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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Alberta, Canada
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Alberta, Canada
::2009/12/10::
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SNFU - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
SNFU - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Travel Alberta, Canada
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Travel Alberta, Canada
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump World Heritage Site - a 2 minute history - HSIBJpromo2010HQ.mov
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump World Heritage Site - a 2 minute history - HSIBJpromo2010HQ.mov
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump. The Weapons & Tools Natives Used. #Calgary. By, Andre Corbeil
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump. The Weapons & Tools Natives Used. #Calgary. By, Andre Corbeil
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HSI: Trailer
HSI: Trailer
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, near Fort McLeod, Alberta.
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, near Fort McLeod, Alberta.
::2009/03/31::
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SNFU - "Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump"
SNFU - "Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump"
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump by SNFU @ L
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump by SNFU @ L'Usine, Geneva 2014 04 24
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Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump view, Alberta
Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump view, Alberta
::2013/08/24::
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Bird Eater - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Bird Eater - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2014/04/07::
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Babel Death Star - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Babel Death Star - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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SNFU @ Gruta 77 - Madrid - Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump / Big Thumbs - 23/07/2014
SNFU @ Gruta 77 - Madrid - Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump / Big Thumbs - 23/07/2014
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Aerial Shots - Lethbridge, Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump & Waterton Lakes
Aerial Shots - Lethbridge, Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump & Waterton Lakes
::2013/06/23::
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National Aboriginal Day at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
National Aboriginal Day at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
::2010/08/04::
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Kwitsel Tatel Introduces herself at Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Kwitsel Tatel Introduces herself at Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump 25th Celebrating 25 years 1987-2012 Alberta Canada
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump 25th Celebrating 25 years 1987-2012 Alberta Canada
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"Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump" Visserfraess
"Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump" Visserfraess's photos around Medicine Hat, Canada (travel pics)
::2011/02/14::
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World Heritage "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump" Aug10,2011
World Heritage "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump" Aug10,2011
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Tipi Camping Experience: Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Alberta, Canada
Tipi Camping Experience: Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump - Alberta, Canada
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SNFU - Drunk On A Bike and Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
SNFU - Drunk On A Bike and Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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SNFU Kelowna April 23rd/2009 (Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump)
SNFU Kelowna April 23rd/2009 (Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump)
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SNFU - Head smashed in buffalo jump
SNFU - Head smashed in buffalo jump
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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Head-Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head-Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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UNESCO, World Heritage Site, Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump, Canada
UNESCO, World Heritage Site, Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump, Canada
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Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump Updated
Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump Updated
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CUFF THE DUKE - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
CUFF THE DUKE - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
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SNFU
SNFU
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SNFU-Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
SNFU-Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
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Atrous Leviathan - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Atrous Leviathan - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
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SNFU - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump.avi
SNFU - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump.avi
::2010/03/16::
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2006/09/12::
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2014/07/17::
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
::2008/02/14::
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SNFU - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
SNFU - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
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Blackfoot dancers at Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Blackfoot dancers at Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2011/08/17::
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SNFU-Rickshaw Theatre-Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump-6
SNFU-Rickshaw Theatre-Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump-6
::2010/12/20::
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Neon Green Beer Machine - Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
Neon Green Beer Machine - Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
::2011/08/29::
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Cycling Southern Alberta - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Cycling Southern Alberta - Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
::2008/06/24::
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump November 2008 0001
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump November 2008 0001
::2009/01/01::
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Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump
::2007/09/13::
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2013-07-10 Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump Dance #1
2013-07-10 Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump Dance #1
::2013/08/07::
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Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2007/11/26::
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Story of Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Story of Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2011/07/04::
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Tin and the Toad  - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
Tin and the Toad - Head Smashed In Buffalo Jump
::2014/08/20::
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Native dancers, at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump DSCN8071
Native dancers, at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump DSCN8071
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Native name
Siksika: Estipah-skikikini-kots
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump-27527-2.jpg
The cliffs at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Location Municipal District of Willow Creek No. 26 near Fort Macleod
Alberta
Coordinates 49°44′58″N 113°37′30″W / 49.74944°N 113.62500°W / 49.74944; -113.62500Coordinates: 49°44′58″N 113°37′30″W / 49.74944°N 113.62500°W / 49.74944; -113.62500
Area 73.29 square kilometres (28.30 sq mi)
Founded 1955
Governing body Alberta Community Development
IUCN Category III (Natural Monument)
Type Cultural
Criteria vi
Designated 1981 (5th session)
Reference no. 158
Country Canada
Region Europe and North America
Official name: Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump National Historic Site of Canada
Designated 1968
Type Provincial Historic Site
Designated 1979
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is located in Alberta
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Location of Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump in Alberta

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is a buffalo jump located where the foothills of the Rocky Mountains begin to rise from the prairie 18 km northwest of Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada on highway 785. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and home of a museum of Blackfoot culture.

History[edit]

The buffalo jump was used for 5,500 years by the indigenous peoples of the plains to kill buffalo by driving them off the 11 metre (36 foot) high cliff. Before the late introduction of horses, the Blackfoot drove the buffalo from a grazing area in the Porcupine Hills about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of the site to the "drive lanes", lined by hundreds of cairns, by dressing up as coyotes and wolves. These specialized "buffalo runners" were young men trained in animal behavior to guide the buffalo into the drive lanes. Then, at full gallop, the buffalo would fall from the weight of the herd pressing behind them, breaking their legs and rendering them immobile. The cliff itself is about 300 metres (1000 feet) long, and at its highest point drops 10 metres into the valley below. The site was in use at least 6,000 years ago, and the bone deposits are 12 metres (39 feet) deep. After falling off the cliff, the buffalo carcasses were processed at a nearby camp. The camp at the foot of the cliffs provided the people with everything they needed to process a buffalo carcass, including fresh water. The majority of the buffalo carcass was used for a variety of purposes, from tools made from the bone, to the hide used to make dwellings and clothing. The importance of the site goes beyond just providing food and supplies. After a successful hunt, the wealth of food allowed the people to enjoy leisure time and pursue artistic and spiritual interests. This increased the cultural complexity of the society.

In Blackfoot, the name for the site is Estipah-skikikini-kots. According to legend, a young Blackfoot wanted to watch the buffalo plunge off the cliff from below, but was buried underneath the falling buffalo. He was later found dead under the pile of carcasses, where he had his head smashed in.[1]

World Heritage Site[edit]

Head-Smashed-In was abandoned in the 19th century after European contact. The site was first recorded by Europeans in the 1880s, and first excavated by the American Museum of Natural History in 1938. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1968, a Provincial Historic Site in 1979, and a World Heritage Site in 1981.

The park was established as a World Heritage Site in 1981 for its testimony of prehistoric life and the customs of aboriginal people.[2]

Interpretive centre and museum[edit]

Interpretive centre and museum

Opened in 1987, the interpretive centre at Head-Smashed-In is built into the ancient sandstone cliff in naturalistic fashion. It contains five distinct levels depicting the ecology, mythology, lifestyle and technology of Blackfoot peoples within the context of available archaeological evidence, presented from the viewpoints of both aboriginal peoples and European archaeological science.

The centre also offers tipi camping and hands-on educational workshops in facets of First Nations life, such as making moccasins, drums, etc. Each year Head-Smashed-In hosts a number of special events and native festivals known throughout the world for their color, energy and authenticity, including a special Christmas festival called Heritage Through My Hands, which brings together First Nations artists and craftspeople who display a wide variety of jewelry, clothing, art and crafts. Visitors can witness traditional drumming and dancing demonstrations every Wednesday from July to August at 11 a.m and 1:30 p.m. at the centre.

There is now a permanent exhibition at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. Lost Identities: A Journey of Rediscovery made its first appearance here in 1999, but now it is back to stay. The exhibition, is a collaboration of many historical societies and museums that have given voice to otherwise silent photographs. These photographs have been unidentified for some time. But "the exhibit travel led to the Aboriginal communities" finding the voice and story behind the photographs taken in these communities.

The facility was designed by Le Blond Partnership, an architectural firm in Calgary. The design was awarded the Governor General's Gold Medal for Architecture in 1990.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Archaeology of Native North America, 2010, Dean R. Snow, Prentice-Hall, New York.

  1. ^ "Legend of Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump". Bison in Mythology and Religious Ritual. University of Calgary, the Applied History Research Group. 1997. Retrieved 2012-07-14. 
  2. ^ UNESCO. "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump". Retrieved 2006-01-10. 
  3. ^ The Architecture - History Alberta webpage. Retrieved 2014-02-05
  4. ^ RAIC Awards and Honours, past recipients. Retrieved 2014-02-05

External links[edit]

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