutorial (german/deutsch)
Hawaiian Hibiscus Nail Art Tutorial (german/deutsch)
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: NisiNails - Nageldesigns & Nailart Tutorials
Easy Hawaiian hibiscus flower for beginners nail art design Summer 2013
Easy Hawaiian hibiscus flower for beginners nail art design Summer 2013
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: Iuli Hobbies
Hibiscus in bloom photo time lapse (Hawaiian/Tropical flower)
Hibiscus in bloom photo time lapse (Hawaiian/Tropical flower)
Published: 2008/12/23
Channel: bighousetube
The Life of a Hibiscus from Hawaii Nursery in Denmark
The Life of a Hibiscus from Hawaii Nursery in Denmark
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: Helene Kronmann
Homemade Cold Process Soap, Making Hawaiian Hibiscus
Homemade Cold Process Soap, Making Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: C-Light Candles & Soap
The Tainted Hibiscus: The Hawaiian Annexation
The Tainted Hibiscus: The Hawaiian Annexation
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Ece Fisgin
Kokiʻo Keʻokeʻo (White Hawaiian Hibiscus) Hibiscus arnottianus
Kokiʻo Keʻokeʻo (White Hawaiian Hibiscus) Hibiscus arnottianus
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Lapaau.org
Cholesterol Lowering Hawaiian Hibiscus Drink
Cholesterol Lowering Hawaiian Hibiscus Drink
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: CureJoy
Hawaii Inspired Hibiscus Nail Art!
Hawaii Inspired Hibiscus Nail Art!
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Hannah Weir
My beautiful Hawaiian Hibiscus
My beautiful Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Hemangana Kalita
Hawaiian/Hibiscus Flower on Blue Glitter
Hawaiian/Hibiscus Flower on Blue Glitter
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: LaDaisyDee
Charmed Aroma HAWAIIAN HIBISCUS BREEZE Bath  Bomb - BRACELET REVEAL!
Charmed Aroma HAWAIIAN HIBISCUS BREEZE Bath Bomb - BRACELET REVEAL!
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: powderPOP
Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower Tattoo
Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower Tattoo
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Unique Tattoos
How to make hibiscus paper flower | Easy origami flowers for beginners making | DIY-Paper Crafts
How to make hibiscus paper flower | Easy origami flowers for beginners making | DIY-Paper Crafts
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: DIY-Paper Crafts
Different Types Of Pink Hibiscus - Where It Is Available - Planting Tips- Hawaii State Flower
Different Types Of Pink Hibiscus - Where It Is Available - Planting Tips- Hawaii State Flower
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: MAD gardening tips
How to Make Decorated Hibiscus Sugar Cookies
How to Make Decorated Hibiscus Sugar Cookies
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: LilaLoa
How to Decorate Cupcakes Hibiscus Flower
How to Decorate Cupcakes Hibiscus Flower
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: Liz Larson
How to Make a Hawaiian Flower
How to Make a Hawaiian Flower
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: FMM Sugarcraft
Hawaiian Hibiscus Iced Tea Cooking Demo
Hawaiian Hibiscus Iced Tea Cooking Demo
Published: 2012/01/29
Channel: Renee Johnston
Hibiscus in the gardens of Hawaii
Hibiscus in the gardens of Hawaii
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: dewi agung
Five easy Native Hawaiian landscaping plants
Five easy Native Hawaiian landscaping plants
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: University of Hawai‘i News
Yellow Color Hibiscus Flower Plant
Yellow Color Hibiscus Flower Plant
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: Manjunatha T S
[Metallic Painting] Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower - Speed Painting Time lapse
[Metallic Painting] Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower - Speed Painting Time lapse
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: Hawaiian Designs
Pretty Red Hibiscus / The Invitations
Pretty Red Hibiscus / The Invitations
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Hawaiian Leisure Hour
hawaii yellow hibiscus hawaiian tours
hawaii yellow hibiscus hawaiian tours
Published: 2009/12/09
Channel: robynmuise1
Hawaiian Hibiscus
Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: The Farley Flower Band - Topic
Hawaiian Hibiscus tutorial
Hawaiian Hibiscus tutorial
Published: 2012/04/16
Channel: Opposom
48805 Summer Smock Top Baby Doll Viscose Dress - Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower - Orange
48805 Summer Smock Top Baby Doll Viscose Dress - Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower - Orange
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: Thai Craft Warehouse
Twilight Black Hawaiian Hibiscus Dog Dress with Matching Leash
Twilight Black Hawaiian Hibiscus Dog Dress with Matching Leash
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: BaxterBooPets
Hibiscus the Hawaiian Angel Dragon
Hibiscus the Hawaiian Angel Dragon
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: gobluerabbit
Homemade Cold Process Soap Making Hawaiian Hibiscus
Homemade Cold Process Soap Making Hawaiian Hibiscus
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: C-Light Candles & Soap
Cake decorating tutorials | how to make Hibiscus cupcakes | Sugarella Sweets
Cake decorating tutorials | how to make Hibiscus cupcakes | Sugarella Sweets
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Liliana da Silva
Bath & Body Works- HAWAIIAN HIBISCUS Review!
Bath & Body Works- HAWAIIAN HIBISCUS Review!
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Always Being Belle
Hawaiian Hibiscus nail art tutorial
Hawaiian Hibiscus nail art tutorial
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Spoonfull88 Nailart
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Hawaiian hibiscus are seven species of hibiscus regarded as native to Hawaii. The yellow hibiscus is Hawaii's state flower. Although tourists regularly associate the hibiscus flower within experiences visiting the US state of Hawaii, and the plant family Malvaceae includes a relatively large number of species that are native to the Hawaiian Islands, those flowers regularly observed by tourists are generally not the native hibiscus flowers. Most commonly grown as ornamental plants in the Islands are the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) and its numerous hybrids.

The native plants in the genus Hibiscus in Hawaii are thought to have derived from four independent colonization events for the five endemic species (four closely related species plus the yellow-flowered species) and one each for the two indigenous species.[1]

Native species[edit]

The native hibiscus found in Hawaii are:

  • Hibiscus arnottianus A.Graykokiʻo keʻokeʻo ("kokiʻo that is white like the shine of silver") is an endemic species of hibiscus with white flowers. Three subspecies are recognized: H. arnottianus ssp. arnottianus found in the Waianae Range of western Oahu; H. a. ssp. immaculatus which is very rare (listed as endangered) on Molokai; and H. a. ssp. punaluuensis from the Koʻolau Range on Oahu. Perhaps only a dozen plants of H. a. ssp. immaculatus exist in nature in mesic and wet forests.[2] This species is closely related to H. waimeae, and the two are among the very few members of the genus with fragrant flowers. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental or crossed with H. rosa-sinensis. In the Hawaiian language, the white hibiscus is known as the pua aloalo.[3]
  • Hibiscus brackenridgei A.Graymaʻo hau hele ("hau most similar to maʻo") is a tall shrub (up to 10 m or 33 ft) with bright yellow flowers, closely related to the widespread H. divaricatus. Two subspecies are recognized: H. b. ssp. brackenridgei, a sprawling shrub to an erect tree found in dry forests and low shrublands at elevations of 400–2,600 ft (120–790 m) above sea level on Molokai, Lanai, Maui, and the island of Hawaii;[4] and H. b. ssp. mokuleianus, a tree from dry habitats on Kauai and the Waianae Range on Oahu. This species is listed as an endangered species by the USFWS. The yellow flower of this species was made the official state flower of Hawaii on 6 June 1988,[5] and although endangered in its natural habitats, has become a moderately popular ornamental in Hawaiian yards.
  • Hibiscus clayi O.Deg. & I.Deg. is an endemic shrub or small tree with bright red flowers, generally similar to H. kokio, and found in nature on Kauai in dry forests. It is listed as endangered by USFWS.
  • Hibiscus furcellatus Desr. is a pink-flowered hibiscus considered an indigenous species, typically found in low and marshy areas of the Caribbean, Florida, Central and South America, and Hawaii, where it is known as ʻakiohala, ʻakiahala, hau hele, and hau hele wai ("entirely puce hau").
  • Hibiscus kokio Hillebr., kokiʻo or kokiʻo ʻula ("red kokiʻo") is a shrub or small tree (3–7 m or 9.8–23.0 ft) with red to orangish (or rarely yellow) flowers. This endemic species is not officially listed, but considered rare in nature. Two subspecies are recognized: H. kokio ssp. kokio found in dry to wet forests on Kauai, Oahu, Maui, and possibly Hawaii at elevations of 70–800 m (230–2,620 ft);[6] and H. k. ssp. saintjohnianus from northwestern Kauai at elevations of 150–890 m (490–2,920 ft).[7]
  • Hibiscus tiliaceus L., hau, is a spreading shrub or tree common to the tropics and subtropics, especially in coastal areas. This species is possibly indigenous to Hawaii, but may have been introduced by the early Polynesians.
  • Hibiscus waimeae A.Heller, kokiʻo keʻokeʻo or kokiʻo kea ("kokiʻo that is white as snow"), is a Hawaiian endemic, gray-barked tree, 6–10 m (20–33 ft) tall, with white flowers that fade to pink in the afternoon. Two subspecies are recognized: H. waimeae ssp. hannerae (rare and listed as endangered) found in northwestern valleys of Kauai, and H. w. ssp. waimeae occurring in the Waimea Canyon and some western to southern valleys on Kauai. This species closely resembles H. arnottianus in a number of characteristics.

Other Malvaceae[edit]

In addition to the species of Hibiscus listed above, flowers of several other related Hawaiian plants of the family Malvaceae resemble Hibiscus flowers, although are generally smaller. The endemic genus, Hibiscadelphus, comprises seven species described from Hawaii. Three of these are now thought to be extinct and the remaining four are listed as critically endangered or extinct in the wild. Another endemic genus, Kokia, comprises four species of trees. All but one (K. kauaiensis) are listed as either extinct or nearly extinct in the wild.

Three endemic species of the pantropical genus, Abutilon occur in Hawaii: A. eremitopetalum, A. menziesii, and A. sandwicense; all are listed as endangered. Cotton plants (Gossypium spp.), whose bright yellow flowers are certainly hibiscus-like, include one endemic: G. tomentosum, uncommon but found in dry places on all the main islands except Hawaii. The widespread milo (Thespesia populnea) is an indigenous tree with yellow and maroon flowers.

South Korea's national flower is the Hibiscus syriacus which is widely found in Hawaii, too.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wagner, Djamal news W.L.; Herbst, D.R.; Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (Revised ed.). Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2166-1. 
  2. ^ Barboza, Rick (2003-01-03). "Kokiʻo Keʻo Keʻo". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 
  3. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Kokiʻo keʻokeʻo, native white hibiscus" (PDF). United States Forest Service. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Hibiscus brackenridgei subsp. brackenridgei". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Hawaii State Flower". NETSTATE.COM. 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  6. ^ "Hibiscus kokio subsp. kokio". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. Archived from the original on 2009-08-19. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  7. ^ "Hibiscus kokio subsp. saintjohnianus". Meet the Plants. National Tropical Botanical Garden. Archived from the original on 2009-08-19. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 

External links[edit]

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