1
C-46 from Buffalo Air landing, A drive around Hay River NWT
C-46 from Buffalo Air landing, A drive around Hay River NWT
DATE: 2012/06/26::
2
Bulldog horse flies, Hay River, Northwest Territories, Canada, June 27, 2013
Bulldog horse flies, Hay River, Northwest Territories, Canada, June 27, 2013
DATE: 2013/07/21::
3
Hay river,Northwest Territories
Hay river,Northwest Territories
DATE: 2012/06/17::
4
Budd RDC at Hay River, Northwest Territories
Budd RDC at Hay River, Northwest Territories
DATE: 2009/12/06::
5
Ptarmigan Inn, Hay River, Canada
Ptarmigan Inn, Hay River, Canada
DATE: 2014/03/14::
6
Part 2 New Years Eve 2010 Hay River Northwest Territories
Part 2 New Years Eve 2010 Hay River Northwest Territories
DATE: 2010/01/01::
7
Alexander Falls - Hay River NT Canada
Alexander Falls - Hay River NT Canada
DATE: 2013/04/23::
8
"Black Bears and Waterfalls" Lolly
"Black Bears and Waterfalls" Lolly's photos around Hay River, Canada (northwest territories)
DATE: 2011/03/08::
9
Northern Lights Time Lapse in 4K Ultra HD
Northern Lights Time Lapse in 4K Ultra HD
DATE: 2013/08/07::
10
Hay River Canada Day Parade July 1980
Hay River Canada Day Parade July 1980
DATE: 2015/01/22::
11
"06 Hay River" Tombuttle
"06 Hay River" Tombuttle's photos around Hay River, Canada (hay river ontario attractions)
DATE: 2011/02/10::
12
20110701 Hay River #NWT Canada Day & Jet Boat Parade & Flag Rasing
20110701 Hay River #NWT Canada Day & Jet Boat Parade & Flag Rasing
DATE: 2011/07/09::
13
Flying DC-3  C-GWIR on the
Flying DC-3 C-GWIR on the 'sked' Yellowknife to Hay River February 2012
DATE: 2013/08/21::
14
Hay River #NWT Rangers - Canada Day 2011 Flag Raising
Hay River #NWT Rangers - Canada Day 2011 Flag Raising
DATE: 2011/07/07::
15
Trapline in Northern Canada Hay River N.W.T. with a Gopro
Trapline in Northern Canada Hay River N.W.T. with a Gopro
DATE: 2014/06/30::
16
To Hay River and Back: Fieldwork on a 370-Million-Year-Old Beach in the Northwest Territories
To Hay River and Back: Fieldwork on a 370-Million-Year-Old Beach in the Northwest Territories
DATE: 2014/02/03::
17
Buffalo Airways in Yellowknife - Northwest Territories, Canada
Buffalo Airways in Yellowknife - Northwest Territories, Canada
DATE: 2009/11/13::
18
Sled Dog Race, Hay River, NWT
Sled Dog Race, Hay River, NWT
DATE: 2009/07/05::
19
Northwest Territories, Canada: "Land For Pioneers" circa 1950 Intl Film Bureau 15min
Northwest Territories, Canada: "Land For Pioneers" circa 1950 Intl Film Bureau 15min
DATE: 2012/06/05::
20
Dog Walk  On The Shores of Great Slave Lake,Hay River Canada, October  2009
Dog Walk On The Shores of Great Slave Lake,Hay River Canada, October 2009
DATE: 2009/10/19::
21
#IdleNoMore Hay River #NWT greets @PMHarper
#IdleNoMore Hay River #NWT greets @PMHarper
DATE: 2013/08/30::
22
Mr. Morin on Hay River Canada Day 2008
Mr. Morin on Hay River Canada Day 2008
DATE: 2008/12/19::
23
Me and Ian scout a burn in the NWT by Canoe accros the Hay river.
Me and Ian scout a burn in the NWT by Canoe accros the Hay river.
DATE: 2013/07/17::
24
Kanada 1992 Video
Kanada 1992 Video
DATE: 2012/10/09::
25
The River Phoenix - I
The River Phoenix - I'm USA, You're Canada [Official Music Video]
DATE: 2008/11/03::
26
Canada
Canada's Northern House: Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics
DATE: 2010/02/23::
27
Mountie death raises questions
Mountie death raises questions
DATE: 2007/10/10::
28
Yellowknife NWT Canada - Driving on frozen Great Slave Lake, Extreme cold HD
Yellowknife NWT Canada - Driving on frozen Great Slave Lake, Extreme cold HD
DATE: 2013/12/20::
29
FMC Presents: Celebrating Farm Business Management
FMC Presents: Celebrating Farm Business Management
DATE: 2012/12/19::
30
A very beary experience!
A very beary experience!
DATE: 2013/05/26::
31
Aboriginal Man Overcomes Addiction To Become Chief
Aboriginal Man Overcomes Addiction To Become Chief
DATE: 2009/10/15::
32
#IdleNoMore Denendeh Yellowknife #YZF #NWT
#IdleNoMore Denendeh Yellowknife #YZF #NWT
DATE: 2012/12/22::
33
Ice Pilots NWT  (FSX Remake)
Ice Pilots NWT (FSX Remake)
DATE: 2012/01/26::
34
Keele River, Northwest Territories, Canada
Keele River, Northwest Territories, Canada
DATE: 2013/01/13::
35
Stan Beaulieu on Canada Day 2008
Stan Beaulieu on Canada Day 2008
DATE: 2008/12/19::
36
Buffalo Airways visit, Yellowknife Canada
Buffalo Airways visit, Yellowknife Canada
DATE: 2009/06/28::
37
Mourning Mountie Christopher Worden
Mourning Mountie Christopher Worden
DATE: 2007/10/16::
38
JayDee Hypnotist  Comedy Stage Hypnosis Promo Video
JayDee Hypnotist Comedy Stage Hypnosis Promo Video
DATE: 2009/09/25::
39
RCMP Constable Douglas Scott memorial
RCMP Constable Douglas Scott memorial
DATE: 2007/11/07::
40
Long Term Weather Report...  Solution  Winter at a BC Coast resort ...vacation in Canada
Long Term Weather Report... Solution Winter at a BC Coast resort ...vacation in Canada
DATE: 2013/12/17::
41
Vancouver to the Mackenzie River
Vancouver to the Mackenzie River
DATE: 2013/09/02::
42
加拿大黑伊河瀑布的甦醒 The Waking Up of the Hay River Falls, Canada.
加拿大黑伊河瀑布的甦醒 The Waking Up of the Hay River Falls, Canada.
DATE: 2013/04/03::
43
Keepers of the Water VI - Conference Highlights
Keepers of the Water VI - Conference Highlights
DATE: 2012/10/13::
44
Amber Abram - Mine Maintenance Dispatcher, Suncor
Amber Abram - Mine Maintenance Dispatcher, Suncor
DATE: 2014/02/13::
45
British Airways A319 G-DBCB (Olympic livery) Jersey to London Gatwick
British Airways A319 G-DBCB (Olympic livery) Jersey to London Gatwick
DATE: 2015/02/14::
46
Sailing the Commissioners Cup on Great Slave Lake, Northern Canada
Sailing the Commissioners Cup on Great Slave Lake, Northern Canada
DATE: 2010/08/13::
47
Canada Day July 1, 2012 at the Farm by the River, SW Ontario
Canada Day July 1, 2012 at the Farm by the River, SW Ontario
DATE: 2012/07/01::
48
O
O' CANADA ( SUNG BY SHEILA DOMIGO)
DATE: 2008/04/07::
49
Crowd cheering for Brendan Green and men
Crowd cheering for Brendan Green and men's biathlon team (Canada's North)
DATE: 2010/02/26::
50
1.855.239.5456 LONG-TERM WEATHER FORECAST TOMORROW
1.855.239.5456 LONG-TERM WEATHER FORECAST TOMORROW'S WEATHER FORECAST
DATE: 2013/10/02::
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Hay River
Xátł'odehchee
Town
Hay River, Northwest Territories.jpg
Motto: Hub of the North
Hay River is located in Northwest Territories
Hay River
Hay River
Coordinates: 60°49′59″N 115°46′40″W / 60.83306°N 115.77778°W / 60.83306; -115.77778Coordinates: 60°49′59″N 115°46′40″W / 60.83306°N 115.77778°W / 60.83306; -115.77778
Country Canada
Territory Northwest Territories
Region South Slave Region
Constituency Hay River North
Hay River South
Census division Region 5
Incorporated (town) 27 June 1963
Government
 • Mayor Andrew Cassidy
 • Town Manager David Steele
 • MLA Robert Bouchard (North)
 • MLA Jane Groenewegen (South)
Area[1]
 • Land 133.15 km2 (51.41 sq mi)
 • Population centre[2] 3.59 km2 (1.39 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,606
 • Density 27.1/km2 (70/sq mi)
 • Population centre[2] 2,806
 • Population centre density 781.4/km2 (2,024/sq mi)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Canadian Postal code X0E 0R0 - 0R9/1G1 - 1G5
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 874/5
- Living cost 127.5A
- Food price index 111.0B
Website www.hayriver.com
Sources:
Department of Municipal and Community Affairs,[3]
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,[4]
Canada Flight Supplement[5]
^A 2009 figure based on Edmonton = 100[6]
^B 2010 figure based on Yellowknife = 100[6]

Hay River (Xátł’odehchee /xátɬ’odɛhtʃʰe/),[4] known as "the Hub of the North,"[7] is a town in the Northwest Territories, Canada, located on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, at the mouth of the Hay River. The town is separated into two sections, a new town 60°48′45″N 115°47′20″W / 60.81250°N 115.78889°W / 60.81250; -115.78889 (New town) and an old town 60°51′13″N 115°44′19″W / 60.85361°N 115.73861°W / 60.85361; -115.73861 (Old town) with the Hay River/Merlyn Carter Airport between them. The town is in the South Slave Region, and along with Fort Smith is one of the two regional centres.[8]

History[edit]

Hay River on Great Slave Lake
Hay River connection to the Arctic Ocean

The area has been in use by First Nations, known as the Long Spear people, as far back as 7000 BC.[9]

According to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories the first buildings were those of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1868 followed by a Roman Catholic Mission in 1869 and an Anglican Mission in 1894.[9]

However, according to the history of the area provided by the town, the first permanent settlement in the area of Hay River was established in what is now the Katl'odeeche First Nation or Hay River Reserve. This was sometime between 1892-93. This first settlement was established by Chief Chiatlo and a group of people by the building of log cabins and bringing dairy cows. This was followed in 1893 by the Anglican Mission, at the request of Chief Chiatlo in 1893 with the Roman Catholic Mission and the Hudson's Bay Company arriving later.[7]

A school, health centre and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police followed, and as part of the Canol Road project the United States Army Corps of Engineers built a runway on Vale Island. In the late 1940s the Government of Canada built a gravel road, now the Mackenzie Highway, from Grimshaw, Alberta to Hay River making it the first community in the NWT to be linked with southern Canada.[7]

In 1959, the Northern Transportation Company Limited located their main base in Hay River and over the years developed the facilities. Today the base is the major staging point for the annual sealift along the Mackenzie River, via Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk and the communities of the Arctic Ocean, as far east as Taloyoak, Nunavut and west to Barrow, Alaska.[7][10]

By 1964, as part of the Pine Point Mine development, the Mackenzie Northern Railway was constructed. The railway, through Canadian National Railway in Edmonton, makes Hay River the northernmost point in Canada, and all of North America, which is connected to the continental railway system.[7][10] The Alaska Railroad is located farther north but is orphaned from the network.

In 1978, Hay River along with, the now abandoned, Pine Point hosted the fifth Arctic Winter Games.

Services[edit]

The community has a full hospital, the H.H. Williams Memorial Hospital, a woman's shelter/transition house, a dental clinic and an ambulance service.[11][12] The RCMP detachment has eight members and the South Mackenzie Correctional Centre is located here.[11] There are two grocery stores in Hay River, including the Northern Store, branches of both the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and the Royal Bank of Canada and both TRU Hardware and Home Hardware.[11][12] There is also a museum detailing the history of Hay River and the Hudson's Bay Company in Old Town.

Airlines servicing Hay River include the locally based Buffalo Airways, who provide scheduled flights to Yellowknife as well as charter services and a courier service throughout the north.[13][14] First Air provides scheduled services to Yellowknife with connections elsewhere.[15] Northwestern Air Lease also offers scheduled service to Edmonton and Fort Smith. Other companies offering charter services in Hay River include Landa Air, Carter Air Services (fixed-wing aircraft), Denendeh Helicopters and Remote Helicopters.[16]

Religious services include a Catholic church, an Anglican/Grace United church, a Baptist church, a Pentecostal church, and a Community Fellowship within New Town. There is also a Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall along the highway coming into town. On the Katl'odeeche First Nations Reserve there are a small Catholic church, and a larger Pentecostal church. There is also an Anglican church that was destroyed in the 2008 Hay River ice breakup. The religious diversity in Hay River exceeds the outward appearance given by these services.

Education[edit]

The town hosts four schools, three of which are administered by South Slave Divisional Education Council (SSDEC). The SSDEC is responsible for Harry Camsell K-3 School, Princess Alexandra Middle School, and Diamond Jenness Secondary School, while Ecole Boreal Francophone School is administered separately.[17] Harry Camsell is a primary school and serves students from kindergarten to Grade 3.[18] Princess Alexandra, named for and opened by Princess Alexandra in 1967,[19] is a middle school and serves the Grade 4 to the Grade 7.[20] Ecole Boreale is a francophone school that was opened in 2005 and works with students of all grades. Diamond Jenness, named for scientist and anthropologist Diamond Jenness and opened in 1973,[21] is the high school and serves Grade 8 to Grade 12.[22] The town also supports a Community Learning Centre and a Career Centre.[11]

Media and communications[edit]

Church in Hay River
Dog sledding at the Hay River Winter Carnival

CKHR-FM 107.3 is a community radio station in Hay River, and the only station in Hay River to maintain local studios; it is owned and operated by the Hay River Community Service Society. Other radio stations in Hay River are repeaters of stations based in Yellowknife: CBDJ-FM (93.7), broadcasting CBC Radio One from CFYK; CJCD-FM-1 (100.1), rebroadcasting CJCD-FM; and CHRR-FM (101.9) a community radio station aimed at First Nations people, rebroadcasting CKLB-FM.[16]

The Hay River Community Service Society also controls television broadcasting and it is paid for through property taxes, at a rate of $36 per household per year.[23] Channels 2-5, 7, and 8-13 rebroadcast Canadian and US channels in analog format from towers atop the Mackenzie Place highrise. Transmitter powers range from 9W to 2.545 kW. Channels include CIHC-TV channel 5, a community channel; CH4435 channel 8, rebroadcasting Radio-Canada through CBFT Montreal; and CH4160 channel 12, repeating the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network; among other channels. The local CBC-owned CBC North television repeater, CBEBT-1 channel 7, closed on 31 July 2012;[24] however, the Hay River Community Service Society announced that it acquired the transmitter, which they intended to use for CBC Television service.[23]

The Hub is a weekly newspaper published by Northern News Services. The editor is Sarah Ladik.[25] Besides Hay River, the paper is available in Yellowknife, Enterprise, Fort Smith, Inuvik, Fort Providence, Fort Resolution and Grande Prairie.[26]

Internet services are provided by SSI Micro and Bell Sympatico, land based telephone by Northwestel and cell phones by NMI Mobility.[12][16]

Climate[edit]

Hay River has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) with summer lasting for about three months. Although winter temperatures are usually below freezing, every month of the year has seen temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F). Rainfall, which can occur throughout the year, averages 217.4 mm (8.56 in) and snowfall 138.9 cm (54.69 in). From December to January on average there are 71.8 days when the wind chill is below −30, which indicates that frostbite may occur within 10 – 30 minutes.[27][28]

Climate data for Hay River/Merlyn Carter Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 10.6 12.9 14.6 25.8 31.1 35.1 44.6 39.8 32.2 25.4 12.8 11.2 44.6
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
13.9
(57)
15.6
(60.1)
26.0
(78.8)
33.3
(91.9)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95)
36.7
(98.1)
30.0
(86)
25.4
(77.7)
15.0
(59)
12.2
(54)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −17.3
(0.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
−7.8
(18)
2.9
(37.2)
10.7
(51.3)
18.0
(64.4)
21.2
(70.2)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
4.1
(39.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
2.4
(36.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−13.8
(7.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
5.4
(41.7)
12.5
(54.5)
16.1
(61)
14.6
(58.3)
8.7
(47.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
Average low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−8.1
(17.4)
0.0
(32)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
9.5
(49.1)
4.1
(39.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−7.4
(18.7)
Record low °C (°F) −47.8
(−54)
−48.3
(−54.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−38.9
(−38)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.1
(30)
−11.7
(10.9)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−40.8
(−41.4)
−47.2
(−53)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Record low wind chill −58.7 −60.4 −54.9 −47.7 −26.6 −7.4 0.0 0.0 −17.1 −34.3 −54.4 −55.8 −60.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.4
(0.646)
14.3
(0.563)
14.4
(0.567)
12.6
(0.496)
23.3
(0.917)
31.9
(1.256)
43.0
(1.693)
58.7
(2.311)
44.6
(1.756)
35.7
(1.406)
24.8
(0.976)
16.8
(0.661)
336.4
(13.244)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
4.3
(0.169)
18.0
(0.709)
31.9
(1.256)
43.0
(1.693)
58.7
(2.311)
43.0
(1.693)
16.8
(0.661)
0.9
(0.035)
0.3
(0.012)
217.4
(8.559)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.2
(7.56)
16.9
(6.65)
16.4
(6.46)
8.7
(3.43)
5.2
(2.05)
0.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(0.59)
19.9
(7.83)
30.4
(11.97)
20.7
(8.15)
138.9
(54.69)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.3 9.7 8.5 5.0 8.0 8.8 9.9 11.3 12.2 12.6 14.2 11.4 122.8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.1 0.2 0.2 2.0 6.7 8.8 9.9 11.3 11.9 6.2 1.0 0.6 58.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.0 10.1 8.7 3.7 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.8 8.1 14.5 12.4 72.2
Avg. relative humidity (%) 69.2 66.3 61.3 60.2 55.0 54.4 57.6 59.9 62.5 70.6 78.0 73.7 64.0
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1996 3,793 —    
1997 3,781 −0.3%
1998 3,769 −0.3%
1999 3,782 +0.3%
2000 3,756 −0.7%
2001 3,725 −0.8%
2002 3,678 −1.3%
2003 3,682 +0.1%
2004 3,830 +4.0%
2005 3,844 +0.4%
2006 3,777 −1.7%
2007 3,831 +1.4%
2008 3,778 −1.4%
2009 3,725 −1.4%
2010 3,812 +2.3%
2011 3,737 −2.0%
2012 3,601 −3.6%
Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics (2001-2012)[6]

In the 2011 Census Hay River had a population of 3,606, a decrease of 1.2% from the 2006 Census.[1] The aboriginal population in Hay River is 1,600, up from 1,565 at the 2001 Census, and is made up of First Nations, Métis people and Inuit.[29] The main languages in the town are South Slavey, Chipewyan, Michif and English.[9] In 2009 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 3,601 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.0% from 2001.[6]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • DiLabio, R. N. W. Kimberlitic Indicator Minerals in the Geological Survey of Canada's Archived Till Samples Results of Analysis of Samples from Victoria Island and the Hay River Area, Northwest Territories. [Canada]: Geological Survey of Canada, 1997.

External links[edit]

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